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//===- LazyEmittingLayer.h - Lazily emit IR to lower JIT layers -*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// Contains the definition for a lazy-emitting layer for the JIT.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_EXECUTIONENGINE_ORC_LAZYEMITTINGLAYER_H
#define LLVM_EXECUTIONENGINE_ORC_LAZYEMITTINGLAYER_H

#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/ExecutionEngine/JITSymbol.h"
#include "llvm/IR/GlobalValue.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Mangler.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include <algorithm>
#include <cassert>
#include <list>
#include <memory>
#include <string>

namespace llvm {
namespace orc {

/// @brief Lazy-emitting IR layer.
///
///   This layer accepts LLVM IR Modules (via addModule), but does not
/// immediately emit them the layer below. Instead, emissing to the base layer
/// is deferred until the first time the client requests the address (via
/// JITSymbol::getAddress) for a symbol contained in this layer.
template <typename BaseLayerT> class LazyEmittingLayer {
public:

  using BaseLayerHandleT = typename BaseLayerT::ModuleHandleT;

private:
  class EmissionDeferredModule {
  public:
    EmissionDeferredModule(std::shared_ptr<Module> M,
                           std::shared_ptr<JITSymbolResolver> Resolver)
      : M(std::move(M)), Resolver(std::move(Resolver)) {}

    JITSymbol find(StringRef Name, bool ExportedSymbolsOnly, BaseLayerT &B) {
      switch (EmitState) {
      case NotEmitted:
        if (auto GV = searchGVs(Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly)) {
          // Create a std::string version of Name to capture here - the argument
          // (a StringRef) may go away before the lambda is executed.
          // FIXME: Use capture-init when we move to C++14.
          std::string PName = Name;
          JITSymbolFlags Flags = JITSymbolFlags::fromGlobalValue(*GV);
          auto GetAddress =
            [this, ExportedSymbolsOnly, PName, &B]() -> Expected<JITTargetAddress> {
              if (this->EmitState == Emitting)
                return 0;
              else if (this->EmitState == NotEmitted) {
                this->EmitState = Emitting;
                if (auto HandleOrErr = this->emitToBaseLayer(B))
                  Handle = std::move(*HandleOrErr);
                else
                  return HandleOrErr.takeError();
                this->EmitState = Emitted;
              }
              if (auto Sym = B.findSymbolIn(Handle, PName, ExportedSymbolsOnly))
                return Sym.getAddress();
              else if (auto Err = Sym.takeError())
                return std::move(Err);
              else
                llvm_unreachable("Successful symbol lookup should return "
                                 "definition address here");
          };
          return JITSymbol(std::move(GetAddress), Flags);
        } else
          return nullptr;
      case Emitting:
        // Calling "emit" can trigger a recursive call to 'find' (e.g. to check
        // for pre-existing definitions of common-symbol), but any symbol in
        // this module would already have been found internally (in the
        // RuntimeDyld that did the lookup), so just return a nullptr here.
        return nullptr;
      case Emitted:
        return B.findSymbolIn(Handle, Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly);
      }
      llvm_unreachable("Invalid emit-state.");
    }

    void removeModuleFromBaseLayer(BaseLayerT &BaseLayer) {
      if (EmitState != NotEmitted)
        BaseLayer.removeModule(Handle);
    }

    void emitAndFinalize(BaseLayerT &BaseLayer) {
      assert(EmitState != Emitting &&
             "Cannot emitAndFinalize while already emitting");
      if (EmitState == NotEmitted) {
        EmitState = Emitting;
        Handle = emitToBaseLayer(BaseLayer);
        EmitState = Emitted;
      }
      BaseLayer.emitAndFinalize(Handle);
    }

  private:

    const GlobalValue* searchGVs(StringRef Name,
                                 bool ExportedSymbolsOnly) const {
      // FIXME: We could clean all this up if we had a way to reliably demangle
      //        names: We could just demangle name and search, rather than
      //        mangling everything else.

      // If we have already built the mangled name set then just search it.
      if (MangledSymbols) {
        auto VI = MangledSymbols->find(Name);
        if (VI == MangledSymbols->end())
          return nullptr;
        auto GV = VI->second;
        if (!ExportedSymbolsOnly || GV->hasDefaultVisibility())
          return GV;
        return nullptr;
      }

      // If we haven't built the mangled name set yet, try to build it. As an
      // optimization this will leave MangledNames set to nullptr if we find
      // Name in the process of building the set.
      return buildMangledSymbols(Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly);
    }

    Expected<BaseLayerHandleT> emitToBaseLayer(BaseLayerT &BaseLayer) {
      // We don't need the mangled names set any more: Once we've emitted this
      // to the base layer we'll just look for symbols there.
      MangledSymbols.reset();
      return BaseLayer.addModule(std::move(M), std::move(Resolver));
    }

    // If the mangled name of the given GlobalValue matches the given search
    // name (and its visibility conforms to the ExportedSymbolsOnly flag) then
    // return the symbol. Otherwise, add the mangled name to the Names map and
    // return nullptr.
    const GlobalValue* addGlobalValue(StringMap<const GlobalValue*> &Names,
                                      const GlobalValue &GV,
                                      const Mangler &Mang, StringRef SearchName,
                                      bool ExportedSymbolsOnly) const {
      // Modules don't "provide" decls or common symbols.
      if (GV.isDeclaration() || GV.hasCommonLinkage())
        return nullptr;

      // Mangle the GV name.
      std::string MangledName;
      {
        raw_string_ostream MangledNameStream(MangledName);
        Mang.getNameWithPrefix(MangledNameStream, &GV, false);
      }

      // Check whether this is the name we were searching for, and if it is then
      // bail out early.
      if (MangledName == SearchName)
        if (!ExportedSymbolsOnly || GV.hasDefaultVisibility())
          return &GV;

      // Otherwise add this to the map for later.
      Names[MangledName] = &GV;
      return nullptr;
    }

    // Build the MangledSymbols map. Bails out early (with MangledSymbols left set
    // to nullptr) if the given SearchName is found while building the map.
    const GlobalValue* buildMangledSymbols(StringRef SearchName,
                                           bool ExportedSymbolsOnly) const {
      assert(!MangledSymbols && "Mangled symbols map already exists?");

      auto Symbols = llvm::make_unique<StringMap<const GlobalValue*>>();

      Mangler Mang;

      for (const auto &GO : M->global_objects())
          if (auto GV = addGlobalValue(*Symbols, GO, Mang, SearchName,
                                       ExportedSymbolsOnly))
            return GV;

      MangledSymbols = std::move(Symbols);
      return nullptr;
    }

    enum { NotEmitted, Emitting, Emitted } EmitState = NotEmitted;
    BaseLayerHandleT Handle;
    std::shared_ptr<Module> M;
    std::shared_ptr<JITSymbolResolver> Resolver;
    mutable std::unique_ptr<StringMap<const GlobalValue*>> MangledSymbols;
  };

  using ModuleListT = std::list<std::unique_ptr<EmissionDeferredModule>>;

  BaseLayerT &BaseLayer;
  ModuleListT ModuleList;

public:

  /// @brief Handle to a loaded module.
  using ModuleHandleT = typename ModuleListT::iterator;

  /// @brief Construct a lazy emitting layer.
  LazyEmittingLayer(BaseLayerT &BaseLayer) : BaseLayer(BaseLayer) {}

  /// @brief Add the given module to the lazy emitting layer.
  Expected<ModuleHandleT>
  addModule(std::shared_ptr<Module> M,
            std::shared_ptr<JITSymbolResolver> Resolver) {
    return ModuleList.insert(
        ModuleList.end(),
        llvm::make_unique<EmissionDeferredModule>(std::move(M),
                                                  std::move(Resolver)));
  }

  /// @brief Remove the module represented by the given handle.
  ///
  ///   This method will free the memory associated with the given module, both
  /// in this layer, and the base layer.
  Error removeModule(ModuleHandleT H) {
    (*H)->removeModuleFromBaseLayer(BaseLayer);
    ModuleList.erase(H);
  }

  /// @brief Search for the given named symbol.
  /// @param Name The name of the symbol to search for.
  /// @param ExportedSymbolsOnly If true, search only for exported symbols.
  /// @return A handle for the given named symbol, if it exists.
  JITSymbol findSymbol(const std::string &Name, bool ExportedSymbolsOnly) {
    // Look for the symbol among existing definitions.
    if (auto Symbol = BaseLayer.findSymbol(Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly))
      return Symbol;

    // If not found then search the deferred modules. If any of these contain a
    // definition of 'Name' then they will return a JITSymbol that will emit
    // the corresponding module when the symbol address is requested.
    for (auto &DeferredMod : ModuleList)
      if (auto Symbol = DeferredMod->find(Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly, BaseLayer))
        return Symbol;

    // If no definition found anywhere return a null symbol.
    return nullptr;
  }

  /// @brief Get the address of the given symbol in the context of the of
  ///        compiled modules represented by the handle H.
  JITSymbol findSymbolIn(ModuleHandleT H, const std::string &Name,
                         bool ExportedSymbolsOnly) {
    return (*H)->find(Name, ExportedSymbolsOnly, BaseLayer);
  }

  /// @brief Immediately emit and finalize the module represented by the given
  ///        handle.
  /// @param H Handle for module to emit/finalize.
  Error emitAndFinalize(ModuleHandleT H) {
    return (*H)->emitAndFinalize(BaseLayer);
  }
};

} // end namespace orc
} // end namespace llvm

#endif // LLVM_EXECUTIONENGINE_ORC_LAZYEMITTINGLAYER_H