llvm.org GIT mirror llvm / release_30 examples / BrainF / BrainF.cpp
release_30

Tree @release_30 (Download .tar.gz)

BrainF.cpp @release_30raw · history · blame

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
//===-- BrainF.cpp - BrainF compiler example ----------------------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This class compiles the BrainF language into LLVM assembly.
//
// The BrainF language has 8 commands:
// Command   Equivalent C    Action
// -------   ------------    ------
// ,         *h=getchar();   Read a character from stdin, 255 on EOF
// .         putchar(*h);    Write a character to stdout
// -         --*h;           Decrement tape
// +         ++*h;           Increment tape
// <         --h;            Move head left
// >         ++h;            Move head right
// [         while(*h) {     Start loop
// ]         }               End loop
//
//===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "BrainF.h"
#include "llvm/Constants.h"
#include "llvm/Instructions.h"
#include "llvm/Intrinsics.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include <iostream>
using namespace llvm;

//Set the constants for naming
const char *BrainF::tapereg = "tape";
const char *BrainF::headreg = "head";
const char *BrainF::label   = "brainf";
const char *BrainF::testreg = "test";

Module *BrainF::parse(std::istream *in1, int mem, CompileFlags cf,
                      LLVMContext& Context) {
  in       = in1;
  memtotal = mem;
  comflag  = cf;

  header(Context);
  readloop(0, 0, 0, Context);
  delete builder;
  return module;
}

void BrainF::header(LLVMContext& C) {
  module = new Module("BrainF", C);

  //Function prototypes

  //declare void @llvm.memset.p0i8.i32(i8 *, i8, i32, i32, i1)
  Type *Tys[] = { Type::getInt8PtrTy(C), Type::getInt32Ty(C) };
  Function *memset_func = Intrinsic::getDeclaration(module, Intrinsic::memset,
                                                    Tys);

  //declare i32 @getchar()
  getchar_func = cast<Function>(module->
    getOrInsertFunction("getchar", IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C), NULL));

  //declare i32 @putchar(i32)
  putchar_func = cast<Function>(module->
    getOrInsertFunction("putchar", IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C),
                        IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C), NULL));


  //Function header

  //define void @brainf()
  brainf_func = cast<Function>(module->
    getOrInsertFunction("brainf", Type::getVoidTy(C), NULL));

  builder = new IRBuilder<>(BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func));

  //%arr = malloc i8, i32 %d
  ConstantInt *val_mem = ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(32, memtotal));
  BasicBlock* BB = builder->GetInsertBlock();
  Type* IntPtrTy = IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C);
  Type* Int8Ty = IntegerType::getInt8Ty(C);
  Constant* allocsize = ConstantExpr::getSizeOf(Int8Ty);
  allocsize = ConstantExpr::getTruncOrBitCast(allocsize, IntPtrTy);
  ptr_arr = CallInst::CreateMalloc(BB, IntPtrTy, Int8Ty, allocsize, val_mem, 
                                   NULL, "arr");
  BB->getInstList().push_back(cast<Instruction>(ptr_arr));

  //call void @llvm.memset.p0i8.i32(i8 *%arr, i8 0, i32 %d, i32 1, i1 0)
  {
    Value *memset_params[] = {
      ptr_arr,
      ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(8, 0)),
      val_mem,
      ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(32, 1)),
      ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(1, 0))
    };

    CallInst *memset_call = builder->
      CreateCall(memset_func, memset_params);
    memset_call->setTailCall(false);
  }

  //%arrmax = getelementptr i8 *%arr, i32 %d
  if (comflag & flag_arraybounds) {
    ptr_arrmax = builder->
      CreateGEP(ptr_arr, ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(32, memtotal)), "arrmax");
  }

  //%head.%d = getelementptr i8 *%arr, i32 %d
  curhead = builder->CreateGEP(ptr_arr,
                               ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(32, memtotal/2)),
                               headreg);



  //Function footer

  //brainf.end:
  endbb = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);

  //call free(i8 *%arr)
  endbb->getInstList().push_back(CallInst::CreateFree(ptr_arr, endbb));

  //ret void
  ReturnInst::Create(C, endbb);



  //Error block for array out of bounds
  if (comflag & flag_arraybounds)
  {
    //@aberrormsg = internal constant [%d x i8] c"\00"
    Constant *msg_0 =
      ConstantArray::get(C, "Error: The head has left the tape.", true);

    GlobalVariable *aberrormsg = new GlobalVariable(
      *module,
      msg_0->getType(),
      true,
      GlobalValue::InternalLinkage,
      msg_0,
      "aberrormsg");

    //declare i32 @puts(i8 *)
    Function *puts_func = cast<Function>(module->
      getOrInsertFunction("puts", IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C),
                      PointerType::getUnqual(IntegerType::getInt8Ty(C)), NULL));

    //brainf.aberror:
    aberrorbb = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);

    //call i32 @puts(i8 *getelementptr([%d x i8] *@aberrormsg, i32 0, i32 0))
    {
      Constant *zero_32 = Constant::getNullValue(IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C));

      Constant *gep_params[] = {
        zero_32,
        zero_32
      };

      Constant *msgptr = ConstantExpr::
        getGetElementPtr(aberrormsg, gep_params);

      Value *puts_params[] = {
        msgptr
      };

      CallInst *puts_call =
        CallInst::Create(puts_func,
                         puts_params,
                         "", aberrorbb);
      puts_call->setTailCall(false);
    }

    //br label %brainf.end
    BranchInst::Create(endbb, aberrorbb);
  }
}

void BrainF::readloop(PHINode *phi, BasicBlock *oldbb, BasicBlock *testbb,
                      LLVMContext &C) {
  Symbol cursym = SYM_NONE;
  int curvalue = 0;
  Symbol nextsym = SYM_NONE;
  int nextvalue = 0;
  char c;
  int loop;
  int direction;

  while(cursym != SYM_EOF && cursym != SYM_ENDLOOP) {
    // Write out commands
    switch(cursym) {
      case SYM_NONE:
        // Do nothing
        break;

      case SYM_READ:
        {
          //%tape.%d = call i32 @getchar()
          CallInst *getchar_call = builder->CreateCall(getchar_func, tapereg);
          getchar_call->setTailCall(false);
          Value *tape_0 = getchar_call;

          //%tape.%d = trunc i32 %tape.%d to i8
          Value *tape_1 = builder->
            CreateTrunc(tape_0, IntegerType::getInt8Ty(C), tapereg);

          //store i8 %tape.%d, i8 *%head.%d
          builder->CreateStore(tape_1, curhead);
        }
        break;

      case SYM_WRITE:
        {
          //%tape.%d = load i8 *%head.%d
          LoadInst *tape_0 = builder->CreateLoad(curhead, tapereg);

          //%tape.%d = sext i8 %tape.%d to i32
          Value *tape_1 = builder->
            CreateSExt(tape_0, IntegerType::getInt32Ty(C), tapereg);

          //call i32 @putchar(i32 %tape.%d)
          Value *putchar_params[] = {
            tape_1
          };
          CallInst *putchar_call = builder->
            CreateCall(putchar_func,
                       putchar_params);
          putchar_call->setTailCall(false);
        }
        break;

      case SYM_MOVE:
        {
          //%head.%d = getelementptr i8 *%head.%d, i32 %d
          curhead = builder->
            CreateGEP(curhead, ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(32, curvalue)),
                      headreg);

          //Error block for array out of bounds
          if (comflag & flag_arraybounds)
          {
            //%test.%d = icmp uge i8 *%head.%d, %arrmax
            Value *test_0 = builder->
              CreateICmpUGE(curhead, ptr_arrmax, testreg);

            //%test.%d = icmp ult i8 *%head.%d, %arr
            Value *test_1 = builder->
              CreateICmpULT(curhead, ptr_arr, testreg);

            //%test.%d = or i1 %test.%d, %test.%d
            Value *test_2 = builder->
              CreateOr(test_0, test_1, testreg);

            //br i1 %test.%d, label %main.%d, label %main.%d
            BasicBlock *nextbb = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);
            builder->CreateCondBr(test_2, aberrorbb, nextbb);

            //main.%d:
            builder->SetInsertPoint(nextbb);
          }
        }
        break;

      case SYM_CHANGE:
        {
          //%tape.%d = load i8 *%head.%d
          LoadInst *tape_0 = builder->CreateLoad(curhead, tapereg);

          //%tape.%d = add i8 %tape.%d, %d
          Value *tape_1 = builder->
            CreateAdd(tape_0, ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(8, curvalue)), tapereg);

          //store i8 %tape.%d, i8 *%head.%d\n"
          builder->CreateStore(tape_1, curhead);
        }
        break;

      case SYM_LOOP:
        {
          //br label %main.%d
          BasicBlock *testbb = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);
          builder->CreateBr(testbb);

          //main.%d:
          BasicBlock *bb_0 = builder->GetInsertBlock();
          BasicBlock *bb_1 = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);
          builder->SetInsertPoint(bb_1);

          // Make part of PHI instruction now, wait until end of loop to finish
          PHINode *phi_0 =
            PHINode::Create(PointerType::getUnqual(IntegerType::getInt8Ty(C)),
                            2, headreg, testbb);
          phi_0->addIncoming(curhead, bb_0);
          curhead = phi_0;

          readloop(phi_0, bb_1, testbb, C);
        }
        break;

      default:
        std::cerr << "Error: Unknown symbol.\n";
        abort();
        break;
    }

    cursym = nextsym;
    curvalue = nextvalue;
    nextsym = SYM_NONE;

    // Reading stdin loop
    loop = (cursym == SYM_NONE)
        || (cursym == SYM_MOVE)
        || (cursym == SYM_CHANGE);
    while(loop) {
      *in>>c;
      if (in->eof()) {
        if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
          cursym = SYM_EOF;
        } else {
          nextsym = SYM_EOF;
        }
        loop = 0;
      } else {
        direction = 1;
        switch(c) {
          case '-':
            direction = -1;
            // Fall through

          case '+':
            if (cursym == SYM_CHANGE) {
              curvalue += direction;
              // loop = 1
            } else {
              if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
                cursym = SYM_CHANGE;
                curvalue = direction;
                // loop = 1
              } else {
                nextsym = SYM_CHANGE;
                nextvalue = direction;
                loop = 0;
              }
            }
            break;

          case '<':
            direction = -1;
            // Fall through

          case '>':
            if (cursym == SYM_MOVE) {
              curvalue += direction;
              // loop = 1
            } else {
              if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
                cursym = SYM_MOVE;
                curvalue = direction;
                // loop = 1
              } else {
                nextsym = SYM_MOVE;
                nextvalue = direction;
                loop = 0;
              }
            }
            break;

          case ',':
            if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
              cursym = SYM_READ;
            } else {
              nextsym = SYM_READ;
            }
            loop = 0;
            break;

          case '.':
            if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
              cursym = SYM_WRITE;
            } else {
              nextsym = SYM_WRITE;
            }
            loop = 0;
            break;

          case '[':
            if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
              cursym = SYM_LOOP;
            } else {
              nextsym = SYM_LOOP;
            }
            loop = 0;
            break;

          case ']':
            if (cursym == SYM_NONE) {
              cursym = SYM_ENDLOOP;
            } else {
              nextsym = SYM_ENDLOOP;
            }
            loop = 0;
            break;

          // Ignore other characters
          default:
            break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if (cursym == SYM_ENDLOOP) {
    if (!phi) {
      std::cerr << "Error: Extra ']'\n";
      abort();
    }

    // Write loop test
    {
      //br label %main.%d
      builder->CreateBr(testbb);

      //main.%d:

      //%head.%d = phi i8 *[%head.%d, %main.%d], [%head.%d, %main.%d]
      //Finish phi made at beginning of loop
      phi->addIncoming(curhead, builder->GetInsertBlock());
      Value *head_0 = phi;

      //%tape.%d = load i8 *%head.%d
      LoadInst *tape_0 = new LoadInst(head_0, tapereg, testbb);

      //%test.%d = icmp eq i8 %tape.%d, 0
      ICmpInst *test_0 = new ICmpInst(*testbb, ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ, tape_0,
                                    ConstantInt::get(C, APInt(8, 0)), testreg);

      //br i1 %test.%d, label %main.%d, label %main.%d
      BasicBlock *bb_0 = BasicBlock::Create(C, label, brainf_func);
      BranchInst::Create(bb_0, oldbb, test_0, testbb);

      //main.%d:
      builder->SetInsertPoint(bb_0);

      //%head.%d = phi i8 *[%head.%d, %main.%d]
      PHINode *phi_1 = builder->
        CreatePHI(PointerType::getUnqual(IntegerType::getInt8Ty(C)), 1,
                  headreg);
      phi_1->addIncoming(head_0, testbb);
      curhead = phi_1;
    }

    return;
  }

  //End of the program, so go to return block
  builder->CreateBr(endbb);

  if (phi) {
    std::cerr << "Error: Missing ']'\n";
    abort();
  }
}