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//===-- llvm/Support/Timer.h - Interval Timing Support ----------*- C++ -*-===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_SUPPORT_TIMER_H
#define LLVM_SUPPORT_TIMER_H

#include "llvm/ADT/StringMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/Support/DataTypes.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
#include <vector>

namespace llvm {

class Timer;
class TimerGroup;
class raw_ostream;

class TimeRecord {
  double WallTime;       ///< Wall clock time elapsed in seconds.
  double UserTime;       ///< User time elapsed.
  double SystemTime;     ///< System time elapsed.
  ssize_t MemUsed;       ///< Memory allocated (in bytes).
public:
  TimeRecord() : WallTime(0), UserTime(0), SystemTime(0), MemUsed(0) {}

  /// Get the current time and memory usage.  If Start is true we get the memory
  /// usage before the time, otherwise we get time before memory usage.  This
  /// matters if the time to get the memory usage is significant and shouldn't
  /// be counted as part of a duration.
  static TimeRecord getCurrentTime(bool Start = true);

  double getProcessTime() const { return UserTime + SystemTime; }
  double getUserTime() const { return UserTime; }
  double getSystemTime() const { return SystemTime; }
  double getWallTime() const { return WallTime; }
  ssize_t getMemUsed() const { return MemUsed; }

  bool operator<(const TimeRecord &T) const {
    // Sort by Wall Time elapsed, as it is the only thing really accurate
    return WallTime < T.WallTime;
  }

  void operator+=(const TimeRecord &RHS) {
    WallTime   += RHS.WallTime;
    UserTime   += RHS.UserTime;
    SystemTime += RHS.SystemTime;
    MemUsed    += RHS.MemUsed;
  }
  void operator-=(const TimeRecord &RHS) {
    WallTime   -= RHS.WallTime;
    UserTime   -= RHS.UserTime;
    SystemTime -= RHS.SystemTime;
    MemUsed    -= RHS.MemUsed;
  }

  /// Print the current time record to \p OS, with a breakdown showing
  /// contributions to the \p Total time record.
  void print(const TimeRecord &Total, raw_ostream &OS) const;
};

/// This class is used to track the amount of time spent between invocations of
/// its startTimer()/stopTimer() methods.  Given appropriate OS support it can
/// also keep track of the RSS of the program at various points.  By default,
/// the Timer will print the amount of time it has captured to standard error
/// when the last timer is destroyed, otherwise it is printed when its
/// TimerGroup is destroyed.  Timers do not print their information if they are
/// never started.
class Timer {
  TimeRecord Time;          ///< The total time captured.
  TimeRecord StartTime;     ///< The time startTimer() was last called.
  std::string Name;         ///< The name of this time variable.
  std::string Description;  ///< Description of this time variable.
  bool Running;             ///< Is the timer currently running?
  bool Triggered;           ///< Has the timer ever been triggered?
  TimerGroup *TG = nullptr; ///< The TimerGroup this Timer is in.

  Timer **Prev;             ///< Pointer to \p Next of previous timer in group.
  Timer *Next;              ///< Next timer in the group.
public:
  explicit Timer(StringRef Name, StringRef Description) {
    init(Name, Description);
  }
  Timer(StringRef Name, StringRef Description, TimerGroup &tg) {
    init(Name, Description, tg);
  }
  Timer(const Timer &RHS) {
    assert(!RHS.TG && "Can only copy uninitialized timers");
  }
  const Timer &operator=(const Timer &T) {
    assert(!TG && !T.TG && "Can only assign uninit timers");
    return *this;
  }
  ~Timer();

  /// Create an uninitialized timer, client must use 'init'.
  explicit Timer() {}
  void init(StringRef Name, StringRef Description);
  void init(StringRef Name, StringRef Description, TimerGroup &tg);

  const std::string &getName() const { return Name; }
  const std::string &getDescription() const { return Description; }
  bool isInitialized() const { return TG != nullptr; }

  /// Check if the timer is currently running.
  bool isRunning() const { return Running; }

  /// Check if startTimer() has ever been called on this timer.
  bool hasTriggered() const { return Triggered; }

  /// Start the timer running.  Time between calls to startTimer/stopTimer is
  /// counted by the Timer class.  Note that these calls must be correctly
  /// paired.
  void startTimer();

  /// Stop the timer.
  void stopTimer();

  /// Clear the timer state.
  void clear();

  /// Return the duration for which this timer has been running.
  TimeRecord getTotalTime() const { return Time; }

private:
  friend class TimerGroup;
};

/// The TimeRegion class is used as a helper class to call the startTimer() and
/// stopTimer() methods of the Timer class.  When the object is constructed, it
/// starts the timer specified as its argument.  When it is destroyed, it stops
/// the relevant timer.  This makes it easy to time a region of code.
class TimeRegion {
  Timer *T;
  TimeRegion(const TimeRegion &) = delete;

public:
  explicit TimeRegion(Timer &t) : T(&t) {
    T->startTimer();
  }
  explicit TimeRegion(Timer *t) : T(t) {
    if (T) T->startTimer();
  }
  ~TimeRegion() {
    if (T) T->stopTimer();
  }
};

/// This class is basically a combination of TimeRegion and Timer.  It allows
/// you to declare a new timer, AND specify the region to time, all in one
/// statement.  All timers with the same name are merged.  This is primarily
/// used for debugging and for hunting performance problems.
struct NamedRegionTimer : public TimeRegion {
  explicit NamedRegionTimer(StringRef Name, StringRef Description,
                            StringRef GroupName,
                            StringRef GroupDescription, bool Enabled = true);
};

/// The TimerGroup class is used to group together related timers into a single
/// report that is printed when the TimerGroup is destroyed.  It is illegal to
/// destroy a TimerGroup object before all of the Timers in it are gone.  A
/// TimerGroup can be specified for a newly created timer in its constructor.
class TimerGroup {
  struct PrintRecord {
    TimeRecord Time;
    std::string Name;
    std::string Description;

    PrintRecord(const PrintRecord &Other) = default;
    PrintRecord(const TimeRecord &Time, const std::string &Name,
                const std::string &Description)
      : Time(Time), Name(Name), Description(Description) {}

    bool operator <(const PrintRecord &Other) const {
      return Time < Other.Time;
    }
  };
  std::string Name;
  std::string Description;
  Timer *FirstTimer = nullptr; ///< First timer in the group.
  std::vector<PrintRecord> TimersToPrint;

  TimerGroup **Prev; ///< Pointer to Next field of previous timergroup in list.
  TimerGroup *Next;  ///< Pointer to next timergroup in list.
  TimerGroup(const TimerGroup &TG) = delete;
  void operator=(const TimerGroup &TG) = delete;

public:
  explicit TimerGroup(StringRef Name, StringRef Description);

  explicit TimerGroup(StringRef Name, StringRef Description,
                      const StringMap<TimeRecord> &Records);

  ~TimerGroup();

  void setName(StringRef NewName, StringRef NewDescription) {
    Name.assign(NewName.begin(), NewName.end());
    Description.assign(NewDescription.begin(), NewDescription.end());
  }

  /// Print any started timers in this group, optionally resetting timers after
  /// printing them.
  void print(raw_ostream &OS, bool ResetAfterPrint = false);

  /// Clear all timers in this group.
  void clear();

  /// This static method prints all timers.
  static void printAll(raw_ostream &OS);

  /// Clear out all timers. This is mostly used to disable automatic
  /// printing on shutdown, when timers have already been printed explicitly
  /// using \c printAll or \c printJSONValues.
  static void clearAll();

  const char *printJSONValues(raw_ostream &OS, const char *delim);

  /// Prints all timers as JSON key/value pairs.
  static const char *printAllJSONValues(raw_ostream &OS, const char *delim);

  /// Ensure global timer group lists are initialized. This function is mostly
  /// used by the Statistic code to influence the construction and destruction
  /// order of the global timer lists.
  static void ConstructTimerLists();
private:
  friend class Timer;
  friend void PrintStatisticsJSON(raw_ostream &OS);
  void addTimer(Timer &T);
  void removeTimer(Timer &T);
  void prepareToPrintList(bool reset_time = false);
  void PrintQueuedTimers(raw_ostream &OS);
  void printJSONValue(raw_ostream &OS, const PrintRecord &R,
                      const char *suffix, double Value);
};

} // end namespace llvm

#endif