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//===-- LowerSubregs.cpp - Subregister Lowering instruction pass ----------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file defines a MachineFunction pass which runs after register
// allocation that turns subreg insert/extract instructions into register
// copies, as needed. This ensures correct codegen even if the coalescer
// isn't able to remove all subreg instructions.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#define DEBUG_TYPE "lowersubregs"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h"
#include "llvm/Function.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunctionPass.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstr.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstrBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetInstrInfo.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetMachine.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
using namespace llvm;

namespace {
  struct VISIBILITY_HIDDEN LowerSubregsInstructionPass
   : public MachineFunctionPass {
    static char ID; // Pass identification, replacement for typeid
    LowerSubregsInstructionPass() : MachineFunctionPass(&ID) {}
    
    const char *getPassName() const {
      return "Subregister lowering instruction pass";
    }

    virtual void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const {
      AU.setPreservesCFG();
      AU.addPreservedID(MachineLoopInfoID);
      AU.addPreservedID(MachineDominatorsID);
      MachineFunctionPass::getAnalysisUsage(AU);
    }

    /// runOnMachineFunction - pass entry point
    bool runOnMachineFunction(MachineFunction&);
    
    bool LowerExtract(MachineInstr *MI);
    bool LowerInsert(MachineInstr *MI);
    bool LowerSubregToReg(MachineInstr *MI);

    void TransferDeadFlag(MachineInstr *MI, unsigned DstReg,
                          const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI);
    void TransferKillFlag(MachineInstr *MI, unsigned SrcReg,
                          const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI,
                          bool AddIfNotFound = false);
  };

  char LowerSubregsInstructionPass::ID = 0;
}

FunctionPass *llvm::createLowerSubregsPass() { 
  return new LowerSubregsInstructionPass(); 
}

/// TransferDeadFlag - MI is a pseudo-instruction with DstReg dead,
/// and the lowered replacement instructions immediately precede it.
/// Mark the replacement instructions with the dead flag.
void
LowerSubregsInstructionPass::TransferDeadFlag(MachineInstr *MI,
                                              unsigned DstReg,
                                              const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI) {
  for (MachineBasicBlock::iterator MII =
        prior(MachineBasicBlock::iterator(MI)); ; --MII) {
    if (MII->addRegisterDead(DstReg, &TRI))
      break;
    assert(MII != MI->getParent()->begin() &&
           "copyRegToReg output doesn't reference destination register!");
  }
}

/// TransferKillFlag - MI is a pseudo-instruction with SrcReg killed,
/// and the lowered replacement instructions immediately precede it.
/// Mark the replacement instructions with the kill flag.
void
LowerSubregsInstructionPass::TransferKillFlag(MachineInstr *MI,
                                              unsigned SrcReg,
                                              const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI,
                                              bool AddIfNotFound) {
  for (MachineBasicBlock::iterator MII =
        prior(MachineBasicBlock::iterator(MI)); ; --MII) {
    if (MII->addRegisterKilled(SrcReg, &TRI, AddIfNotFound))
      break;
    assert(MII != MI->getParent()->begin() &&
           "copyRegToReg output doesn't reference source register!");
  }
}

bool LowerSubregsInstructionPass::LowerExtract(MachineInstr *MI) {
  MachineBasicBlock *MBB = MI->getParent();
  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB->getParent();
  const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI = *MF.getTarget().getRegisterInfo();
  const TargetInstrInfo &TII = *MF.getTarget().getInstrInfo();

  assert(MI->getOperand(0).isReg() && MI->getOperand(0).isDef() &&
         MI->getOperand(1).isReg() && MI->getOperand(1).isUse() &&
         MI->getOperand(2).isImm() && "Malformed extract_subreg");

  unsigned DstReg   = MI->getOperand(0).getReg();
  unsigned SuperReg = MI->getOperand(1).getReg();
  unsigned SubIdx   = MI->getOperand(2).getImm();
  unsigned SrcReg   = TRI.getSubReg(SuperReg, SubIdx);

  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(SuperReg) &&
         "Extract supperg source must be a physical register");
  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(DstReg) &&
         "Extract destination must be in a physical register");
  assert(SrcReg && "invalid subregister index for register");

  DOUT << "subreg: CONVERTING: " << *MI;

  if (SrcReg == DstReg) {
    // No need to insert an identity copy instruction.
    if (MI->getOperand(1).isKill()) {
      // We must make sure the super-register gets killed.Replace the
      // instruction with IMPLICIT_DEF.
      MI->setDesc(TII.get(TargetInstrInfo::IMPLICIT_DEF));
      MI->RemoveOperand(2);     // SubIdx
      DOUT << "subreg: replace by: " << *MI;
      return true;
    }
    DOUT << "subreg: eliminated!";
  } else {
    // Insert copy
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRCS = TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(DstReg);
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRCD = TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(SrcReg);
    bool Emitted = TII.copyRegToReg(*MBB, MI, DstReg, SrcReg, TRCD, TRCS);
    (void)Emitted;
    assert(Emitted && "Subreg and Dst must be of compatible register class");
    // Transfer the kill/dead flags, if needed.
    if (MI->getOperand(0).isDead())
      TransferDeadFlag(MI, DstReg, TRI);
    if (MI->getOperand(1).isKill())
      TransferKillFlag(MI, SuperReg, TRI, true);

#ifndef NDEBUG
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator dMI = MI;
    DOUT << "subreg: " << *(--dMI);
#endif
  }

  DOUT << "\n";
  MBB->erase(MI);
  return true;
}

bool LowerSubregsInstructionPass::LowerSubregToReg(MachineInstr *MI) {
  MachineBasicBlock *MBB = MI->getParent();
  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB->getParent();
  const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI = *MF.getTarget().getRegisterInfo(); 
  const TargetInstrInfo &TII = *MF.getTarget().getInstrInfo();
  assert((MI->getOperand(0).isReg() && MI->getOperand(0).isDef()) &&
         MI->getOperand(1).isImm() &&
         (MI->getOperand(2).isReg() && MI->getOperand(2).isUse()) &&
          MI->getOperand(3).isImm() && "Invalid subreg_to_reg");
          
  unsigned DstReg  = MI->getOperand(0).getReg();
  unsigned InsReg  = MI->getOperand(2).getReg();
  unsigned InsSIdx = MI->getOperand(2).getSubReg();
  unsigned SubIdx  = MI->getOperand(3).getImm();

  assert(SubIdx != 0 && "Invalid index for insert_subreg");
  unsigned DstSubReg = TRI.getSubReg(DstReg, SubIdx);

  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(DstReg) &&
         "Insert destination must be in a physical register");
  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(InsReg) &&
         "Inserted value must be in a physical register");

  DOUT << "subreg: CONVERTING: " << *MI;

  if (DstSubReg == InsReg && InsSIdx == 0) {
    // No need to insert an identify copy instruction.
    // Watch out for case like this:
    // %RAX<def> = ...
    // %RAX<def> = SUBREG_TO_REG 0, %EAX:3<kill>, 3
    // The first def is defining RAX, not EAX so the top bits were not
    // zero extended.
    DOUT << "subreg: eliminated!";
  } else {
    // Insert sub-register copy
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRC0= TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(DstSubReg);
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRC1= TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(InsReg);
    TII.copyRegToReg(*MBB, MI, DstSubReg, InsReg, TRC0, TRC1);
    // Transfer the kill/dead flags, if needed.
    if (MI->getOperand(0).isDead())
      TransferDeadFlag(MI, DstSubReg, TRI);
    if (MI->getOperand(2).isKill())
      TransferKillFlag(MI, InsReg, TRI);

#ifndef NDEBUG
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator dMI = MI;
    DOUT << "subreg: " << *(--dMI);
#endif
  }

  DOUT << "\n";
  MBB->erase(MI);
  return true;                    
}

bool LowerSubregsInstructionPass::LowerInsert(MachineInstr *MI) {
  MachineBasicBlock *MBB = MI->getParent();
  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB->getParent();
  const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI = *MF.getTarget().getRegisterInfo(); 
  const TargetInstrInfo &TII = *MF.getTarget().getInstrInfo();
  assert((MI->getOperand(0).isReg() && MI->getOperand(0).isDef()) &&
         (MI->getOperand(1).isReg() && MI->getOperand(1).isUse()) &&
         (MI->getOperand(2).isReg() && MI->getOperand(2).isUse()) &&
          MI->getOperand(3).isImm() && "Invalid insert_subreg");
          
  unsigned DstReg = MI->getOperand(0).getReg();
#ifndef NDEBUG
  unsigned SrcReg = MI->getOperand(1).getReg();
#endif
  unsigned InsReg = MI->getOperand(2).getReg();
  unsigned SubIdx = MI->getOperand(3).getImm();     

  assert(DstReg == SrcReg && "insert_subreg not a two-address instruction?");
  assert(SubIdx != 0 && "Invalid index for insert_subreg");
  unsigned DstSubReg = TRI.getSubReg(DstReg, SubIdx);
  assert(DstSubReg && "invalid subregister index for register");
  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(SrcReg) &&
         "Insert superreg source must be in a physical register");
  assert(TargetRegisterInfo::isPhysicalRegister(InsReg) &&
         "Inserted value must be in a physical register");

  DOUT << "subreg: CONVERTING: " << *MI;

  if (DstSubReg == InsReg) {
    // No need to insert an identity copy instruction. If the SrcReg was
    // <undef>, we need to make sure it is alive by inserting an IMPLICIT_DEF
    if (MI->getOperand(1).isUndef() && !MI->getOperand(0).isDead()) {
      MachineInstrBuilder MIB = BuildMI(*MBB, MI, MI->getDebugLoc(),
                                TII.get(TargetInstrInfo::IMPLICIT_DEF), DstReg);
      if (MI->getOperand(2).isUndef())
        MIB.addReg(InsReg, RegState::Implicit | RegState::Undef);
      else
        MIB.addReg(InsReg, RegState::ImplicitKill);
    } else {
      DOUT << "subreg: eliminated!\n";
      MBB->erase(MI);
      return true;
    }
  } else {
    // Insert sub-register copy
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRC0= TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(DstSubReg);
    const TargetRegisterClass *TRC1= TRI.getPhysicalRegisterRegClass(InsReg);
    if (MI->getOperand(2).isUndef())
      // If the source register being inserted is undef, then this becomes an
      // implicit_def.
      BuildMI(*MBB, MI, MI->getDebugLoc(),
              TII.get(TargetInstrInfo::IMPLICIT_DEF), DstSubReg);
    else
      TII.copyRegToReg(*MBB, MI, DstSubReg, InsReg, TRC0, TRC1);
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator CopyMI = MI;
    --CopyMI;

    // INSERT_SUBREG is a two-address instruction so it implicitly kills SrcReg.
    if (!MI->getOperand(1).isUndef())
      CopyMI->addOperand(MachineOperand::CreateReg(DstReg, false, true, true));

    // Transfer the kill/dead flags, if needed.
    if (MI->getOperand(0).isDead()) {
      TransferDeadFlag(MI, DstSubReg, TRI);
    } else {
      // Make sure the full DstReg is live after this replacement.
      CopyMI->addOperand(MachineOperand::CreateReg(DstReg, true, true));
    }

    // Make sure the inserted register gets killed
    if (MI->getOperand(2).isKill() && !MI->getOperand(2).isUndef())
      TransferKillFlag(MI, InsReg, TRI);
  }

#ifndef NDEBUG
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator dMI = MI;
  DOUT << "subreg: " << *(--dMI);
#endif

  DOUT << "\n";
  MBB->erase(MI);
  return true;
}

/// runOnMachineFunction - Reduce subregister inserts and extracts to register
/// copies.
///
bool LowerSubregsInstructionPass::runOnMachineFunction(MachineFunction &MF) {
  DOUT << "Machine Function\n";
  
  bool MadeChange = false;

  DOUT << "********** LOWERING SUBREG INSTRS **********\n";
  DEBUG(errs() << "********** Function: " 
        << MF.getFunction()->getName() << '\n');

  for (MachineFunction::iterator mbbi = MF.begin(), mbbe = MF.end();
       mbbi != mbbe; ++mbbi) {
    for (MachineBasicBlock::iterator mi = mbbi->begin(), me = mbbi->end();
         mi != me;) {
      MachineInstr *MI = mi++;
           
      if (MI->getOpcode() == TargetInstrInfo::EXTRACT_SUBREG) {
        MadeChange |= LowerExtract(MI);
      } else if (MI->getOpcode() == TargetInstrInfo::INSERT_SUBREG) {
        MadeChange |= LowerInsert(MI);
      } else if (MI->getOpcode() == TargetInstrInfo::SUBREG_TO_REG) {
        MadeChange |= LowerSubregToReg(MI);
      }
    }
  }

  return MadeChange;
}