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//===-- llc.cpp - Implement the LLVM Native Code Generator ----------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This is the llc code generator driver. It provides a convenient
// command-line interface for generating native assembly-language code
// or C code, given LLVM bitcode.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/Module.h"
#include "llvm/PassManager.h"
#include "llvm/Pass.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Triple.h"
#include "llvm/Support/IRReader.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/LinkAllAsmWriterComponents.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/LinkAllCodegenComponents.h"
#include "llvm/MC/SubtargetFeature.h"
#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FormattedStream.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ManagedStatic.h"
#include "llvm/Support/PluginLoader.h"
#include "llvm/Support/PrettyStackTrace.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ToolOutputFile.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Host.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Signals.h"
#include "llvm/Support/TargetRegistry.h"
#include "llvm/Support/TargetSelect.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetData.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetMachine.h"
#include <memory>
using namespace llvm;

// General options for llc.  Other pass-specific options are specified
// within the corresponding llc passes, and target-specific options
// and back-end code generation options are specified with the target machine.
//
static cl::opt<std::string>
InputFilename(cl::Positional, cl::desc("<input bitcode>"), cl::init("-"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
OutputFilename("o", cl::desc("Output filename"), cl::value_desc("filename"));

// Determine optimization level.
static cl::opt<char>
OptLevel("O",
         cl::desc("Optimization level. [-O0, -O1, -O2, or -O3] "
                  "(default = '-O2')"),
         cl::Prefix,
         cl::ZeroOrMore,
         cl::init(' '));

static cl::opt<std::string>
TargetTriple("mtriple", cl::desc("Override target triple for module"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
MArch("march", cl::desc("Architecture to generate code for (see --version)"));

static cl::opt<std::string>
MCPU("mcpu",
  cl::desc("Target a specific cpu type (-mcpu=help for details)"),
  cl::value_desc("cpu-name"),
  cl::init(""));

static cl::list<std::string>
MAttrs("mattr",
  cl::CommaSeparated,
  cl::desc("Target specific attributes (-mattr=help for details)"),
  cl::value_desc("a1,+a2,-a3,..."));

static cl::opt<Reloc::Model>
RelocModel("relocation-model",
             cl::desc("Choose relocation model"),
             cl::init(Reloc::Default),
             cl::values(
            clEnumValN(Reloc::Default, "default",
                       "Target default relocation model"),
            clEnumValN(Reloc::Static, "static",
                       "Non-relocatable code"),
            clEnumValN(Reloc::PIC_, "pic",
                       "Fully relocatable, position independent code"),
            clEnumValN(Reloc::DynamicNoPIC, "dynamic-no-pic",
                       "Relocatable external references, non-relocatable code"),
            clEnumValEnd));

static cl::opt<llvm::CodeModel::Model>
CMModel("code-model",
        cl::desc("Choose code model"),
        cl::init(CodeModel::Default),
        cl::values(clEnumValN(CodeModel::Default, "default",
                              "Target default code model"),
                   clEnumValN(CodeModel::Small, "small",
                              "Small code model"),
                   clEnumValN(CodeModel::Kernel, "kernel",
                              "Kernel code model"),
                   clEnumValN(CodeModel::Medium, "medium",
                              "Medium code model"),
                   clEnumValN(CodeModel::Large, "large",
                              "Large code model"),
                   clEnumValEnd));

static cl::opt<bool>
RelaxAll("mc-relax-all",
  cl::desc("When used with filetype=obj, "
           "relax all fixups in the emitted object file"));

cl::opt<TargetMachine::CodeGenFileType>
FileType("filetype", cl::init(TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile),
  cl::desc("Choose a file type (not all types are supported by all targets):"),
  cl::values(
       clEnumValN(TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile, "asm",
                  "Emit an assembly ('.s') file"),
       clEnumValN(TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile, "obj",
                  "Emit a native object ('.o') file [experimental]"),
       clEnumValN(TargetMachine::CGFT_Null, "null",
                  "Emit nothing, for performance testing"),
       clEnumValEnd));

cl::opt<bool> NoVerify("disable-verify", cl::Hidden,
                       cl::desc("Do not verify input module"));

cl::opt<bool> DisableDotLoc("disable-dot-loc", cl::Hidden,
                            cl::desc("Do not use .loc entries"));

cl::opt<bool> DisableCFI("disable-cfi", cl::Hidden,
                         cl::desc("Do not use .cfi_* directives"));

cl::opt<bool> EnableDwarfDirectory("enable-dwarf-directory", cl::Hidden,
    cl::desc("Use .file directives with an explicit directory."));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableRedZone("disable-red-zone",
  cl::desc("Do not emit code that uses the red zone."),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableFPMAD("enable-fp-mad",
  cl::desc("Enable less precise MAD instructions to be generated"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
PrintCode("print-machineinstrs",
  cl::desc("Print generated machine code"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableFPElim("disable-fp-elim",
  cl::desc("Disable frame pointer elimination optimization"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableFPElimNonLeaf("disable-non-leaf-fp-elim",
  cl::desc("Disable frame pointer elimination optimization for non-leaf funcs"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableExcessPrecision("disable-excess-fp-precision",
  cl::desc("Disable optimizations that may increase FP precision"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableUnsafeFPMath("enable-unsafe-fp-math",
  cl::desc("Enable optimizations that may decrease FP precision"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableNoInfsFPMath("enable-no-infs-fp-math",
  cl::desc("Enable FP math optimizations that assume no +-Infs"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableNoNaNsFPMath("enable-no-nans-fp-math",
  cl::desc("Enable FP math optimizations that assume no NaNs"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableHonorSignDependentRoundingFPMath("enable-sign-dependent-rounding-fp-math",
  cl::Hidden,
  cl::desc("Force codegen to assume rounding mode can change dynamically"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
GenerateSoftFloatCalls("soft-float",
  cl::desc("Generate software floating point library calls"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<llvm::FloatABI::ABIType>
FloatABIForCalls("float-abi",
  cl::desc("Choose float ABI type"),
  cl::init(FloatABI::Default),
  cl::values(
    clEnumValN(FloatABI::Default, "default",
               "Target default float ABI type"),
    clEnumValN(FloatABI::Soft, "soft",
               "Soft float ABI (implied by -soft-float)"),
    clEnumValN(FloatABI::Hard, "hard",
               "Hard float ABI (uses FP registers)"),
    clEnumValEnd));

static cl::opt<bool>
DontPlaceZerosInBSS("nozero-initialized-in-bss",
  cl::desc("Don't place zero-initialized symbols into bss section"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableGuaranteedTailCallOpt("tailcallopt",
  cl::desc("Turn fastcc calls into tail calls by (potentially) changing ABI."),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableTailCalls("disable-tail-calls",
  cl::desc("Never emit tail calls"),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<unsigned>
OverrideStackAlignment("stack-alignment",
  cl::desc("Override default stack alignment"),
  cl::init(0));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnableRealignStack("realign-stack",
  cl::desc("Realign stack if needed"),
  cl::init(true));

static cl::opt<bool>
DisableSwitchTables(cl::Hidden, "disable-jump-tables",
  cl::desc("Do not generate jump tables."),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<std::string>
TrapFuncName("trap-func", cl::Hidden,
  cl::desc("Emit a call to trap function rather than a trap instruction"),
  cl::init(""));

static cl::opt<bool>
EnablePIE("enable-pie",
  cl::desc("Assume the creation of a position independent executable."),
  cl::init(false));

static cl::opt<bool>
SegmentedStacks("segmented-stacks",
  cl::desc("Use segmented stacks if possible."),
  cl::init(false));


// GetFileNameRoot - Helper function to get the basename of a filename.
static inline std::string
GetFileNameRoot(const std::string &InputFilename) {
  std::string IFN = InputFilename;
  std::string outputFilename;
  int Len = IFN.length();
  if ((Len > 2) &&
      IFN[Len-3] == '.' &&
      ((IFN[Len-2] == 'b' && IFN[Len-1] == 'c') ||
       (IFN[Len-2] == 'l' && IFN[Len-1] == 'l'))) {
    outputFilename = std::string(IFN.begin(), IFN.end()-3); // s/.bc/.s/
  } else {
    outputFilename = IFN;
  }
  return outputFilename;
}

static tool_output_file *GetOutputStream(const char *TargetName,
                                         Triple::OSType OS,
                                         const char *ProgName) {
  // If we don't yet have an output filename, make one.
  if (OutputFilename.empty()) {
    if (InputFilename == "-")
      OutputFilename = "-";
    else {
      OutputFilename = GetFileNameRoot(InputFilename);

      switch (FileType) {
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile:
        if (TargetName[0] == 'c') {
          if (TargetName[1] == 0)
            OutputFilename += ".cbe.c";
          else if (TargetName[1] == 'p' && TargetName[2] == 'p')
            OutputFilename += ".cpp";
          else
            OutputFilename += ".s";
        } else
          OutputFilename += ".s";
        break;
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile:
        if (OS == Triple::Win32)
          OutputFilename += ".obj";
        else
          OutputFilename += ".o";
        break;
      case TargetMachine::CGFT_Null:
        OutputFilename += ".null";
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // Decide if we need "binary" output.
  bool Binary = false;
  switch (FileType) {
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_AssemblyFile:
    break;
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile:
  case TargetMachine::CGFT_Null:
    Binary = true;
    break;
  }

  // Open the file.
  std::string error;
  unsigned OpenFlags = 0;
  if (Binary) OpenFlags |= raw_fd_ostream::F_Binary;
  tool_output_file *FDOut = new tool_output_file(OutputFilename.c_str(), error,
                                                 OpenFlags);
  if (!error.empty()) {
    errs() << error << '\n';
    delete FDOut;
    return 0;
  }

  return FDOut;
}

// main - Entry point for the llc compiler.
//
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
  sys::PrintStackTraceOnErrorSignal();
  PrettyStackTraceProgram X(argc, argv);

  // Enable debug stream buffering.
  EnableDebugBuffering = true;

  LLVMContext &Context = getGlobalContext();
  llvm_shutdown_obj Y;  // Call llvm_shutdown() on exit.

  // Initialize targets first, so that --version shows registered targets.
  InitializeAllTargets();
  InitializeAllTargetMCs();
  InitializeAllAsmPrinters();
  InitializeAllAsmParsers();

  // Register the target printer for --version.
  cl::AddExtraVersionPrinter(TargetRegistry::printRegisteredTargetsForVersion);

  cl::ParseCommandLineOptions(argc, argv, "llvm system compiler\n");

  // Load the module to be compiled...
  SMDiagnostic Err;
  std::auto_ptr<Module> M;

  M.reset(ParseIRFile(InputFilename, Err, Context));
  if (M.get() == 0) {
    Err.print(argv[0], errs());
    return 1;
  }
  Module &mod = *M.get();

  // If we are supposed to override the target triple, do so now.
  if (!TargetTriple.empty())
    mod.setTargetTriple(Triple::normalize(TargetTriple));

  Triple TheTriple(mod.getTargetTriple());
  if (TheTriple.getTriple().empty())
    TheTriple.setTriple(sys::getDefaultTargetTriple());

  // Allocate target machine.  First, check whether the user has explicitly
  // specified an architecture to compile for. If so we have to look it up by
  // name, because it might be a backend that has no mapping to a target triple.
  const Target *TheTarget = 0;
  if (!MArch.empty()) {
    for (TargetRegistry::iterator it = TargetRegistry::begin(),
           ie = TargetRegistry::end(); it != ie; ++it) {
      if (MArch == it->getName()) {
        TheTarget = &*it;
        break;
      }
    }

    if (!TheTarget) {
      errs() << argv[0] << ": error: invalid target '" << MArch << "'.\n";
      return 1;
    }

    // Adjust the triple to match (if known), otherwise stick with the
    // module/host triple.
    Triple::ArchType Type = Triple::getArchTypeForLLVMName(MArch);
    if (Type != Triple::UnknownArch)
      TheTriple.setArch(Type);
  } else {
    std::string Err;
    TheTarget = TargetRegistry::lookupTarget(TheTriple.getTriple(), Err);
    if (TheTarget == 0) {
      errs() << argv[0] << ": error auto-selecting target for module '"
             << Err << "'.  Please use the -march option to explicitly "
             << "pick a target.\n";
      return 1;
    }
  }

  // Package up features to be passed to target/subtarget
  std::string FeaturesStr;
  if (MAttrs.size()) {
    SubtargetFeatures Features;
    for (unsigned i = 0; i != MAttrs.size(); ++i)
      Features.AddFeature(MAttrs[i]);
    FeaturesStr = Features.getString();
  }

  CodeGenOpt::Level OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Default;
  switch (OptLevel) {
  default:
    errs() << argv[0] << ": invalid optimization level.\n";
    return 1;
  case ' ': break;
  case '0': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::None; break;
  case '1': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Less; break;
  case '2': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Default; break;
  case '3': OLvl = CodeGenOpt::Aggressive; break;
  }

  TargetOptions Options;
  Options.LessPreciseFPMADOption = EnableFPMAD;
  Options.PrintMachineCode = PrintCode;
  Options.NoFramePointerElim = DisableFPElim;
  Options.NoFramePointerElimNonLeaf = DisableFPElimNonLeaf;
  Options.NoExcessFPPrecision = DisableExcessPrecision;
  Options.UnsafeFPMath = EnableUnsafeFPMath;
  Options.NoInfsFPMath = EnableNoInfsFPMath;
  Options.NoNaNsFPMath = EnableNoNaNsFPMath;
  Options.HonorSignDependentRoundingFPMathOption =
      EnableHonorSignDependentRoundingFPMath;
  Options.UseSoftFloat = GenerateSoftFloatCalls;
  if (FloatABIForCalls != FloatABI::Default)
    Options.FloatABIType = FloatABIForCalls;
  Options.NoZerosInBSS = DontPlaceZerosInBSS;
  Options.GuaranteedTailCallOpt = EnableGuaranteedTailCallOpt;
  Options.DisableTailCalls = DisableTailCalls;
  Options.StackAlignmentOverride = OverrideStackAlignment;
  Options.RealignStack = EnableRealignStack;
  Options.DisableJumpTables = DisableSwitchTables;
  Options.TrapFuncName = TrapFuncName;
  Options.PositionIndependentExecutable = EnablePIE;
  Options.EnableSegmentedStacks = SegmentedStacks;

  std::auto_ptr<TargetMachine>
    target(TheTarget->createTargetMachine(TheTriple.getTriple(),
                                          MCPU, FeaturesStr, Options,
                                          RelocModel, CMModel, OLvl));
  assert(target.get() && "Could not allocate target machine!");
  TargetMachine &Target = *target.get();

  if (DisableDotLoc)
    Target.setMCUseLoc(false);

  if (DisableCFI)
    Target.setMCUseCFI(false);

  if (EnableDwarfDirectory)
    Target.setMCUseDwarfDirectory(true);

  if (GenerateSoftFloatCalls)
    FloatABIForCalls = FloatABI::Soft;

  // Disable .loc support for older OS X versions.
  if (TheTriple.isMacOSX() &&
      TheTriple.isMacOSXVersionLT(10, 6))
    Target.setMCUseLoc(false);

  // Figure out where we are going to send the output...
  OwningPtr<tool_output_file> Out
    (GetOutputStream(TheTarget->getName(), TheTriple.getOS(), argv[0]));
  if (!Out) return 1;

  // Build up all of the passes that we want to do to the module.
  PassManager PM;

  // Add the target data from the target machine, if it exists, or the module.
  if (const TargetData *TD = Target.getTargetData())
    PM.add(new TargetData(*TD));
  else
    PM.add(new TargetData(&mod));

  // Override default to generate verbose assembly.
  Target.setAsmVerbosityDefault(true);

  if (RelaxAll) {
    if (FileType != TargetMachine::CGFT_ObjectFile)
      errs() << argv[0]
             << ": warning: ignoring -mc-relax-all because filetype != obj";
    else
      Target.setMCRelaxAll(true);
  }

  {
    formatted_raw_ostream FOS(Out->os());

    // Ask the target to add backend passes as necessary.
    if (Target.addPassesToEmitFile(PM, FOS, FileType, NoVerify)) {
      errs() << argv[0] << ": target does not support generation of this"
             << " file type!\n";
      return 1;
    }

    // Before executing passes, print the final values of the LLVM options.
    cl::PrintOptionValues();

    PM.run(mod);
  }

  // Declare success.
  Out->keep();

  return 0;
}