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//===- PrettyStackTrace.cpp - Pretty Crash Handling -----------------------===//
// 
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// 
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file defines some helpful functions for dealing with the possibility of
// Unix signals occurring while your program is running.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Support/PrettyStackTrace.h"
#include "llvm-c/ErrorHandling.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallString.h"
#include "llvm/Config/config.h"     // Get autoconf configuration settings
#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Signals.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Watchdog.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"

#include <cstdarg>
#include <tuple>

#ifdef HAVE_CRASHREPORTERCLIENT_H
#include <CrashReporterClient.h>
#endif

using namespace llvm;

// If backtrace support is not enabled, compile out support for pretty stack
// traces.  This has the secondary effect of not requiring thread local storage
// when backtrace support is disabled.
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES

// We need a thread local pointer to manage the stack of our stack trace
// objects, but we *really* cannot tolerate destructors running and do not want
// to pay any overhead of synchronizing. As a consequence, we use a raw
// thread-local variable.
static LLVM_THREAD_LOCAL PrettyStackTraceEntry *PrettyStackTraceHead = nullptr;

namespace llvm {
PrettyStackTraceEntry *ReverseStackTrace(PrettyStackTraceEntry *Head) {
  PrettyStackTraceEntry *Prev = nullptr;
  while (Head)
    std::tie(Prev, Head, Head->NextEntry) =
        std::make_tuple(Head, Head->NextEntry, Prev);
  return Prev;
}
}

static void PrintStack(raw_ostream &OS) {
  // Print out the stack in reverse order. To avoid recursion (which is likely
  // to fail if we crashed due to stack overflow), we do an up-front pass to
  // reverse the stack, then print it, then reverse it again.
  unsigned ID = 0;
  PrettyStackTraceEntry *ReversedStack =
      llvm::ReverseStackTrace(PrettyStackTraceHead);
  for (const PrettyStackTraceEntry *Entry = ReversedStack; Entry;
       Entry = Entry->getNextEntry()) {
    OS << ID++ << ".\t";
    sys::Watchdog W(5);
    Entry->print(OS);
  }
  llvm::ReverseStackTrace(ReversedStack);
}

/// PrintCurStackTrace - Print the current stack trace to the specified stream.
static void PrintCurStackTrace(raw_ostream &OS) {
  // Don't print an empty trace.
  if (!PrettyStackTraceHead) return;
  
  // If there are pretty stack frames registered, walk and emit them.
  OS << "Stack dump:\n";
  
  PrintStack(OS);
  OS.flush();
}

// Integrate with crash reporter libraries.
#if defined (__APPLE__) && defined(HAVE_CRASHREPORTERCLIENT_H)
//  If any clients of llvm try to link to libCrashReporterClient.a themselves,
//  only one crash info struct will be used.
extern "C" {
CRASH_REPORTER_CLIENT_HIDDEN 
struct crashreporter_annotations_t gCRAnnotations 
        __attribute__((section("__DATA," CRASHREPORTER_ANNOTATIONS_SECTION))) 
        = { CRASHREPORTER_ANNOTATIONS_VERSION, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
}
#elif defined(__APPLE__) && HAVE_CRASHREPORTER_INFO
extern "C" const char *__crashreporter_info__
    __attribute__((visibility("hidden"))) = 0;
asm(".desc ___crashreporter_info__, 0x10");
#endif

/// CrashHandler - This callback is run if a fatal signal is delivered to the
/// process, it prints the pretty stack trace.
static void CrashHandler(void *) {
#ifndef __APPLE__
  // On non-apple systems, just emit the crash stack trace to stderr.
  PrintCurStackTrace(errs());
#else
  // Otherwise, emit to a smallvector of chars, send *that* to stderr, but also
  // put it into __crashreporter_info__.
  SmallString<2048> TmpStr;
  {
    raw_svector_ostream Stream(TmpStr);
    PrintCurStackTrace(Stream);
  }
  
  if (!TmpStr.empty()) {
#ifdef HAVE_CRASHREPORTERCLIENT_H
    // Cast to void to avoid warning.
    (void)CRSetCrashLogMessage(std::string(TmpStr.str()).c_str());
#elif HAVE_CRASHREPORTER_INFO 
    __crashreporter_info__ = strdup(std::string(TmpStr.str()).c_str());
#endif
    errs() << TmpStr.str();
  }
  
#endif
}

// defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
#endif

PrettyStackTraceEntry::PrettyStackTraceEntry() {
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
  // Link ourselves.
  NextEntry = PrettyStackTraceHead;
  PrettyStackTraceHead = this;
#endif
}

PrettyStackTraceEntry::~PrettyStackTraceEntry() {
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
  assert(PrettyStackTraceHead == this &&
         "Pretty stack trace entry destruction is out of order");
  PrettyStackTraceHead = NextEntry;
#endif
}

void PrettyStackTraceString::print(raw_ostream &OS) const { OS << Str << "\n"; }

PrettyStackTraceFormat::PrettyStackTraceFormat(const char *Format, ...) {
  va_list AP;
  va_start(AP, Format);
  const int SizeOrError = vsnprintf(nullptr, 0, Format, AP);
  va_end(AP);
  if (SizeOrError < 0) {
    return;
  }

  const int Size = SizeOrError + 1; // '\0'
  Str.resize(Size);
  va_start(AP, Format);
  vsnprintf(Str.data(), Size, Format, AP);
  va_end(AP);
}

void PrettyStackTraceFormat::print(raw_ostream &OS) const { OS << Str << "\n"; }

void PrettyStackTraceProgram::print(raw_ostream &OS) const {
  OS << "Program arguments: ";
  // Print the argument list.
  for (unsigned i = 0, e = ArgC; i != e; ++i)
    OS << ArgV[i] << ' ';
  OS << '\n';
}

#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
static bool RegisterCrashPrinter() {
  sys::AddSignalHandler(CrashHandler, nullptr);
  return false;
}
#endif

void llvm::EnablePrettyStackTrace() {
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
  // The first time this is called, we register the crash printer.
  static bool HandlerRegistered = RegisterCrashPrinter();
  (void)HandlerRegistered;
#endif
}

const void *llvm::SavePrettyStackState() {
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
  return PrettyStackTraceHead;
#else
  return nullptr;
#endif
}

void llvm::RestorePrettyStackState(const void *Top) {
#if defined(HAVE_BACKTRACE) && ENABLE_BACKTRACES
  PrettyStackTraceHead =
      static_cast<PrettyStackTraceEntry *>(const_cast<void *>(Top));
#endif
}

void LLVMEnablePrettyStackTrace() {
  EnablePrettyStackTrace();
}