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//===-- CollectorMetadata.h - Garbage collector metadata ------------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file declares the CollectorMetadata and CollectorModuleMetadata classes,
// which are used as a communication channel from the target code generator
// to the target garbage collectors. This interface allows code generators and
// garbage collectors to be developed independently.
//
// The CollectorMetadata class records the data necessary to build a type
// accurate stack map. Roots are specified in the LLVM IR using the llvm.gcroot
// intrinsic, which the code generator understands. The code generator records
// the stack offset for each GC root. Safe points are generated by the code
// generator according to the collector's declared needs (generally at function
// calls).
//
// Safe points and roots are sufficient to build type-accurate stack maps. As a
// refinement, liveness analysis calculates the set of live roots at each safe
// point. Liveness analysis is not presently performed, so all roots are assumed
// live.
//
// CollectorModuleMetadata simply collects CollectorMetadata structures for each
// Function as it is compiled. This is necessary for collectors which must emit
// a stack map for the entire compilation unit. CollectorMetadata outlives the
// MachineFunction from which it is derived, so must not refer to any code
// generator data structures.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_CODEGEN_COLLECTORMETADATA_H
#define LLVM_CODEGEN_COLLECTORMETADATA_H

#include "llvm/Pass.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringMap.h"

namespace llvm {
  
  class AsmPrinter;
  class Collector;
  class Constant;
  class TargetAsmInfo;
  
  
  namespace GC {
    /// PointKind - The type of a collector-safe point.
    /// 
    enum PointKind {
      Loop,    //< Instr is a loop (backwards branch).
      Return,  //< Instr is a return instruction.
      PreCall, //< Instr is a call instruction.
      PostCall //< Instr is the return address of a call.
    };
  }
  
  /// GCPoint - Metadata for a collector-safe point in machine code.
  /// 
  struct GCPoint {
    GC::PointKind Kind; //< The kind of the safe point.
    unsigned Num;       //< Usually a label.
    
    GCPoint(GC::PointKind K, unsigned N) : Kind(K), Num(N) {}
  };
  
  /// GCRoot - Metadata for a pointer to an object managed by the garbage
  /// collector.
  struct GCRoot {
    int Num;            //< Usually a frame index.
    int StackOffset;    //< Offset from the stack pointer.
    Constant *Metadata; //< Metadata straight from the call to llvm.gcroot.
    
    GCRoot(int N, Constant *MD) : Num(N), StackOffset(-1), Metadata(MD) {}
  };
  
  
  /// CollectorMetadata - Garbage collection metadata for a function.
  /// 
  class CollectorMetadata {
  public:
    typedef std::vector<GCPoint>::iterator iterator;
    typedef std::vector<GCRoot>::iterator roots_iterator;
    typedef std::vector<GCRoot>::const_iterator live_iterator;
    
  private:
    const Function &F;
    Collector &C;
    uint64_t FrameSize;
    std::vector<GCRoot> Roots;
    std::vector<GCPoint> SafePoints;
    
    // FIXME: Liveness. A 2D BitVector, perhaps?
    // 
    //   BitVector Liveness;
    //   
    //   bool islive(int point, int root) =
    //     Liveness[point * SafePoints.size() + root]
    // 
    // The bit vector is the more compact representation where >3.2% of roots
    // are live per safe point (1.5% on 64-bit hosts).
    
  public:
    CollectorMetadata(const Function &F, Collector &C);
    ~CollectorMetadata();
    
    /// getFunction - Return the function to which this metadata applies.
    /// 
    const Function &getFunction() const { return F; }
    
    /// getCollector - Return the collector for the function.
    /// 
    Collector &getCollector() { return C; }
    
    /// addStackRoot - Registers a root that lives on the stack. Num is the
    /// stack object ID for the alloca (if the code generator is using 
    /// MachineFrameInfo).
    void addStackRoot(int Num, Constant *Metadata) {
      Roots.push_back(GCRoot(Num, Metadata));
    }
    
    /// addSafePoint - Notes the existence of a safe point. Num is the ID of the
    /// label just prior to the safe point (if the code generator is using 
    /// MachineModuleInfo).
    void addSafePoint(GC::PointKind Kind, unsigned Num) {
      SafePoints.push_back(GCPoint(Kind, Num));
    }
    
    /// getFrameSize/setFrameSize - Records the function's frame size.
    /// 
    uint64_t getFrameSize() const { return FrameSize; }
    void setFrameSize(uint64_t S) { FrameSize = S; }
    
    /// begin/end - Iterators for safe points.
    /// 
    iterator begin() { return SafePoints.begin(); }
    iterator end()   { return SafePoints.end();   }
    size_t size() const { return SafePoints.size(); }
    
    /// roots_begin/roots_end - Iterators for all roots in the function.
    /// 
    roots_iterator roots_begin() { return Roots.begin(); }
    roots_iterator roots_end  () { return Roots.end();   }
    size_t roots_size() const { return Roots.size(); }
    
    /// live_begin/live_end - Iterators for live roots at a given safe point.
    /// 
    live_iterator live_begin(const iterator &p) { return roots_begin(); }
    live_iterator live_end  (const iterator &p) { return roots_end();   }
    size_t live_size(const iterator &p) const { return roots_size(); }
  };
  
  
  /// CollectorModuleMetadata - Garbage collection metadata for a whole module.
  /// 
  class CollectorModuleMetadata : public ImmutablePass {
    typedef StringMap<Collector*> collector_map_type;
    typedef std::vector<Collector*> list_type;
    typedef DenseMap<const Function*,CollectorMetadata*> function_map_type;
    
    collector_map_type NameMap;
    list_type Collectors;
    function_map_type Map;
    
    Collector *getOrCreateCollector(const Module *M, const std::string &Name);
    
  public:
    typedef list_type::const_iterator iterator;
    
    static char ID;
    
    CollectorModuleMetadata();
    ~CollectorModuleMetadata();
    
    /// clear - Used to delete module metadata. The metadata deleter pass calls
    /// this.
    void clear();
    
    /// begin/end - Iterators for collectors.
    /// 
    iterator begin() const { return Collectors.begin(); }
    iterator end()   const { return Collectors.end();   }
    
    /// get - Look up function metadata.
    /// 
    CollectorMetadata &get(const Function &F);
  };
  
}

#endif