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  <title>Architecture/platform information for compiler writers</title>
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<div class="doc_title">
  Architecture/platform information for compiler writers
</div>

<div class="doc_warning">
  <p>Note: This document is a work-in-progress.  Additions and clarifications
  are welcome.</p>
</div>

<ol>
  <li><a href="#hw">Hardware</a>
  <ol>
    <li><a href="#alpha">Alpha</a></li>
    <li><a href="#arm">ARM</a></li>
    <li><a href="#ia64">Itanium</a></li>
    <li><a href="#mips">MIPS</a></li>
    <li><a href="#ppc">PowerPC</a></li>
    <li><a href="#sparc">SPARC</a></li>
    <li><a href="#x86">X86</a></li>
    <li><a href="#other">Other lists</a></li>
  </ol></li>
  <li><a href="#abi">Application Binary Interface (ABI)</a>
  <ol>
    <li><a href="#linux">Linux</a></li>
    <li><a href="#osx">OS X</a></li>
  </ol></li>
  <li><a href="#misc">Miscellaneous resources</a></li>
</ol>

<div class="doc_author">
  <p>Compiled by <a href="http://misha.brukman.net">Misha Brukman</a></p>
</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section"><a name="hw">Hardware</a></div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="alpha">Alpha</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a
href="http://ftp.digital.com/pub/Digital/info/semiconductor/literature/dsc-library.html">Alpha manuals</a> 
</li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="arm">ARM</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a href="http://www.arm.com/documentation/">ARM documentation</a> 
(<a href="http://www.arm.com/documentation/ARMProcessor_Cores/">Processor
Cores</a>)</li>
<li><a href="http://www.arm.com/products/DevTools/ABI.html">ABI</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="ia64">Itanium (ia64)</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a
href="http://developer.intel.com/design/itanium2/documentation.htm">Itanium documentation</a> 
</li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="mips">MIPS</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a
href="http://mips.com/content/Documentation/MIPSDocumentation/ProcessorArchitecture/doclibrary">MIPS
Processor Architecture</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="ppc">PowerPC</a></div>

<!-- _______________________________________________________________________ -->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">IBM - Official manuals and docs</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li><a
href="http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/eserver/articles/archguide.html">PowerPC
Architecture Book</a>
<ul>
  <li>Book I: <a
  href="http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/eserver/pdfs/archpub1.pdf">PowerPC
  User Instruction Set Architecture</a></li>
  <li>Book II: <a
  href="http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/eserver/pdfs/archpub2.pdf">PowerPC
  Virtual Environment Architecture</a></li>
  <li>Book III: <a
  href="http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/eserver/pdfs/archpub3.pdf">PowerPC
  Operating Environment Architecture</a></li>
</ul></li>
<li><a
href="http://www-3.ibm.com/chips/techlib/techlib.nsf/techdocs/852569B20050FF7785256996007558C6">PowerPC
Compiler Writer's Guide</a></li>
<li><A
href="http://www-3.ibm.com/chips/techlib/techlib.nsf/products/PowerPC">PowerPC
Processor Manuals</a></li>
<li><a
href="http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-powarch/">Intro to
PowerPC architecture</a></li>
<li><a href="http://publibn.boulder.ibm.com/doc_link/en_US/a_doc_lib/aixassem/alangref/alangreftfrm.htm">IBM AIX/5L for POWER Assembly reference</a></li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- _______________________________________________________________________ -->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">Other documents, collections, notes</div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li><a href="http://penguinppc.org/dev/#library">PowerPC ABI documents</a></li>
<li><a href="http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2003-09/msg00997.html">PowerPC64
alignment of long doubles (from GCC)</a></li>
<li><a href="http://sources.redhat.com/ml/binutils/2002-04/msg00573.html">Long
branch stubs for powerpc64-linux (from binutils)</a></li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="sparc">SPARC</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li><a href="http://www.sparc.org/resource.htm">SPARC resources</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.sparc.org/standards.html">SPARC standards</a></li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="x86">X86</a></div>

<!-- _______________________________________________________________________ -->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">AMD - Official manuals and docs</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a
href="http://www.amd.com/us-en/Processors/TechnicalResources/0,,30_182_739,00.html">AMD processor manuals</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.x86-64.org/documentation">X86-64 ABI</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- _______________________________________________________________________ -->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">Intel - Official manuals and docs</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a
href="http://developer.intel.com/design/pentium4/manuals/index_new.htm">IA-32
manuals</a></li>
<li><a
href="http://www.intel.com/design/itanium/documentation.htm?iid=ipp_srvr_proc_itanium2+techdocs">Intel
Itanium documentation</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- _______________________________________________________________________ -->
<div class="doc_subsubsection">Other x86-specific information</div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ul>
<li><a href="http://www.agner.org/assem/calling_conventions.pdf">Calling
conventions for different C++ compilers and operating systems</a></li>
</ul>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="other">Other relevant lists</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">

<ul>
<li><a href="http://gcc.gnu.org/readings.html">GCC reading list</a></li>
</ul>

</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section"><a name="abi">ABI</a></div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="linux">Linux</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ol>
<li><a href="http://www.linuxbase.org/spec/ELF/ppc64/">PowerPC 64-bit ELF ABI
Supplement</a></li>
</ol>
</div>

<!-- ======================================================================= -->
<div class="doc_subsection"><a name="osx">OS X</a></div>

<div class="doc_text">
<ol>
<li><a
href="http://developer.apple.com/documentation/Darwin/RuntimeArchitecture-date.html">Mach-O
Runtime Architecture</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.unsanity.org/archives/000044.php">Notes on Mach-O
ABI</a></li>
</ol>

</div>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->
<div class="doc_section"><a name="misc">Miscellaneous resources</a></div>
<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

<ul>
<li><a
href="http://www.nondot.org/sabre/os/articles/ExecutableFileFormats/">Executable
File Format library</a></li>
<li><a href="http://gcc.gnu.org/projects/prefetch.html">GCC prefetch project</a>
page has a good survey of the prefetching capabilities of a variety of modern
processors.</li>
</ul>

<!-- *********************************************************************** -->

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