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//===-- X86FrameLowering.cpp - X86 Frame Information ----------------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file contains the X86 implementation of TargetFrameLowering class.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "X86FrameLowering.h"
#include "X86InstrBuilder.h"
#include "X86InstrInfo.h"
#include "X86MachineFunctionInfo.h"
#include "X86Subtarget.h"
#include "X86TargetMachine.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallSet.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFrameInfo.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunction.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstrBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineModuleInfo.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineRegisterInfo.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DataLayout.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Function.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCAsmInfo.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCSymbol.h"
#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetOptions.h"

using namespace llvm;

// FIXME: completely move here.
extern cl::opt<bool> ForceStackAlign;

bool X86FrameLowering::hasReservedCallFrame(const MachineFunction &MF) const {
  return !MF.getFrameInfo()->hasVarSizedObjects();
}

/// hasFP - Return true if the specified function should have a dedicated frame
/// pointer register.  This is true if the function has variable sized allocas
/// or if frame pointer elimination is disabled.
bool X86FrameLowering::hasFP(const MachineFunction &MF) const {
  const MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  const MachineModuleInfo &MMI = MF.getMMI();
  const TargetRegisterInfo *RegInfo = TM.getRegisterInfo();

  return (MF.getTarget().Options.DisableFramePointerElim(MF) ||
          RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF) ||
          MFI->hasVarSizedObjects() ||
          MFI->isFrameAddressTaken() || MFI->hasInlineAsmWithSPAdjust() ||
          MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>()->getForceFramePointer() ||
          MMI.callsUnwindInit() || MMI.callsEHReturn());
}

static unsigned getSUBriOpcode(unsigned IsLP64, int64_t Imm) {
  if (IsLP64) {
    if (isInt<8>(Imm))
      return X86::SUB64ri8;
    return X86::SUB64ri32;
  } else {
    if (isInt<8>(Imm))
      return X86::SUB32ri8;
    return X86::SUB32ri;
  }
}

static unsigned getADDriOpcode(unsigned IsLP64, int64_t Imm) {
  if (IsLP64) {
    if (isInt<8>(Imm))
      return X86::ADD64ri8;
    return X86::ADD64ri32;
  } else {
    if (isInt<8>(Imm))
      return X86::ADD32ri8;
    return X86::ADD32ri;
  }
}

static unsigned getLEArOpcode(unsigned IsLP64) {
  return IsLP64 ? X86::LEA64r : X86::LEA32r;
}

/// findDeadCallerSavedReg - Return a caller-saved register that isn't live
/// when it reaches the "return" instruction. We can then pop a stack object
/// to this register without worry about clobbering it.
static unsigned findDeadCallerSavedReg(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                                       MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI,
                                       const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI,
                                       bool Is64Bit) {
  const MachineFunction *MF = MBB.getParent();
  const Function *F = MF->getFunction();
  if (!F || MF->getMMI().callsEHReturn())
    return 0;

  static const uint16_t CallerSavedRegs32Bit[] = {
    X86::EAX, X86::EDX, X86::ECX, 0
  };

  static const uint16_t CallerSavedRegs64Bit[] = {
    X86::RAX, X86::RDX, X86::RCX, X86::RSI, X86::RDI,
    X86::R8,  X86::R9,  X86::R10, X86::R11, 0
  };

  unsigned Opc = MBBI->getOpcode();
  switch (Opc) {
  default: return 0;
  case X86::RETL:
  case X86::RETQ:
  case X86::RETIL:
  case X86::RETIQ:
  case X86::TCRETURNdi:
  case X86::TCRETURNri:
  case X86::TCRETURNmi:
  case X86::TCRETURNdi64:
  case X86::TCRETURNri64:
  case X86::TCRETURNmi64:
  case X86::EH_RETURN:
  case X86::EH_RETURN64: {
    SmallSet<uint16_t, 8> Uses;
    for (unsigned i = 0, e = MBBI->getNumOperands(); i != e; ++i) {
      MachineOperand &MO = MBBI->getOperand(i);
      if (!MO.isReg() || MO.isDef())
        continue;
      unsigned Reg = MO.getReg();
      if (!Reg)
        continue;
      for (MCRegAliasIterator AI(Reg, &TRI, true); AI.isValid(); ++AI)
        Uses.insert(*AI);
    }

    const uint16_t *CS = Is64Bit ? CallerSavedRegs64Bit : CallerSavedRegs32Bit;
    for (; *CS; ++CS)
      if (!Uses.count(*CS))
        return *CS;
  }
  }

  return 0;
}


/// emitSPUpdate - Emit a series of instructions to increment / decrement the
/// stack pointer by a constant value.
static
void emitSPUpdate(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI,
                  unsigned StackPtr, int64_t NumBytes,
                  bool Is64Bit, bool IsLP64, bool UseLEA,
                  const TargetInstrInfo &TII, const TargetRegisterInfo &TRI) {
  bool isSub = NumBytes < 0;
  uint64_t Offset = isSub ? -NumBytes : NumBytes;
  unsigned Opc;
  if (UseLEA)
    Opc = getLEArOpcode(IsLP64);
  else
    Opc = isSub
      ? getSUBriOpcode(IsLP64, Offset)
      : getADDriOpcode(IsLP64, Offset);

  uint64_t Chunk = (1LL << 31) - 1;
  DebugLoc DL = MBB.findDebugLoc(MBBI);

  while (Offset) {
    uint64_t ThisVal = (Offset > Chunk) ? Chunk : Offset;
    if (ThisVal == (Is64Bit ? 8 : 4)) {
      // Use push / pop instead.
      unsigned Reg = isSub
        ? (unsigned)(Is64Bit ? X86::RAX : X86::EAX)
        : findDeadCallerSavedReg(MBB, MBBI, TRI, Is64Bit);
      if (Reg) {
        Opc = isSub
          ? (Is64Bit ? X86::PUSH64r : X86::PUSH32r)
          : (Is64Bit ? X86::POP64r  : X86::POP32r);
        MachineInstr *MI = BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc))
          .addReg(Reg, getDefRegState(!isSub) | getUndefRegState(isSub));
        if (isSub)
          MI->setFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
        Offset -= ThisVal;
        continue;
      }
    }

    MachineInstr *MI = nullptr;

    if (UseLEA) {
      MI =  addRegOffset(BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr),
                          StackPtr, false, isSub ? -ThisVal : ThisVal);
    } else {
      MI = BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr)
            .addReg(StackPtr)
            .addImm(ThisVal);
      MI->getOperand(3).setIsDead(); // The EFLAGS implicit def is dead.
    }

    if (isSub)
      MI->setFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);

    Offset -= ThisVal;
  }
}

/// mergeSPUpdatesUp - Merge two stack-manipulating instructions upper iterator.
static
void mergeSPUpdatesUp(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI,
                      unsigned StackPtr, uint64_t *NumBytes = nullptr) {
  if (MBBI == MBB.begin()) return;

  MachineBasicBlock::iterator PI = std::prev(MBBI);
  unsigned Opc = PI->getOpcode();
  if ((Opc == X86::ADD64ri32 || Opc == X86::ADD64ri8 ||
       Opc == X86::ADD32ri || Opc == X86::ADD32ri8 ||
       Opc == X86::LEA32r || Opc == X86::LEA64_32r) &&
      PI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr) {
    if (NumBytes)
      *NumBytes += PI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(PI);
  } else if ((Opc == X86::SUB64ri32 || Opc == X86::SUB64ri8 ||
              Opc == X86::SUB32ri || Opc == X86::SUB32ri8) &&
             PI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr) {
    if (NumBytes)
      *NumBytes -= PI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(PI);
  }
}

/// mergeSPUpdatesDown - Merge two stack-manipulating instructions lower
/// iterator.
static
void mergeSPUpdatesDown(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                        MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI,
                        unsigned StackPtr, uint64_t *NumBytes = nullptr) {
  // FIXME:  THIS ISN'T RUN!!!
  return;

  if (MBBI == MBB.end()) return;

  MachineBasicBlock::iterator NI = std::next(MBBI);
  if (NI == MBB.end()) return;

  unsigned Opc = NI->getOpcode();
  if ((Opc == X86::ADD64ri32 || Opc == X86::ADD64ri8 ||
       Opc == X86::ADD32ri || Opc == X86::ADD32ri8) &&
      NI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr) {
    if (NumBytes)
      *NumBytes -= NI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(NI);
    MBBI = NI;
  } else if ((Opc == X86::SUB64ri32 || Opc == X86::SUB64ri8 ||
              Opc == X86::SUB32ri || Opc == X86::SUB32ri8) &&
             NI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr) {
    if (NumBytes)
      *NumBytes += NI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(NI);
    MBBI = NI;
  }
}

/// mergeSPUpdates - Checks the instruction before/after the passed
/// instruction. If it is an ADD/SUB/LEA instruction it is deleted argument and
/// the stack adjustment is returned as a positive value for ADD/LEA and a
/// negative for SUB.
static int mergeSPUpdates(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                          MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI, unsigned StackPtr,
                          bool doMergeWithPrevious) {
  if ((doMergeWithPrevious && MBBI == MBB.begin()) ||
      (!doMergeWithPrevious && MBBI == MBB.end()))
    return 0;

  MachineBasicBlock::iterator PI = doMergeWithPrevious ? std::prev(MBBI) : MBBI;
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator NI = doMergeWithPrevious ? nullptr
                                                       : std::next(MBBI);
  unsigned Opc = PI->getOpcode();
  int Offset = 0;

  if ((Opc == X86::ADD64ri32 || Opc == X86::ADD64ri8 ||
       Opc == X86::ADD32ri || Opc == X86::ADD32ri8 ||
       Opc == X86::LEA32r || Opc == X86::LEA64_32r) &&
      PI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr){
    Offset += PI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(PI);
    if (!doMergeWithPrevious) MBBI = NI;
  } else if ((Opc == X86::SUB64ri32 || Opc == X86::SUB64ri8 ||
              Opc == X86::SUB32ri || Opc == X86::SUB32ri8) &&
             PI->getOperand(0).getReg() == StackPtr) {
    Offset -= PI->getOperand(2).getImm();
    MBB.erase(PI);
    if (!doMergeWithPrevious) MBBI = NI;
  }

  return Offset;
}

static bool isEAXLiveIn(MachineFunction &MF) {
  for (MachineRegisterInfo::livein_iterator II = MF.getRegInfo().livein_begin(),
       EE = MF.getRegInfo().livein_end(); II != EE; ++II) {
    unsigned Reg = II->first;

    if (Reg == X86::EAX || Reg == X86::AX ||
        Reg == X86::AH || Reg == X86::AL)
      return true;
  }

  return false;
}

void X86FrameLowering::emitCalleeSavedFrameMoves(
    MachineBasicBlock &MBB, MachineBasicBlock::iterator MBBI, DebugLoc DL,
    unsigned FramePtr) const {
  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB.getParent();
  MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  MachineModuleInfo &MMI = MF.getMMI();
  const MCRegisterInfo *MRI = MMI.getContext().getRegisterInfo();
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();

  // Add callee saved registers to move list.
  const std::vector<CalleeSavedInfo> &CSI = MFI->getCalleeSavedInfo();
  if (CSI.empty()) return;

  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo = TM.getRegisterInfo();
  bool HasFP = hasFP(MF);

  // Calculate amount of bytes used for return address storing.
  int stackGrowth = -RegInfo->getSlotSize();

  // FIXME: This is dirty hack. The code itself is pretty mess right now.
  // It should be rewritten from scratch and generalized sometimes.

  // Determine maximum offset (minimum due to stack growth).
  int64_t MaxOffset = 0;
  for (std::vector<CalleeSavedInfo>::const_iterator
         I = CSI.begin(), E = CSI.end(); I != E; ++I)
    MaxOffset = std::min(MaxOffset,
                         MFI->getObjectOffset(I->getFrameIdx()));

  // Calculate offsets.
  int64_t saveAreaOffset = (HasFP ? 3 : 2) * stackGrowth;
  for (std::vector<CalleeSavedInfo>::const_iterator
         I = CSI.begin(), E = CSI.end(); I != E; ++I) {
    int64_t Offset = MFI->getObjectOffset(I->getFrameIdx());
    unsigned Reg = I->getReg();
    Offset = MaxOffset - Offset + saveAreaOffset;

    // Don't output a new machine move if we're re-saving the frame
    // pointer. This happens when the PrologEpilogInserter has inserted an extra
    // "PUSH" of the frame pointer -- the "emitPrologue" method automatically
    // generates one when frame pointers are used. If we generate a "machine
    // move" for this extra "PUSH", the linker will lose track of the fact that
    // the frame pointer should have the value of the first "PUSH" when it's
    // trying to unwind.
    //
    // FIXME: This looks inelegant. It's possibly correct, but it's covering up
    //        another bug. I.e., one where we generate a prolog like this:
    //
    //          pushl  %ebp
    //          movl   %esp, %ebp
    //          pushl  %ebp
    //          pushl  %esi
    //           ...
    //
    //        The immediate re-push of EBP is unnecessary. At the least, it's an
    //        optimization bug. EBP can be used as a scratch register in certain
    //        cases, but probably not when we have a frame pointer.
    if (HasFP && FramePtr == Reg)
      continue;

    unsigned DwarfReg = MRI->getDwarfRegNum(Reg, true);
    unsigned CFIIndex =
        MMI.addFrameInst(MCCFIInstruction::createOffset(nullptr, DwarfReg,
                                                        Offset));
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
        .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);
  }
}

/// usesTheStack - This function checks if any of the users of EFLAGS
/// copies the EFLAGS. We know that the code that lowers COPY of EFLAGS has
/// to use the stack, and if we don't adjust the stack we clobber the first
/// frame index.
/// See X86InstrInfo::copyPhysReg.
static bool usesTheStack(const MachineFunction &MF) {
  const MachineRegisterInfo &MRI = MF.getRegInfo();

  for (MachineRegisterInfo::reg_instr_iterator
       ri = MRI.reg_instr_begin(X86::EFLAGS), re = MRI.reg_instr_end();
       ri != re; ++ri)
    if (ri->isCopy())
      return true;

  return false;
}

/// emitPrologue - Push callee-saved registers onto the stack, which
/// automatically adjust the stack pointer. Adjust the stack pointer to allocate
/// space for local variables. Also emit labels used by the exception handler to
/// generate the exception handling frames.
void X86FrameLowering::emitPrologue(MachineFunction &MF) const {
  MachineBasicBlock &MBB = MF.front(); // Prologue goes in entry BB.
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator MBBI = MBB.begin();
  MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  const Function *Fn = MF.getFunction();
  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo = TM.getRegisterInfo();
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();
  MachineModuleInfo &MMI = MF.getMMI();
  X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();
  bool needsFrameMoves = MMI.hasDebugInfo() ||
    Fn->needsUnwindTableEntry();
  uint64_t MaxAlign  = MFI->getMaxAlignment(); // Desired stack alignment.
  uint64_t StackSize = MFI->getStackSize();    // Number of bytes to allocate.
  bool HasFP = hasFP(MF);
  bool Is64Bit = STI.is64Bit();
  bool IsLP64 = STI.isTarget64BitLP64();
  bool IsWin64 = STI.isTargetWin64();
  bool UseLEA = STI.useLeaForSP();
  unsigned StackAlign = getStackAlignment();
  unsigned SlotSize = RegInfo->getSlotSize();
  unsigned FramePtr = RegInfo->getFrameRegister(MF);
  unsigned StackPtr = RegInfo->getStackRegister();
  unsigned BasePtr = RegInfo->getBaseRegister();
  DebugLoc DL;

  // If we're forcing a stack realignment we can't rely on just the frame
  // info, we need to know the ABI stack alignment as well in case we
  // have a call out.  Otherwise just make sure we have some alignment - we'll
  // go with the minimum SlotSize.
  if (ForceStackAlign) {
    if (MFI->hasCalls())
      MaxAlign = (StackAlign > MaxAlign) ? StackAlign : MaxAlign;
    else if (MaxAlign < SlotSize)
      MaxAlign = SlotSize;
  }

  // Add RETADDR move area to callee saved frame size.
  int TailCallReturnAddrDelta = X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta();
  if (TailCallReturnAddrDelta < 0)
    X86FI->setCalleeSavedFrameSize(
      X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize() - TailCallReturnAddrDelta);

  // If this is x86-64 and the Red Zone is not disabled, if we are a leaf
  // function, and use up to 128 bytes of stack space, don't have a frame
  // pointer, calls, or dynamic alloca then we do not need to adjust the
  // stack pointer (we fit in the Red Zone). We also check that we don't
  // push and pop from the stack.
  if (Is64Bit && !Fn->getAttributes().hasAttribute(AttributeSet::FunctionIndex,
                                                   Attribute::NoRedZone) &&
      !RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF) &&
      !MFI->hasVarSizedObjects() &&                     // No dynamic alloca.
      !MFI->adjustsStack() &&                           // No calls.
      !IsWin64 &&                                       // Win64 has no Red Zone
      !usesTheStack(MF) &&                              // Don't push and pop.
      !MF.shouldSplitStack()) {                         // Regular stack
    uint64_t MinSize = X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize();
    if (HasFP) MinSize += SlotSize;
    StackSize = std::max(MinSize, StackSize > 128 ? StackSize - 128 : 0);
    MFI->setStackSize(StackSize);
  }

  // Insert stack pointer adjustment for later moving of return addr.  Only
  // applies to tail call optimized functions where the callee argument stack
  // size is bigger than the callers.
  if (TailCallReturnAddrDelta < 0) {
    MachineInstr *MI =
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
              TII.get(getSUBriOpcode(IsLP64, -TailCallReturnAddrDelta)),
              StackPtr)
        .addReg(StackPtr)
        .addImm(-TailCallReturnAddrDelta)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    MI->getOperand(3).setIsDead(); // The EFLAGS implicit def is dead.
  }

  // Mapping for machine moves:
  //
  //   DST: VirtualFP AND
  //        SRC: VirtualFP              => DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset
  //        ELSE                        => DW_CFA_def_cfa
  //
  //   SRC: VirtualFP AND
  //        DST: Register               => DW_CFA_def_cfa_register
  //
  //   ELSE
  //        OFFSET < 0                  => DW_CFA_offset_extended_sf
  //        REG < 64                    => DW_CFA_offset + Reg
  //        ELSE                        => DW_CFA_offset_extended

  uint64_t NumBytes = 0;
  int stackGrowth = -SlotSize;

  if (HasFP) {
    // Calculate required stack adjustment.
    uint64_t FrameSize = StackSize - SlotSize;
    if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF)) {
      // Callee-saved registers are pushed on stack before the stack
      // is realigned.
      FrameSize -= X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize();
      NumBytes = (FrameSize + MaxAlign - 1) / MaxAlign * MaxAlign;
    } else {
      NumBytes = FrameSize - X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize();
    }

    // Get the offset of the stack slot for the EBP register, which is
    // guaranteed to be the last slot by processFunctionBeforeFrameFinalized.
    // Update the frame offset adjustment.
    MFI->setOffsetAdjustment(-NumBytes);

    // Save EBP/RBP into the appropriate stack slot.
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::PUSH64r : X86::PUSH32r))
      .addReg(FramePtr, RegState::Kill)
      .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);

    if (needsFrameMoves) {
      // Mark the place where EBP/RBP was saved.
      // Define the current CFA rule to use the provided offset.
      assert(StackSize);
      unsigned CFIIndex = MMI.addFrameInst(
          MCCFIInstruction::createDefCfaOffset(nullptr, 2 * stackGrowth));
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
          .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);

      // Change the rule for the FramePtr to be an "offset" rule.
      unsigned DwarfFramePtr = RegInfo->getDwarfRegNum(FramePtr, true);
      CFIIndex = MMI.addFrameInst(
          MCCFIInstruction::createOffset(nullptr,
                                         DwarfFramePtr, 2 * stackGrowth));
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
          .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);
    }

    // Update EBP with the new base value.
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
            TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::MOV64rr : X86::MOV32rr), FramePtr)
        .addReg(StackPtr)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);

    if (needsFrameMoves) {
      // Mark effective beginning of when frame pointer becomes valid.
      // Define the current CFA to use the EBP/RBP register.
      unsigned DwarfFramePtr = RegInfo->getDwarfRegNum(FramePtr, true);
      unsigned CFIIndex = MMI.addFrameInst(
          MCCFIInstruction::createDefCfaRegister(nullptr, DwarfFramePtr));
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
          .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);
    }

    // Mark the FramePtr as live-in in every block except the entry.
    for (MachineFunction::iterator I = std::next(MF.begin()), E = MF.end();
         I != E; ++I)
      I->addLiveIn(FramePtr);
  } else {
    NumBytes = StackSize - X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize();
  }

  // Skip the callee-saved push instructions.
  bool PushedRegs = false;
  int StackOffset = 2 * stackGrowth;

  while (MBBI != MBB.end() &&
         (MBBI->getOpcode() == X86::PUSH32r ||
          MBBI->getOpcode() == X86::PUSH64r)) {
    PushedRegs = true;
    MBBI->setFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    ++MBBI;

    if (!HasFP && needsFrameMoves) {
      // Mark callee-saved push instruction.
      // Define the current CFA rule to use the provided offset.
      assert(StackSize);
      unsigned CFIIndex = MMI.addFrameInst(
          MCCFIInstruction::createDefCfaOffset(nullptr, StackOffset));
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
          .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);
      StackOffset += stackGrowth;
    }
  }

  // Realign stack after we pushed callee-saved registers (so that we'll be
  // able to calculate their offsets from the frame pointer).

  // NOTE: We push the registers before realigning the stack, so
  // vector callee-saved (xmm) registers may be saved w/o proper
  // alignment in this way. However, currently these regs are saved in
  // stack slots (see X86FrameLowering::spillCalleeSavedRegisters()), so
  // this shouldn't be a problem.
  if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF)) {
    assert(HasFP && "There should be a frame pointer if stack is realigned.");
    MachineInstr *MI =
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
              TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::AND64ri32 : X86::AND32ri), StackPtr)
      .addReg(StackPtr)
      .addImm(-MaxAlign)
      .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);

    // The EFLAGS implicit def is dead.
    MI->getOperand(3).setIsDead();
  }

  // If there is an SUB32ri of ESP immediately before this instruction, merge
  // the two. This can be the case when tail call elimination is enabled and
  // the callee has more arguments then the caller.
  NumBytes -= mergeSPUpdates(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, true);

  // If there is an ADD32ri or SUB32ri of ESP immediately after this
  // instruction, merge the two instructions.
  mergeSPUpdatesDown(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, &NumBytes);

  // Adjust stack pointer: ESP -= numbytes.

  // Windows and cygwin/mingw require a prologue helper routine when allocating
  // more than 4K bytes on the stack.  Windows uses __chkstk and cygwin/mingw
  // uses __alloca.  __alloca and the 32-bit version of __chkstk will probe the
  // stack and adjust the stack pointer in one go.  The 64-bit version of
  // __chkstk is only responsible for probing the stack.  The 64-bit prologue is
  // responsible for adjusting the stack pointer.  Touching the stack at 4K
  // increments is necessary to ensure that the guard pages used by the OS
  // virtual memory manager are allocated in correct sequence.
  if (NumBytes >= 4096 && STI.isOSWindows() && !STI.isTargetMacho()) {
    const char *StackProbeSymbol;

    if (Is64Bit) {
      if (STI.isTargetCygMing()) {
        StackProbeSymbol = "___chkstk_ms";
      } else {
        StackProbeSymbol = "__chkstk";
      }
    } else if (STI.isTargetCygMing())
      StackProbeSymbol = "_alloca";
    else
      StackProbeSymbol = "_chkstk";

    // Check whether EAX is livein for this function.
    bool isEAXAlive = isEAXLiveIn(MF);

    if (isEAXAlive) {
      // Sanity check that EAX is not livein for this function.
      // It should not be, so throw an assert.
      assert(!Is64Bit && "EAX is livein in x64 case!");

      // Save EAX
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::PUSH32r))
        .addReg(X86::EAX, RegState::Kill)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    }

    if (Is64Bit) {
      // Handle the 64-bit Windows ABI case where we need to call __chkstk.
      // Function prologue is responsible for adjusting the stack pointer.
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV64ri), X86::RAX)
        .addImm(NumBytes)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    } else {
      // Allocate NumBytes-4 bytes on stack in case of isEAXAlive.
      // We'll also use 4 already allocated bytes for EAX.
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV32ri), X86::EAX)
        .addImm(isEAXAlive ? NumBytes - 4 : NumBytes)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    }

    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
            TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::W64ALLOCA : X86::CALLpcrel32))
      .addExternalSymbol(StackProbeSymbol)
      .addReg(StackPtr,    RegState::Define | RegState::Implicit)
      .addReg(X86::EFLAGS, RegState::Define | RegState::Implicit)
      .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);

    if (Is64Bit) {
      // MSVC x64's __chkstk and cygwin/mingw's ___chkstk_ms do not adjust %rsp
      // themself. It also does not clobber %rax so we can reuse it when
      // adjusting %rsp.
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::SUB64rr), StackPtr)
        .addReg(StackPtr)
        .addReg(X86::RAX)
        .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
    }
    if (isEAXAlive) {
        // Restore EAX
        MachineInstr *MI = addRegOffset(BuildMI(MF, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV32rm),
                                                X86::EAX),
                                        StackPtr, false, NumBytes - 4);
        MI->setFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
        MBB.insert(MBBI, MI);
    }
  } else if (NumBytes)
    emitSPUpdate(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, -(int64_t)NumBytes, Is64Bit, IsLP64,
                 UseLEA, TII, *RegInfo);

  // If we need a base pointer, set it up here. It's whatever the value
  // of the stack pointer is at this point. Any variable size objects
  // will be allocated after this, so we can still use the base pointer
  // to reference locals.
  if (RegInfo->hasBasePointer(MF)) {
    // Update the frame pointer with the current stack pointer.
    unsigned Opc = Is64Bit ? X86::MOV64rr : X86::MOV32rr;
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc), BasePtr)
      .addReg(StackPtr)
      .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
  }

  if (( (!HasFP && NumBytes) || PushedRegs) && needsFrameMoves) {
    // Mark end of stack pointer adjustment.
    if (!HasFP && NumBytes) {
      // Define the current CFA rule to use the provided offset.
      assert(StackSize);
      unsigned CFIIndex = MMI.addFrameInst(
          MCCFIInstruction::createDefCfaOffset(nullptr,
                                               -StackSize + stackGrowth));

      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(TargetOpcode::CFI_INSTRUCTION))
          .addCFIIndex(CFIIndex);
    }

    // Emit DWARF info specifying the offsets of the callee-saved registers.
    if (PushedRegs)
      emitCalleeSavedFrameMoves(MBB, MBBI, DL, HasFP ? FramePtr : StackPtr);
  }
}

void X86FrameLowering::emitEpilogue(MachineFunction &MF,
                                    MachineBasicBlock &MBB) const {
  const MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();
  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo = TM.getRegisterInfo();
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator MBBI = MBB.getLastNonDebugInstr();
  assert(MBBI != MBB.end() && "Returning block has no instructions");
  unsigned RetOpcode = MBBI->getOpcode();
  DebugLoc DL = MBBI->getDebugLoc();
  bool Is64Bit = STI.is64Bit();
  bool IsLP64 = STI.isTarget64BitLP64();
  bool UseLEA = STI.useLeaForSP();
  unsigned StackAlign = getStackAlignment();
  unsigned SlotSize = RegInfo->getSlotSize();
  unsigned FramePtr = RegInfo->getFrameRegister(MF);
  unsigned StackPtr = RegInfo->getStackRegister();

  switch (RetOpcode) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Can only insert epilog into returning blocks");
  case X86::RETQ:
  case X86::RETL:
  case X86::RETIL:
  case X86::RETIQ:
  case X86::TCRETURNdi:
  case X86::TCRETURNri:
  case X86::TCRETURNmi:
  case X86::TCRETURNdi64:
  case X86::TCRETURNri64:
  case X86::TCRETURNmi64:
  case X86::EH_RETURN:
  case X86::EH_RETURN64:
    break;  // These are ok
  }

  // Get the number of bytes to allocate from the FrameInfo.
  uint64_t StackSize = MFI->getStackSize();
  uint64_t MaxAlign  = MFI->getMaxAlignment();
  unsigned CSSize = X86FI->getCalleeSavedFrameSize();
  uint64_t NumBytes = 0;

  // If we're forcing a stack realignment we can't rely on just the frame
  // info, we need to know the ABI stack alignment as well in case we
  // have a call out.  Otherwise just make sure we have some alignment - we'll
  // go with the minimum.
  if (ForceStackAlign) {
    if (MFI->hasCalls())
      MaxAlign = (StackAlign > MaxAlign) ? StackAlign : MaxAlign;
    else
      MaxAlign = MaxAlign ? MaxAlign : 4;
  }

  if (hasFP(MF)) {
    // Calculate required stack adjustment.
    uint64_t FrameSize = StackSize - SlotSize;
    if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF)) {
      // Callee-saved registers were pushed on stack before the stack
      // was realigned.
      FrameSize -= CSSize;
      NumBytes = (FrameSize + MaxAlign - 1) / MaxAlign * MaxAlign;
    } else {
      NumBytes = FrameSize - CSSize;
    }

    // Pop EBP.
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
            TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::POP64r : X86::POP32r), FramePtr);
  } else {
    NumBytes = StackSize - CSSize;
  }

  // Skip the callee-saved pop instructions.
  while (MBBI != MBB.begin()) {
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator PI = std::prev(MBBI);
    unsigned Opc = PI->getOpcode();

    if (Opc != X86::POP32r && Opc != X86::POP64r && Opc != X86::DBG_VALUE &&
        !PI->isTerminator())
      break;

    --MBBI;
  }
  MachineBasicBlock::iterator FirstCSPop = MBBI;

  DL = MBBI->getDebugLoc();

  // If there is an ADD32ri or SUB32ri of ESP immediately before this
  // instruction, merge the two instructions.
  if (NumBytes || MFI->hasVarSizedObjects())
    mergeSPUpdatesUp(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, &NumBytes);

  // If dynamic alloca is used, then reset esp to point to the last callee-saved
  // slot before popping them off! Same applies for the case, when stack was
  // realigned.
  if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF) || MFI->hasVarSizedObjects()) {
    if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF))
      MBBI = FirstCSPop;
    if (CSSize != 0) {
      unsigned Opc = getLEArOpcode(IsLP64);
      addRegOffset(BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr),
                   FramePtr, false, -CSSize);
    } else {
      unsigned Opc = (Is64Bit ? X86::MOV64rr : X86::MOV32rr);
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr)
        .addReg(FramePtr);
    }
  } else if (NumBytes) {
    // Adjust stack pointer back: ESP += numbytes.
    emitSPUpdate(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, NumBytes, Is64Bit, IsLP64, UseLEA,
                 TII, *RegInfo);
  }

  // We're returning from function via eh_return.
  if (RetOpcode == X86::EH_RETURN || RetOpcode == X86::EH_RETURN64) {
    MBBI = MBB.getLastNonDebugInstr();
    MachineOperand &DestAddr  = MBBI->getOperand(0);
    assert(DestAddr.isReg() && "Offset should be in register!");
    BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL,
            TII.get(Is64Bit ? X86::MOV64rr : X86::MOV32rr),
            StackPtr).addReg(DestAddr.getReg());
  } else if (RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNri || RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNdi ||
             RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi ||
             RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNri64 || RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNdi64 ||
             RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi64) {
    bool isMem = RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi || RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi64;
    // Tail call return: adjust the stack pointer and jump to callee.
    MBBI = MBB.getLastNonDebugInstr();
    MachineOperand &JumpTarget = MBBI->getOperand(0);
    MachineOperand &StackAdjust = MBBI->getOperand(isMem ? 5 : 1);
    assert(StackAdjust.isImm() && "Expecting immediate value.");

    // Adjust stack pointer.
    int StackAdj = StackAdjust.getImm();
    int MaxTCDelta = X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta();
    int Offset = 0;
    assert(MaxTCDelta <= 0 && "MaxTCDelta should never be positive");

    // Incoporate the retaddr area.
    Offset = StackAdj-MaxTCDelta;
    assert(Offset >= 0 && "Offset should never be negative");

    if (Offset) {
      // Check for possible merge with preceding ADD instruction.
      Offset += mergeSPUpdates(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, true);
      emitSPUpdate(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, Offset, Is64Bit, IsLP64,
                   UseLEA, TII, *RegInfo);
    }

    // Jump to label or value in register.
    if (RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNdi || RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNdi64) {
      MachineInstrBuilder MIB =
        BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get((RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNdi)
                                       ? X86::TAILJMPd : X86::TAILJMPd64));
      if (JumpTarget.isGlobal())
        MIB.addGlobalAddress(JumpTarget.getGlobal(), JumpTarget.getOffset(),
                             JumpTarget.getTargetFlags());
      else {
        assert(JumpTarget.isSymbol());
        MIB.addExternalSymbol(JumpTarget.getSymbolName(),
                              JumpTarget.getTargetFlags());
      }
    } else if (RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi || RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi64) {
      MachineInstrBuilder MIB =
        BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get((RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNmi)
                                       ? X86::TAILJMPm : X86::TAILJMPm64));
      for (unsigned i = 0; i != 5; ++i)
        MIB.addOperand(MBBI->getOperand(i));
    } else if (RetOpcode == X86::TCRETURNri64) {
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::TAILJMPr64)).
        addReg(JumpTarget.getReg(), RegState::Kill);
    } else {
      BuildMI(MBB, MBBI, DL, TII.get(X86::TAILJMPr)).
        addReg(JumpTarget.getReg(), RegState::Kill);
    }

    MachineInstr *NewMI = std::prev(MBBI);
    NewMI->copyImplicitOps(MF, MBBI);

    // Delete the pseudo instruction TCRETURN.
    MBB.erase(MBBI);
  } else if ((RetOpcode == X86::RETQ || RetOpcode == X86::RETL ||
              RetOpcode == X86::RETIQ || RetOpcode == X86::RETIL) &&
             (X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta() < 0)) {
    // Add the return addr area delta back since we are not tail calling.
    int delta = -1*X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta();
    MBBI = MBB.getLastNonDebugInstr();

    // Check for possible merge with preceding ADD instruction.
    delta += mergeSPUpdates(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, true);
    emitSPUpdate(MBB, MBBI, StackPtr, delta, Is64Bit, IsLP64, UseLEA, TII,
                 *RegInfo);
  }
}

int X86FrameLowering::getFrameIndexOffset(const MachineFunction &MF,
                                          int FI) const {
  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo =
    static_cast<const X86RegisterInfo*>(MF.getTarget().getRegisterInfo());
  const MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  int Offset = MFI->getObjectOffset(FI) - getOffsetOfLocalArea();
  uint64_t StackSize = MFI->getStackSize();

  if (RegInfo->hasBasePointer(MF)) {
    assert (hasFP(MF) && "VLAs and dynamic stack realign, but no FP?!");
    if (FI < 0) {
      // Skip the saved EBP.
      return Offset + RegInfo->getSlotSize();
    } else {
      assert((-(Offset + StackSize)) % MFI->getObjectAlignment(FI) == 0);
      return Offset + StackSize;
    }
  } else if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF)) {
    if (FI < 0) {
      // Skip the saved EBP.
      return Offset + RegInfo->getSlotSize();
    } else {
      assert((-(Offset + StackSize)) % MFI->getObjectAlignment(FI) == 0);
      return Offset + StackSize;
    }
    // FIXME: Support tail calls
  } else {
    if (!hasFP(MF))
      return Offset + StackSize;

    // Skip the saved EBP.
    Offset += RegInfo->getSlotSize();

    // Skip the RETADDR move area
    const X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();
    int TailCallReturnAddrDelta = X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta();
    if (TailCallReturnAddrDelta < 0)
      Offset -= TailCallReturnAddrDelta;
  }

  return Offset;
}

int X86FrameLowering::getFrameIndexReference(const MachineFunction &MF, int FI,
                                             unsigned &FrameReg) const {
  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo =
      static_cast<const X86RegisterInfo*>(MF.getTarget().getRegisterInfo());
  // We can't calculate offset from frame pointer if the stack is realigned,
  // so enforce usage of stack/base pointer.  The base pointer is used when we
  // have dynamic allocas in addition to dynamic realignment.
  if (RegInfo->hasBasePointer(MF))
    FrameReg = RegInfo->getBaseRegister();
  else if (RegInfo->needsStackRealignment(MF))
    FrameReg = RegInfo->getStackRegister();
  else
    FrameReg = RegInfo->getFrameRegister(MF);
  return getFrameIndexOffset(MF, FI);
}

bool X86FrameLowering::spillCalleeSavedRegisters(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                                             MachineBasicBlock::iterator MI,
                                        const std::vector<CalleeSavedInfo> &CSI,
                                          const TargetRegisterInfo *TRI) const {
  if (CSI.empty())
    return false;

  DebugLoc DL = MBB.findDebugLoc(MI);

  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB.getParent();

  unsigned SlotSize = STI.is64Bit() ? 8 : 4;
  unsigned FPReg = TRI->getFrameRegister(MF);
  unsigned CalleeFrameSize = 0;

  const TargetInstrInfo &TII = *MF.getTarget().getInstrInfo();
  X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();

  // Push GPRs. It increases frame size.
  unsigned Opc = STI.is64Bit() ? X86::PUSH64r : X86::PUSH32r;
  for (unsigned i = CSI.size(); i != 0; --i) {
    unsigned Reg = CSI[i-1].getReg();
    if (!X86::GR64RegClass.contains(Reg) &&
        !X86::GR32RegClass.contains(Reg))
      continue;
    // Add the callee-saved register as live-in. It's killed at the spill.
    MBB.addLiveIn(Reg);
    if (Reg == FPReg)
      // X86RegisterInfo::emitPrologue will handle spilling of frame register.
      continue;
    CalleeFrameSize += SlotSize;
    BuildMI(MBB, MI, DL, TII.get(Opc)).addReg(Reg, RegState::Kill)
      .setMIFlag(MachineInstr::FrameSetup);
  }

  X86FI->setCalleeSavedFrameSize(CalleeFrameSize);

  // Make XMM regs spilled. X86 does not have ability of push/pop XMM.
  // It can be done by spilling XMMs to stack frame.
  // Note that only Win64 ABI might spill XMMs.
  for (unsigned i = CSI.size(); i != 0; --i) {
    unsigned Reg = CSI[i-1].getReg();
    if (X86::GR64RegClass.contains(Reg) ||
        X86::GR32RegClass.contains(Reg))
      continue;
    // Add the callee-saved register as live-in. It's killed at the spill.
    MBB.addLiveIn(Reg);
    const TargetRegisterClass *RC = TRI->getMinimalPhysRegClass(Reg);
    TII.storeRegToStackSlot(MBB, MI, Reg, true, CSI[i-1].getFrameIdx(),
                            RC, TRI);
  }

  return true;
}

bool X86FrameLowering::restoreCalleeSavedRegisters(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                                               MachineBasicBlock::iterator MI,
                                        const std::vector<CalleeSavedInfo> &CSI,
                                          const TargetRegisterInfo *TRI) const {
  if (CSI.empty())
    return false;

  DebugLoc DL = MBB.findDebugLoc(MI);

  MachineFunction &MF = *MBB.getParent();
  const TargetInstrInfo &TII = *MF.getTarget().getInstrInfo();

  // Reload XMMs from stack frame.
  for (unsigned i = 0, e = CSI.size(); i != e; ++i) {
    unsigned Reg = CSI[i].getReg();
    if (X86::GR64RegClass.contains(Reg) ||
        X86::GR32RegClass.contains(Reg))
      continue;
    const TargetRegisterClass *RC = TRI->getMinimalPhysRegClass(Reg);
    TII.loadRegFromStackSlot(MBB, MI, Reg, CSI[i].getFrameIdx(),
                             RC, TRI);
  }

  // POP GPRs.
  unsigned FPReg = TRI->getFrameRegister(MF);
  unsigned Opc = STI.is64Bit() ? X86::POP64r : X86::POP32r;
  for (unsigned i = 0, e = CSI.size(); i != e; ++i) {
    unsigned Reg = CSI[i].getReg();
    if (!X86::GR64RegClass.contains(Reg) &&
        !X86::GR32RegClass.contains(Reg))
      continue;
    if (Reg == FPReg)
      // X86RegisterInfo::emitEpilogue will handle restoring of frame register.
      continue;
    BuildMI(MBB, MI, DL, TII.get(Opc), Reg);
  }
  return true;
}

void
X86FrameLowering::processFunctionBeforeCalleeSavedScan(MachineFunction &MF,
                                                   RegScavenger *RS) const {
  MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  const X86RegisterInfo *RegInfo = TM.getRegisterInfo();
  unsigned SlotSize = RegInfo->getSlotSize();

  X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();
  int64_t TailCallReturnAddrDelta = X86FI->getTCReturnAddrDelta();

  if (TailCallReturnAddrDelta < 0) {
    // create RETURNADDR area
    //   arg
    //   arg
    //   RETADDR
    //   { ...
    //     RETADDR area
    //     ...
    //   }
    //   [EBP]
    MFI->CreateFixedObject(-TailCallReturnAddrDelta,
                           TailCallReturnAddrDelta - SlotSize, true);
  }

  if (hasFP(MF)) {
    assert((TailCallReturnAddrDelta <= 0) &&
           "The Delta should always be zero or negative");
    const TargetFrameLowering &TFI = *MF.getTarget().getFrameLowering();

    // Create a frame entry for the EBP register that must be saved.
    int FrameIdx = MFI->CreateFixedObject(SlotSize,
                                          -(int)SlotSize +
                                          TFI.getOffsetOfLocalArea() +
                                          TailCallReturnAddrDelta,
                                          true);
    assert(FrameIdx == MFI->getObjectIndexBegin() &&
           "Slot for EBP register must be last in order to be found!");
    (void)FrameIdx;
  }

  // Spill the BasePtr if it's used.
  if (RegInfo->hasBasePointer(MF))
    MF.getRegInfo().setPhysRegUsed(RegInfo->getBaseRegister());
}

static bool
HasNestArgument(const MachineFunction *MF) {
  const Function *F = MF->getFunction();
  for (Function::const_arg_iterator I = F->arg_begin(), E = F->arg_end();
       I != E; I++) {
    if (I->hasNestAttr())
      return true;
  }
  return false;
}

/// GetScratchRegister - Get a temp register for performing work in the
/// segmented stack and the Erlang/HiPE stack prologue. Depending on platform
/// and the properties of the function either one or two registers will be
/// needed. Set primary to true for the first register, false for the second.
static unsigned
GetScratchRegister(bool Is64Bit, const MachineFunction &MF, bool Primary) {
  CallingConv::ID CallingConvention = MF.getFunction()->getCallingConv();

  // Erlang stuff.
  if (CallingConvention == CallingConv::HiPE) {
    if (Is64Bit)
      return Primary ? X86::R14 : X86::R13;
    else
      return Primary ? X86::EBX : X86::EDI;
  }

  if (Is64Bit)
    return Primary ? X86::R11 : X86::R12;

  bool IsNested = HasNestArgument(&MF);

  if (CallingConvention == CallingConv::X86_FastCall ||
      CallingConvention == CallingConv::Fast) {
    if (IsNested)
      report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks does not support fastcall with "
                         "nested function.");
    return Primary ? X86::EAX : X86::ECX;
  }
  if (IsNested)
    return Primary ? X86::EDX : X86::EAX;
  return Primary ? X86::ECX : X86::EAX;
}

// The stack limit in the TCB is set to this many bytes above the actual stack
// limit.
static const uint64_t kSplitStackAvailable = 256;

void
X86FrameLowering::adjustForSegmentedStacks(MachineFunction &MF) const {
  MachineBasicBlock &prologueMBB = MF.front();
  MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();
  uint64_t StackSize;
  bool Is64Bit = STI.is64Bit();
  unsigned TlsReg, TlsOffset;
  DebugLoc DL;

  unsigned ScratchReg = GetScratchRegister(Is64Bit, MF, true);
  assert(!MF.getRegInfo().isLiveIn(ScratchReg) &&
         "Scratch register is live-in");

  if (MF.getFunction()->isVarArg())
    report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks do not support vararg functions.");
  if (!STI.isTargetLinux() && !STI.isTargetDarwin() &&
      !STI.isTargetWin32() && !STI.isTargetWin64() && !STI.isTargetFreeBSD())
    report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks not supported on this platform.");

  MachineBasicBlock *allocMBB = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock();
  MachineBasicBlock *checkMBB = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock();
  X86MachineFunctionInfo *X86FI = MF.getInfo<X86MachineFunctionInfo>();
  bool IsNested = false;

  // We need to know if the function has a nest argument only in 64 bit mode.
  if (Is64Bit)
    IsNested = HasNestArgument(&MF);

  // The MOV R10, RAX needs to be in a different block, since the RET we emit in
  // allocMBB needs to be last (terminating) instruction.

  for (MachineBasicBlock::livein_iterator i = prologueMBB.livein_begin(),
         e = prologueMBB.livein_end(); i != e; i++) {
    allocMBB->addLiveIn(*i);
    checkMBB->addLiveIn(*i);
  }

  if (IsNested)
    allocMBB->addLiveIn(X86::R10);

  MF.push_front(allocMBB);
  MF.push_front(checkMBB);

  // Eventually StackSize will be calculated by a link-time pass; which will
  // also decide whether checking code needs to be injected into this particular
  // prologue.
  StackSize = MFI->getStackSize();

  // When the frame size is less than 256 we just compare the stack
  // boundary directly to the value of the stack pointer, per gcc.
  bool CompareStackPointer = StackSize < kSplitStackAvailable;

  // Read the limit off the current stacklet off the stack_guard location.
  if (Is64Bit) {
    if (STI.isTargetLinux()) {
      TlsReg = X86::FS;
      TlsOffset = 0x70;
    } else if (STI.isTargetDarwin()) {
      TlsReg = X86::GS;
      TlsOffset = 0x60 + 90*8; // See pthread_machdep.h. Steal TLS slot 90.
    } else if (STI.isTargetWin64()) {
      TlsReg = X86::GS;
      TlsOffset = 0x28; // pvArbitrary, reserved for application use
    } else if (STI.isTargetFreeBSD()) {
      TlsReg = X86::FS;
      TlsOffset = 0x18;
    } else {
      report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks not supported on this platform.");
    }

    if (CompareStackPointer)
      ScratchReg = X86::RSP;
    else
      BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::LEA64r), ScratchReg).addReg(X86::RSP)
        .addImm(1).addReg(0).addImm(-StackSize).addReg(0);

    BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CMP64rm)).addReg(ScratchReg)
      .addReg(0).addImm(1).addReg(0).addImm(TlsOffset).addReg(TlsReg);
  } else {
    if (STI.isTargetLinux()) {
      TlsReg = X86::GS;
      TlsOffset = 0x30;
    } else if (STI.isTargetDarwin()) {
      TlsReg = X86::GS;
      TlsOffset = 0x48 + 90*4;
    } else if (STI.isTargetWin32()) {
      TlsReg = X86::FS;
      TlsOffset = 0x14; // pvArbitrary, reserved for application use
    } else if (STI.isTargetFreeBSD()) {
      report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks not supported on FreeBSD i386.");
    } else {
      report_fatal_error("Segmented stacks not supported on this platform.");
    }

    if (CompareStackPointer)
      ScratchReg = X86::ESP;
    else
      BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::LEA32r), ScratchReg).addReg(X86::ESP)
        .addImm(1).addReg(0).addImm(-StackSize).addReg(0);

    if (STI.isTargetLinux() || STI.isTargetWin32() || STI.isTargetWin64()) {
      BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CMP32rm)).addReg(ScratchReg)
        .addReg(0).addImm(0).addReg(0).addImm(TlsOffset).addReg(TlsReg);
    } else if (STI.isTargetDarwin()) {

      // TlsOffset doesn't fit into a mod r/m byte so we need an extra register.
      unsigned ScratchReg2;
      bool SaveScratch2;
      if (CompareStackPointer) {
        // The primary scratch register is available for holding the TLS offset.
        ScratchReg2 = GetScratchRegister(Is64Bit, MF, true);
        SaveScratch2 = false;
      } else {
        // Need to use a second register to hold the TLS offset
        ScratchReg2 = GetScratchRegister(Is64Bit, MF, false);

        // Unfortunately, with fastcc the second scratch register may hold an
        // argument.
        SaveScratch2 = MF.getRegInfo().isLiveIn(ScratchReg2);
      }

      // If Scratch2 is live-in then it needs to be saved.
      assert((!MF.getRegInfo().isLiveIn(ScratchReg2) || SaveScratch2) &&
             "Scratch register is live-in and not saved");

      if (SaveScratch2)
        BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::PUSH32r))
          .addReg(ScratchReg2, RegState::Kill);

      BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV32ri), ScratchReg2)
        .addImm(TlsOffset);
      BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CMP32rm))
        .addReg(ScratchReg)
        .addReg(ScratchReg2).addImm(1).addReg(0)
        .addImm(0)
        .addReg(TlsReg);

      if (SaveScratch2)
        BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::POP32r), ScratchReg2);
    }
  }

  // This jump is taken if SP >= (Stacklet Limit + Stack Space required).
  // It jumps to normal execution of the function body.
  BuildMI(checkMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::JA_4)).addMBB(&prologueMBB);

  // On 32 bit we first push the arguments size and then the frame size. On 64
  // bit, we pass the stack frame size in r10 and the argument size in r11.
  if (Is64Bit) {
    // Functions with nested arguments use R10, so it needs to be saved across
    // the call to _morestack

    if (IsNested)
      BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV64rr), X86::RAX).addReg(X86::R10);

    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV64ri), X86::R10)
      .addImm(StackSize);
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MOV64ri), X86::R11)
      .addImm(X86FI->getArgumentStackSize());
    MF.getRegInfo().setPhysRegUsed(X86::R10);
    MF.getRegInfo().setPhysRegUsed(X86::R11);
  } else {
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::PUSHi32))
      .addImm(X86FI->getArgumentStackSize());
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::PUSHi32))
      .addImm(StackSize);
  }

  // __morestack is in libgcc
  if (Is64Bit)
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CALL64pcrel32))
      .addExternalSymbol("__morestack");
  else
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CALLpcrel32))
      .addExternalSymbol("__morestack");

  if (IsNested)
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MORESTACK_RET_RESTORE_R10));
  else
    BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::MORESTACK_RET));

  allocMBB->addSuccessor(&prologueMBB);

  checkMBB->addSuccessor(allocMBB);
  checkMBB->addSuccessor(&prologueMBB);

#ifdef XDEBUG
  MF.verify();
#endif
}

/// Erlang programs may need a special prologue to handle the stack size they
/// might need at runtime. That is because Erlang/OTP does not implement a C
/// stack but uses a custom implementation of hybrid stack/heap architecture.
/// (for more information see Eric Stenman's Ph.D. thesis:
/// http://publications.uu.se/uu/fulltext/nbn_se_uu_diva-2688.pdf)
///
/// CheckStack:
///       temp0 = sp - MaxStack
///       if( temp0 < SP_LIMIT(P) ) goto IncStack else goto OldStart
/// OldStart:
///       ...
/// IncStack:
///       call inc_stack   # doubles the stack space
///       temp0 = sp - MaxStack
///       if( temp0 < SP_LIMIT(P) ) goto IncStack else goto OldStart
void X86FrameLowering::adjustForHiPEPrologue(MachineFunction &MF) const {
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();
  MachineFrameInfo *MFI = MF.getFrameInfo();
  const unsigned SlotSize = TM.getRegisterInfo()->getSlotSize();
  const bool Is64Bit = STI.is64Bit();
  DebugLoc DL;
  // HiPE-specific values
  const unsigned HipeLeafWords = 24;
  const unsigned CCRegisteredArgs = Is64Bit ? 6 : 5;
  const unsigned Guaranteed = HipeLeafWords * SlotSize;
  unsigned CallerStkArity = MF.getFunction()->arg_size() > CCRegisteredArgs ?
                            MF.getFunction()->arg_size() - CCRegisteredArgs : 0;
  unsigned MaxStack = MFI->getStackSize() + CallerStkArity*SlotSize + SlotSize;

  assert(STI.isTargetLinux() &&
         "HiPE prologue is only supported on Linux operating systems.");

  // Compute the largest caller's frame that is needed to fit the callees'
  // frames. This 'MaxStack' is computed from:
  //
  // a) the fixed frame size, which is the space needed for all spilled temps,
  // b) outgoing on-stack parameter areas, and
  // c) the minimum stack space this function needs to make available for the
  //    functions it calls (a tunable ABI property).
  if (MFI->hasCalls()) {
    unsigned MoreStackForCalls = 0;

    for (MachineFunction::iterator MBBI = MF.begin(), MBBE = MF.end();
         MBBI != MBBE; ++MBBI)
      for (MachineBasicBlock::iterator MI = MBBI->begin(), ME = MBBI->end();
           MI != ME; ++MI) {
        if (!MI->isCall())
          continue;

        // Get callee operand.
        const MachineOperand &MO = MI->getOperand(0);

        // Only take account of global function calls (no closures etc.).
        if (!MO.isGlobal())
          continue;

        const Function *F = dyn_cast<Function>(MO.getGlobal());
        if (!F)
          continue;

        // Do not update 'MaxStack' for primitive and built-in functions
        // (encoded with names either starting with "erlang."/"bif_" or not
        // having a ".", such as a simple <Module>.<Function>.<Arity>, or an
        // "_", such as the BIF "suspend_0") as they are executed on another
        // stack.
        if (F->getName().find("erlang.") != StringRef::npos ||
            F->getName().find("bif_") != StringRef::npos ||
            F->getName().find_first_of("._") == StringRef::npos)
          continue;

        unsigned CalleeStkArity =
          F->arg_size() > CCRegisteredArgs ? F->arg_size()-CCRegisteredArgs : 0;
        if (HipeLeafWords - 1 > CalleeStkArity)
          MoreStackForCalls = std::max(MoreStackForCalls,
                               (HipeLeafWords - 1 - CalleeStkArity) * SlotSize);
      }
    MaxStack += MoreStackForCalls;
  }

  // If the stack frame needed is larger than the guaranteed then runtime checks
  // and calls to "inc_stack_0" BIF should be inserted in the assembly prologue.
  if (MaxStack > Guaranteed) {
    MachineBasicBlock &prologueMBB = MF.front();
    MachineBasicBlock *stackCheckMBB = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock();
    MachineBasicBlock *incStackMBB = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock();

    for (MachineBasicBlock::livein_iterator I = prologueMBB.livein_begin(),
           E = prologueMBB.livein_end(); I != E; I++) {
      stackCheckMBB->addLiveIn(*I);
      incStackMBB->addLiveIn(*I);
    }

    MF.push_front(incStackMBB);
    MF.push_front(stackCheckMBB);

    unsigned ScratchReg, SPReg, PReg, SPLimitOffset;
    unsigned LEAop, CMPop, CALLop;
    if (Is64Bit) {
      SPReg = X86::RSP;
      PReg  = X86::RBP;
      LEAop = X86::LEA64r;
      CMPop = X86::CMP64rm;
      CALLop = X86::CALL64pcrel32;
      SPLimitOffset = 0x90;
    } else {
      SPReg = X86::ESP;
      PReg  = X86::EBP;
      LEAop = X86::LEA32r;
      CMPop = X86::CMP32rm;
      CALLop = X86::CALLpcrel32;
      SPLimitOffset = 0x4c;
    }

    ScratchReg = GetScratchRegister(Is64Bit, MF, true);
    assert(!MF.getRegInfo().isLiveIn(ScratchReg) &&
           "HiPE prologue scratch register is live-in");

    // Create new MBB for StackCheck:
    addRegOffset(BuildMI(stackCheckMBB, DL, TII.get(LEAop), ScratchReg),
                 SPReg, false, -MaxStack);
    // SPLimitOffset is in a fixed heap location (pointed by BP).
    addRegOffset(BuildMI(stackCheckMBB, DL, TII.get(CMPop))
                 .addReg(ScratchReg), PReg, false, SPLimitOffset);
    BuildMI(stackCheckMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::JAE_4)).addMBB(&prologueMBB);

    // Create new MBB for IncStack:
    BuildMI(incStackMBB, DL, TII.get(CALLop)).
      addExternalSymbol("inc_stack_0");
    addRegOffset(BuildMI(incStackMBB, DL, TII.get(LEAop), ScratchReg),
                 SPReg, false, -MaxStack);
    addRegOffset(BuildMI(incStackMBB, DL, TII.get(CMPop))
                 .addReg(ScratchReg), PReg, false, SPLimitOffset);
    BuildMI(incStackMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::JLE_4)).addMBB(incStackMBB);

    stackCheckMBB->addSuccessor(&prologueMBB, 99);
    stackCheckMBB->addSuccessor(incStackMBB, 1);
    incStackMBB->addSuccessor(&prologueMBB, 99);
    incStackMBB->addSuccessor(incStackMBB, 1);
  }
#ifdef XDEBUG
  MF.verify();
#endif
}

void X86FrameLowering::
eliminateCallFramePseudoInstr(MachineFunction &MF, MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
                              MachineBasicBlock::iterator I) const {
  const X86InstrInfo &TII = *TM.getInstrInfo();
  const X86RegisterInfo &RegInfo = *TM.getRegisterInfo();
  unsigned StackPtr = RegInfo.getStackRegister();
  bool reseveCallFrame = hasReservedCallFrame(MF);
  int Opcode = I->getOpcode();
  bool isDestroy = Opcode == TII.getCallFrameDestroyOpcode();
  bool IsLP64 = STI.isTarget64BitLP64();
  DebugLoc DL = I->getDebugLoc();
  uint64_t Amount = !reseveCallFrame ? I->getOperand(0).getImm() : 0;
  uint64_t CalleeAmt = isDestroy ? I->getOperand(1).getImm() : 0;
  I = MBB.erase(I);

  if (!reseveCallFrame) {
    // If the stack pointer can be changed after prologue, turn the
    // adjcallstackup instruction into a 'sub ESP, <amt>' and the
    // adjcallstackdown instruction into 'add ESP, <amt>'
    // TODO: consider using push / pop instead of sub + store / add
    if (Amount == 0)
      return;

    // We need to keep the stack aligned properly.  To do this, we round the
    // amount of space needed for the outgoing arguments up to the next
    // alignment boundary.
    unsigned StackAlign = TM.getFrameLowering()->getStackAlignment();
    Amount = (Amount + StackAlign - 1) / StackAlign * StackAlign;

    MachineInstr *New = nullptr;
    if (Opcode == TII.getCallFrameSetupOpcode()) {
      New = BuildMI(MF, DL, TII.get(getSUBriOpcode(IsLP64, Amount)),
                    StackPtr)
        .addReg(StackPtr)
        .addImm(Amount);
    } else {
      assert(Opcode == TII.getCallFrameDestroyOpcode());

      // Factor out the amount the callee already popped.
      Amount -= CalleeAmt;

      if (Amount) {
        unsigned Opc = getADDriOpcode(IsLP64, Amount);
        New = BuildMI(MF, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr)
          .addReg(StackPtr).addImm(Amount);
      }
    }

    if (New) {
      // The EFLAGS implicit def is dead.
      New->getOperand(3).setIsDead();

      // Replace the pseudo instruction with a new instruction.
      MBB.insert(I, New);
    }

    return;
  }

  if (Opcode == TII.getCallFrameDestroyOpcode() && CalleeAmt) {
    // If we are performing frame pointer elimination and if the callee pops
    // something off the stack pointer, add it back.  We do this until we have
    // more advanced stack pointer tracking ability.
    unsigned Opc = getSUBriOpcode(IsLP64, CalleeAmt);
    MachineInstr *New = BuildMI(MF, DL, TII.get(Opc), StackPtr)
      .addReg(StackPtr).addImm(CalleeAmt);

    // The EFLAGS implicit def is dead.
    New->getOperand(3).setIsDead();

    // We are not tracking the stack pointer adjustment by the callee, so make
    // sure we restore the stack pointer immediately after the call, there may
    // be spill code inserted between the CALL and ADJCALLSTACKUP instructions.
    MachineBasicBlock::iterator B = MBB.begin();
    while (I != B && !std::prev(I)->isCall())
      --I;
    MBB.insert(I, New);
  }
}