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//===- llvm/unittest/ADT/TestGraph.h - Graph for testing ------------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// Common graph data structure for testing.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/ADT/GraphTraits.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <climits>
#include <utility>

#ifndef LLVM_UNITTESTS_ADT_TEST_GRAPH_H
#define LLVM_UNITTESTS_ADT_TEST_GRAPH_H

namespace llvm {

/// Graph<N> - A graph with N nodes.  Note that N can be at most 8.
template <unsigned N>
class Graph {
private:
  // Disable copying.
  Graph(const Graph&);
  Graph& operator=(const Graph&);

  static void ValidateIndex(unsigned Idx) {
    assert(Idx < N && "Invalid node index!");
  }
public:

  /// NodeSubset - A subset of the graph's nodes.
  class NodeSubset {
    typedef unsigned char BitVector; // Where the limitation N <= 8 comes from.
    BitVector Elements;
    NodeSubset(BitVector e) : Elements(e) {}
  public:
    /// NodeSubset - Default constructor, creates an empty subset.
    NodeSubset() : Elements(0) {
      assert(N <= sizeof(BitVector)*CHAR_BIT && "Graph too big!");
    }

    /// Comparison operators.
    bool operator==(const NodeSubset &other) const {
      return other.Elements == this->Elements;
    }
    bool operator!=(const NodeSubset &other) const {
      return !(*this == other);
    }

    /// AddNode - Add the node with the given index to the subset.
    void AddNode(unsigned Idx) {
      ValidateIndex(Idx);
      Elements |= 1U << Idx;
    }

    /// DeleteNode - Remove the node with the given index from the subset.
    void DeleteNode(unsigned Idx) {
      ValidateIndex(Idx);
      Elements &= ~(1U << Idx);
    }

    /// count - Return true if the node with the given index is in the subset.
    bool count(unsigned Idx) {
      ValidateIndex(Idx);
      return (Elements & (1U << Idx)) != 0;
    }

    /// isEmpty - Return true if this is the empty set.
    bool isEmpty() const {
      return Elements == 0;
    }

    /// isSubsetOf - Return true if this set is a subset of the given one.
    bool isSubsetOf(const NodeSubset &other) const {
      return (this->Elements | other.Elements) == other.Elements;
    }

    /// Complement - Return the complement of this subset.
    NodeSubset Complement() const {
      return ~(unsigned)this->Elements & ((1U << N) - 1);
    }

    /// Join - Return the union of this subset and the given one.
    NodeSubset Join(const NodeSubset &other) const {
      return this->Elements | other.Elements;
    }

    /// Meet - Return the intersection of this subset and the given one.
    NodeSubset Meet(const NodeSubset &other) const {
      return this->Elements & other.Elements;
    }
  };

  /// NodeType - Node index and set of children of the node.
  typedef std::pair<unsigned, NodeSubset> NodeType;

private:
  /// Nodes - The list of nodes for this graph.
  NodeType Nodes[N];
public:

  /// Graph - Default constructor.  Creates an empty graph.
  Graph() {
    // Let each node know which node it is.  This allows us to find the start of
    // the Nodes array given a pointer to any element of it.
    for (unsigned i = 0; i != N; ++i)
      Nodes[i].first = i;
  }

  /// AddEdge - Add an edge from the node with index FromIdx to the node with
  /// index ToIdx.
  void AddEdge(unsigned FromIdx, unsigned ToIdx) {
    ValidateIndex(FromIdx);
    Nodes[FromIdx].second.AddNode(ToIdx);
  }

  /// DeleteEdge - Remove the edge (if any) from the node with index FromIdx to
  /// the node with index ToIdx.
  void DeleteEdge(unsigned FromIdx, unsigned ToIdx) {
    ValidateIndex(FromIdx);
    Nodes[FromIdx].second.DeleteNode(ToIdx);
  }

  /// AccessNode - Get a pointer to the node with the given index.
  NodeType *AccessNode(unsigned Idx) const {
    ValidateIndex(Idx);
    // The constant cast is needed when working with GraphTraits, which insists
    // on taking a constant Graph.
    return const_cast<NodeType *>(&Nodes[Idx]);
  }

  /// NodesReachableFrom - Return the set of all nodes reachable from the given
  /// node.
  NodeSubset NodesReachableFrom(unsigned Idx) const {
    // This algorithm doesn't scale, but that doesn't matter given the small
    // size of our graphs.
    NodeSubset Reachable;

    // The initial node is reachable.
    Reachable.AddNode(Idx);
    do {
      NodeSubset Previous(Reachable);

      // Add in all nodes which are children of a reachable node.
      for (unsigned i = 0; i != N; ++i)
        if (Previous.count(i))
          Reachable = Reachable.Join(Nodes[i].second);

      // If nothing changed then we have found all reachable nodes.
      if (Reachable == Previous)
        return Reachable;

      // Rinse and repeat.
    } while (1);
  }

  /// ChildIterator - Visit all children of a node.
  class ChildIterator {
    friend class Graph;

    /// FirstNode - Pointer to first node in the graph's Nodes array.
    NodeType *FirstNode;
    /// Children - Set of nodes which are children of this one and that haven't
    /// yet been visited.
    NodeSubset Children;

    ChildIterator(); // Disable default constructor.
  protected:
    ChildIterator(NodeType *F, NodeSubset C) : FirstNode(F), Children(C) {}

  public:
    /// ChildIterator - Copy constructor.
    ChildIterator(const ChildIterator& other) : FirstNode(other.FirstNode),
      Children(other.Children) {}

    /// Comparison operators.
    bool operator==(const ChildIterator &other) const {
      return other.FirstNode == this->FirstNode &&
        other.Children == this->Children;
    }
    bool operator!=(const ChildIterator &other) const {
      return !(*this == other);
    }

    /// Prefix increment operator.
    ChildIterator& operator++() {
      // Find the next unvisited child node.
      for (unsigned i = 0; i != N; ++i)
        if (Children.count(i)) {
          // Remove that child - it has been visited.  This is the increment!
          Children.DeleteNode(i);
          return *this;
        }
      assert(false && "Incrementing end iterator!");
      return *this; // Avoid compiler warnings.
    }

    /// Postfix increment operator.
    ChildIterator operator++(int) {
      ChildIterator Result(*this);
      ++(*this);
      return Result;
    }

    /// Dereference operator.
    NodeType *operator*() {
      // Find the next unvisited child node.
      for (unsigned i = 0; i != N; ++i)
        if (Children.count(i))
          // Return a pointer to it.
          return FirstNode + i;
      assert(false && "Dereferencing end iterator!");
      return nullptr; // Avoid compiler warning.
    }
  };

  /// child_begin - Return an iterator pointing to the first child of the given
  /// node.
  static ChildIterator child_begin(NodeType *Parent) {
    return ChildIterator(Parent - Parent->first, Parent->second);
  }

  /// child_end - Return the end iterator for children of the given node.
  static ChildIterator child_end(NodeType *Parent) {
    return ChildIterator(Parent - Parent->first, NodeSubset());
  }
};

template <unsigned N>
struct GraphTraits<Graph<N> > {
  typedef typename Graph<N>::NodeType *NodeRef;
  typedef typename Graph<N>::ChildIterator ChildIteratorType;

  static NodeRef getEntryNode(const Graph<N> &G) { return G.AccessNode(0); }
  static ChildIteratorType child_begin(NodeRef Node) {
    return Graph<N>::child_begin(Node);
  }
  static ChildIteratorType child_end(NodeRef Node) {
    return Graph<N>::child_end(Node);
  }
};

} // End namespace llvm

#endif