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//===- InlineCost.h - Cost analysis for inliner -----------------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file implements heuristics for inlining decisions.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_ANALYSIS_INLINECOST_H
#define LLVM_ANALYSIS_INLINECOST_H

#include "llvm/Analysis/AssumptionCache.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/CallGraphSCCPass.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <climits>

namespace llvm {
class AssumptionCacheTracker;
class BlockFrequencyInfo;
class CallSite;
class DataLayout;
class Function;
class ProfileSummaryInfo;
class TargetTransformInfo;

namespace InlineConstants {
// Various thresholds used by inline cost analysis.
/// Use when optsize (-Os) is specified.
const int OptSizeThreshold = 50;

/// Use when minsize (-Oz) is specified.
const int OptMinSizeThreshold = 5;

/// Use when -O3 is specified.
const int OptAggressiveThreshold = 250;

// Various magic constants used to adjust heuristics.
const int InstrCost = 5;
const int IndirectCallThreshold = 100;
const int CallPenalty = 25;
const int LastCallToStaticBonus = 15000;
const int ColdccPenalty = 2000;
const int NoreturnPenalty = 10000;
/// Do not inline functions which allocate this many bytes on the stack
/// when the caller is recursive.
const unsigned TotalAllocaSizeRecursiveCaller = 1024;
}

/// \brief Represents the cost of inlining a function.
///
/// This supports special values for functions which should "always" or
/// "never" be inlined. Otherwise, the cost represents a unitless amount;
/// smaller values increase the likelihood of the function being inlined.
///
/// Objects of this type also provide the adjusted threshold for inlining
/// based on the information available for a particular callsite. They can be
/// directly tested to determine if inlining should occur given the cost and
/// threshold for this cost metric.
class InlineCost {
  enum SentinelValues {
    AlwaysInlineCost = INT_MIN,
    NeverInlineCost = INT_MAX
  };

  /// \brief The estimated cost of inlining this callsite.
  const int Cost;

  /// \brief The adjusted threshold against which this cost was computed.
  const int Threshold;

  // Trivial constructor, interesting logic in the factory functions below.
  InlineCost(int Cost, int Threshold) : Cost(Cost), Threshold(Threshold) {}

public:
  static InlineCost get(int Cost, int Threshold) {
    assert(Cost > AlwaysInlineCost && "Cost crosses sentinel value");
    assert(Cost < NeverInlineCost && "Cost crosses sentinel value");
    return InlineCost(Cost, Threshold);
  }
  static InlineCost getAlways() {
    return InlineCost(AlwaysInlineCost, 0);
  }
  static InlineCost getNever() {
    return InlineCost(NeverInlineCost, 0);
  }

  /// \brief Test whether the inline cost is low enough for inlining.
  explicit operator bool() const {
    return Cost < Threshold;
  }

  bool isAlways() const { return Cost == AlwaysInlineCost; }
  bool isNever() const { return Cost == NeverInlineCost; }
  bool isVariable() const { return !isAlways() && !isNever(); }

  /// \brief Get the inline cost estimate.
  /// It is an error to call this on an "always" or "never" InlineCost.
  int getCost() const {
    assert(isVariable() && "Invalid access of InlineCost");
    return Cost;
  }

  /// \brief Get the cost delta from the threshold for inlining.
  /// Only valid if the cost is of the variable kind. Returns a negative
  /// value if the cost is too high to inline.
  int getCostDelta() const { return Threshold - getCost(); }
};

/// Thresholds to tune inline cost analysis. The inline cost analysis decides
/// the condition to apply a threshold and applies it. Otherwise,
/// DefaultThreshold is used. If a threshold is Optional, it is applied only
/// when it has a valid value. Typically, users of inline cost analysis
/// obtain an InlineParams object through one of the \c getInlineParams methods
/// and pass it to \c getInlineCost. Some specialized versions of inliner
/// (such as the pre-inliner) might have custom logic to compute \c InlineParams
/// object.

struct InlineParams {
  /// The default threshold to start with for a callee.
  int DefaultThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use for callees with inline hint.
  Optional<int> HintThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use for cold callees.
  Optional<int> ColdThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use when the caller is optimized for size.
  Optional<int> OptSizeThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use when the caller is optimized for minsize.
  Optional<int> OptMinSizeThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use when the callsite is considered hot.
  Optional<int> HotCallSiteThreshold;

  /// Threshold to use when the callsite is considered cold.
  Optional<int> ColdCallSiteThreshold;
};

/// Generate the parameters to tune the inline cost analysis based only on the
/// commandline options.
InlineParams getInlineParams();

/// Generate the parameters to tune the inline cost analysis based on command
/// line options. If -inline-threshold option is not explicitly passed,
/// \p Threshold is used as the default threshold.
InlineParams getInlineParams(int Threshold);

/// Generate the parameters to tune the inline cost analysis based on command
/// line options. If -inline-threshold option is not explicitly passed,
/// the default threshold is computed from \p OptLevel and \p SizeOptLevel.
/// An \p OptLevel value above 3 is considered an aggressive optimization mode.
/// \p SizeOptLevel of 1 corresponds to the the -Os flag and 2 corresponds to
/// the -Oz flag.
InlineParams getInlineParams(unsigned OptLevel, unsigned SizeOptLevel);

/// Return the cost associated with a callsite, including paramater passing
/// and the call/return instruction.
int getCallsiteCost(CallSite CS, const DataLayout &DL);

/// \brief Get an InlineCost object representing the cost of inlining this
/// callsite.
///
/// Note that a default threshold is passed into this function. This threshold
/// could be modified based on callsite's properties and only costs below this
/// new threshold are computed with any accuracy. The new threshold can be
/// used to bound the computation necessary to determine whether the cost is
/// sufficiently low to warrant inlining.
///
/// Also note that calling this function *dynamically* computes the cost of
/// inlining the callsite. It is an expensive, heavyweight call.
InlineCost
getInlineCost(CallSite CS, const InlineParams &Params,
              TargetTransformInfo &CalleeTTI,
              std::function<AssumptionCache &(Function &)> &GetAssumptionCache,
              Optional<function_ref<BlockFrequencyInfo &(Function &)>> GetBFI,
              ProfileSummaryInfo *PSI);

/// \brief Get an InlineCost with the callee explicitly specified.
/// This allows you to calculate the cost of inlining a function via a
/// pointer. This behaves exactly as the version with no explicit callee
/// parameter in all other respects.
//
InlineCost
getInlineCost(CallSite CS, Function *Callee, const InlineParams &Params,
              TargetTransformInfo &CalleeTTI,
              std::function<AssumptionCache &(Function &)> &GetAssumptionCache,
              Optional<function_ref<BlockFrequencyInfo &(Function &)>> GetBFI,
              ProfileSummaryInfo *PSI);

/// \brief Minimal filter to detect invalid constructs for inlining.
bool isInlineViable(Function &Callee);
}

#endif