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//===--- MemoryBuffer.cpp - Memory Buffer implementation ------------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
//  This file implements the MemoryBuffer interface.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Support/MemoryBuffer.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallString.h"
#include "llvm/Config/config.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Errc.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Errno.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FileSystem.h"
#include "llvm/Support/MathExtras.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Process.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Program.h"
#include "llvm/Support/SmallVectorMemoryBuffer.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <cerrno>
#include <cstring>
#include <new>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <system_error>
#if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
#include <unistd.h>
#else
#include <io.h>
#endif
using namespace llvm;

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// MemoryBuffer implementation itself.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

MemoryBuffer::~MemoryBuffer() { }

/// init - Initialize this MemoryBuffer as a reference to externally allocated
/// memory, memory that we know is already null terminated.
void MemoryBuffer::init(const char *BufStart, const char *BufEnd,
                        bool RequiresNullTerminator) {
  assert((!RequiresNullTerminator || BufEnd[0] == 0) &&
         "Buffer is not null terminated!");
  BufferStart = BufStart;
  BufferEnd = BufEnd;
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// MemoryBufferMem implementation.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

/// CopyStringRef - Copies contents of a StringRef into a block of memory and
/// null-terminates it.
static void CopyStringRef(char *Memory, StringRef Data) {
  if (!Data.empty())
    memcpy(Memory, Data.data(), Data.size());
  Memory[Data.size()] = 0; // Null terminate string.
}

namespace {
struct NamedBufferAlloc {
  const Twine &Name;
  NamedBufferAlloc(const Twine &Name) : Name(Name) {}
};
}

void *operator new(size_t N, const NamedBufferAlloc &Alloc) {
  SmallString<256> NameBuf;
  StringRef NameRef = Alloc.Name.toStringRef(NameBuf);

  char *Mem = static_cast<char *>(operator new(N + NameRef.size() + 1));
  CopyStringRef(Mem + N, NameRef);
  return Mem;
}

namespace {
/// MemoryBufferMem - Named MemoryBuffer pointing to a block of memory.
template<typename MB>
class MemoryBufferMem : public MB {
public:
  MemoryBufferMem(StringRef InputData, bool RequiresNullTerminator) {
    MemoryBuffer::init(InputData.begin(), InputData.end(),
                       RequiresNullTerminator);
  }

  /// Disable sized deallocation for MemoryBufferMem, because it has
  /// tail-allocated data.
  void operator delete(void *p) { ::operator delete(p); }

  StringRef getBufferIdentifier() const override {
    // The name is stored after the class itself.
    return StringRef(reinterpret_cast<const char *>(this + 1));
  }

  MemoryBuffer::BufferKind getBufferKind() const override {
    return MemoryBuffer::MemoryBuffer_Malloc;
  }
};
}

template <typename MB>
static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MB>>
getFileAux(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize, uint64_t MapSize,
           uint64_t Offset, bool RequiresNullTerminator, bool IsVolatile);

std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>
MemoryBuffer::getMemBuffer(StringRef InputData, StringRef BufferName,
                           bool RequiresNullTerminator) {
  auto *Ret = new (NamedBufferAlloc(BufferName))
      MemoryBufferMem<MemoryBuffer>(InputData, RequiresNullTerminator);
  return std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>(Ret);
}

std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>
MemoryBuffer::getMemBuffer(MemoryBufferRef Ref, bool RequiresNullTerminator) {
  return std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>(getMemBuffer(
      Ref.getBuffer(), Ref.getBufferIdentifier(), RequiresNullTerminator));
}

static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>>
getMemBufferCopyImpl(StringRef InputData, const Twine &BufferName) {
  auto Buf = WritableMemoryBuffer::getNewUninitMemBuffer(InputData.size(), BufferName);
  if (!Buf)
    return make_error_code(errc::not_enough_memory);
  memcpy(Buf->getBufferStart(), InputData.data(), InputData.size());
  return std::move(Buf);
}

std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>
MemoryBuffer::getMemBufferCopy(StringRef InputData, const Twine &BufferName) {
  auto Buf = getMemBufferCopyImpl(InputData, BufferName);
  if (Buf)
    return std::move(*Buf);
  return nullptr;
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getFileOrSTDIN(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize,
                             bool RequiresNullTerminator) {
  SmallString<256> NameBuf;
  StringRef NameRef = Filename.toStringRef(NameBuf);

  if (NameRef == "-")
    return getSTDIN();
  return getFile(Filename, FileSize, RequiresNullTerminator);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getFileSlice(const Twine &FilePath, uint64_t MapSize,
                           uint64_t Offset, bool IsVolatile) {
  return getFileAux<MemoryBuffer>(FilePath, -1, MapSize, Offset, false,
                                  IsVolatile);
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// MemoryBuffer::getFile implementation.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

namespace {
/// Memory maps a file descriptor using sys::fs::mapped_file_region.
///
/// This handles converting the offset into a legal offset on the platform.
template<typename MB>
class MemoryBufferMMapFile : public MB {
  sys::fs::mapped_file_region MFR;

  static uint64_t getLegalMapOffset(uint64_t Offset) {
    return Offset & ~(sys::fs::mapped_file_region::alignment() - 1);
  }

  static uint64_t getLegalMapSize(uint64_t Len, uint64_t Offset) {
    return Len + (Offset - getLegalMapOffset(Offset));
  }

  const char *getStart(uint64_t Len, uint64_t Offset) {
    return MFR.const_data() + (Offset - getLegalMapOffset(Offset));
  }

public:
  MemoryBufferMMapFile(bool RequiresNullTerminator, sys::fs::file_t FD, uint64_t Len,
                       uint64_t Offset, std::error_code &EC)
      : MFR(FD, MB::Mapmode, getLegalMapSize(Len, Offset),
            getLegalMapOffset(Offset), EC) {
    if (!EC) {
      const char *Start = getStart(Len, Offset);
      MemoryBuffer::init(Start, Start + Len, RequiresNullTerminator);
    }
  }

  /// Disable sized deallocation for MemoryBufferMMapFile, because it has
  /// tail-allocated data.
  void operator delete(void *p) { ::operator delete(p); }

  StringRef getBufferIdentifier() const override {
    // The name is stored after the class itself.
    return StringRef(reinterpret_cast<const char *>(this + 1));
  }

  MemoryBuffer::BufferKind getBufferKind() const override {
    return MemoryBuffer::MemoryBuffer_MMap;
  }
};
}

static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>>
getMemoryBufferForStream(sys::fs::file_t FD, const Twine &BufferName) {
  const ssize_t ChunkSize = 4096*4;
  SmallString<ChunkSize> Buffer;
  size_t ReadBytes;
  // Read into Buffer until we hit EOF.
  do {
    Buffer.reserve(Buffer.size() + ChunkSize);
    if (auto EC = sys::fs::readNativeFile(
            FD, makeMutableArrayRef(Buffer.end(), ChunkSize), &ReadBytes))
      return EC;
    Buffer.set_size(Buffer.size() + ReadBytes);
  } while (ReadBytes != 0);

  return getMemBufferCopyImpl(Buffer, BufferName);
}


ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getFile(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize,
                      bool RequiresNullTerminator, bool IsVolatile) {
  return getFileAux<MemoryBuffer>(Filename, FileSize, FileSize, 0,
                                  RequiresNullTerminator, IsVolatile);
}

template <typename MB>
static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MB>>
getOpenFileImpl(sys::fs::file_t FD, const Twine &Filename, uint64_t FileSize,
                uint64_t MapSize, int64_t Offset, bool RequiresNullTerminator,
                bool IsVolatile);

template <typename MB>
static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MB>>
getFileAux(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize, uint64_t MapSize,
           uint64_t Offset, bool RequiresNullTerminator, bool IsVolatile) {
  Expected<sys::fs::file_t> FDOrErr =
      sys::fs::openNativeFileForRead(Filename, sys::fs::OF_None);
  if (!FDOrErr)
    return errorToErrorCode(FDOrErr.takeError());
  sys::fs::file_t FD = *FDOrErr;
  auto Ret = getOpenFileImpl<MB>(FD, Filename, FileSize, MapSize, Offset,
                                 RequiresNullTerminator, IsVolatile);
  sys::fs::closeFile(FD);
  return Ret;
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>>
WritableMemoryBuffer::getFile(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize,
                              bool IsVolatile) {
  return getFileAux<WritableMemoryBuffer>(Filename, FileSize, FileSize, 0,
                                          /*RequiresNullTerminator*/ false,
                                          IsVolatile);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>>
WritableMemoryBuffer::getFileSlice(const Twine &Filename, uint64_t MapSize,
                                   uint64_t Offset, bool IsVolatile) {
  return getFileAux<WritableMemoryBuffer>(Filename, -1, MapSize, Offset, false,
                                          IsVolatile);
}

std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>
WritableMemoryBuffer::getNewUninitMemBuffer(size_t Size, const Twine &BufferName) {
  using MemBuffer = MemoryBufferMem<WritableMemoryBuffer>;
  // Allocate space for the MemoryBuffer, the data and the name. It is important
  // that MemoryBuffer and data are aligned so PointerIntPair works with them.
  // TODO: Is 16-byte alignment enough?  We copy small object files with large
  // alignment expectations into this buffer.
  SmallString<256> NameBuf;
  StringRef NameRef = BufferName.toStringRef(NameBuf);
  size_t AlignedStringLen = alignTo(sizeof(MemBuffer) + NameRef.size() + 1, 16);
  size_t RealLen = AlignedStringLen + Size + 1;
  char *Mem = static_cast<char*>(operator new(RealLen, std::nothrow));
  if (!Mem)
    return nullptr;

  // The name is stored after the class itself.
  CopyStringRef(Mem + sizeof(MemBuffer), NameRef);

  // The buffer begins after the name and must be aligned.
  char *Buf = Mem + AlignedStringLen;
  Buf[Size] = 0; // Null terminate buffer.

  auto *Ret = new (Mem) MemBuffer(StringRef(Buf, Size), true);
  return std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>(Ret);
}

std::unique_ptr<WritableMemoryBuffer>
WritableMemoryBuffer::getNewMemBuffer(size_t Size, const Twine &BufferName) {
  auto SB = WritableMemoryBuffer::getNewUninitMemBuffer(Size, BufferName);
  if (!SB)
    return nullptr;
  memset(SB->getBufferStart(), 0, Size);
  return SB;
}

static bool shouldUseMmap(sys::fs::file_t FD,
                          size_t FileSize,
                          size_t MapSize,
                          off_t Offset,
                          bool RequiresNullTerminator,
                          int PageSize,
                          bool IsVolatile) {
  // mmap may leave the buffer without null terminator if the file size changed
  // by the time the last page is mapped in, so avoid it if the file size is
  // likely to change.
  if (IsVolatile)
    return false;

  // We don't use mmap for small files because this can severely fragment our
  // address space.
  if (MapSize < 4 * 4096 || MapSize < (unsigned)PageSize)
    return false;

  if (!RequiresNullTerminator)
    return true;

  // If we don't know the file size, use fstat to find out.  fstat on an open
  // file descriptor is cheaper than stat on a random path.
  // FIXME: this chunk of code is duplicated, but it avoids a fstat when
  // RequiresNullTerminator = false and MapSize != -1.
  if (FileSize == size_t(-1)) {
    sys::fs::file_status Status;
    if (sys::fs::status(FD, Status))
      return false;
    FileSize = Status.getSize();
  }

  // If we need a null terminator and the end of the map is inside the file,
  // we cannot use mmap.
  size_t End = Offset + MapSize;
  assert(End <= FileSize);
  if (End != FileSize)
    return false;

  // Don't try to map files that are exactly a multiple of the system page size
  // if we need a null terminator.
  if ((FileSize & (PageSize -1)) == 0)
    return false;

#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  // Don't try to map files that are exactly a multiple of the physical page size
  // if we need a null terminator.
  // FIXME: We should reorganize again getPageSize() on Win32.
  if ((FileSize & (4096 - 1)) == 0)
    return false;
#endif

  return true;
}

static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WriteThroughMemoryBuffer>>
getReadWriteFile(const Twine &Filename, uint64_t FileSize, uint64_t MapSize,
                 uint64_t Offset) {
  Expected<sys::fs::file_t> FDOrErr = sys::fs::openNativeFileForReadWrite(
      Filename, sys::fs::CD_OpenExisting, sys::fs::OF_None);
  if (!FDOrErr)
    return errorToErrorCode(FDOrErr.takeError());
  sys::fs::file_t FD = *FDOrErr;

  // Default is to map the full file.
  if (MapSize == uint64_t(-1)) {
    // If we don't know the file size, use fstat to find out.  fstat on an open
    // file descriptor is cheaper than stat on a random path.
    if (FileSize == uint64_t(-1)) {
      sys::fs::file_status Status;
      std::error_code EC = sys::fs::status(FD, Status);
      if (EC)
        return EC;

      // If this not a file or a block device (e.g. it's a named pipe
      // or character device), we can't mmap it, so error out.
      sys::fs::file_type Type = Status.type();
      if (Type != sys::fs::file_type::regular_file &&
          Type != sys::fs::file_type::block_file)
        return make_error_code(errc::invalid_argument);

      FileSize = Status.getSize();
    }
    MapSize = FileSize;
  }

  std::error_code EC;
  std::unique_ptr<WriteThroughMemoryBuffer> Result(
      new (NamedBufferAlloc(Filename))
          MemoryBufferMMapFile<WriteThroughMemoryBuffer>(false, FD, MapSize,
                                                         Offset, EC));
  if (EC)
    return EC;
  return std::move(Result);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WriteThroughMemoryBuffer>>
WriteThroughMemoryBuffer::getFile(const Twine &Filename, int64_t FileSize) {
  return getReadWriteFile(Filename, FileSize, FileSize, 0);
}

/// Map a subrange of the specified file as a WritableMemoryBuffer.
ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<WriteThroughMemoryBuffer>>
WriteThroughMemoryBuffer::getFileSlice(const Twine &Filename, uint64_t MapSize,
                                       uint64_t Offset) {
  return getReadWriteFile(Filename, -1, MapSize, Offset);
}

template <typename MB>
static ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MB>>
getOpenFileImpl(sys::fs::file_t FD, const Twine &Filename, uint64_t FileSize,
                uint64_t MapSize, int64_t Offset, bool RequiresNullTerminator,
                bool IsVolatile) {
  static int PageSize = sys::Process::getPageSizeEstimate();

  // Default is to map the full file.
  if (MapSize == uint64_t(-1)) {
    // If we don't know the file size, use fstat to find out.  fstat on an open
    // file descriptor is cheaper than stat on a random path.
    if (FileSize == uint64_t(-1)) {
      sys::fs::file_status Status;
      std::error_code EC = sys::fs::status(FD, Status);
      if (EC)
        return EC;

      // If this not a file or a block device (e.g. it's a named pipe
      // or character device), we can't trust the size. Create the memory
      // buffer by copying off the stream.
      sys::fs::file_type Type = Status.type();
      if (Type != sys::fs::file_type::regular_file &&
          Type != sys::fs::file_type::block_file)
        return getMemoryBufferForStream(FD, Filename);

      FileSize = Status.getSize();
    }
    MapSize = FileSize;
  }

  if (shouldUseMmap(FD, FileSize, MapSize, Offset, RequiresNullTerminator,
                    PageSize, IsVolatile)) {
    std::error_code EC;
    std::unique_ptr<MB> Result(
        new (NamedBufferAlloc(Filename)) MemoryBufferMMapFile<MB>(
            RequiresNullTerminator, FD, MapSize, Offset, EC));
    if (!EC)
      return std::move(Result);
  }

  auto Buf = WritableMemoryBuffer::getNewUninitMemBuffer(MapSize, Filename);
  if (!Buf) {
    // Failed to create a buffer. The only way it can fail is if
    // new(std::nothrow) returns 0.
    return make_error_code(errc::not_enough_memory);
  }

  sys::fs::readNativeFileSlice(FD, Buf->getBuffer(), Offset);

  return std::move(Buf);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getOpenFile(sys::fs::file_t FD, const Twine &Filename, uint64_t FileSize,
                          bool RequiresNullTerminator, bool IsVolatile) {
  return getOpenFileImpl<MemoryBuffer>(FD, Filename, FileSize, FileSize, 0,
                         RequiresNullTerminator, IsVolatile);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getOpenFileSlice(sys::fs::file_t FD, const Twine &Filename, uint64_t MapSize,
                               int64_t Offset, bool IsVolatile) {
  assert(MapSize != uint64_t(-1));
  return getOpenFileImpl<MemoryBuffer>(FD, Filename, -1, MapSize, Offset, false,
                                       IsVolatile);
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>> MemoryBuffer::getSTDIN() {
  // Read in all of the data from stdin, we cannot mmap stdin.
  //
  // FIXME: That isn't necessarily true, we should try to mmap stdin and
  // fallback if it fails.
  sys::ChangeStdinToBinary();

  return getMemoryBufferForStream(sys::fs::getStdinHandle(), "<stdin>");
}

ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>>
MemoryBuffer::getFileAsStream(const Twine &Filename) {
  Expected<sys::fs::file_t> FDOrErr =
      sys::fs::openNativeFileForRead(Filename, sys::fs::OF_None);
  if (!FDOrErr)
    return errorToErrorCode(FDOrErr.takeError());
  sys::fs::file_t FD = *FDOrErr;
  ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>> Ret =
      getMemoryBufferForStream(FD, Filename);
  sys::fs::closeFile(FD);
  return Ret;
}

MemoryBufferRef MemoryBuffer::getMemBufferRef() const {
  StringRef Data = getBuffer();
  StringRef Identifier = getBufferIdentifier();
  return MemoryBufferRef(Data, Identifier);
}

SmallVectorMemoryBuffer::~SmallVectorMemoryBuffer() {}