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//===- ArchiveWriter.cpp - ar File Format implementation --------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file defines the writeArchive function.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Object/ArchiveWriter.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/ArrayRef.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/BinaryFormat/Magic.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/Object/Archive.h"
#include "llvm/Object/ObjectFile.h"
#include "llvm/Object/SymbolicFile.h"
#include "llvm/Support/EndianStream.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Errc.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Format.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ToolOutputFile.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"

#if !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
#include <unistd.h>
#else
#include <io.h>
#endif

using namespace llvm;

// The SYM64 format is used when an archive's member offsets are larger than
// 32-bits can hold. The need for this shift in format is detected by
// writeArchive. To test this we need to generate a file with a member that has
// an offset larger than 32-bits but this demands a very slow test. To speed
// the test up we use this flag to pretend like the cutoff happens before
// 32-bits and instead happens at some much smaller value.
static cl::opt<int> Sym64Threshold("sym64-threshold", cl::Hidden,
                                   cl::init(32));

NewArchiveMember::NewArchiveMember(MemoryBufferRef BufRef)
    : Buf(MemoryBuffer::getMemBuffer(BufRef, false)),
      MemberName(BufRef.getBufferIdentifier()) {}

Expected<NewArchiveMember>
NewArchiveMember::getOldMember(const object::Archive::Child &OldMember,
                               bool Deterministic) {
  Expected<llvm::MemoryBufferRef> BufOrErr = OldMember.getMemoryBufferRef();
  if (!BufOrErr)
    return BufOrErr.takeError();

  NewArchiveMember M;
  assert(M.IsNew == false);
  M.Buf = MemoryBuffer::getMemBuffer(*BufOrErr, false);
  M.MemberName = M.Buf->getBufferIdentifier();
  if (!Deterministic) {
    auto ModTimeOrErr = OldMember.getLastModified();
    if (!ModTimeOrErr)
      return ModTimeOrErr.takeError();
    M.ModTime = ModTimeOrErr.get();
    Expected<unsigned> UIDOrErr = OldMember.getUID();
    if (!UIDOrErr)
      return UIDOrErr.takeError();
    M.UID = UIDOrErr.get();
    Expected<unsigned> GIDOrErr = OldMember.getGID();
    if (!GIDOrErr)
      return GIDOrErr.takeError();
    M.GID = GIDOrErr.get();
    Expected<sys::fs::perms> AccessModeOrErr = OldMember.getAccessMode();
    if (!AccessModeOrErr)
      return AccessModeOrErr.takeError();
    M.Perms = AccessModeOrErr.get();
  }
  return std::move(M);
}

Expected<NewArchiveMember> NewArchiveMember::getFile(StringRef FileName,
                                                     bool Deterministic) {
  sys::fs::file_status Status;
  int FD;
  if (auto EC = sys::fs::openFileForRead(FileName, FD))
    return errorCodeToError(EC);
  assert(FD != -1);

  if (auto EC = sys::fs::status(FD, Status))
    return errorCodeToError(EC);

  // Opening a directory doesn't make sense. Let it fail.
  // Linux cannot open directories with open(2), although
  // cygwin and *bsd can.
  if (Status.type() == sys::fs::file_type::directory_file)
    return errorCodeToError(make_error_code(errc::is_a_directory));

  ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer>> MemberBufferOrErr =
      MemoryBuffer::getOpenFile(FD, FileName, Status.getSize(), false);
  if (!MemberBufferOrErr)
    return errorCodeToError(MemberBufferOrErr.getError());

  if (close(FD) != 0)
    return errorCodeToError(std::error_code(errno, std::generic_category()));

  NewArchiveMember M;
  M.IsNew = true;
  M.Buf = std::move(*MemberBufferOrErr);
  M.MemberName = M.Buf->getBufferIdentifier();
  if (!Deterministic) {
    M.ModTime = std::chrono::time_point_cast<std::chrono::seconds>(
        Status.getLastModificationTime());
    M.UID = Status.getUser();
    M.GID = Status.getGroup();
    M.Perms = Status.permissions();
  }
  return std::move(M);
}

template <typename T>
static void printWithSpacePadding(raw_ostream &OS, T Data, unsigned Size) {
  uint64_t OldPos = OS.tell();
  OS << Data;
  unsigned SizeSoFar = OS.tell() - OldPos;
  assert(SizeSoFar <= Size && "Data doesn't fit in Size");
  OS.indent(Size - SizeSoFar);
}

static bool isBSDLike(object::Archive::Kind Kind) {
  switch (Kind) {
  case object::Archive::K_GNU:
  case object::Archive::K_GNU64:
    return false;
  case object::Archive::K_BSD:
  case object::Archive::K_DARWIN:
    return true;
  case object::Archive::K_DARWIN64:
  case object::Archive::K_COFF:
    break;
  }
  llvm_unreachable("not supported for writting");
}

template <class T>
static void print(raw_ostream &Out, object::Archive::Kind Kind, T Val) {
  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    support::endian::Writer<support::little>(Out).write(Val);
  else
    support::endian::Writer<support::big>(Out).write(Val);
}

static void printRestOfMemberHeader(
    raw_ostream &Out, const sys::TimePoint<std::chrono::seconds> &ModTime,
    unsigned UID, unsigned GID, unsigned Perms, unsigned Size) {
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, sys::toTimeT(ModTime), 12);

  // The format has only 6 chars for uid and gid. Truncate if the provided
  // values don't fit.
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, UID % 1000000, 6);
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, GID % 1000000, 6);

  printWithSpacePadding(Out, format("%o", Perms), 8);
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, Size, 10);
  Out << "`\n";
}

static void
printGNUSmallMemberHeader(raw_ostream &Out, StringRef Name,
                          const sys::TimePoint<std::chrono::seconds> &ModTime,
                          unsigned UID, unsigned GID, unsigned Perms,
                          unsigned Size) {
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, Twine(Name) + "/", 16);
  printRestOfMemberHeader(Out, ModTime, UID, GID, Perms, Size);
}

static void
printBSDMemberHeader(raw_ostream &Out, uint64_t Pos, StringRef Name,
                     const sys::TimePoint<std::chrono::seconds> &ModTime,
                     unsigned UID, unsigned GID, unsigned Perms,
                     unsigned Size) {
  uint64_t PosAfterHeader = Pos + 60 + Name.size();
  // Pad so that even 64 bit object files are aligned.
  unsigned Pad = OffsetToAlignment(PosAfterHeader, 8);
  unsigned NameWithPadding = Name.size() + Pad;
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, Twine("#1/") + Twine(NameWithPadding), 16);
  printRestOfMemberHeader(Out, ModTime, UID, GID, Perms,
                          NameWithPadding + Size);
  Out << Name;
  while (Pad--)
    Out.write(uint8_t(0));
}

static bool useStringTable(bool Thin, StringRef Name) {
  return Thin || Name.size() >= 16 || Name.contains('/');
}

// Compute the relative path from From to To.
static std::string computeRelativePath(StringRef From, StringRef To) {
  if (sys::path::is_absolute(From) || sys::path::is_absolute(To))
    return To;

  StringRef DirFrom = sys::path::parent_path(From);
  auto FromI = sys::path::begin(DirFrom);
  auto ToI = sys::path::begin(To);
  while (*FromI == *ToI) {
    ++FromI;
    ++ToI;
  }

  SmallString<128> Relative;
  for (auto FromE = sys::path::end(DirFrom); FromI != FromE; ++FromI)
    sys::path::append(Relative, "..");

  for (auto ToE = sys::path::end(To); ToI != ToE; ++ToI)
    sys::path::append(Relative, *ToI);

#ifdef LLVM_ON_WIN32
  // Replace backslashes with slashes so that the path is portable between *nix
  // and Windows.
  std::replace(Relative.begin(), Relative.end(), '\\', '/');
#endif

  return Relative.str();
}

static bool is64BitKind(object::Archive::Kind Kind) {
  switch (Kind) {
  case object::Archive::K_GNU:
  case object::Archive::K_BSD:
  case object::Archive::K_DARWIN:
  case object::Archive::K_COFF:
    return false;
  case object::Archive::K_DARWIN64:
  case object::Archive::K_GNU64:
    return true;
  }
  llvm_unreachable("not supported for writting");
}

static void addToStringTable(raw_ostream &Out, StringRef ArcName,
                             const NewArchiveMember &M, bool Thin) {
  StringRef ID = M.Buf->getBufferIdentifier();
  if (Thin) {
    if (M.IsNew)
      Out << computeRelativePath(ArcName, ID);
    else
      Out << ID;
  } else
    Out << M.MemberName;
  Out << "/\n";
}

static void printMemberHeader(raw_ostream &Out, uint64_t Pos,
                              raw_ostream &StringTable,
                              object::Archive::Kind Kind, bool Thin,
                              StringRef ArcName, const NewArchiveMember &M,
                              unsigned Size) {
  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    return printBSDMemberHeader(Out, Pos, M.MemberName, M.ModTime, M.UID, M.GID,
                                M.Perms, Size);
  if (!useStringTable(Thin, M.MemberName))
    return printGNUSmallMemberHeader(Out, M.MemberName, M.ModTime, M.UID, M.GID,
                                     M.Perms, Size);
  Out << '/';
  uint64_t NamePos = StringTable.tell();
  addToStringTable(StringTable, ArcName, M, Thin);
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, NamePos, 15);
  printRestOfMemberHeader(Out, M.ModTime, M.UID, M.GID, M.Perms, Size);
}

namespace {
struct MemberData {
  std::vector<unsigned> Symbols;
  std::string Header;
  StringRef Data;
  StringRef Padding;
};
} // namespace

static MemberData computeStringTable(StringRef Names) {
  unsigned Size = Names.size();
  unsigned Pad = OffsetToAlignment(Size, 2);
  std::string Header;
  raw_string_ostream Out(Header);
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, "//", 48);
  printWithSpacePadding(Out, Size + Pad, 10);
  Out << "`\n";
  Out.flush();
  return {{}, std::move(Header), Names, Pad ? "\n" : ""};
}

static sys::TimePoint<std::chrono::seconds> now(bool Deterministic) {
  using namespace std::chrono;

  if (!Deterministic)
    return time_point_cast<seconds>(system_clock::now());
  return sys::TimePoint<seconds>();
}

static bool isArchiveSymbol(const object::BasicSymbolRef &S) {
  uint32_t Symflags = S.getFlags();
  if (Symflags & object::SymbolRef::SF_FormatSpecific)
    return false;
  if (!(Symflags & object::SymbolRef::SF_Global))
    return false;
  if (Symflags & object::SymbolRef::SF_Undefined &&
      !(Symflags & object::SymbolRef::SF_Indirect))
    return false;
  return true;
}

static void printNBits(raw_ostream &Out, object::Archive::Kind Kind,
                       uint64_t Val) {
  if (is64BitKind(Kind))
    print<uint64_t>(Out, Kind, Val);
  else
    print<uint32_t>(Out, Kind, Val);
}

static void writeSymbolTable(raw_ostream &Out, object::Archive::Kind Kind,
                             bool Deterministic, ArrayRef<MemberData> Members,
                             StringRef StringTable) {
  if (StringTable.empty())
    return;

  unsigned NumSyms = 0;
  for (const MemberData &M : Members)
    NumSyms += M.Symbols.size();

  unsigned Size = 0;
  Size += is64BitKind(Kind) ? 8 : 4; // Number of entries
  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    Size += NumSyms * 8; // Table
  else if (is64BitKind(Kind))
    Size += NumSyms * 8; // Table
  else
    Size += NumSyms * 4; // Table
  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    Size += 4; // byte count
  Size += StringTable.size();
  // ld64 expects the members to be 8-byte aligned for 64-bit content and at
  // least 4-byte aligned for 32-bit content.  Opt for the larger encoding
  // uniformly.
  // We do this for all bsd formats because it simplifies aligning members.
  unsigned Alignment = isBSDLike(Kind) ? 8 : 2;
  unsigned Pad = OffsetToAlignment(Size, Alignment);
  Size += Pad;

  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    printBSDMemberHeader(Out, Out.tell(), "__.SYMDEF", now(Deterministic), 0, 0,
                         0, Size);
  else if (is64BitKind(Kind))
    printGNUSmallMemberHeader(Out, "/SYM64", now(Deterministic), 0, 0, 0, Size);
  else
    printGNUSmallMemberHeader(Out, "", now(Deterministic), 0, 0, 0, Size);

  uint64_t Pos = Out.tell() + Size;

  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    print<uint32_t>(Out, Kind, NumSyms * 8);
  else
    printNBits(Out, Kind, NumSyms);

  for (const MemberData &M : Members) {
    for (unsigned StringOffset : M.Symbols) {
      if (isBSDLike(Kind))
        print<uint32_t>(Out, Kind, StringOffset);
      printNBits(Out, Kind, Pos); // member offset
    }
    Pos += M.Header.size() + M.Data.size() + M.Padding.size();
  }

  if (isBSDLike(Kind))
    // byte count of the string table
    print<uint32_t>(Out, Kind, StringTable.size());
  Out << StringTable;

  while (Pad--)
    Out.write(uint8_t(0));
}

static Expected<std::vector<unsigned>>
getSymbols(MemoryBufferRef Buf, raw_ostream &SymNames, bool &HasObject) {
  std::vector<unsigned> Ret;
  LLVMContext Context;

  Expected<std::unique_ptr<object::SymbolicFile>> ObjOrErr =
      object::SymbolicFile::createSymbolicFile(Buf, llvm::file_magic::unknown,
                                               &Context);
  if (!ObjOrErr) {
    // FIXME: check only for "not an object file" errors.
    consumeError(ObjOrErr.takeError());
    return Ret;
  }

  HasObject = true;
  object::SymbolicFile &Obj = *ObjOrErr.get();
  for (const object::BasicSymbolRef &S : Obj.symbols()) {
    if (!isArchiveSymbol(S))
      continue;
    Ret.push_back(SymNames.tell());
    if (auto EC = S.printName(SymNames))
      return errorCodeToError(EC);
    SymNames << '\0';
  }
  return Ret;
}

static Expected<std::vector<MemberData>>
computeMemberData(raw_ostream &StringTable, raw_ostream &SymNames,
                  object::Archive::Kind Kind, bool Thin, StringRef ArcName,
                  ArrayRef<NewArchiveMember> NewMembers) {
  static char PaddingData[8] = {'\n', '\n', '\n', '\n', '\n', '\n', '\n', '\n'};

  // This ignores the symbol table, but we only need the value mod 8 and the
  // symbol table is aligned to be a multiple of 8 bytes
  uint64_t Pos = 0;

  std::vector<MemberData> Ret;
  bool HasObject = false;
  for (const NewArchiveMember &M : NewMembers) {
    std::string Header;
    raw_string_ostream Out(Header);

    MemoryBufferRef Buf = M.Buf->getMemBufferRef();
    StringRef Data = Thin ? "" : Buf.getBuffer();

    // ld64 expects the members to be 8-byte aligned for 64-bit content and at
    // least 4-byte aligned for 32-bit content.  Opt for the larger encoding
    // uniformly.  This matches the behaviour with cctools and ensures that ld64
    // is happy with archives that we generate.
    unsigned MemberPadding = Kind == object::Archive::K_DARWIN
                                 ? OffsetToAlignment(Data.size(), 8)
                                 : 0;
    unsigned TailPadding = OffsetToAlignment(Data.size() + MemberPadding, 2);
    StringRef Padding = StringRef(PaddingData, MemberPadding + TailPadding);

    printMemberHeader(Out, Pos, StringTable, Kind, Thin, ArcName, M,
                      Buf.getBufferSize() + MemberPadding);
    Out.flush();

    Expected<std::vector<unsigned>> Symbols =
        getSymbols(Buf, SymNames, HasObject);
    if (auto E = Symbols.takeError())
      return std::move(E);

    Pos += Header.size() + Data.size() + Padding.size();
    Ret.push_back({std::move(*Symbols), std::move(Header), Data, Padding});
  }
  // If there are no symbols, emit an empty symbol table, to satisfy Solaris
  // tools, older versions of which expect a symbol table in a non-empty
  // archive, regardless of whether there are any symbols in it.
  if (HasObject && SymNames.tell() == 0)
    SymNames << '\0' << '\0' << '\0';
  return Ret;
}

Error llvm::writeArchive(StringRef ArcName,
                         ArrayRef<NewArchiveMember> NewMembers,
                         bool WriteSymtab, object::Archive::Kind Kind,
                         bool Deterministic, bool Thin,
                         std::unique_ptr<MemoryBuffer> OldArchiveBuf) {
  assert((!Thin || !isBSDLike(Kind)) && "Only the gnu format has a thin mode");

  SmallString<0> SymNamesBuf;
  raw_svector_ostream SymNames(SymNamesBuf);
  SmallString<0> StringTableBuf;
  raw_svector_ostream StringTable(StringTableBuf);

  Expected<std::vector<MemberData>> DataOrErr =
      computeMemberData(StringTable, SymNames, Kind, Thin, ArcName, NewMembers);
  if (Error E = DataOrErr.takeError())
    return E;
  std::vector<MemberData> &Data = *DataOrErr;

  if (!StringTableBuf.empty())
    Data.insert(Data.begin(), computeStringTable(StringTableBuf));

  // We would like to detect if we need to switch to a 64-bit symbol table.
  if (WriteSymtab) {
    uint64_t MaxOffset = 0;
    uint64_t LastOffset = MaxOffset;
    for (const auto& M : Data) {
      // Record the start of the member's offset
      LastOffset = MaxOffset;
      // Account for the size of each part associated with the member.
      MaxOffset += M.Header.size() + M.Data.size() + M.Padding.size();
      // We assume 32-bit symbols to see if 32-bit symbols are possible or not.
      MaxOffset += M.Symbols.size() * 4;
    }
    // If LastOffset isn't going to fit in a 32-bit varible we need to switch
    // to 64-bit. Note that the file can be larger than 4GB as long as the last
    // member starts before the 4GB offset.
    if (LastOffset >= (1ULL << Sym64Threshold))
      Kind = object::Archive::K_GNU64;
  }

  Expected<sys::fs::TempFile> Temp =
      sys::fs::TempFile::create(ArcName + ".temp-archive-%%%%%%%.a");
  if (!Temp)
    return Temp.takeError();

  raw_fd_ostream Out(Temp->FD, false);
  if (Thin)
    Out << "!<thin>\n";
  else
    Out << "!<arch>\n";

  if (WriteSymtab)
    writeSymbolTable(Out, Kind, Deterministic, Data, SymNamesBuf);

  for (const MemberData &M : Data)
    Out << M.Header << M.Data << M.Padding;

  Out.flush();

  // At this point, we no longer need whatever backing memory
  // was used to generate the NewMembers. On Windows, this buffer
  // could be a mapped view of the file we want to replace (if
  // we're updating an existing archive, say). In that case, the
  // rename would still succeed, but it would leave behind a
  // temporary file (actually the original file renamed) because
  // a file cannot be deleted while there's a handle open on it,
  // only renamed. So by freeing this buffer, this ensures that
  // the last open handle on the destination file, if any, is
  // closed before we attempt to rename.
  OldArchiveBuf.reset();

  return Temp->keep(ArcName);
}