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//===- llvm/Analysis/DemandedBits.h - Determine demanded bits ---*- C++ -*-===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This pass implements a demanded bits analysis. A demanded bit is one that
// contributes to a result; bits that are not demanded can be either zero or
// one without affecting control or data flow. For example in this sequence:
//
//   %1 = add i32 %x, %y
//   %2 = trunc i32 %1 to i16
//
// Only the lowest 16 bits of %1 are demanded; the rest are removed by the
// trunc.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_ANALYSIS_DEMANDED_BITS_H
#define LLVM_ANALYSIS_DEMANDED_BITS_H

#include "llvm/ADT/APInt.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Optional.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"
#include "llvm/IR/PassManager.h"
#include "llvm/Pass.h"

namespace llvm {

class AssumptionCache;
class DominatorTree;
class Function;
class Instruction;
struct KnownBits;
class raw_ostream;

class DemandedBits {
public:
  DemandedBits(Function &F, AssumptionCache &AC, DominatorTree &DT) :
    F(F), AC(AC), DT(DT) {}

  /// Return the bits demanded from instruction I.
  ///
  /// For vector instructions individual vector elements are not distinguished:
  /// A bit is demanded if it is demanded for any of the vector elements. The
  /// size of the return value corresponds to the type size in bits of the
  /// scalar type.
  ///
  /// Instructions that do not have integer or vector of integer type are
  /// accepted, but will always produce a mask with all bits set.
  APInt getDemandedBits(Instruction *I);

  /// Return true if, during analysis, I could not be reached.
  bool isInstructionDead(Instruction *I);

  /// Return whether this use is dead by means of not having any demanded bits.
  bool isUseDead(Use *U);

  void print(raw_ostream &OS);

private:
  void performAnalysis();
  void determineLiveOperandBits(const Instruction *UserI,
    const Value *Val, unsigned OperandNo,
    const APInt &AOut, APInt &AB,
    KnownBits &Known, KnownBits &Known2, bool &KnownBitsComputed);

  Function &F;
  AssumptionCache ∾
  DominatorTree &DT;

  bool Analyzed = false;

  // The set of visited instructions (non-integer-typed only).
  SmallPtrSet<Instruction*, 32> Visited;
  DenseMap<Instruction *, APInt> AliveBits;
  // Uses with no demanded bits. If the user also has no demanded bits, the use
  // might not be stored explicitly in this map, to save memory during analysis.
  SmallPtrSet<Use *, 16> DeadUses;
};

class DemandedBitsWrapperPass : public FunctionPass {
private:
  mutable Optional<DemandedBits> DB;

public:
  static char ID; // Pass identification, replacement for typeid

  DemandedBitsWrapperPass();

  bool runOnFunction(Function &F) override;
  void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const override;

  /// Clean up memory in between runs
  void releaseMemory() override;

  DemandedBits &getDemandedBits() { return *DB; }

  void print(raw_ostream &OS, const Module *M) const override;
};

/// An analysis that produces \c DemandedBits for a function.
class DemandedBitsAnalysis : public AnalysisInfoMixin<DemandedBitsAnalysis> {
  friend AnalysisInfoMixin<DemandedBitsAnalysis>;

  static AnalysisKey Key;

public:
  /// Provide the result type for this analysis pass.
  using Result = DemandedBits;

  /// Run the analysis pass over a function and produce demanded bits
  /// information.
  DemandedBits run(Function &F, FunctionAnalysisManager &AM);
};

/// Printer pass for DemandedBits
class DemandedBitsPrinterPass : public PassInfoMixin<DemandedBitsPrinterPass> {
  raw_ostream &OS;

public:
  explicit DemandedBitsPrinterPass(raw_ostream &OS) : OS(OS) {}

  PreservedAnalyses run(Function &F, FunctionAnalysisManager &AM);
};

/// Create a demanded bits analysis pass.
FunctionPass *createDemandedBitsWrapperPass();

} // end namespace llvm

#endif // LLVM_ANALYSIS_DEMANDED_BITS_H