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//=== Registry.h - Linker-supported plugin registries -----------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// Defines a registry template for discovering pluggable modules.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_SUPPORT_REGISTRY_H
#define LLVM_SUPPORT_REGISTRY_H

#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/iterator_range.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/DynamicLibrary.h"
#include <memory>

namespace llvm {
  /// A simple registry entry which provides only a name, description, and
  /// no-argument constructor.
  template <typename T>
  class SimpleRegistryEntry {
    const char *Name, *Desc;
    std::unique_ptr<T> (*Ctor)();

  public:
    SimpleRegistryEntry(const char *N, const char *D, std::unique_ptr<T> (*C)())
      : Name(N), Desc(D), Ctor(C)
    {}

    const char *getName() const { return Name; }
    const char *getDesc() const { return Desc; }
    std::unique_ptr<T> instantiate() const { return Ctor(); }
  };

  /// A global registry used in conjunction with static constructors to make
  /// pluggable components (like targets or garbage collectors) "just work" when
  /// linked with an executable.
  template <typename T>
  class Registry {
  public:
    typedef SimpleRegistryEntry<T> entry;

    class node;
    class iterator;

  private:
    Registry() = delete;

    friend class node;
    static node *Head, *Tail;

  public:
    /// Node in linked list of entries.
    ///
    class node {
      friend class iterator;
      friend Registry<T>;

      node *Next;
      const entry& Val;

    public:
      node(const entry &V) : Next(nullptr), Val(V) {}
    };

    static void add_node(node *N) {
      if (Tail)
        Tail->Next = N;
      else
        Head = N;
      Tail = N;
    }

    /// Iterators for registry entries.
    ///
    class iterator {
      const node *Cur;

    public:
      explicit iterator(const node *N) : Cur(N) {}

      bool operator==(const iterator &That) const { return Cur == That.Cur; }
      bool operator!=(const iterator &That) const { return Cur != That.Cur; }
      iterator &operator++() { Cur = Cur->Next; return *this; }
      const entry &operator*() const { return Cur->Val; }
      const entry *operator->() const { return &Cur->Val; }
    };

    static iterator begin() { return iterator(Head); }
    static iterator end()   { return iterator(nullptr); }

    static iterator_range<iterator> entries() {
      return make_range(begin(), end());
    }

    /// A static registration template. Use like such:
    ///
    ///   Registry<Collector>::Add<FancyGC>
    ///   X("fancy-gc", "Newfangled garbage collector.");
    ///
    /// Use of this template requires that:
    ///
    ///  1. The registered subclass has a default constructor.
    template <typename V>
    class Add {
      entry Entry;
      node Node;

      static std::unique_ptr<T> CtorFn() { return make_unique<V>(); }

    public:
      Add(const char *Name, const char *Desc)
          : Entry(Name, Desc, CtorFn), Node(Entry) {
        add_node(&Node);
      }
    };

    /// A dynamic import facility.  This is used on Windows to
    /// import the entries added in the plugin.
    static void import(sys::DynamicLibrary &DL, const char *RegistryName) {
      typedef void *(*GetRegistry)();
      std::string Name("LLVMGetRegistry_");
      Name.append(RegistryName);
      GetRegistry Getter =
          (GetRegistry)(intptr_t)DL.getAddressOfSymbol(Name.c_str());
      if (Getter) {
        // Call the getter function in order to get the full copy of the
        // registry defined in the plugin DLL, and copy them over to the
        // current Registry.
        typedef std::pair<const node *, const node *> Info;
        Info *I = static_cast<Info *>(Getter());
        iterator begin(I->first);
        iterator end(I->second);
        for (++end; begin != end; ++begin) {
          // This Node object needs to remain alive for the
          // duration of the program.
          add_node(new node(*begin));
        }
      }
    }

    /// Retrieve the data to be passed across DLL boundaries when
    /// importing registries from another DLL on Windows.
    static void *exportRegistry() {
      static std::pair<const node *, const node *> Info(Head, Tail);
      return &Info;
    }
  };

  
  // Since these are defined in a header file, plugins must be sure to export
  // these symbols.
  template <typename T>
  typename Registry<T>::node *Registry<T>::Head;

  template <typename T>
  typename Registry<T>::node *Registry<T>::Tail;
} // end namespace llvm

#ifdef LLVM_ON_WIN32
#define LLVM_EXPORT_REGISTRY(REGISTRY_CLASS)                                   \
  extern "C" {                                                                 \
  __declspec(dllexport) void *__cdecl LLVMGetRegistry_##REGISTRY_CLASS() {     \
    return REGISTRY_CLASS::exportRegistry();                                   \
  }                                                                            \
  }
#define LLVM_IMPORT_REGISTRY(REGISTRY_CLASS, DL)                               \
  REGISTRY_CLASS::import(DL, #REGISTRY_CLASS)
#else
#define LLVM_EXPORT_REGISTRY(REGISTRY_CLASS)
#define LLVM_IMPORT_REGISTRY(REGISTRY_CLASS, DL)
#endif

#endif // LLVM_SUPPORT_REGISTRY_H