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//===- llvm/unittest/IR/VerifierTest.cpp - Verifier unit tests --*- C++ -*-===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/IR/Verifier.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Constants.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DIBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DerivedTypes.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Function.h"
#include "llvm/IR/GlobalAlias.h"
#include "llvm/IR/GlobalVariable.h"
#include "llvm/IR/IRBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Instructions.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
#include "gtest/gtest.h"

namespace llvm {
namespace {

TEST(VerifierTest, Branch_i1) {
  LLVMContext C;
  Module M("M", C);
  FunctionType *FTy = FunctionType::get(Type::getVoidTy(C), /*isVarArg=*/false);
  Function *F = Function::Create(FTy, Function::ExternalLinkage, "foo", M);
  BasicBlock *Entry = BasicBlock::Create(C, "entry", F);
  BasicBlock *Exit = BasicBlock::Create(C, "exit", F);
  ReturnInst::Create(C, Exit);

  // To avoid triggering an assertion in BranchInst::Create, we first create
  // a branch with an 'i1' condition ...

  Constant *False = ConstantInt::getFalse(C);
  BranchInst *BI = BranchInst::Create(Exit, Exit, False, Entry);

  // ... then use setOperand to redirect it to a value of different type.

  Constant *Zero32 = ConstantInt::get(IntegerType::get(C, 32), 0);
  BI->setOperand(0, Zero32);

  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyFunction(*F));
}

TEST(VerifierTest, InvalidRetAttribute) {
  LLVMContext C;
  Module M("M", C);
  FunctionType *FTy = FunctionType::get(Type::getInt32Ty(C), /*isVarArg=*/false);
  Function *F = Function::Create(FTy, Function::ExternalLinkage, "foo", M);
  AttributeList AS = F->getAttributes();
  F->setAttributes(
      AS.addAttribute(C, AttributeList::ReturnIndex, Attribute::UWTable));

  std::string Error;
  raw_string_ostream ErrorOS(Error);
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(StringRef(ErrorOS.str()).startswith(
      "Attribute 'uwtable' only applies to functions!"));
}

TEST(VerifierTest, CrossModuleRef) {
  LLVMContext C;
  Module M1("M1", C);
  Module M2("M2", C);
  Module M3("M3", C);
  FunctionType *FTy = FunctionType::get(Type::getInt32Ty(C), /*isVarArg=*/false);
  Function *F1 = Function::Create(FTy, Function::ExternalLinkage, "foo1", M1);
  Function *F2 = Function::Create(FTy, Function::ExternalLinkage, "foo2", M2);
  Function *F3 = Function::Create(FTy, Function::ExternalLinkage, "foo3", M3);

  BasicBlock *Entry1 = BasicBlock::Create(C, "entry", F1);
  BasicBlock *Entry3 = BasicBlock::Create(C, "entry", F3);

  // BAD: Referencing function in another module
  CallInst::Create(F2,"call",Entry1);

  // BAD: Referencing personality routine in another module
  F3->setPersonalityFn(F2);

  // Fill in the body
  Constant *ConstZero = ConstantInt::get(Type::getInt32Ty(C), 0);
  ReturnInst::Create(C, ConstZero, Entry1);
  ReturnInst::Create(C, ConstZero, Entry3);

  std::string Error;
  raw_string_ostream ErrorOS(Error);
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M2, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(StringRef(ErrorOS.str())
                  .equals("Global is used by function in a different module\n"
                          "i32 ()* @foo2\n"
                          "; ModuleID = 'M2'\n"
                          "i32 ()* @foo3\n"
                          "; ModuleID = 'M3'\n"
                          "Global is referenced in a different module!\n"
                          "i32 ()* @foo2\n"
                          "; ModuleID = 'M2'\n"
                          "  %call = call i32 @foo2()\n"
                          "i32 ()* @foo1\n"
                          "; ModuleID = 'M1'\n"));

  Error.clear();
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M1, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(StringRef(ErrorOS.str()).equals(
      "Referencing function in another module!\n"
      "  %call = call i32 @foo2()\n"
      "; ModuleID = 'M1'\n"
      "i32 ()* @foo2\n"
      "; ModuleID = 'M2'\n"));

  Error.clear();
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M3, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(StringRef(ErrorOS.str()).startswith(
      "Referencing personality function in another module!"));

  // Erase bad methods to avoid triggering an assertion failure on destruction
  F1->eraseFromParent();
  F3->eraseFromParent();
}

TEST(VerifierTest, InvalidVariableLinkage) {
  LLVMContext C;
  Module M("M", C);
  new GlobalVariable(M, Type::getInt8Ty(C), false,
                     GlobalValue::LinkOnceODRLinkage, nullptr, "Some Global");
  std::string Error;
  raw_string_ostream ErrorOS(Error);
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(
      StringRef(ErrorOS.str()).startswith("Global is external, but doesn't "
                                          "have external or weak linkage!"));
}

TEST(VerifierTest, InvalidFunctionLinkage) {
  LLVMContext C;
  Module M("M", C);

  FunctionType *FTy = FunctionType::get(Type::getVoidTy(C), /*isVarArg=*/false);
  Function::Create(FTy, GlobalValue::LinkOnceODRLinkage, "foo", &M);
  std::string Error;
  raw_string_ostream ErrorOS(Error);
  EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M, &ErrorOS));
  EXPECT_TRUE(
      StringRef(ErrorOS.str()).startswith("Global is external, but doesn't "
                                          "have external or weak linkage!"));
}

TEST(VerifierTest, DetectInvalidDebugInfo) {
  {
    LLVMContext C;
    Module M("M", C);
    DIBuilder DIB(M);
    DIB.createCompileUnit(dwarf::DW_LANG_C89, DIB.createFile("broken.c", "/"),
                          "unittest", false, "", 0);
    DIB.finalize();
    EXPECT_FALSE(verifyModule(M));

    // Now break it by inserting non-CU node to the list of CUs.
    auto *File = DIB.createFile("not-a-CU.f", ".");
    NamedMDNode *NMD = M.getOrInsertNamedMetadata("llvm.dbg.cu");
    NMD->addOperand(File);
    EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M));
  }
  {
    LLVMContext C;
    Module M("M", C);
    DIBuilder DIB(M);
    auto *CU = DIB.createCompileUnit(dwarf::DW_LANG_C89,
                                     DIB.createFile("broken.c", "/"),
                                     "unittest", false, "", 0);
    new GlobalVariable(M, Type::getInt8Ty(C), false,
                       GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage, nullptr, "g");

    auto *F = Function::Create(FunctionType::get(Type::getVoidTy(C), false),
                               Function::ExternalLinkage, "f", M);
    IRBuilder<> Builder(BasicBlock::Create(C, "", F));
    Builder.CreateUnreachable();
    F->setSubprogram(DIB.createFunction(
        CU, "f", "f", DIB.createFile("broken.c", "/"), 1, nullptr, 1,
        DINode::FlagZero,
        DISubprogram::SPFlagLocalToUnit | DISubprogram::SPFlagDefinition));
    DIB.finalize();
    EXPECT_FALSE(verifyModule(M));

    // Now break it by not listing the CU at all.
    M.eraseNamedMetadata(M.getOrInsertNamedMetadata("llvm.dbg.cu"));
    EXPECT_TRUE(verifyModule(M));
  }
}

} // end anonymous namespace
} // end namespace llvm