llvm.org GIT mirror llvm / release_23 docs / ReleaseNotes.html
release_23

Tree @release_23 (Download .tar.gz)

ReleaseNotes.html @release_23raw · history · blame

  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
                      "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="llvm.css" type="text/css">
  <title>LLVM 2.3 Release Notes</title>
</head>
<body>

<div class="doc_title">LLVM 2.3 Release Notes</div>
 
<ol>
  <li><a href="#intro">Introduction</a></li>
  <li><a href="#changes">Major Changes and Sub-project Status</a></li>
  <li><a href="#whatsnew">What's New?</a></li>
  <li><a href="GettingStarted.html">Installation Instructions</a></li>
  <li><a href="#portability">Portability and Supported Platforms</a></li>
  <li><a href="#knownproblems">Known Problems</a>
  <li><a href="#additionalinfo">Additional Information</a></li>
</ol>

<div class="doc_author">
  <p>Written by the <a href="http://llvm.org">LLVM Team</a><p>
</div>

<!-- Done through Week-of-Mon-20080324.txt -->

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="intro">Introduction</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>This document contains the release notes for the LLVM compiler
infrastructure, release 2.3.  Here we describe the status of LLVM, including
major improvements from the previous release and any known problems.  All LLVM
releases may be downloaded from the <a href="http://llvm.org/releases/">LLVM
releases web site</a>.</p>

<p>For more information about LLVM, including information about the latest
release, please check out the <a href="http://llvm.org/">main LLVM
web site</a>.  If you have questions or comments, the <a
href="http://mail.cs.uiuc.edu/mailman/listinfo/llvmdev">LLVM developer's mailing
list</a> is a good place to send them.</p>

<p>Note that if you are reading this file from a Subversion checkout or the 
main LLVM web page, this document applies to the <i>next</i> release, not the
current one.  To see the release notes for a specific releases, please see the
<a href="http://llvm.org/releases/">releases page</a>.</p>

</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="changes">Major Changes and Sub-project Status</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>This is the fourteenth public release of the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure. 
It includes a large number of features and refinements from LLVM 2.2.</p>

</div>

<!-- Unfinished features in 2.3:
  Machine LICM
  Machine Sinking
  LegalizeDAGTypes
 -->

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="changes">Major Changes in LLVM 2.3</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>LLVM 2.3 no longer supports llvm-gcc 4.0, it has been replaced with
   llvm-gcc 4.2.</p>

<p>LLVM 2.3 no longer includes the <tt>llvm-upgrade</tt> tool.  It was useful
   for upgrading LLVM 1.9 files to LLVM 2.x syntax, but you can always use a
   previous LLVM release to do this.  One nice impact of this is that the LLVM
   regression test suite no longer depends on llvm-upgrade, which makes it run
   faster.</p>

<p>The <tt>llvm2cpp</tt> tool has been folded into llc, use
    <tt>llc -march=cpp</tt> instead of <tt>llvm2cpp</tt>.</p>

<p>LLVM API Changes:</p>

<ul>
<li>Several core LLVM IR classes have migrated to use the
    '<tt>FOOCLASS::Create(...)</tt>' pattern instead of '<tt>new 
    FOOCLASS(...)</tt>' (e.g. where FOOCLASS=<tt>BasicBlock</tt>).  We hope to
    standardize on <tt>FOOCLASS::Create</tt> for all IR classes in the future,
    but not all of them have been moved over yet.</li>
<li>LLVM 2.3 renames the LLVMBuilder and LLVMFoldingBuilder classes to
    <a href="http://llvm.org/doxygen/classllvm_1_1IRBuilder.html">IRBuilder</a>.
    </li>
<li>MRegisterInfo was renamed to
    <a href="http://llvm.org/doxygen/classllvm_1_1TargetRegisterInfo.html">
    TargetRegisterInfo</a>.</li>
<li>The MappedFile class is gone, please use
    <a href="http://llvm.org/doxygen/classllvm_1_1MemoryBuffer.html">
    MemoryBuffer</a> instead.</li>
<li>The '<tt>-enable-eh</tt>' flag to llc has been removed.  Now code should 
    encode whether it is safe to omit unwind information for a function by
    tagging the Function object with the '<tt>nounwind</tt>' attribute.</li>
<li>The ConstantFP::get method that uses APFloat now takes one argument
    instead of two. The type argument has been removed, and the type is
    now inferred from the size of the given APFloat value.</li>

</ul>
</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="otherprojects">Other LLVM Sub-Projects</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>
The core LLVM 2.3 distribution currently consists of code from the core LLVM
repository (which roughly contains the LLVM optimizer, code generators and
supporting tools) and the llvm-gcc repository.  In addition to this code, the
LLVM Project includes other sub-projects that are in development.  The two which
are the most actively developed are the new <a href="#vmkit">vmkit Project</a>
and the <a href="#clang">Clang Project</a>. 
</p>
</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">
<a name="vmkit">vmkit</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>
The "vmkit" project is a new addition to the LLVM family.  It is an
implementation of a JVM and a CLI Virtual Machines (Microsoft .NET is an
implementation of the CLI) using the Just-In-Time compiler of LLVM.</p>

<p>The JVM, called JnJVM, executes real-world applications such as Apache
projects (e.g. Felix and Tomcat) and the SpecJVM98 benchmark.  It uses the GNU
Classpath project for the base classes.  The CLI implementation, called N3, is
its in early stages but can execute simple applications and the "pnetmark"
benchmark. It uses the pnetlib project as its core library.</p>

<p>The 'vmkit' VMs compare in performance with industrial and top open-source
VMs on scientific applications.  Besides the JIT, the VMs use many features of
the LLVM framework, including the standard set of optimizations, atomic
operations, custom function provider and memory manager for JITed methods, and
specific virtual machine optimizations. vmkit is not an official part of LLVM
2.3 release. It is publicly available under the LLVM license and can be
downloaded from:
</p>

<p>
<tt>svn co http://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/vmkit/trunk vmkit</tt>
</p>

</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">
<a name="clang">Clang</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>The <a href="http://clang.llvm.org/">Clang project</a> is an effort to build
a set of new 'LLVM native' front-end technologies for the LLVM optimizer
and code generator.  Clang is continuing to make major strides forward in all
areas.  Its C and Objective-C parsing support is very solid, and the code
generation support is far enough along to build many C applications.  While not
yet production quality, it is progressing very nicely.  In addition, C++
front-end work has started to make significant progress.</p>

<p>At this point, Clang is most useful if you are interested in source-to-source
transformations (such as refactoring) and other source-level tools for C and
Objective-C.  Clang now also includes tools for turning C code into pretty HTML,
and includes a new <a href="http://clang.llvm.org/StaticAnalysis.html">static
analysis tool</a> in development.  This tool focuses on automatically finding
bugs in C and Objective-C code.</p>

</div>


<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="whatsnew">What's New?</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>LLVM 2.3 includes a huge number of bug fixes, performance tweaks and minor
improvements.  Some of the major improvements and new features are listed in
this section.
</p>
</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="majorfeatures">Major New Features</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>LLVM 2.3 includes several major new capabilities:</p>

<ul>
<li><p>The biggest change in LLVM 2.3 is Multiple Return Value (MRV) support.
    MRVs allow LLVM IR to directly represent functions that return multiple
    values without having to pass them "by reference" in the LLVM IR.  This
    allows a front-end to generate more efficient code, as MRVs are generally
    returned in registers if a target supports them.  See the <a
    href="LangRef.html#i_getresult">LLVM IR Reference</a> for more details.</p>
    
 <p>MRVs are fully supported in the LLVM IR, but are not yet fully supported in
    on all targets.  However, it is generally safe to return up to 2 values from
    a function: most targets should be able to handle at least that.  MRV
    support is a critical requirement for X86-64 ABI support, as X86-64 requires
    the ability to return multiple registers from functions, and we use MRVs to
    accomplish this in a direct way.</p></li>

<li><p>LLVM 2.3 includes a complete reimplementation of the "<tt>llvmc</tt>"
    tool.  It is designed to overcome several problems with the original 
    <tt>llvmc</tt> and to provide a superset of the features of the
    '<tt>gcc</tt>' driver.</p>

    <p>The main features of <tt>llvmc2</tt> are:
    <ul>
    <li>Extended handling of command line options and smart rules for
    dispatching them to different tools.</li>
    <li>Flexible (and extensible) rules for defining different tools.</li>
    <li>The different intermediate steps performed by tools are represented
    as edges in the abstract graph.</li>
    <li>The 'language' for driver behavior definition is tablegen and thus
    it's relatively easy to add new features.</li>
    <li>The definition of driver is transformed into set of C++ classes, thus
    no runtime interpretation is needed.</li>
    </ul>
</li>

<li><p>LLVM 2.3 includes a completely rewritten interface for <a
    href="LinkTimeOptimization.html">Link Time Optimization</a>.  This interface
    is written in C, which allows for easier integration with C code bases, and
    incorporates improvements we learned about from the first incarnation of the
    interface.</p></li>

<li><p>The <a href="tutorial/LangImpl1.html">Kaleidoscope tutorial</a> now
    includes a "port" of the tutorial that <a 
    href="tutorial/OCamlLangImpl1.html">uses the Ocaml bindings</a> to implement
    the Kaleidoscope language.</p></li>

</ul>

</div>


<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="llvm-gcc">llvm-gcc 4.2 Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>LLVM 2.3 fully supports the llvm-gcc 4.2 front-end, and includes support
for the C, C++, Objective-C, Ada, and Fortran front-ends.</p>

<p>
<ul>
<li>llvm-gcc 4.2 includes numerous fixes to better support the Objective-C
front-end.  Objective-C now works very well on Mac OS/X.</li>

<li>Fortran EQUIVALENCEs are now supported by the gfortran front-end.</li>

<li>llvm-gcc 4.2 includes many other fixes which improve conformance with the
relevant parts of the GCC testsuite.</li>

</ul>

</div>


<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="coreimprovements">LLVM Core Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>New features include:
</p>

<ul>
<li>LLVM IR now directly represents "common" linkage, instead of representing it
as a form of weak linkage.</li>

<li>LLVM IR now has support for atomic operations, and this functionality can
be accessed through the llvm-gcc "__sync_synchronize",
"__sync_val_compare_and_swap", and related builtins.  Support for atomics are
available in the Alpha, X86, X86-64, and PowerPC backends.</li>

<li>The C and Ocaml bindings have extended to cover pass managers, several
transformation passes, iteration over the LLVM IR, target data, and parameter
attribute lists.</li>
</ul>
  
</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="optimizer">Optimizer Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>In addition to a huge array of bug fixes and minor performance tweaks, the 
LLVM 2.3 optimizers support a few major enhancements:</p>

<ul>

<li><p>Loop index set splitting on by default.
This transformation hoists conditions from loop bodies and reduces a loop's
iteration space to improve performance. For example,</p>

<pre>
for (i = LB; i &lt; UB; ++i)
  if (i &lt;= NV)
    LOOP_BODY
</pre>

<p>is transformed into:</p>

<pre>
NUB = min(NV+1, UB)
for (i = LB; i &lt; NUB; ++i)
  LOOP_BODY
</pre>
</li>

<li>LLVM now includes a new <tt>memcpy</tt> optimization pass which removes
dead <tt>memcpy</tt> calls, unneeded copies of aggregates, and performs
return slot optimization.  The LLVM optimizer now notices long sequences of
consecutive stores and merges them into <tt>memcpy</tt>'s where profitable.</li>

<li>Alignment detection for vector memory references and for <tt>memcpy</tt> and
<tt>memset</tt> is now more aggressive.</li> 

<li>The Aggressive Dead Code Elimination (ADCE) optimization has been rewritten
to make it both faster and safer in the presence of code containing infinite
loops.  Some of its prior functionality has been factored out into the loop
deletion pass, which <em>is</em> safe for infinite loops.  The new ADCE pass is
no longer based on control dependence, making it run faster.</li>

<li>The 'SimplifyLibCalls' pass, which optimizes calls to libc and libm
    functions for C-based languages, has been rewritten to be a FunctionPass
    instead a ModulePass.  This allows it to be run more often and to be
    included at -O1 in llvm-gcc.  It was also extended to include more
    optimizations and several corner case bugs were fixed.</li>

<li>LLVM now includes a simple 'Jump Threading' pass, which attempts to simplify
    conditional branches using information about predecessor blocks, simplifying
    the control flow graph.  This pass is pretty basic at this point, but
    catches some important cases and provides a foundation to build on.</li>
    
<li>Several corner case bugs which could lead to deleting volatile memory
    accesses have been fixed.</li>

<li>Several optimizations have been sped up, leading to faster code generation
    with the same code quality.</li>
  
</ul>

</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="codegen">Code Generator Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>We put a significant amount of work into the code generator infrastructure,
which allows us to implement more aggressive algorithms and make it run
faster:</p>

<ul>
<li>The code generator now has support for carrying information about memory
    references throughout the entire code generation process, via the
    <a href="http://llvm.org/doxygen/classllvm_1_1MachineMemOperand.html">
    MachineMemOperand</a> class. In the future this will be used to improve
    both pre-pass and post-pass scheduling, and to improve compiler-debugging
    output.</li>

<li>The target-independent code generator infrastructure now uses LLVM's
    <a href="http://llvm.org/doxygen/classllvm_1_1APInt.html">APInt</a>
    class to handle integer values, which allows it to support integer types
    larger than 64 bits (for example i128). Note that support for such types is
    also dependent on target-specific support.  Use of APInt is also a step
    toward support for non-power-of-2 integer sizes.</li>
    
<li>LLVM 2.3 includes several compile time speedups for code with large basic
    blocks, particularly in the instruction selection phase, register
    allocation, scheduling, and tail merging/jump threading.</li>

<li>LLVM 2.3 includes several improvements which make llc's
    <tt>--view-sunit-dags</tt> visualization of scheduling dependency graphs
    easier to understand.</li>
    
<li>The code generator allows targets to write patterns that generate subreg
    references directly in .td files now.</li>
    
<li><tt>memcpy</tt> lowering in the backend is more aggressive, particularly for
    <tt>memcpy</tt> calls introduced by the code generator when handling
    pass-by-value structure argument copies.</li>
    
<li>Inline assembly with multiple register results now returns those results
    directly in the appropriate registers, rather than going through memory.
    Inline assembly that uses constraints like "ir" with immediates now use the
    'i' form when possible instead of always loading the value in a register.
    This saves an instruction and reduces register use.</li>

<li>Added support for PIC/GOT style <a 
    href="CodeGenerator.html#tailcallopt">tail calls</a> on X86/32 and initial
    support for tail calls on PowerPC 32 (it may also work on PowerPC 64 but is
    not thoroughly tested).</li>
</ul>

</div>


<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="x86specific">X86/X86-64 Specific Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>New target-specific features include:
</p>

<ul>
<li>llvm-gcc's X86-64 ABI conformance is far improved, particularly in the
    area of passing and returning structures by value.  llvm-gcc compiled code
    now interoperates very well on X86-64 systems with other compilers.</li>

<li>Support for Win64 was added. This includes code generation itself, JIT
    support, and necessary changes to llvm-gcc.</li>

<li>The LLVM X86 backend now supports the support SSE 4.1 instruction set, and
    the llvm-gcc 4.2 front-end supports the SSE 4.1 compiler builtins.  Various
    generic vector operations (insert/extract/shuffle) are much more efficient
    when SSE 4.1 is enabled.  The JIT automatically takes advantage of these
    instructions, but llvm-gcc must be explicitly told to use them, e.g. with
    <tt>-march=penryn</tt>.</li>

<li>The X86 backend now does a number of optimizations that aim to avoid
    converting numbers back and forth from SSE registers to the X87 floating
    point stack.  This is important because most X86 ABIs require return values
    to be on the X87 Floating Point stack, but most CPUs prefer computation in
    the SSE units.</li>

<li>The X86 backend supports stack realignment, which is particularly useful for
    vector code on OS's without 16-byte aligned stacks, such as Linux and
    Windows.</li>

<li>The X86 backend now supports the "sseregparm" options in GCC, which allow
    functions to be tagged as passing floating point values in SSE
    registers.</li>

<li>Trampolines (taking the address of a nested function) now work on
    Linux/X86-64.</li>

<li><tt>__builtin_prefetch</tt> is now compiled into the appropriate prefetch
    instructions instead of being ignored.</li>

<li>128-bit integers are now supported on X86-64 targets.  This can be used
    through <tt>__attribute__((TImode))</tt> in llvm-gcc.</li>

<li>The register allocator can now rematerialize PIC-base computations, which is
    an important optimization for register use.</li>

<li>The "t" and "f" inline assembly constraints for the X87 floating point stack
    now work.  However, the "u" constraint is still not fully supported.</li>

</ul>
  
</div>

<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="targetspecific">Other Target Specific Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>New target-specific features include:
</p>

<ul>
<li>The LLVM C backend now supports vector code.</li>
<li>The Cell SPU backend includes a number of improvements. It generates better
    code and its stability/completeness is improving.</li>
</ul>
  
</div>



<!--=========================================================================-->
<div class="doc_subsection">
<a name="otherimprovements">Other Improvements</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<p>New features include:
</p>

<ul>
<li>LLVM now builds with GCC 4.3.</li>
<li>Bugpoint now supports running custom scripts (with the <tt>-run-custom</tt>
    option) to determine how to execute the command and whether it is making
    forward process.</li>
</ul>
  
</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="portability">Portability and Supported Platforms</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>LLVM is known to work on the following platforms:</p>

<ul>
<li>Intel and AMD machines (IA32) running Red Hat Linux, Fedora Core and FreeBSD 
      (and probably other unix-like systems).</li>
<li>PowerPC and X86-based Mac OS X systems, running 10.3 and above in 32-bit and
    64-bit modes.</li>
<li>Intel and AMD machines running on Win32 using MinGW libraries (native).</li>
<li>Intel and AMD machines running on Win32 with the Cygwin libraries (limited
    support is available for native builds with Visual C++).</li>
<li>Sun UltraSPARC workstations running Solaris 10.</li>
<li>Alpha-based machines running Debian GNU/Linux.</li>
<li>Itanium-based (IA64) machines running Linux and HP-UX.</li>
</ul>

<p>The core LLVM infrastructure uses GNU autoconf to adapt itself
to the machine and operating system on which it is built.  However, minor
porting may be required to get LLVM to work on new platforms.  We welcome your
portability patches and reports of successful builds or error messages.</p>

</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="knownproblems">Known Problems</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>This section contains all known problems with the LLVM system, listed by
component.  As new problems are discovered, they will be added to these
sections.  If you run into a problem, please check the <a
href="http://llvm.org/bugs/">LLVM bug database</a> and submit a bug if
there isn't already one.</p>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="experimental">Experimental features included with this release</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>The following components of this LLVM release are either untested, known to
be broken or unreliable, or are in early development.  These components should
not be relied on, and bugs should not be filed against them, but they may be
useful to some people.  In particular, if you would like to work on one of these
components, please contact us on the <a
href="http://lists.cs.uiuc.edu/mailman/listinfo/llvmdev">LLVMdev list</a>.</p>

<ul>
<li>The MSIL, IA64, Alpha, SPU, and MIPS backends are experimental.</li>
<li>The llc "<tt>-filetype=asm</tt>" (the default) is the only supported
    value for this option.</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="x86-be">Known problems with the X86 back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
  <li>The X86 backend does not yet support
    all <a href="http://llvm.org/PR879">inline assembly that uses the X86
    floating point stack</a>.  It supports the 'f' and 't' constraints, but not
    'u'.</li>
  <li>The X86 backend generates inefficient floating point code when configured
    to generate code for systems that don't have SSE2.</li>
  <li>Win64 code generation wasn't widely tested. Everything should work, but we
    expect small issues to happen. Also, llvm-gcc cannot build mingw64 runtime
    currently due
    to <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2255">several</a>
    <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2257">bugs</a> due to lack of support for the
    'u' inline assembly constraint and X87 floating point inline assembly.</li>
  <li>The X86-64 backend does not yet support position-independent code (PIC)
      generation on Linux targets.</li>
  <li>The X86-64 backend does not yet support the LLVM IR instruction
      <tt>va_arg</tt>. Currently, the llvm-gcc front-end supports variadic
      argument constructs on X86-64 by lowering them manually.</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="ppc-be">Known problems with the PowerPC back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li>The Linux PPC32/ABI support needs testing for the interpreter and static
compilation, and lacks support for debug information.</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="arm-be">Known problems with the ARM back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li>Thumb mode works only on ARMv6 or higher processors. On sub-ARMv6
processors, thumb programs can crash or produce wrong
results (<a href="http://llvm.org/PR1388">PR1388</a>).</li>
<li>Compilation for ARM Linux OABI (old ABI) is supported, but not fully tested.
</li>
<li>There is a bug in QEMU-ARM (&lt;= 0.9.0) which causes it to incorrectly
 execute
programs compiled with LLVM.  Please use more recent versions of QEMU.</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="sparc-be">Known problems with the SPARC back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li>The SPARC backend only supports the 32-bit SPARC ABI (-m32), it does not
    support the 64-bit SPARC ABI (-m64).</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="alpha-be">Known problems with the Alpha back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>

<li>On 21164s, some rare FP arithmetic sequences which may trap do not have the
appropriate nops inserted to ensure restartability.</li>

</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="ia64-be">Known problems with the IA64 back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li>The Itanium backend is highly experimental, and has a number of known
    issues.  We are looking for a maintainer for the Itanium backend.  If you
    are interested, please contact the llvmdev mailing list.</li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="c-be">Known problems with the C back-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li><a href="http://llvm.org/PR802">The C backend has only basic support for
    inline assembly code</a>.</li>
<li><a href="http://llvm.org/PR1658">The C backend violates the ABI of common
    C++ programs</a>, preventing intermixing between C++ compiled by the CBE and
    C++ code compiled with llc or native compilers.</li>
<li>The C backend does not support all exception handling constructs.</li>
</ul>

</div>


<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="c-fe">Known problems with the llvm-gcc C front-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>llvm-gcc does not currently support <a href="http://llvm.org/PR869">Link-Time
Optimization</a> on most platforms "out-of-the-box".  Please inquire on the
llvmdev mailing list if you are interested.</p>

<p>The only major language feature of GCC not supported by llvm-gcc is
    the <tt>__builtin_apply</tt> family of builtins.   However, some extensions
    are only supported on some targets.  For example, trampolines are only
    supported on some targets (these are used when you take the address of a
    nested function).</p>

<p>If you run into GCC extensions which are not supported, please let us know.
</p>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="c++-fe">Known problems with the llvm-gcc C++ front-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<p>The C++ front-end is considered to be fully
tested and works for a number of non-trivial programs, including LLVM
itself, Qt, Mozilla, etc.</p>

<ul>
<li>Exception handling works well on the X86 and PowerPC targets, including
X86-64 darwin.  This works when linking to a libstdc++ compiled by GCC.  It is
supported on X86-64 linux, but that is disabled by default in this release.</li>
</ul>

</div>


<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection">
  <a name="ada-fe">Known problems with the llvm-gcc Ada front-end</a>
</div>

<div class="doc_text">
The llvm-gcc 4.2 Ada compiler works fairly well, however this is not a mature
technology and problems should be expected.
<ul>
<li>The Ada front-end currently only builds on X86-32.  This is mainly due
to lack of trampoline support (pointers to nested functions) on other platforms,
however it <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2006">also fails to build on X86-64</a>
which does support trampolines.</li>
<li>The Ada front-end <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2007">fails to bootstrap</a>.
Workaround: configure with --disable-bootstrap.</li>
<li>The c380004 and <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2010">c393010</a> ACATS tests
fail (c380004 also fails with gcc-4.2 mainline).  When built at -O3, the
<a href="http://llvm.org/PR2421">cxg2021</a> ACATS test also fails.</li>
<li>Some gcc specific Ada tests continue to crash the compiler.  The testsuite
reports most tests as having failed even though they pass.</li>
<li>The -E binder option (exception backtraces)
<a href="http://llvm.org/PR1982">does not work</a> and will result in programs
crashing if an exception is raised.  Workaround: do not use -E.</li>
<li>Only discrete types <a href="http://llvm.org/PR1981">are allowed to start
or finish at a non-byte offset</a> in a record.  Workaround: do not pack records
or use representation clauses that result in a field of a non-discrete type
starting or finishing in the middle of a byte.</li>
<li>The <tt>lli</tt> interpreter <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2009">considers
'main' as generated by the Ada binder to be invalid</a>.
Workaround: hand edit the file to use pointers for <tt>argv</tt> and
<tt>envp</tt> rather than integers.</li>
<li>The <tt>-fstack-check</tt> option <a href="http://llvm.org/PR2008">is
ignored</a>.</li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section">
  <a name="additionalinfo">Additional Information</a>
</div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<div class="doc_text">

<p>A wide variety of additional information is available on the <a
href="http://llvm.org">LLVM web page</a>, in particular in the <a
href="http://llvm.org/docs/">documentation</a> section.  The web page also
contains versions of the API documentation which is up-to-date with the
Subversion version of the source code.
You can access versions of these documents specific to this release by going
into the "<tt>llvm/doc/</tt>" directory in the LLVM tree.</p>

<p>If you have any questions or comments about LLVM, please feel free to contact
us via the <a href="http://llvm.org/docs/#maillist"> mailing
lists</a>.</p>

</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<hr>
<address>
  <a href="http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/check/referer"><img
  src="http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/images/vcss" alt="Valid CSS!"></a>
  <a href="http://validator.w3.org/check/referer"><img
  src="http://www.w3.org/Icons/valid-html401" alt="Valid HTML 4.01!"></a>

  <a href="http://llvm.org/">LLVM Compiler Infrastructure</a><br>
  Last modified: $Date$
</address>

</body>
</html>