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//===--- ExpandReductions.cpp - Expand experimental reduction intrinsics --===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This pass implements IR expansion for reduction intrinsics, allowing targets
// to enable the experimental intrinsics until just before codegen.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/CodeGen/ExpandReductions.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/TargetTransformInfo.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Function.h"
#include "llvm/IR/IRBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/IR/InstIterator.h"
#include "llvm/IR/IntrinsicInst.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Intrinsics.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
#include "llvm/Pass.h"
#include "llvm/Transforms/Utils/LoopUtils.h"

using namespace llvm;

namespace {

unsigned getOpcode(Intrinsic::ID ID) {
  switch (ID) {
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_v2_fadd:
    return Instruction::FAdd;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_v2_fmul:
    return Instruction::FMul;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_add:
    return Instruction::Add;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_mul:
    return Instruction::Mul;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_and:
    return Instruction::And;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_or:
    return Instruction::Or;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_xor:
    return Instruction::Xor;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smax:
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smin:
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umax:
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umin:
    return Instruction::ICmp;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmax:
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmin:
    return Instruction::FCmp;
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Unexpected ID");
  }
}

RecurrenceDescriptor::MinMaxRecurrenceKind getMRK(Intrinsic::ID ID) {
  switch (ID) {
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smax:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_SIntMax;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smin:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_SIntMin;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umax:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_UIntMax;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umin:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_UIntMin;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmax:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_FloatMax;
  case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmin:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_FloatMin;
  default:
    return RecurrenceDescriptor::MRK_Invalid;
  }
}

bool expandReductions(Function &F, const TargetTransformInfo *TTI) {
  bool Changed = false;
  SmallVector<IntrinsicInst *, 4> Worklist;
  for (inst_iterator I = inst_begin(F), E = inst_end(F); I != E; ++I)
    if (auto II = dyn_cast<IntrinsicInst>(&*I))
      Worklist.push_back(II);

  for (auto *II : Worklist) {
    if (!TTI->shouldExpandReduction(II))
      continue;

    FastMathFlags FMF =
        isa<FPMathOperator>(II) ? II->getFastMathFlags() : FastMathFlags{};
    Intrinsic::ID ID = II->getIntrinsicID();
    RecurrenceDescriptor::MinMaxRecurrenceKind MRK = getMRK(ID);

    Value *Rdx = nullptr;
    IRBuilder<> Builder(II);
    IRBuilder<>::FastMathFlagGuard FMFGuard(Builder);
    Builder.setFastMathFlags(FMF);
    switch (ID) {
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_v2_fadd:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_v2_fmul: {
      // FMFs must be attached to the call, otherwise it's an ordered reduction
      // and it can't be handled by generating a shuffle sequence.
      Value *Acc = II->getArgOperand(0);
      Value *Vec = II->getArgOperand(1);
      if (!FMF.allowReassoc())
        Rdx = getOrderedReduction(Builder, Acc, Vec, getOpcode(ID), MRK);
      else {
        Rdx = getShuffleReduction(Builder, Vec, getOpcode(ID), MRK);
        Rdx = Builder.CreateBinOp((Instruction::BinaryOps)getOpcode(ID),
                                  Acc, Rdx, "bin.rdx");
      }
    } break;
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_add:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_mul:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_and:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_or:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_xor:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smax:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_smin:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umax:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_umin:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmax:
    case Intrinsic::experimental_vector_reduce_fmin: {
      Value *Vec = II->getArgOperand(0);
      Rdx = getShuffleReduction(Builder, Vec, getOpcode(ID), MRK);
    } break;
    default:
      continue;
    }
    II->replaceAllUsesWith(Rdx);
    II->eraseFromParent();
    Changed = true;
  }
  return Changed;
}

class ExpandReductions : public FunctionPass {
public:
  static char ID;
  ExpandReductions() : FunctionPass(ID) {
    initializeExpandReductionsPass(*PassRegistry::getPassRegistry());
  }

  bool runOnFunction(Function &F) override {
    const auto *TTI =&getAnalysis<TargetTransformInfoWrapperPass>().getTTI(F);
    return expandReductions(F, TTI);
  }

  void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const override {
    AU.addRequired<TargetTransformInfoWrapperPass>();
    AU.setPreservesCFG();
  }
};
}

char ExpandReductions::ID;
INITIALIZE_PASS_BEGIN(ExpandReductions, "expand-reductions",
                      "Expand reduction intrinsics", false, false)
INITIALIZE_PASS_DEPENDENCY(TargetTransformInfoWrapperPass)
INITIALIZE_PASS_END(ExpandReductions, "expand-reductions",
                    "Expand reduction intrinsics", false, false)

FunctionPass *llvm::createExpandReductionsPass() {
  return new ExpandReductions();
}

PreservedAnalyses ExpandReductionsPass::run(Function &F,
                                            FunctionAnalysisManager &AM) {
  const auto &TTI = AM.getResult<TargetIRAnalysis>(F);
  if (!expandReductions(F, &TTI))
    return PreservedAnalyses::all();
  PreservedAnalyses PA;
  PA.preserveSet<CFGAnalyses>();
  return PA;
}