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//===-- llvm/ADT/FoldingSet.h - Uniquing Hash Set ---------------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file defines a hash set that can be used to remove duplication of nodes
// in a graph.  This code was originally created by Chris Lattner for use with
// SelectionDAGCSEMap, but was isolated to provide use across the llvm code set.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_ADT_FOLDINGSET_H
#define LLVM_ADT_FOLDINGSET_H

#include "llvm/System/DataTypes.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"

namespace llvm {
  class APFloat;
  class APInt;

/// This folding set used for two purposes:
///   1. Given information about a node we want to create, look up the unique
///      instance of the node in the set.  If the node already exists, return
///      it, otherwise return the bucket it should be inserted into.
///   2. Given a node that has already been created, remove it from the set.
///
/// This class is implemented as a single-link chained hash table, where the
/// "buckets" are actually the nodes themselves (the next pointer is in the
/// node).  The last node points back to the bucket to simplify node removal.
///
/// Any node that is to be included in the folding set must be a subclass of
/// FoldingSetNode.  The node class must also define a Profile method used to
/// establish the unique bits of data for the node.  The Profile method is
/// passed a FoldingSetNodeID object which is used to gather the bits.  Just
/// call one of the Add* functions defined in the FoldingSetImpl::NodeID class.
/// NOTE: That the folding set does not own the nodes and it is the
/// responsibility of the user to dispose of the nodes.
///
/// Eg.
///    class MyNode : public FoldingSetNode {
///    private:
///      std::string Name;
///      unsigned Value;
///    public:
///      MyNode(const char *N, unsigned V) : Name(N), Value(V) {}
///       ...
///      void Profile(FoldingSetNodeID &ID) const {
///        ID.AddString(Name);
///        ID.AddInteger(Value);
///       }
///       ...
///     };
///
/// To define the folding set itself use the FoldingSet template;
///
/// Eg.
///    FoldingSet<MyNode> MyFoldingSet;
///
/// Four public methods are available to manipulate the folding set;
///
/// 1) If you have an existing node that you want add to the set but unsure
/// that the node might already exist then call;
///
///    MyNode *M = MyFoldingSet.GetOrInsertNode(N);
///
/// If The result is equal to the input then the node has been inserted.
/// Otherwise, the result is the node existing in the folding set, and the
/// input can be discarded (use the result instead.)
///
/// 2) If you are ready to construct a node but want to check if it already
/// exists, then call FindNodeOrInsertPos with a FoldingSetNodeID of the bits to
/// check;
///
///   FoldingSetNodeID ID;
///   ID.AddString(Name);
///   ID.AddInteger(Value);
///   void *InsertPoint;
///
///    MyNode *M = MyFoldingSet.FindNodeOrInsertPos(ID, InsertPoint);
///
/// If found then M with be non-NULL, else InsertPoint will point to where it
/// should be inserted using InsertNode.
///
/// 3) If you get a NULL result from FindNodeOrInsertPos then you can as a new
/// node with FindNodeOrInsertPos;
///
///    InsertNode(N, InsertPoint);
///
/// 4) Finally, if you want to remove a node from the folding set call;
///
///    bool WasRemoved = RemoveNode(N);
///
/// The result indicates whether the node existed in the folding set.

class FoldingSetNodeID;

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetImpl - Implements the folding set functionality.  The main
/// structure is an array of buckets.  Each bucket is indexed by the hash of
/// the nodes it contains.  The bucket itself points to the nodes contained
/// in the bucket via a singly linked list.  The last node in the list points
/// back to the bucket to facilitate node removal.
///
class FoldingSetImpl {
protected:
  /// Buckets - Array of bucket chains.
  ///
  void **Buckets;

  /// NumBuckets - Length of the Buckets array.  Always a power of 2.
  ///
  unsigned NumBuckets;

  /// NumNodes - Number of nodes in the folding set. Growth occurs when NumNodes
  /// is greater than twice the number of buckets.
  unsigned NumNodes;

public:
  explicit FoldingSetImpl(unsigned Log2InitSize = 6);
  virtual ~FoldingSetImpl();

  //===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  /// Node - This class is used to maintain the singly linked bucket list in
  /// a folding set.
  ///
  class Node {
  private:
    // NextInFoldingSetBucket - next link in the bucket list.
    void *NextInFoldingSetBucket;

  public:

    Node() : NextInFoldingSetBucket(0) {}

    // Accessors
    void *getNextInBucket() const { return NextInFoldingSetBucket; }
    void SetNextInBucket(void *N) { NextInFoldingSetBucket = N; }
  };

  /// clear - Remove all nodes from the folding set.
  void clear();

  /// RemoveNode - Remove a node from the folding set, returning true if one
  /// was removed or false if the node was not in the folding set.
  bool RemoveNode(Node *N);

  /// GetOrInsertNode - If there is an existing simple Node exactly
  /// equal to the specified node, return it.  Otherwise, insert 'N' and return
  /// it instead.
  Node *GetOrInsertNode(Node *N);

  /// FindNodeOrInsertPos - Look up the node specified by ID.  If it exists,
  /// return it.  If not, return the insertion token that will make insertion
  /// faster.
  Node *FindNodeOrInsertPos(const FoldingSetNodeID &ID, void *&InsertPos);

  /// InsertNode - Insert the specified node into the folding set, knowing that
  /// it is not already in the folding set.  InsertPos must be obtained from
  /// FindNodeOrInsertPos.
  void InsertNode(Node *N, void *InsertPos);

  /// size - Returns the number of nodes in the folding set.
  unsigned size() const { return NumNodes; }

  /// empty - Returns true if there are no nodes in the folding set.
  bool empty() const { return NumNodes == 0; }

private:

  /// GrowHashTable - Double the size of the hash table and rehash everything.
  ///
  void GrowHashTable();

protected:

  /// GetNodeProfile - Instantiations of the FoldingSet template implement
  /// this function to gather data bits for the given node.
  virtual void GetNodeProfile(FoldingSetNodeID &ID, Node *N) const = 0;
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetTrait - This trait class is used to define behavior of how
///  to "profile" (in the FoldingSet parlance) an object of a given type.
///  The default behavior is to invoke a 'Profile' method on an object, but
///  through template specialization the behavior can be tailored for specific
///  types.  Combined with the FoldingSetNodeWrapper classs, one can add objects
///  to FoldingSets that were not originally designed to have that behavior.
///
template<typename T> struct FoldingSetTrait {
  static inline void Profile(const T& X, FoldingSetNodeID& ID) { X.Profile(ID);}
  static inline void Profile(T& X, FoldingSetNodeID& ID) { X.Profile(ID); }
};

//===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetNodeID - This class is used to gather all the unique data bits of
/// a node.  When all the bits are gathered this class is used to produce a
/// hash value for the node.
///
class FoldingSetNodeID {
  /// Bits - Vector of all the data bits that make the node unique.
  /// Use a SmallVector to avoid a heap allocation in the common case.
  SmallVector<unsigned, 32> Bits;

public:
  FoldingSetNodeID() {}

  /// getRawData - Return the ith entry in the Bits data.
  ///
  unsigned getRawData(unsigned i) const {
    return Bits[i];
  }

  /// Add* - Add various data types to Bit data.
  ///
  void AddPointer(const void *Ptr);
  void AddInteger(signed I);
  void AddInteger(unsigned I);
  void AddInteger(long I);
  void AddInteger(unsigned long I);
  void AddInteger(long long I);
  void AddInteger(unsigned long long I);
  void AddBoolean(bool B) { AddInteger(B ? 1U : 0U); }
  void AddString(StringRef String);

  template <typename T>
  inline void Add(const T& x) { FoldingSetTrait<T>::Profile(x, *this); }

  /// clear - Clear the accumulated profile, allowing this FoldingSetNodeID
  ///  object to be used to compute a new profile.
  inline void clear() { Bits.clear(); }

  /// ComputeHash - Compute a strong hash value for this FoldingSetNodeID, used
  ///  to lookup the node in the FoldingSetImpl.
  unsigned ComputeHash() const;

  /// operator== - Used to compare two nodes to each other.
  ///
  bool operator==(const FoldingSetNodeID &RHS) const;
};

// Convenience type to hide the implementation of the folding set.
typedef FoldingSetImpl::Node FoldingSetNode;
template<class T> class FoldingSetIterator;
template<class T> class FoldingSetBucketIterator;

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSet - This template class is used to instantiate a specialized
/// implementation of the folding set to the node class T.  T must be a
/// subclass of FoldingSetNode and implement a Profile function.
///
template<class T> class FoldingSet : public FoldingSetImpl {
private:
  /// GetNodeProfile - Each instantiatation of the FoldingSet needs to provide a
  /// way to convert nodes into a unique specifier.
  virtual void GetNodeProfile(FoldingSetNodeID &ID, Node *N) const {
    T *TN = static_cast<T *>(N);
    FoldingSetTrait<T>::Profile(*TN,ID);
  }

public:
  explicit FoldingSet(unsigned Log2InitSize = 6)
  : FoldingSetImpl(Log2InitSize)
  {}

  typedef FoldingSetIterator<T> iterator;
  iterator begin() { return iterator(Buckets); }
  iterator end() { return iterator(Buckets+NumBuckets); }

  typedef FoldingSetIterator<const T> const_iterator;
  const_iterator begin() const { return const_iterator(Buckets); }
  const_iterator end() const { return const_iterator(Buckets+NumBuckets); }

  typedef FoldingSetBucketIterator<T> bucket_iterator;

  bucket_iterator bucket_begin(unsigned hash) {
    return bucket_iterator(Buckets + (hash & (NumBuckets-1)));
  }

  bucket_iterator bucket_end(unsigned hash) {
    return bucket_iterator(Buckets + (hash & (NumBuckets-1)), true);
  }

  /// GetOrInsertNode - If there is an existing simple Node exactly
  /// equal to the specified node, return it.  Otherwise, insert 'N' and
  /// return it instead.
  T *GetOrInsertNode(Node *N) {
    return static_cast<T *>(FoldingSetImpl::GetOrInsertNode(N));
  }

  /// FindNodeOrInsertPos - Look up the node specified by ID.  If it exists,
  /// return it.  If not, return the insertion token that will make insertion
  /// faster.
  T *FindNodeOrInsertPos(const FoldingSetNodeID &ID, void *&InsertPos) {
    return static_cast<T *>(FoldingSetImpl::FindNodeOrInsertPos(ID, InsertPos));
  }
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetIteratorImpl - This is the common iterator support shared by all
/// folding sets, which knows how to walk the folding set hash table.
class FoldingSetIteratorImpl {
protected:
  FoldingSetNode *NodePtr;
  FoldingSetIteratorImpl(void **Bucket);
  void advance();

public:
  bool operator==(const FoldingSetIteratorImpl &RHS) const {
    return NodePtr == RHS.NodePtr;
  }
  bool operator!=(const FoldingSetIteratorImpl &RHS) const {
    return NodePtr != RHS.NodePtr;
  }
};


template<class T>
class FoldingSetIterator : public FoldingSetIteratorImpl {
public:
  explicit FoldingSetIterator(void **Bucket) : FoldingSetIteratorImpl(Bucket) {}

  T &operator*() const {
    return *static_cast<T*>(NodePtr);
  }

  T *operator->() const {
    return static_cast<T*>(NodePtr);
  }

  inline FoldingSetIterator& operator++() {          // Preincrement
    advance();
    return *this;
  }
  FoldingSetIterator operator++(int) {        // Postincrement
    FoldingSetIterator tmp = *this; ++*this; return tmp;
  }
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl - This is the common bucket iterator support
///  shared by all folding sets, which knows how to walk a particular bucket
///  of a folding set hash table.

class FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl {
protected:
  void *Ptr;

  explicit FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl(void **Bucket);

  FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl(void **Bucket, bool)
    : Ptr(Bucket) {}

  void advance() {
    void *Probe = static_cast<FoldingSetNode*>(Ptr)->getNextInBucket();
    uintptr_t x = reinterpret_cast<uintptr_t>(Probe) & ~0x1;
    Ptr = reinterpret_cast<void*>(x);
  }

public:
  bool operator==(const FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl &RHS) const {
    return Ptr == RHS.Ptr;
  }
  bool operator!=(const FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl &RHS) const {
    return Ptr != RHS.Ptr;
  }
};


template<class T>
class FoldingSetBucketIterator : public FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl {
public:
  explicit FoldingSetBucketIterator(void **Bucket) :
    FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl(Bucket) {}

  FoldingSetBucketIterator(void **Bucket, bool) :
    FoldingSetBucketIteratorImpl(Bucket, true) {}

  T& operator*() const { return *static_cast<T*>(Ptr); }
  T* operator->() const { return static_cast<T*>(Ptr); }

  inline FoldingSetBucketIterator& operator++() { // Preincrement
    advance();
    return *this;
  }
  FoldingSetBucketIterator operator++(int) {      // Postincrement
    FoldingSetBucketIterator tmp = *this; ++*this; return tmp;
  }
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FoldingSetNodeWrapper - This template class is used to "wrap" arbitrary
/// types in an enclosing object so that they can be inserted into FoldingSets.
template <typename T>
class FoldingSetNodeWrapper : public FoldingSetNode {
  T data;
public:
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const T& x) : data(x) {}
  virtual ~FoldingSetNodeWrapper() {}

  template<typename A1>
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const A1& a1)
    : data(a1) {}

  template <typename A1, typename A2>
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const A1& a1, const A2& a2)
    : data(a1,a2) {}

  template <typename A1, typename A2, typename A3>
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const A1& a1, const A2& a2, const A3& a3)
    : data(a1,a2,a3) {}

  template <typename A1, typename A2, typename A3, typename A4>
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const A1& a1, const A2& a2, const A3& a3,
                                 const A4& a4)
    : data(a1,a2,a3,a4) {}

  template <typename A1, typename A2, typename A3, typename A4, typename A5>
  explicit FoldingSetNodeWrapper(const A1& a1, const A2& a2, const A3& a3,
                                 const A4& a4, const A5& a5)
  : data(a1,a2,a3,a4,a5) {}


  void Profile(FoldingSetNodeID& ID) { FoldingSetTrait<T>::Profile(data, ID); }

  T& getValue() { return data; }
  const T& getValue() const { return data; }

  operator T&() { return data; }
  operator const T&() const { return data; }
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
/// FastFoldingSetNode - This is a subclass of FoldingSetNode which stores
/// a FoldingSetNodeID value rather than requiring the node to recompute it
/// each time it is needed. This trades space for speed (which can be
/// significant if the ID is long), and it also permits nodes to drop
/// information that would otherwise only be required for recomputing an ID.
class FastFoldingSetNode : public FoldingSetNode {
  FoldingSetNodeID FastID;
protected:
  explicit FastFoldingSetNode(const FoldingSetNodeID &ID) : FastID(ID) {}
public:
  void Profile(FoldingSetNodeID& ID) { ID = FastID; }
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// Partial specializations of FoldingSetTrait.

template<typename T> struct FoldingSetTrait<T*> {
  static inline void Profile(const T* X, FoldingSetNodeID& ID) {
    ID.AddPointer(X);
  }
  static inline void Profile(T* X, FoldingSetNodeID& ID) {
    ID.AddPointer(X);
  }
};

template<typename T> struct FoldingSetTrait<const T*> {
  static inline void Profile(const T* X, FoldingSetNodeID& ID) {
    ID.AddPointer(X);
  }
};

} // End of namespace llvm.

#endif