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//===-- llc.cpp - Implement the LLVM Native Code Generator ----------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This is the llc code generator driver. It provides a convenient
// command-line interface for generating native assembly-language code
// or C code, given LLVM bitcode.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Triple.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/TargetLibraryInfo.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/CommandFlags.inc"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/LinkAllAsmWriterComponents.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/LinkAllCodegenComponents.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MIRParser/MIRParser.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunctionPass.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineModuleInfo.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.h"
#include "llvm/IR/AutoUpgrade.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DataLayout.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DiagnosticInfo.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DiagnosticPrinter.h"
#include "llvm/IR/IRPrintingPasses.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LegacyPassManager.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
#include "llvm/IR/RemarkStreamer.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Verifier.h"
#include "llvm/IRReader/IRReader.h"
#include "llvm/MC/SubtargetFeature.h"
#include "llvm/Pass.h"
#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FileSystem.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FormattedStream.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Host.h"
#include "llvm/Support/InitLLVM.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ManagedStatic.h"
#include "llvm/Support/PluginLoader.h"
#include "llvm/Support/SourceMgr.h"
#include "llvm/Support/TargetRegistry.h"
#include "llvm/Support/TargetSelect.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ToolOutputFile.h"
#include "llvm/Support/WithColor.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetMachine.h"
#include "llvm/Transforms/Utils/Cloning.h"
#include <memory>
using namespace llvm;

// General options for llc.  Other pass-specific options are specified
// within the corresponding llc passes, and target-specific options
// and back-end code generation options are specified with the target machine.
//
static cl::opt<std::string>
InputFilename(cl::Positional, cl::desc("<input bitcode>"), cl::init("-"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
InputLanguage("x", cl::desc("Input language ('ir' or 'mir')"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
OutputFilename("o", cl::desc("Output filename"), cl::value_desc("filename"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
    SplitDwarfOutputFile("split-dwarf-output",
                         cl::desc(".dwo output filename"),
                         cl::value_desc("filename"));

static cl::opt<unsigned>
TimeCompilations("time-compilations", cl::Hidden, cl::init(1u),
                 cl::value_desc("N"),
                 cl::desc("Repeat compilation N times for timing"));

static cl::opt<bool>
NoIntegratedAssembler("no-integrated-as", cl::Hidden,
                      cl::desc("Disable integrated assembler"));

static cl::opt<bool>
    PreserveComments("preserve-as-comments", cl::Hidden,
                     cl::desc("Preserve Comments in outputted assembly"),
                     cl::init(true));

// Determine optimization level.
static cl::opt<char>
OptLevel("O",
         cl::desc("Optimization level. [-O0, -O1, -O2, or -O3] "
                  "(default = '-O2')"),
         cl::Prefix,
         cl::ZeroOrMore,
         cl::init(' '));

static cl::opt<std::string>
TargetTriple("mtriple", cl::desc("Override target triple for module"));

static cl::opt<std::string> SplitDwarfFile(
    "split-dwarf-file",
    cl::desc(
        "Specify the name of the .dwo file to encode in the DWARF output"));

static cl::opt<bool> NoVerify("disable-verify", cl::Hidden,
                              cl::desc("Do not verify input module"));

static cl::opt<bool> DisableSimplifyLibCalls("disable-simplify-libcalls",
                                             cl::desc("Disable simplify-libcalls"));

static cl::opt<bool> ShowMCEncoding("show-mc-encoding", cl::Hidden,
                                    cl::desc("Show encoding in .s output"));

static cl::opt<bool> EnableDwarfDirectory(
    "enable-dwarf-directory", cl::Hidden,
    cl::desc("Use .file directives with an explicit directory."));

static cl::opt<bool> AsmVerbose("asm-verbose",
                                cl::desc("Add comments to directives."),
                                cl::init(true));

static cl::opt<bool>
    CompileTwice("compile-twice", cl::Hidden,
                 cl::desc("Run everything twice, re-using the same pass "
                          "manager and verify the result is the same."),
                 cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool> DiscardValueNames(
    "discard-value-names",
    cl::desc("Discard names from Value (other than GlobalValue)."),
    cl::init(false), cl::Hidden);

static cl::list<std::string> IncludeDirs("I", cl::desc("include search path"));

static cl::opt<bool> RemarksWithHotness(
    "pass-remarks-with-hotness",
    cl::desc("With PGO, include profile count in optimization remarks"),
    cl::Hidden);

static cl::opt<unsigned>
    RemarksHotnessThreshold("pass-remarks-hotness-threshold",
                            cl::desc("Minimum profile count required for "
                                     "an optimization remark to be output"),
                            cl::Hidden);

static cl::opt<std::string>
    RemarksFilename("pass-remarks-output",
                    cl::desc("Output filename for pass remarks"),
                    cl::value_desc("filename"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
    RemarksPasses("pass-remarks-filter",
                  cl::desc("Only record optimization remarks from passes whose "
                           "names match the given regular expression"),
                  cl::value_desc("regex"));

static cl::opt<std::string> RemarksFormat(
    "pass-remarks-format",
    cl::desc("The format used for serializing remarks (default: YAML)"),
    cl::value_desc("format"), cl::init("yaml"));

namespace {
static ManagedStatic<std::vector<std::string>> RunPassNames;

struct RunPassOption {
  void operator=(const std::string &Val) const {
    if (Val.empty())
      return;
    SmallVector<StringRef, 8> PassNames;
    StringRef(Val).split(PassNames, ',', -1, false);
    for (auto PassName : PassNames)
      RunPassNames->push_back(PassName);
  }
};
}

static RunPassOption RunPassOpt;

static cl::opt<RunPassOption, true, cl::parser<std::string>> RunPass(
    "run-pass",
    cl::desc("Run compiler only for specified passes (comma separated list)"),
    cl::value_desc("pass-name"), cl::ZeroOrMore, cl::location(RunPassOpt));

static int compileModule(char **, LLVMContext &);

static std::unique_ptr<ToolOutputFile> GetOutputStream(const char *TargetName,
                                                       Triple::OSType OS,
                                                       const char *ProgName) {
  // If we don't yet have an output filename, make one.
  if (OutputFilename.empty()) {
    if (InputFilename == "-")
      OutputFilename = "-";
    else {
      // If InputFilename ends in .bc or .ll, remove it.
      StringRef IFN = InputFilename;
      if (IFN.endswith(".bc") || IFN.endswith(".ll"))
        OutputFilename = IFN.drop_back(3);
      else if (IFN.endswith(".mir"))
        OutputFilename = IFN.drop_back(4);
      else
        OutputFilename = IFN;

      switch (FileType) {
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile:
        if (TargetName[0] == 'c') {
          if (TargetName[1] == 0)
            OutputFilename += ".cbe.c";
          else if (TargetName[1] == 'p' && TargetName[2] == 'p')
            OutputFilename += ".cpp";
          else
            OutputFilename += ".s";
        } else
          OutputFilename += ".s";
        break;
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile:
        if (OS == Triple::Win32)
          OutputFilename += ".obj";
        else
          OutputFilename += ".o";
        break;
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_Null:
        OutputFilename += ".null";
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // Decide if we need "binary" output.
  bool Binary = false;
  switch (FileType) {
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile:
    break;
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile:
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_Null:
    Binary = true;
    break;
  }

  // Open the file.
  std::error_code EC;
  sys::fs::OpenFlags OpenFlags = sys::fs::F_None;
  if (!Binary)
    OpenFlags |= sys::fs::F_Text;
  auto FDOut = llvm::make_unique<ToolOutputFile>(OutputFilename, EC, OpenFlags);
  if (EC) {
    WithColor::error() << EC.message() << '\n';
    return nullptr;
  }

  return FDOut;
}

struct LLCDiagnosticHandler : public DiagnosticHandler {
  bool *HasError;
  LLCDiagnosticHandler(bool *HasErrorPtr) : HasError(HasErrorPtr) {}
  bool handleDiagnostics(const DiagnosticInfo &DI) override {
    if (DI.getSeverity() == DS_Error)
      *HasError = true;

    if (auto *Remark = dyn_cast<DiagnosticInfoOptimizationBase>(&DI))
      if (!Remark->isEnabled())
        return true;

    DiagnosticPrinterRawOStream DP(errs());
    errs() << LLVMContext::getDiagnosticMessagePrefix(DI.getSeverity()) << ": ";
    DI.print(DP);
    errs() << "\n";
    return true;
  }
};

static void InlineAsmDiagHandler(const SMDiagnostic &SMD, void *Context,
                                 unsigned LocCookie) {
  bool *HasError = static_cast<bool *>(Context);
  if (SMD.getKind() == SourceMgr::DK_Error)
    *HasError = true;

  SMD.print(nullptr, errs());

  // For testing purposes, we print the LocCookie here.
  if (LocCookie)
    WithColor::note() << "!srcloc = " << LocCookie << "\n";
}

// main - Entry point for the llc compiler.
//
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
  InitLLVM X(argc, argv);

  // Enable debug stream buffering.
  EnableDebugBuffering = true;

  LLVMContext Context;

  // Initialize targets first, so that --version shows registered targets.
  InitializeAllTargets();
  InitializeAllTargetMCs();
  InitializeAllAsmPrinters();
  InitializeAllAsmParsers();

  // Initialize codegen and IR passes used by llc so that the -print-after,
  // -print-before, and -stop-after options work.
  PassRegistry *Registry = PassRegistry::getPassRegistry();
  initializeCore(*Registry);
  initializeCodeGen(*Registry);
  initializeLoopStrengthReducePass(*Registry);
  initializeLowerIntrinsicsPass(*Registry);
  initializeEntryExitInstrumenterPass(*Registry);
  initializePostInlineEntryExitInstrumenterPass(*Registry);
  initializeUnreachableBlockElimLegacyPassPass(*Registry);
  initializeConstantHoistingLegacyPassPass(*Registry);
  initializeScalarOpts(*Registry);
  initializeVectorization(*Registry);
  initializeScalarizeMaskedMemIntrinPass(*Registry);
  initializeExpandReductionsPass(*Registry);
  initializeHardwareLoopsPass(*Registry);

  // Initialize debugging passes.
  initializeScavengerTestPass(*Registry);

  // Register the target printer for --version.
  cl::AddExtraVersionPrinter(TargetRegistry::printRegisteredTargetsForVersion);

  cl::ParseCommandLineOptions(argc, argv, "llvm system compiler\n");

  Context.setDiscardValueNames(DiscardValueNames);

  // Set a diagnostic handler that doesn't exit on the first error
  bool HasError = false;
  Context.setDiagnosticHandler(
      llvm::make_unique<LLCDiagnosticHandler>(&HasError));
  Context.setInlineAsmDiagnosticHandler(InlineAsmDiagHandler, &HasError);

  Expected<std::unique_ptr<ToolOutputFile>> RemarksFileOrErr =
      setupOptimizationRemarks(Context, RemarksFilename, RemarksPasses,
                               RemarksFormat, RemarksWithHotness,
                               RemarksHotnessThreshold);
  if (Error E = RemarksFileOrErr.takeError()) {
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0]) << toString(std::move(E)) << '\n';
    return 1;
  }
  std::unique_ptr<ToolOutputFile> RemarksFile = std::move(*RemarksFileOrErr);

  if (InputLanguage != "" && InputLanguage != "ir" &&
      InputLanguage != "mir") {
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0])
        << "input language must be '', 'IR' or 'MIR'\n";
    return 1;
  }

  // Compile the module TimeCompilations times to give better compile time
  // metrics.
  for (unsigned I = TimeCompilations; I; --I)
    if (int RetVal = compileModule(argv, Context))
      return RetVal;

  if (RemarksFile)
    RemarksFile->keep();
  return 0;
}

static bool addPass(PassManagerBase &PM, const char *argv0,
                    StringRef PassName, TargetPassConfig &TPC) {
  if (PassName == "none")
    return false;

  const PassRegistry *PR = PassRegistry::getPassRegistry();
  const PassInfo *PI = PR->getPassInfo(PassName);
  if (!PI) {
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv0)
        << "run-pass " << PassName << " is not registered.\n";
    return true;
  }

  Pass *P;
  if (PI->getNormalCtor())
    P = PI->getNormalCtor()();
  else {
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv0)
        << "cannot create pass: " << PI->getPassName() << "\n";
    return true;
  }
  std::string Banner = std::string("After ") + std::string(P->getPassName());
  PM.add(P);
  TPC.printAndVerify(Banner);

  return false;
}

static int compileModule(char **argv, LLVMContext &Context) {
  // Load the module to be compiled...
  SMDiagnostic Err;
  std::unique_ptr<Module> M;
  std::unique_ptr<MIRParser> MIR;
  Triple TheTriple;

  bool SkipModule = MCPU == "help" ||
                    (!MAttrs.empty() && MAttrs.front() == "help");

  // If user just wants to list available options, skip module loading
  if (!SkipModule) {
    if (InputLanguage == "mir" ||
        (InputLanguage == "" && StringRef(InputFilename).endswith(".mir"))) {
      MIR = createMIRParserFromFile(InputFilename, Err, Context);
      if (MIR)
        M = MIR->parseIRModule();
    } else
      M = parseIRFile(InputFilename, Err, Context, false);
    if (!M) {
      Err.print(argv[0], WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0]));
      return 1;
    }

    // If we are supposed to override the target triple, do so now.
    if (!TargetTriple.empty())
      M->setTargetTriple(Triple::normalize(TargetTriple));
    TheTriple = Triple(M->getTargetTriple());
  } else {
    TheTriple = Triple(Triple::normalize(TargetTriple));
  }

  if (TheTriple.getTriple().empty())
    TheTriple.setTriple(sys::getDefaultTargetTriple());

  // Get the target specific parser.
  std::string Error;
  const Target *TheTarget = TargetRegistry::lookupTarget(MArch, TheTriple,
                                                         Error);
  if (!TheTarget) {
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0]) << Error;
    return 1;
  }

  std::string CPUStr = getCPUStr(), FeaturesStr = getFeaturesStr();

  CodeGenOpt::Level OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Default;
  switch (OptLevel) {
  default:
    WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0]) << "invalid optimization level.\n";
    return 1;
  case ' ': break;
  case '0': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::None; break;
  case '1': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Less; break;
  case '2': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Default; break;
  case '3': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Aggressive; break;
  }

  TargetOptions Options = InitTargetOptionsFromCodeGenFlags();
  Options.DisableIntegratedAS = NoIntegratedAssembler;
  Options.MCOptions.ShowMCEncoding = ShowMCEncoding;
  Options.MCOptions.MCUseDwarfDirectory = EnableDwarfDirectory;
  Options.MCOptions.AsmVerbose = AsmVerbose;
  Options.MCOptions.PreserveAsmComments = PreserveComments;
  Options.MCOptions.IASSearchPaths = IncludeDirs;
  Options.MCOptions.SplitDwarfFile = SplitDwarfFile;

  std::unique_ptr<TargetMachine> Target(TheTarget->createTargetMachine(
      TheTriple.getTriple(), CPUStr, FeaturesStr, Options, getRelocModel(),
      getCodeModel(), OLvl));

  assert(Target && "Could not allocate target machine!");

  // If we don't have a module then just exit now. We do this down
  // here since the CPU/Feature help is underneath the target machine
  // creation.
  if (SkipModule)
    return 0;

  assert(M && "Should have exited if we didn't have a module!");
  if (FloatABIForCalls != FloatABI::Default)
    Options.FloatABIType = FloatABIForCalls;

  // Figure out where we are going to send the output.
  std::unique_ptr<ToolOutputFile> Out =
      GetOutputStream(TheTarget->getName(), TheTriple.getOS(), argv[0]);
  if (!Out) return 1;

  std::unique_ptr<ToolOutputFile> DwoOut;
  if (!SplitDwarfOutputFile.empty()) {
    std::error_code EC;
    DwoOut = llvm::make_unique<ToolOutputFile>(SplitDwarfOutputFile, EC,
                                               sys::fs::F_None);
    if (EC) {
      WithColor::error(errs(), argv[0]) << EC.message() << '\n';
      return 1;
    }
  }

  // Build up all of the passes that we want to do to the module.
  legacy::PassManager PM;

  // Add an appropriate TargetLibraryInfo pass for the module's triple.
  TargetLibraryInfoImpl TLII(Triple(M->getTargetTriple()));

  // The -disable-simplify-libcalls flag actually disables all builtin optzns.
  if (DisableSimplifyLibCalls)
    TLII.disableAllFunctions();
  PM.add(new TargetLibraryInfoWrapperPass(TLII));

  // Add the target data from the target machine, if it exists, or the module.
  M->setDataLayout(Target->createDataLayout());

  // This needs to be done after setting datalayout since it calls verifier
  // to check debug info whereas verifier relies on correct datalayout.
  UpgradeDebugInfo(*M);

  // Verify module immediately to catch problems before doInitialization() is
  // called on any passes.
  if (!NoVerify && verifyModule(*M, &errs())) {
    std::string Prefix =
        (Twine(argv[0]) + Twine(": ") + Twine(InputFilename)).str();
    WithColor::error(errs(), Prefix) << "input module is broken!\n";
    return 1;
  }

  // Override function attributes based on CPUStr, FeaturesStr, and command line
  // flags.
  setFunctionAttributes(CPUStr, FeaturesStr, *M);

  if (RelaxAll.getNumOccurrences() > 0 &&
      FileType != TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile)
    WithColor::warning(errs(), argv[0])
        << ": warning: ignoring -mc-relax-all because filetype != obj";

  {
    raw_pwrite_stream *OS = &Out->os();

    // Manually do the buffering rather than using buffer_ostream,
    // so we can memcmp the contents in CompileTwice mode
    SmallVector<char, 0> Buffer;
    std::unique_ptr<raw_svector_ostream> BOS;
    if ((FileType != TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile &&
         !Out->os().supportsSeeking()) ||
        CompileTwice) {
      BOS = make_unique<raw_svector_ostream>(Buffer);
      OS = BOS.get();
    }

    const char *argv0 = argv[0];
    LLVMTargetMachine &LLVMTM = static_cast<LLVMTargetMachine&>(*Target);
    MachineModuleInfo *MMI = new MachineModuleInfo(&LLVMTM);

    // Construct a custom pass pipeline that starts after instruction
    // selection.
    if (!RunPassNames->empty()) {
      if (!MIR) {
        WithColor::warning(errs(), argv[0])
            << "run-pass is for .mir file only.\n";
        return 1;
      }
      TargetPassConfig &TPC = *LLVMTM.createPassConfig(PM);
      if (TPC.hasLimitedCodeGenPipeline()) {
        WithColor::warning(errs(), argv[0])
            << "run-pass cannot be used with "
            << TPC.getLimitedCodeGenPipelineReason(" and ") << ".\n";
        return 1;
      }

      TPC.setDisableVerify(NoVerify);
      PM.add(&TPC);
      PM.add(MMI);
      TPC.printAndVerify("");
      for (const std::string &RunPassName : *RunPassNames) {
        if (addPass(PM, argv0, RunPassName, TPC))
          return 1;
      }
      TPC.setInitialized();
      PM.add(createPrintMIRPass(*OS));
      PM.add(createFreeMachineFunctionPass());
    } else if (Target->addPassesToEmitFile(PM, *OS,
                                           DwoOut ? &DwoOut->os() : nullptr,
                                           FileType, NoVerify, MMI)) {
      WithColor::warning(errs(), argv[0])
          << "target does not support generation of this"
          << " file type!\n";
      return 1;
    }

    if (MIR) {
      assert(MMI && "Forgot to create MMI?");
      if (MIR->parseMachineFunctions(*M, *MMI))
        return 1;
    }

    // Before executing passes, print the final values of the LLVM options.
    cl::PrintOptionValues();

    // If requested, run the pass manager over the same module again,
    // to catch any bugs due to persistent state in the passes. Note that
    // opt has the same functionality, so it may be worth abstracting this out
    // in the future.
    SmallVector<char, 0> CompileTwiceBuffer;
    if (CompileTwice) {
      std::unique_ptr<Module> M2(llvm::CloneModule(*M));
      PM.run(*M2);
      CompileTwiceBuffer = Buffer;
      Buffer.clear();
    }

    PM.run(*M);

    auto HasError =
        ((const LLCDiagnosticHandler *)(Context.getDiagHandlerPtr()))->HasError;
    if (*HasError)
      return 1;

    // Compare the two outputs and make sure they're the same
    if (CompileTwice) {
      if (Buffer.size() != CompileTwiceBuffer.size() ||
          (memcmp(Buffer.data(), CompileTwiceBuffer.data(), Buffer.size()) !=
           0)) {
        errs()
            << "Running the pass manager twice changed the output.\n"
               "Writing the result of the second run to the specified output\n"
               "To generate the one-run comparison binary, just run without\n"
               "the compile-twice option\n";
        Out->os() << Buffer;
        Out->keep();
        return 1;
      }
    }

    if (BOS) {
      Out->os() << Buffer;
    }
  }

  // Declare success.
  Out->keep();
  if (DwoOut)
    DwoOut->keep();

  return 0;
}