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//===------ LiveDebugValues.cpp - Tracking Debug Value MIs ----------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
///
/// This pass implements a data flow analysis that propagates debug location
/// information by inserting additional DBG_VALUE instructions into the machine
/// instruction stream. The pass internally builds debug location liveness
/// ranges to determine the points where additional DBG_VALUEs need to be
/// inserted.
///
/// This is a separate pass from DbgValueHistoryCalculator to facilitate
/// testing and improve modularity.
///
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/ADT/Statistic.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/PostOrderIterator.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunction.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunctionPass.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstrBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h"
#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetInstrInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h"
#include <queue>
#include <list>

using namespace llvm;

#define DEBUG_TYPE "live-debug-values"

STATISTIC(NumInserted, "Number of DBG_VALUE instructions inserted");

namespace {

class LiveDebugValues : public MachineFunctionPass {

private:
  const TargetRegisterInfo *TRI;
  const TargetInstrInfo *TII;

  typedef std::pair<const DILocalVariable *, const DILocation *>
      InlinedVariable;

  /// A potentially inlined instance of a variable.
  struct DebugVariable {
    const DILocalVariable *Var;
    const DILocation *InlinedAt;

    DebugVariable(const DILocalVariable *_var, const DILocation *_inlinedAt)
        : Var(_var), InlinedAt(_inlinedAt) {}

    bool operator==(const DebugVariable &DV) const {
      return (Var == DV.Var) && (InlinedAt == DV.InlinedAt);
    }
  };

  /// Member variables and functions for Range Extension across basic blocks.
  struct VarLoc {
    DebugVariable Var;
    const MachineInstr *MI; // MachineInstr should be a DBG_VALUE instr.

    VarLoc(DebugVariable _var, const MachineInstr *_mi) : Var(_var), MI(_mi) {}

    bool operator==(const VarLoc &V) const;
  };

  typedef std::list<VarLoc> VarLocList;
  typedef SmallDenseMap<const MachineBasicBlock *, VarLocList> VarLocInMBB;

  void transferDebugValue(MachineInstr &MI, VarLocList &OpenRanges);
  void transferRegisterDef(MachineInstr &MI, VarLocList &OpenRanges);
  bool transferTerminatorInst(MachineInstr &MI, VarLocList &OpenRanges,
                              VarLocInMBB &OutLocs);
  bool transfer(MachineInstr &MI, VarLocList &OpenRanges, VarLocInMBB &OutLocs);

  bool join(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, VarLocInMBB &OutLocs, VarLocInMBB &InLocs);

  bool ExtendRanges(MachineFunction &MF);

public:
  static char ID;

  /// Default construct and initialize the pass.
  LiveDebugValues();

  /// Tell the pass manager which passes we depend on and what
  /// information we preserve.
  void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const override;

  /// Print to ostream with a message.
  void printVarLocInMBB(const VarLocInMBB &V, const char *msg,
                        raw_ostream &Out) const;

  /// Calculate the liveness information for the given machine function.
  bool runOnMachineFunction(MachineFunction &MF) override;
};
} // namespace

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//            Implementation
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

char LiveDebugValues::ID = 0;
char &llvm::LiveDebugValuesID = LiveDebugValues::ID;
INITIALIZE_PASS(LiveDebugValues, "livedebugvalues", "Live DEBUG_VALUE analysis",
                false, false)

/// Default construct and initialize the pass.
LiveDebugValues::LiveDebugValues() : MachineFunctionPass(ID) {
  initializeLiveDebugValuesPass(*PassRegistry::getPassRegistry());
}

/// Tell the pass manager which passes we depend on and what information we
/// preserve.
void LiveDebugValues::getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const {
  MachineFunctionPass::getAnalysisUsage(AU);
}

// \brief If @MI is a DBG_VALUE with debug value described by a defined
// register, returns the number of this register. In the other case, returns 0.
static unsigned isDescribedByReg(const MachineInstr &MI) {
  assert(MI.isDebugValue());
  assert(MI.getNumOperands() == 4);
  // If location of variable is described using a register (directly or
  // indirecltly), this register is always a first operand.
  return MI.getOperand(0).isReg() ? MI.getOperand(0).getReg() : 0;
}

// \brief This function takes two DBG_VALUE instructions and returns true
// if their offsets are equal; otherwise returns false.
static bool areOffsetsEqual(const MachineInstr &MI1, const MachineInstr &MI2) {
  assert(MI1.isDebugValue());
  assert(MI1.getNumOperands() == 4);

  assert(MI2.isDebugValue());
  assert(MI2.getNumOperands() == 4);

  if (!MI1.isIndirectDebugValue() && !MI2.isIndirectDebugValue())
    return true;

  // Check if both MIs are indirect and they are equal.
  if (MI1.isIndirectDebugValue() && MI2.isIndirectDebugValue())
    return MI1.getOperand(1).getImm() == MI2.getOperand(1).getImm();

  return false;
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//            Debug Range Extension Implementation
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

void LiveDebugValues::printVarLocInMBB(const VarLocInMBB &V, const char *msg,
                                       raw_ostream &Out) const {
  Out << "Printing " << msg << ":\n";
  for (const auto &L : V) {
    Out << "MBB: " << L.first->getName() << ":\n";
    for (const auto &VLL : L.second) {
      Out << " Var: " << VLL.Var.Var->getName();
      Out << " MI: ";
      (*VLL.MI).dump();
      Out << "\n";
    }
  }
  Out << "\n";
}

bool LiveDebugValues::VarLoc::operator==(const VarLoc &V) const {
  return (Var == V.Var) && (isDescribedByReg(*MI) == isDescribedByReg(*V.MI)) &&
         (areOffsetsEqual(*MI, *V.MI));
}

/// End all previous ranges related to @MI and start a new range from @MI
/// if it is a DBG_VALUE instr.
void LiveDebugValues::transferDebugValue(MachineInstr &MI,
                                         VarLocList &OpenRanges) {
  if (!MI.isDebugValue())
    return;
  const DILocalVariable *RawVar = MI.getDebugVariable();
  assert(RawVar->isValidLocationForIntrinsic(MI.getDebugLoc()) &&
         "Expected inlined-at fields to agree");
  DebugVariable Var(RawVar, MI.getDebugLoc()->getInlinedAt());

  // End all previous ranges of Var.
  OpenRanges.erase(
      std::remove_if(OpenRanges.begin(), OpenRanges.end(),
                     [&](const VarLoc &V) { return (Var == V.Var); }),
      OpenRanges.end());

  // Add Var to OpenRanges from this DBG_VALUE.
  // TODO: Currently handles DBG_VALUE which has only reg as location.
  if (isDescribedByReg(MI)) {
    VarLoc V(Var, &MI);
    OpenRanges.push_back(std::move(V));
  }
}

/// A definition of a register may mark the end of a range.
void LiveDebugValues::transferRegisterDef(MachineInstr &MI,
                                          VarLocList &OpenRanges) {
  for (const MachineOperand &MO : MI.operands()) {
    if (!(MO.isReg() && MO.isDef() && MO.getReg() &&
          TRI->isPhysicalRegister(MO.getReg())))
      continue;
    // Remove ranges of all aliased registers.
    for (MCRegAliasIterator RAI(MO.getReg(), TRI, true); RAI.isValid(); ++RAI)
      OpenRanges.erase(std::remove_if(OpenRanges.begin(), OpenRanges.end(),
                                      [&](const VarLoc &V) {
                                        return (*RAI ==
                                                isDescribedByReg(*V.MI));
                                      }),
                       OpenRanges.end());
  }
}

/// Terminate all open ranges at the end of the current basic block.
bool LiveDebugValues::transferTerminatorInst(MachineInstr &MI,
                                             VarLocList &OpenRanges,
                                             VarLocInMBB &OutLocs) {
  bool Changed = false;
  const MachineBasicBlock *CurMBB = MI.getParent();
  if (!(MI.isTerminator() || (&MI == &CurMBB->instr_back())))
    return false;

  if (OpenRanges.empty())
    return false;

  VarLocList &VLL = OutLocs[CurMBB];

  for (auto OR : OpenRanges) {
    // Copy OpenRanges to OutLocs, if not already present.
    assert(OR.MI->isDebugValue());
    DEBUG(dbgs() << "Add to OutLocs: "; OR.MI->dump(););
    if (std::find_if(VLL.begin(), VLL.end(),
                     [&](const VarLoc &V) { return (OR == V); }) == VLL.end()) {
      VLL.push_back(std::move(OR));
      Changed = true;
    }
  }
  OpenRanges.clear();
  return Changed;
}

/// This routine creates OpenRanges and OutLocs.
bool LiveDebugValues::transfer(MachineInstr &MI, VarLocList &OpenRanges,
                               VarLocInMBB &OutLocs) {
  bool Changed = false;
  transferDebugValue(MI, OpenRanges);
  transferRegisterDef(MI, OpenRanges);
  Changed = transferTerminatorInst(MI, OpenRanges, OutLocs);
  return Changed;
}

/// This routine joins the analysis results of all incoming edges in @MBB by
/// inserting a new DBG_VALUE instruction at the start of the @MBB - if the same
/// source variable in all the predecessors of @MBB reside in the same location.
bool LiveDebugValues::join(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, VarLocInMBB &OutLocs,
                           VarLocInMBB &InLocs) {
  DEBUG(dbgs() << "join MBB: " << MBB.getName() << "\n");
  bool Changed = false;

  VarLocList InLocsT; // Temporary incoming locations.

  // For all predecessors of this MBB, find the set of VarLocs that can be
  // joined.
  for (auto p : MBB.predecessors()) {
    auto OL = OutLocs.find(p);
    // Join is null in case of empty OutLocs from any of the pred.
    if (OL == OutLocs.end())
      return false;

    // Just copy over the Out locs to incoming locs for the first predecessor.
    if (p == *MBB.pred_begin()) {
      InLocsT = OL->second;
      continue;
    }

    // Join with this predecessor.
    VarLocList &VLL = OL->second;
    InLocsT.erase(
        std::remove_if(InLocsT.begin(), InLocsT.end(), [&](VarLoc &ILT) {
          return (std::find_if(VLL.begin(), VLL.end(), [&](const VarLoc &V) {
                    return (ILT == V);
                  }) == VLL.end());
        }), InLocsT.end());
  }

  if (InLocsT.empty())
    return false;

  VarLocList &ILL = InLocs[&MBB];

  // Insert DBG_VALUE instructions, if not already inserted.
  for (auto ILT : InLocsT) {
    if (std::find_if(ILL.begin(), ILL.end(), [&](const VarLoc &I) {
          return (ILT == I);
        }) == ILL.end()) {
      // This VarLoc is not found in InLocs i.e. it is not yet inserted. So, a
      // new range is started for the var from the mbb's beginning by inserting
      // a new DBG_VALUE. transfer() will end this range however appropriate.
      const MachineInstr *DMI = ILT.MI;
      MachineInstr *MI =
          BuildMI(MBB, MBB.instr_begin(), DMI->getDebugLoc(), DMI->getDesc(),
                  DMI->isIndirectDebugValue(), DMI->getOperand(0).getReg(), 0,
                  DMI->getDebugVariable(), DMI->getDebugExpression());
      if (DMI->isIndirectDebugValue())
        MI->getOperand(1).setImm(DMI->getOperand(1).getImm());
      DEBUG(dbgs() << "Inserted: "; MI->dump(););
      ++NumInserted;
      Changed = true;

      VarLoc V(ILT.Var, MI);
      ILL.push_back(std::move(V));
    }
  }
  return Changed;
}

/// Calculate the liveness information for the given machine function and
/// extend ranges across basic blocks.
bool LiveDebugValues::ExtendRanges(MachineFunction &MF) {

  DEBUG(dbgs() << "\nDebug Range Extension\n");

  bool Changed = false;
  bool OLChanged = false;
  bool MBBJoined = false;

  VarLocList OpenRanges; // Ranges that are open until end of bb.
  VarLocInMBB OutLocs;   // Ranges that exist beyond bb.
  VarLocInMBB InLocs;    // Ranges that are incoming after joining.

  DenseMap<unsigned int, MachineBasicBlock *> OrderToBB;
  DenseMap<MachineBasicBlock *, unsigned int> BBToOrder;
  std::priority_queue<unsigned int, std::vector<unsigned int>,
                      std::greater<unsigned int>> Worklist;
  std::priority_queue<unsigned int, std::vector<unsigned int>,
                      std::greater<unsigned int>> Pending;
  // Initialize every mbb with OutLocs.
  for (auto &MBB : MF)
    for (auto &MI : MBB)
      transfer(MI, OpenRanges, OutLocs);
  DEBUG(printVarLocInMBB(OutLocs, "OutLocs after initialization", dbgs()));

  ReversePostOrderTraversal<MachineFunction *> RPOT(&MF);
  unsigned int RPONumber = 0;
  for (auto RI = RPOT.begin(), RE = RPOT.end(); RI != RE; ++RI) {
    OrderToBB[RPONumber] = *RI;
    BBToOrder[*RI] = RPONumber;
    Worklist.push(RPONumber);
    ++RPONumber;
  }

  // This is a standard "union of predecessor outs" dataflow problem.
  // To solve it, we perform join() and transfer() using the two worklist method
  // until the ranges converge.
  // Ranges have converged when both worklists are empty.
  while (!Worklist.empty() || !Pending.empty()) {
    // We track what is on the pending worklist to avoid inserting the same
    // thing twice.  We could avoid this with a custom priority queue, but this
    // is probably not worth it.
    SmallPtrSet<MachineBasicBlock *, 16> OnPending;
    while (!Worklist.empty()) {
      MachineBasicBlock *MBB = OrderToBB[Worklist.top()];
      Worklist.pop();
      MBBJoined = join(*MBB, OutLocs, InLocs);

      if (MBBJoined) {
        MBBJoined = false;
        Changed = true;
        for (auto &MI : *MBB)
          OLChanged |= transfer(MI, OpenRanges, OutLocs);
        DEBUG(printVarLocInMBB(OutLocs, "OutLocs after propagating", dbgs()));
        DEBUG(printVarLocInMBB(InLocs, "InLocs after propagating", dbgs()));

        if (OLChanged) {
          OLChanged = false;
          for (auto s : MBB->successors())
            if (!OnPending.count(s)) {
              OnPending.insert(s);
              Pending.push(BBToOrder[s]);
            }
        }
      }
    }
    Worklist.swap(Pending);
    // At this point, pending must be empty, since it was just the empty
    // worklist
    assert(Pending.empty() && "Pending should be empty");
  }

  DEBUG(printVarLocInMBB(OutLocs, "Final OutLocs", dbgs()));
  DEBUG(printVarLocInMBB(InLocs, "Final InLocs", dbgs()));
  return Changed;
}

bool LiveDebugValues::runOnMachineFunction(MachineFunction &MF) {
  TRI = MF.getSubtarget().getRegisterInfo();
  TII = MF.getSubtarget().getInstrInfo();

  bool Changed = false;

  Changed |= ExtendRanges(MF);

  return Changed;
}