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//===- MachineSSAUpdater.cpp - Unstructured SSA Update Tool ---------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file implements the MachineSSAUpdater class. It's based on SSAUpdater
// class in lib/Transforms/Utils.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineSSAUpdater.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstr.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstrBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Support/AlignOf.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetInstrInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Transforms/Utils/SSAUpdaterImpl.h"
using namespace llvm;

#define DEBUG_TYPE "machine-ssaupdater"

typedef DenseMap<MachineBasicBlock*, unsigned> AvailableValsTy;
static AvailableValsTy &getAvailableVals(void *AV) {
  return *static_cast<AvailableValsTy*>(AV);
}

MachineSSAUpdater::MachineSSAUpdater(MachineFunction &MF,
                                     SmallVectorImpl<MachineInstr*> *NewPHI)
  : AV(nullptr), InsertedPHIs(NewPHI) {
  TII = MF.getSubtarget().getInstrInfo();
  MRI = &MF.getRegInfo();
}

MachineSSAUpdater::~MachineSSAUpdater() {
  delete static_cast<AvailableValsTy*>(AV);
}

/// Initialize - Reset this object to get ready for a new set of SSA
/// updates.  ProtoValue is the value used to name PHI nodes.
void MachineSSAUpdater::Initialize(unsigned V) {
  if (!AV)
    AV = new AvailableValsTy();
  else
    getAvailableVals(AV).clear();

  VR = V;
  VRC = MRI->getRegClass(VR);
}

/// HasValueForBlock - Return true if the MachineSSAUpdater already has a value for
/// the specified block.
bool MachineSSAUpdater::HasValueForBlock(MachineBasicBlock *BB) const {
  return getAvailableVals(AV).count(BB);
}

/// AddAvailableValue - Indicate that a rewritten value is available in the
/// specified block with the specified value.
void MachineSSAUpdater::AddAvailableValue(MachineBasicBlock *BB, unsigned V) {
  getAvailableVals(AV)[BB] = V;
}

/// GetValueAtEndOfBlock - Construct SSA form, materializing a value that is
/// live at the end of the specified block.
unsigned MachineSSAUpdater::GetValueAtEndOfBlock(MachineBasicBlock *BB) {
  return GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal(BB);
}

static
unsigned LookForIdenticalPHI(MachineBasicBlock *BB,
        SmallVectorImpl<std::pair<MachineBasicBlock*, unsigned> > &PredValues) {
  if (BB->empty())
    return 0;

  MachineBasicBlock::iterator I = BB->begin();
  if (!I->isPHI())
    return 0;

  AvailableValsTy AVals;
  for (unsigned i = 0, e = PredValues.size(); i != e; ++i)
    AVals[PredValues[i].first] = PredValues[i].second;
  while (I != BB->end() && I->isPHI()) {
    bool Same = true;
    for (unsigned i = 1, e = I->getNumOperands(); i != e; i += 2) {
      unsigned SrcReg = I->getOperand(i).getReg();
      MachineBasicBlock *SrcBB = I->getOperand(i+1).getMBB();
      if (AVals[SrcBB] != SrcReg) {
        Same = false;
        break;
      }
    }
    if (Same)
      return I->getOperand(0).getReg();
    ++I;
  }
  return 0;
}

/// InsertNewDef - Insert an empty PHI or IMPLICIT_DEF instruction which define
/// a value of the given register class at the start of the specified basic
/// block. It returns the virtual register defined by the instruction.
static
MachineInstrBuilder InsertNewDef(unsigned Opcode,
                           MachineBasicBlock *BB, MachineBasicBlock::iterator I,
                           const TargetRegisterClass *RC,
                           MachineRegisterInfo *MRI,
                           const TargetInstrInfo *TII) {
  unsigned NewVR = MRI->createVirtualRegister(RC);
  return BuildMI(*BB, I, DebugLoc(), TII->get(Opcode), NewVR);
}

/// GetValueInMiddleOfBlock - Construct SSA form, materializing a value that
/// is live in the middle of the specified block.
///
/// GetValueInMiddleOfBlock is the same as GetValueAtEndOfBlock except in one
/// important case: if there is a definition of the rewritten value after the
/// 'use' in BB.  Consider code like this:
///
///      X1 = ...
///   SomeBB:
///      use(X)
///      X2 = ...
///      br Cond, SomeBB, OutBB
///
/// In this case, there are two values (X1 and X2) added to the AvailableVals
/// set by the client of the rewriter, and those values are both live out of
/// their respective blocks.  However, the use of X happens in the *middle* of
/// a block.  Because of this, we need to insert a new PHI node in SomeBB to
/// merge the appropriate values, and this value isn't live out of the block.
///
unsigned MachineSSAUpdater::GetValueInMiddleOfBlock(MachineBasicBlock *BB) {
  // If there is no definition of the renamed variable in this block, just use
  // GetValueAtEndOfBlock to do our work.
  if (!HasValueForBlock(BB))
    return GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal(BB);

  // If there are no predecessors, just return undef.
  if (BB->pred_empty()) {
    // Insert an implicit_def to represent an undef value.
    MachineInstr *NewDef = InsertNewDef(TargetOpcode::IMPLICIT_DEF,
                                        BB, BB->getFirstTerminator(),
                                        VRC, MRI, TII);
    return NewDef->getOperand(0).getReg();
  }

  // Otherwise, we have the hard case.  Get the live-in values for each
  // predecessor.
  SmallVector<std::pair<MachineBasicBlock*, unsigned>, 8> PredValues;
  unsigned SingularValue = 0;

  bool isFirstPred = true;
  for (MachineBasicBlock::pred_iterator PI = BB->pred_begin(),
         E = BB->pred_end(); PI != E; ++PI) {
    MachineBasicBlock *PredBB = *PI;
    unsigned PredVal = GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal(PredBB);
    PredValues.push_back(std::make_pair(PredBB, PredVal));

    // Compute SingularValue.
    if (isFirstPred) {
      SingularValue = PredVal;
      isFirstPred = false;
    } else if (PredVal != SingularValue)
      SingularValue = 0;
  }

  // Otherwise, if all the merged values are the same, just use it.
  if (SingularValue != 0)
    return SingularValue;

  // If an identical PHI is already in BB, just reuse it.
  unsigned DupPHI = LookForIdenticalPHI(BB, PredValues);
  if (DupPHI)
    return DupPHI;

  // Otherwise, we do need a PHI: insert one now.
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator Loc = BB->empty() ? BB->end() : BB->begin();
  MachineInstrBuilder InsertedPHI = InsertNewDef(TargetOpcode::PHI, BB,
                                                 Loc, VRC, MRI, TII);

  // Fill in all the predecessors of the PHI.
  for (unsigned i = 0, e = PredValues.size(); i != e; ++i)
    InsertedPHI.addReg(PredValues[i].second).addMBB(PredValues[i].first);

  // See if the PHI node can be merged to a single value.  This can happen in
  // loop cases when we get a PHI of itself and one other value.
  if (unsigned ConstVal = InsertedPHI->isConstantValuePHI()) {
    InsertedPHI->eraseFromParent();
    return ConstVal;
  }

  // If the client wants to know about all new instructions, tell it.
  if (InsertedPHIs) InsertedPHIs->push_back(InsertedPHI);

  DEBUG(dbgs() << "  Inserted PHI: " << *InsertedPHI << "\n");
  return InsertedPHI->getOperand(0).getReg();
}

static
MachineBasicBlock *findCorrespondingPred(const MachineInstr *MI,
                                         MachineOperand *U) {
  for (unsigned i = 1, e = MI->getNumOperands(); i != e; i += 2) {
    if (&MI->getOperand(i) == U)
      return MI->getOperand(i+1).getMBB();
  }

  llvm_unreachable("MachineOperand::getParent() failure?");
}

/// RewriteUse - Rewrite a use of the symbolic value.  This handles PHI nodes,
/// which use their value in the corresponding predecessor.
void MachineSSAUpdater::RewriteUse(MachineOperand &U) {
  MachineInstr *UseMI = U.getParent();
  unsigned NewVR = 0;
  if (UseMI->isPHI()) {
    MachineBasicBlock *SourceBB = findCorrespondingPred(UseMI, &U);
    NewVR = GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal(SourceBB);
  } else {
    NewVR = GetValueInMiddleOfBlock(UseMI->getParent());
  }

  U.setReg(NewVR);
}

/// SSAUpdaterTraits<MachineSSAUpdater> - Traits for the SSAUpdaterImpl
/// template, specialized for MachineSSAUpdater.
namespace llvm {
template<>
class SSAUpdaterTraits<MachineSSAUpdater> {
public:
  typedef MachineBasicBlock BlkT;
  typedef unsigned ValT;
  typedef MachineInstr PhiT;

  typedef MachineBasicBlock::succ_iterator BlkSucc_iterator;
  static BlkSucc_iterator BlkSucc_begin(BlkT *BB) { return BB->succ_begin(); }
  static BlkSucc_iterator BlkSucc_end(BlkT *BB) { return BB->succ_end(); }

  /// Iterator for PHI operands.
  class PHI_iterator {
  private:
    MachineInstr *PHI;
    unsigned idx;
 
  public:
    explicit PHI_iterator(MachineInstr *P) // begin iterator
      : PHI(P), idx(1) {}
    PHI_iterator(MachineInstr *P, bool) // end iterator
      : PHI(P), idx(PHI->getNumOperands()) {}

    PHI_iterator &operator++() { idx += 2; return *this; } 
    bool operator==(const PHI_iterator& x) const { return idx == x.idx; }
    bool operator!=(const PHI_iterator& x) const { return !operator==(x); }
    unsigned getIncomingValue() { return PHI->getOperand(idx).getReg(); }
    MachineBasicBlock *getIncomingBlock() {
      return PHI->getOperand(idx+1).getMBB();
    }
  };
  static inline PHI_iterator PHI_begin(PhiT *PHI) { return PHI_iterator(PHI); }
  static inline PHI_iterator PHI_end(PhiT *PHI) {
    return PHI_iterator(PHI, true);
  }

  /// FindPredecessorBlocks - Put the predecessors of BB into the Preds
  /// vector.
  static void FindPredecessorBlocks(MachineBasicBlock *BB,
                                    SmallVectorImpl<MachineBasicBlock*> *Preds){
    for (MachineBasicBlock::pred_iterator PI = BB->pred_begin(),
           E = BB->pred_end(); PI != E; ++PI)
      Preds->push_back(*PI);
  }

  /// GetUndefVal - Create an IMPLICIT_DEF instruction with a new register.
  /// Add it into the specified block and return the register.
  static unsigned GetUndefVal(MachineBasicBlock *BB,
                              MachineSSAUpdater *Updater) {
    // Insert an implicit_def to represent an undef value.
    MachineInstr *NewDef = InsertNewDef(TargetOpcode::IMPLICIT_DEF,
                                        BB, BB->getFirstTerminator(),
                                        Updater->VRC, Updater->MRI,
                                        Updater->TII);
    return NewDef->getOperand(0).getReg();
  }

  /// CreateEmptyPHI - Create a PHI instruction that defines a new register.
  /// Add it into the specified block and return the register.
  static unsigned CreateEmptyPHI(MachineBasicBlock *BB, unsigned NumPreds,
                                 MachineSSAUpdater *Updater) {
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator Loc = BB->empty() ? BB->end() : BB->begin();
    MachineInstr *PHI = InsertNewDef(TargetOpcode::PHI, BB, Loc,
                                     Updater->VRC, Updater->MRI,
                                     Updater->TII);
    return PHI->getOperand(0).getReg();
  }

  /// AddPHIOperand - Add the specified value as an operand of the PHI for
  /// the specified predecessor block.
  static void AddPHIOperand(MachineInstr *PHI, unsigned Val,
                            MachineBasicBlock *Pred) {
    MachineInstrBuilder(*Pred->getParent(), PHI).addReg(Val).addMBB(Pred);
  }

  /// InstrIsPHI - Check if an instruction is a PHI.
  ///
  static MachineInstr *InstrIsPHI(MachineInstr *I) {
    if (I && I->isPHI())
      return I;
    return nullptr;
  }

  /// ValueIsPHI - Check if the instruction that defines the specified register
  /// is a PHI instruction.
  static MachineInstr *ValueIsPHI(unsigned Val, MachineSSAUpdater *Updater) {
    return InstrIsPHI(Updater->MRI->getVRegDef(Val));
  }

  /// ValueIsNewPHI - Like ValueIsPHI but also check if the PHI has no source
  /// operands, i.e., it was just added.
  static MachineInstr *ValueIsNewPHI(unsigned Val, MachineSSAUpdater *Updater) {
    MachineInstr *PHI = ValueIsPHI(Val, Updater);
    if (PHI && PHI->getNumOperands() <= 1)
      return PHI;
    return nullptr;
  }

  /// GetPHIValue - For the specified PHI instruction, return the register
  /// that it defines.
  static unsigned GetPHIValue(MachineInstr *PHI) {
    return PHI->getOperand(0).getReg();
  }
};

} // End llvm namespace

/// GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal - Check to see if AvailableVals has an entry
/// for the specified BB and if so, return it.  If not, construct SSA form by
/// first calculating the required placement of PHIs and then inserting new
/// PHIs where needed.
unsigned MachineSSAUpdater::GetValueAtEndOfBlockInternal(MachineBasicBlock *BB){
  AvailableValsTy &AvailableVals = getAvailableVals(AV);
  if (unsigned V = AvailableVals[BB])
    return V;

  SSAUpdaterImpl<MachineSSAUpdater> Impl(this, &AvailableVals, InsertedPHIs);
  return Impl.GetValue(BB);
}