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//===-- RegisterCoalescer.h - Register Coalescing Interface ------*- C++ -*-===//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// This file contains the abstract interface for register coalescers, 
// allowing them to interact with and query register allocators.

#include "llvm/System/IncludeFile.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/LiveInterval.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"


namespace llvm {

  class MachineFunction;
  class RegallocQuery;
  class AnalysisUsage;
  class MachineInstr;
  class TargetRegisterInfo;
  class TargetRegisterClass;
  class TargetInstrInfo;

  /// An abstract interface for register coalescers.  Coalescers must
  /// implement this interface to be part of the coalescer analysis
  /// group.
  class RegisterCoalescer {
    static char ID; // Class identification, replacement for typeinfo
    RegisterCoalescer() {}
    virtual ~RegisterCoalescer();  // We want to be subclassed

    /// Run the coalescer on this function, providing interference
    /// data to query.  Return whether we removed any copies.
    virtual bool coalesceFunction(MachineFunction &mf,
                                  RegallocQuery &ifd) = 0;

    /// Reset state.  Can be used to allow a coalescer run by
    /// PassManager to be run again by the register allocator.
    virtual void reset(MachineFunction &mf) {}

    /// Register allocators must call this from their own
    /// getAnalysisUsage to cover the case where the coalescer is not
    /// a Pass in the proper sense and isn't managed by PassManager.
    /// PassManager needs to know which analyses to make available and
    /// which to invalidate when running the register allocator or any
    /// pass that might call coalescing.  The long-term solution is to
    /// allow hierarchies of PassManagers.
    virtual void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const {}

  /// An abstract interface for register allocators to interact with
  /// coalescers
  /// Example:
  /// This is simply an example of how to use the RegallocQuery
  /// interface.  It is not meant to be used in production.
  ///   class LinearScanRegallocQuery : public RegallocQuery {
  ///   private:
  ///     const LiveIntervals \&li;
  ///   public:
  ///     LinearScanRegallocQuery(LiveIntervals &intervals) 
  ///         : li(intervals) {}
  ///     /// This is pretty slow and conservative, but since linear scan
  ///     /// allocation doesn't pre-compute interference information it's
  ///     /// the best we can do.  Coalescers are always free to ignore this
  ///     /// and implement their own discovery strategy.  See
  ///     /// SimpleRegisterCoalescing for an example.
  ///     void getInterferences(IntervalSet &interferences,
  ///                           const LiveInterval &a) const {
  ///       for(LiveIntervals::const_iterator iv = li.begin(),
  ///             ivend = li.end();
  ///           iv != ivend;
  ///           ++iv) {
  ///         if (interfere(a, iv->second)) {
  ///           interferences.insert(&iv->second);
  ///         }
  ///       }
  ///     }
  ///     /// This is *really* slow and stupid.  See above.
  ///     int getNumberOfInterferences(const LiveInterval &a) const {
  ///       IntervalSet intervals;
  ///       getInterferences(intervals, a);
  ///       return intervals.size();
  ///     }
  ///   };  
  ///   In the allocator:
  ///   RegisterCoalescer &coalescer = getAnalysis<RegisterCoalescer>();
  ///   // We don't reset the coalescer so if it's already been run this
  ///   // takes almost no time.
  ///   LinearScanRegallocQuery ifd(*li_);
  ///   coalescer.coalesceFunction(fn, ifd);
  class RegallocQuery {
    typedef SmallPtrSet<const LiveInterval *, 8> IntervalSet;

    virtual ~RegallocQuery() {}
    /// Return whether two live ranges interfere.
    virtual bool interfere(const LiveInterval &a,
                           const LiveInterval &b) const {
      // A naive test
      return a.overlaps(b);

    /// Return the set of intervals that interfere with this one.
    virtual void getInterferences(IntervalSet &interferences,
                                  const LiveInterval &a) const = 0;

    /// This can often be cheaper than actually returning the
    /// interferences.
    virtual int getNumberOfInterferences(const LiveInterval &a) const = 0;

    /// Make any data structure updates necessary to reflect
    /// coalescing or other modifications.
    virtual void updateDataForMerge(const LiveInterval &a,
                                    const LiveInterval &b,
                                    const MachineInstr &copy) {}

    /// Allow the register allocator to communicate when it doesn't
    /// want a copy coalesced.  This may be due to assumptions made by
    /// the allocator about various invariants and so this question is
    /// a matter of legality, not performance.  Performance decisions
    /// about which copies to coalesce should be made by the
    /// coalescer.
    virtual bool isLegalToCoalesce(const MachineInstr &inst) const {
      return true;

  /// CoalescerPair - A helper class for register coalescers. When deciding if
  /// two registers can be coalesced, CoalescerPair can determine if a copy
  /// instruction would become an identity copy after coalescing.
  class CoalescerPair {
    const TargetInstrInfo &tii_;
    const TargetRegisterInfo &tri_;

    /// dstReg_ - The register that will be left after coalescing. It can be a
    /// virtual or physical register.
    unsigned dstReg_;

    /// srcReg_ - the virtual register that will be coalesced into dstReg.
    unsigned srcReg_;

    /// subReg_ - The subregister index of srcReg in dstReg_. It is possible the
    /// coalesce srcReg_ into a subreg of the larger dstReg_ when dstReg_ is a
    /// virtual register.
    unsigned subIdx_;

    /// partial_ - True when the original copy was a partial subregister copy.
    bool partial_;

    /// crossClass_ - True when both regs are virtual, and newRC is constrained.
    bool crossClass_;

    /// flipped_ - True when DstReg and SrcReg are reversed from the oriignal copy
    /// instruction.
    bool flipped_;

    /// newRC_ - The register class of the coalesced register, or NULL if dstReg_
    /// is a physreg.
    const TargetRegisterClass *newRC_;

    /// compose - Compose subreg indices a and b, either may be 0.
    unsigned compose(unsigned, unsigned) const;

    /// isMoveInstr - Return true if MI is a move or subreg instruction.
    bool isMoveInstr(const MachineInstr *MI, unsigned &Src, unsigned &Dst,
                     unsigned &SrcSub, unsigned &DstSub) const;

    CoalescerPair(const TargetInstrInfo &tii, const TargetRegisterInfo &tri)
      : tii_(tii), tri_(tri), dstReg_(0), srcReg_(0), subIdx_(0),
        partial_(false), crossClass_(false), flipped_(false), newRC_(0) {}

    /// setRegisters - set registers to match the copy instruction MI. Return
    /// false if MI is not a coalescable copy instruction.
    bool setRegisters(const MachineInstr*);

    /// flip - Swap srcReg_ and dstReg_. Return false if swapping is impossible
    /// because dstReg_ is a physical register, or subIdx_ is set.
    bool flip();

    /// isCoalescable - Return true if MI is a copy instruction that will become
    /// an identity copy after coalescing.
    bool isCoalescable(const MachineInstr*) const;

    /// isPhys - Return true if DstReg is a physical register.
    bool isPhys() const { return !newRC_; }

    /// isPartial - Return true if the original copy instruction did not copy the
    /// full register, but was a subreg operation.
    bool isPartial() const { return partial_; }

    /// isCrossClass - Return true if DstReg is virtual and NewRC is a smaller register class than DstReg's.
    bool isCrossClass() const { return crossClass_; }

    /// isFlipped - Return true when getSrcReg is the register being defined by
    /// the original copy instruction.
    bool isFlipped() const { return flipped_; }

    /// getDstReg - Return the register (virtual or physical) that will remain
    /// after coalescing.
    unsigned getDstReg() const { return dstReg_; }

    /// getSrcReg - Return the virtual register that will be coalesced away.
    unsigned getSrcReg() const { return srcReg_; }

    /// getSubIdx - Return the subregister index in DstReg that SrcReg will be
    /// coalesced into, or 0.
    unsigned getSubIdx() const { return subIdx_; }

    /// getNewRC - Return the register class of the coalesced register.
    const TargetRegisterClass *getNewRC() const { return newRC_; }

// Because of the way .a files work, we must force the SimpleRC
// implementation to be pulled in if the RegisterCoalescing header is
// included.  Otherwise we run the risk of RegisterCoalescing being
// used, but the default implementation not being linked into the tool
// that uses it.