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//===- Transforms/Instrumentation.h - Instrumentation passes ----*- C++ -*-===//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
// This file defines constructor functions for instrumentation passes.


#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/IR/BasicBlock.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <cstdint>
#include <limits>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

namespace llvm {

class Triple;
class FunctionPass;
class ModulePass;
class OptimizationRemarkEmitter;
class Comdat;

/// Instrumentation passes often insert conditional checks into entry blocks.
/// Call this function before splitting the entry block to move instructions
/// that must remain in the entry block up before the split point. Static
/// allocas and llvm.localescape calls, for example, must remain in the entry
/// block.
BasicBlock::iterator PrepareToSplitEntryBlock(BasicBlock &BB,
                                              BasicBlock::iterator IP);

// Create a constant for Str so that we can pass it to the run-time lib.
GlobalVariable *createPrivateGlobalForString(Module &M, StringRef Str,
                                             bool AllowMerging,
                                             const char *NamePrefix = "");

// Returns F.getComdat() if it exists.
// Otherwise creates a new comdat, sets F's comdat, and returns it.
// Returns nullptr on failure.
Comdat *GetOrCreateFunctionComdat(Function &F, Triple &T,
                                  const std::string &ModuleId);

// Insert GCOV profiling instrumentation
struct GCOVOptions {
  static GCOVOptions getDefault();

  // Specify whether to emit .gcno files.
  bool EmitNotes;

  // Specify whether to modify the program to emit .gcda files when run.
  bool EmitData;

  // A four-byte version string. The meaning of a version string is described in
  // gcc's gcov-io.h
  char Version[4];

  // Emit a "cfg checksum" that follows the "line number checksum" of a
  // function. This affects both .gcno and .gcda files.
  bool UseCfgChecksum;

  // Add the 'noredzone' attribute to added runtime library calls.
  bool NoRedZone;

  // Emit the name of the function in the .gcda files. This is redundant, as
  // the function identifier can be used to find the name from the .gcno file.
  bool FunctionNamesInData;

  // Emit the exit block immediately after the start block, rather than after
  // all of the function body's blocks.
  bool ExitBlockBeforeBody;

  // Regexes separated by a semi-colon to filter the files to instrument.
  std::string Filter;

  // Regexes separated by a semi-colon to filter the files to not instrument.
  std::string Exclude;

ModulePass *createGCOVProfilerPass(const GCOVOptions &Options =

// PGO Instrumention. Parameter IsCS indicates if this is the context senstive
// instrumentation.
ModulePass *createPGOInstrumentationGenLegacyPass(bool IsCS = false);
ModulePass *
createPGOInstrumentationUseLegacyPass(StringRef Filename = StringRef(""),
                                      bool IsCS = false);
ModulePass *createPGOInstrumentationGenCreateVarLegacyPass(
    StringRef CSInstrName = StringRef(""));
ModulePass *createPGOIndirectCallPromotionLegacyPass(bool InLTO = false,
                                                     bool SamplePGO = false);
FunctionPass *createPGOMemOPSizeOptLegacyPass();

// The pgo-specific indirect call promotion function declared below is used by
// the pgo-driven indirect call promotion and sample profile passes. It's a
// wrapper around llvm::promoteCall, et al. that additionally computes !prof
// metadata. We place it in a pgo namespace so it's not confused with the
// generic utilities.
namespace pgo {

// Helper function that transforms Inst (either an indirect-call instruction, or
// an invoke instruction , to a conditional call to F. This is like:
//     if (Inst.CalledValue == F)
//        F(...);
//     else
//        Inst(...);
//     end
// TotalCount is the profile count value that the instruction executes.
// Count is the profile count value that F is the target function.
// These two values are used to update the branch weight.
// If \p AttachProfToDirectCall is true, a prof metadata is attached to the
// new direct call to contain \p Count.
// Returns the promoted direct call instruction.
Instruction *promoteIndirectCall(Instruction *Inst, Function *F, uint64_t Count,
                                 uint64_t TotalCount,
                                 bool AttachProfToDirectCall,
                                 OptimizationRemarkEmitter *ORE);
} // namespace pgo

/// Options for the frontend instrumentation based profiling pass.
struct InstrProfOptions {
  // Add the 'noredzone' attribute to added runtime library calls.
  bool NoRedZone = false;

  // Do counter register promotion
  bool DoCounterPromotion = false;

  // Use atomic profile counter increments.
  bool Atomic = false;

  // Use BFI to guide register promotion
  bool UseBFIInPromotion = false;

  // Name of the profile file to use as output
  std::string InstrProfileOutput;

  InstrProfOptions() = default;

/// Insert frontend instrumentation based profiling. Parameter IsCS indicates if
// this is the context senstive instrumentation.
ModulePass *createInstrProfilingLegacyPass(
    const InstrProfOptions &Options = InstrProfOptions(), bool IsCS = false);

ModulePass *createInstrOrderFilePass();

// Insert DataFlowSanitizer (dynamic data flow analysis) instrumentation
ModulePass *createDataFlowSanitizerPass(
    const std::vector<std::string> &ABIListFiles = std::vector<std::string>(),
    void *(*getArgTLS)() = nullptr, void *(*getRetValTLS)() = nullptr);

// Options for sanitizer coverage instrumentation.
struct SanitizerCoverageOptions {
  enum Type {
    SCK_None = 0,
  } CoverageType = SCK_None;
  bool IndirectCalls = false;
  bool TraceBB = false;
  bool TraceCmp = false;
  bool TraceDiv = false;
  bool TraceGep = false;
  bool Use8bitCounters = false;
  bool TracePC = false;
  bool TracePCGuard = false;
  bool Inline8bitCounters = false;
  bool PCTable = false;
  bool NoPrune = false;
  bool StackDepth = false;

  SanitizerCoverageOptions() = default;

/// Calculate what to divide by to scale counts.
/// Given the maximum count, calculate a divisor that will scale all the
/// weights to strictly less than std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max().
static inline uint64_t calculateCountScale(uint64_t MaxCount) {
  return MaxCount < std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max()
             ? 1
             : MaxCount / std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max() + 1;

/// Scale an individual branch count.
/// Scale a 64-bit weight down to 32-bits using \c Scale.
static inline uint32_t scaleBranchCount(uint64_t Count, uint64_t Scale) {
  uint64_t Scaled = Count / Scale;
  assert(Scaled <= std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max() && "overflow 32-bits");
  return Scaled;
} // end namespace llvm