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//===-- ARMAsmBackend.cpp - ARM Assembler Backend -------------------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "MCTargetDesc/ARMMCTargetDesc.h"
#include "MCTargetDesc/ARMAddressingModes.h"
#include "MCTargetDesc/ARMBaseInfo.h"
#include "MCTargetDesc/ARMFixupKinds.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringSwitch.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCAsmBackend.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCAssembler.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCContext.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCDirectives.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCELFObjectWriter.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCExpr.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCFixupKindInfo.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCMachObjectWriter.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCObjectWriter.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCSectionELF.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCSectionMachO.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCSubtargetInfo.h"
#include "llvm/MC/MCValue.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ELF.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
#include "llvm/Support/MachO.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
using namespace llvm;

namespace {
class ARMELFObjectWriter : public MCELFObjectTargetWriter {
public:
  ARMELFObjectWriter(uint8_t OSABI)
    : MCELFObjectTargetWriter(/*Is64Bit*/ false, OSABI, ELF::EM_ARM,
                              /*HasRelocationAddend*/ false) {}
};

class ARMAsmBackend : public MCAsmBackend {
  const MCSubtargetInfo* STI;
  bool isThumbMode;     // Currently emitting Thumb code.
  bool IsLittleEndian;  // Big or little endian.
public:
  ARMAsmBackend(const Target &T, const StringRef TT, bool IsLittle)
    : MCAsmBackend(), STI(ARM_MC::createARMMCSubtargetInfo(TT, "", "")),
      isThumbMode(TT.startswith("thumb")), IsLittleEndian(IsLittle) {}

  ~ARMAsmBackend() {
    delete STI;
  }

  unsigned getNumFixupKinds() const override {
    return ARM::NumTargetFixupKinds;
  }

  bool hasNOP() const {
    return (STI->getFeatureBits() & ARM::HasV6T2Ops) != 0;
  }

  const MCFixupKindInfo &getFixupKindInfo(MCFixupKind Kind) const override {
    const static MCFixupKindInfo InfosLE[ARM::NumTargetFixupKinds] = {
// This table *must* be in the order that the fixup_* kinds are defined in
// ARMFixupKinds.h.
//
// Name                      Offset (bits) Size (bits)     Flags
{ "fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12", 0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12",  0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_pcrel_10_unscaled", 0,        32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_pcrel_10",      0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_pcrel_10",       0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10",0,            8,   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12",  0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12",   0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_condbranch",    0,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_uncondbranch",  0,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_condbranch",     0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_uncondbranch",   0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_br",      0,            16,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_uncondbl",      0,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_condbl",        0,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_blx",           0,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_bl",      0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_blx",     0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_cb",      0,            16,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_cp",      0,             8,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_bcc",     0,             8,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
// movw / movt: 16-bits immediate but scattered into two chunks 0 - 12, 16 - 19.
{ "fixup_arm_movt_hi16",     0,            20,  0 },
{ "fixup_arm_movw_lo16",     0,            20,  0 },
{ "fixup_t2_movt_hi16",      0,            20,  0 },
{ "fixup_t2_movw_lo16",      0,            20,  0 },
    };
    const static MCFixupKindInfo InfosBE[ARM::NumTargetFixupKinds] = {
// This table *must* be in the order that the fixup_* kinds are defined in
// ARMFixupKinds.h.
//
// Name                      Offset (bits) Size (bits)     Flags
{ "fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12", 0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12",  0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_pcrel_10_unscaled", 0,        32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_pcrel_10",      0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_pcrel_10",       0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10",8,            8,   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12",  0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12",   0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_condbranch",    8,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_uncondbranch",  8,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_condbranch",     0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_t2_uncondbranch",   0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_br",      0,            16,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_uncondbl",      8,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_condbl",        8,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_blx",           8,            24,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_bl",      0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_blx",     0,            32,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_cb",      0,            16,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_cp",      8,             8,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel |
                                   MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsAlignedDownTo32Bits},
{ "fixup_arm_thumb_bcc",     8,             8,  MCFixupKindInfo::FKF_IsPCRel },
// movw / movt: 16-bits immediate but scattered into two chunks 0 - 12, 16 - 19.
{ "fixup_arm_movt_hi16",     12,           20,  0 },
{ "fixup_arm_movw_lo16",     12,           20,  0 },
{ "fixup_t2_movt_hi16",      12,           20,  0 },
{ "fixup_t2_movw_lo16",      12,           20,  0 },
    };

    if (Kind < FirstTargetFixupKind)
      return MCAsmBackend::getFixupKindInfo(Kind);

    assert(unsigned(Kind - FirstTargetFixupKind) < getNumFixupKinds() &&
           "Invalid kind!");
    return (IsLittleEndian ? InfosLE : InfosBE)[Kind - FirstTargetFixupKind];
  }

  /// processFixupValue - Target hook to process the literal value of a fixup
  /// if necessary.
  void processFixupValue(const MCAssembler &Asm, const MCAsmLayout &Layout,
                         const MCFixup &Fixup, const MCFragment *DF,
                         const MCValue &Target, uint64_t &Value,
                         bool &IsResolved) override;


  void applyFixup(const MCFixup &Fixup, char *Data, unsigned DataSize,
                  uint64_t Value, bool IsPCRel) const override;

  bool mayNeedRelaxation(const MCInst &Inst) const override;

  bool fixupNeedsRelaxation(const MCFixup &Fixup, uint64_t Value,
                            const MCRelaxableFragment *DF,
                            const MCAsmLayout &Layout) const override;

  void relaxInstruction(const MCInst &Inst, MCInst &Res) const override;

  bool writeNopData(uint64_t Count, MCObjectWriter *OW) const override;

  void handleAssemblerFlag(MCAssemblerFlag Flag) override {
    switch (Flag) {
    default: break;
    case MCAF_Code16:
      setIsThumb(true);
      break;
    case MCAF_Code32:
      setIsThumb(false);
      break;
    }
  }

  unsigned getPointerSize() const { return 4; }
  bool isThumb() const { return isThumbMode; }
  void setIsThumb(bool it) { isThumbMode = it; }
  bool isLittle() const { return IsLittleEndian; }
};
} // end anonymous namespace

static unsigned getRelaxedOpcode(unsigned Op) {
  switch (Op) {
  default: return Op;
  case ARM::tBcc:       return ARM::t2Bcc;
  case ARM::tLDRpci:    return ARM::t2LDRpci;
  case ARM::tADR:       return ARM::t2ADR;
  case ARM::tB:         return ARM::t2B;
  case ARM::tCBZ:       return ARM::tHINT;
  case ARM::tCBNZ:      return ARM::tHINT;
  }
}

bool ARMAsmBackend::mayNeedRelaxation(const MCInst &Inst) const {
  if (getRelaxedOpcode(Inst.getOpcode()) != Inst.getOpcode())
    return true;
  return false;
}

bool ARMAsmBackend::fixupNeedsRelaxation(const MCFixup &Fixup,
                                         uint64_t Value,
                                         const MCRelaxableFragment *DF,
                                         const MCAsmLayout &Layout) const {
  switch ((unsigned)Fixup.getKind()) {
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_br: {
    // Relaxing tB to t2B. tB has a signed 12-bit displacement with the
    // low bit being an implied zero. There's an implied +4 offset for the
    // branch, so we adjust the other way here to determine what's
    // encodable.
    //
    // Relax if the value is too big for a (signed) i8.
    int64_t Offset = int64_t(Value) - 4;
    return Offset > 2046 || Offset < -2048;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bcc: {
    // Relaxing tBcc to t2Bcc. tBcc has a signed 9-bit displacement with the
    // low bit being an implied zero. There's an implied +4 offset for the
    // branch, so we adjust the other way here to determine what's
    // encodable.
    //
    // Relax if the value is too big for a (signed) i8.
    int64_t Offset = int64_t(Value) - 4;
    return Offset > 254 || Offset < -256;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cp: {
    // If the immediate is negative, greater than 1020, or not a multiple
    // of four, the wide version of the instruction must be used.
    int64_t Offset = int64_t(Value) - 4;
    return Offset > 1020 || Offset < 0 || Offset & 3;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cb:
    // If we have a Thumb CBZ or CBNZ instruction and its target is the next
    // instruction it is is actually out of range for the instruction.
    // It will be changed to a NOP.
    int64_t Offset = (Value & ~1);
    return Offset == 2;
  }
  llvm_unreachable("Unexpected fixup kind in fixupNeedsRelaxation()!");
}

void ARMAsmBackend::relaxInstruction(const MCInst &Inst, MCInst &Res) const {
  unsigned RelaxedOp = getRelaxedOpcode(Inst.getOpcode());

  // Sanity check w/ diagnostic if we get here w/ a bogus instruction.
  if (RelaxedOp == Inst.getOpcode()) {
    SmallString<256> Tmp;
    raw_svector_ostream OS(Tmp);
    Inst.dump_pretty(OS);
    OS << "\n";
    report_fatal_error("unexpected instruction to relax: " + OS.str());
  }

  // If we are changing Thumb CBZ or CBNZ instruction to a NOP, aka tHINT, we
  // have to change the operands too.
  if ((Inst.getOpcode() == ARM::tCBZ || Inst.getOpcode() == ARM::tCBNZ) &&
      RelaxedOp == ARM::tHINT) {
    Res.setOpcode(RelaxedOp);
    Res.addOperand(MCOperand::CreateImm(0));
    Res.addOperand(MCOperand::CreateImm(14));
    Res.addOperand(MCOperand::CreateReg(0));
    return;
  } 

  // The rest of instructions we're relaxing have the same operands.
  // We just need to update to the proper opcode.
  Res = Inst;
  Res.setOpcode(RelaxedOp);
}

bool ARMAsmBackend::writeNopData(uint64_t Count, MCObjectWriter *OW) const {
  const uint16_t Thumb1_16bitNopEncoding = 0x46c0; // using MOV r8,r8
  const uint16_t Thumb2_16bitNopEncoding = 0xbf00; // NOP
  const uint32_t ARMv4_NopEncoding = 0xe1a00000; // using MOV r0,r0
  const uint32_t ARMv6T2_NopEncoding = 0xe320f000; // NOP
  if (isThumb()) {
    const uint16_t nopEncoding = hasNOP() ? Thumb2_16bitNopEncoding
                                          : Thumb1_16bitNopEncoding;
    uint64_t NumNops = Count / 2;
    for (uint64_t i = 0; i != NumNops; ++i)
      OW->Write16(nopEncoding);
    if (Count & 1)
      OW->Write8(0);
    return true;
  }
  // ARM mode
  const uint32_t nopEncoding = hasNOP() ? ARMv6T2_NopEncoding
                                        : ARMv4_NopEncoding;
  uint64_t NumNops = Count / 4;
  for (uint64_t i = 0; i != NumNops; ++i)
    OW->Write32(nopEncoding);
  // FIXME: should this function return false when unable to write exactly
  // 'Count' bytes with NOP encodings?
  switch (Count % 4) {
  default: break; // No leftover bytes to write
  case 1: OW->Write8(0); break;
  case 2: OW->Write16(0); break;
  case 3: OW->Write16(0); OW->Write8(0xa0); break;
  }

  return true;
}

static unsigned adjustFixupValue(const MCFixup &Fixup, uint64_t Value,
                                 bool IsPCRel, MCContext *Ctx) {
  unsigned Kind = Fixup.getKind();
  switch (Kind) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Unknown fixup kind!");
  case FK_Data_1:
  case FK_Data_2:
  case FK_Data_4:
    return Value;
  case FK_SecRel_4:
    return Value;
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movt_hi16:
    if (!IsPCRel)
      Value >>= 16;
    // Fallthrough
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movw_lo16: {
    unsigned Hi4 = (Value & 0xF000) >> 12;
    unsigned Lo12 = Value & 0x0FFF;
    // inst{19-16} = Hi4;
    // inst{11-0} = Lo12;
    Value = (Hi4 << 16) | (Lo12);
    return Value;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movt_hi16:
    if (!IsPCRel)
      Value >>= 16;
    // Fallthrough
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movw_lo16: {
    unsigned Hi4 = (Value & 0xF000) >> 12;
    unsigned i = (Value & 0x800) >> 11;
    unsigned Mid3 = (Value & 0x700) >> 8;
    unsigned Lo8 = Value & 0x0FF;
    // inst{19-16} = Hi4;
    // inst{26} = i;
    // inst{14-12} = Mid3;
    // inst{7-0} = Lo8;
    Value = (Hi4 << 16) | (i << 26) | (Mid3 << 12) | (Lo8);
    uint64_t swapped = (Value & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
    swapped |= (Value & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
    return swapped;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12:
    // ARM PC-relative values are offset by 8.
    Value -= 4;
    // FALLTHROUGH
  case ARM::fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12: {
    // Offset by 4, adjusted by two due to the half-word ordering of thumb.
    Value -= 4;
    bool isAdd = true;
    if ((int64_t)Value < 0) {
      Value = -Value;
      isAdd = false;
    }
    if (Ctx && Value >= 4096)
      Ctx->FatalError(Fixup.getLoc(), "out of range pc-relative fixup value");
    Value |= isAdd << 23;

    // Same addressing mode as fixup_arm_pcrel_10,
    // but with 16-bit halfwords swapped.
    if (Kind == ARM::fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12) {
      uint64_t swapped = (Value & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
      swapped |= (Value & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
      return swapped;
    }

    return Value;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10:
    return ((Value - 4) >> 2) & 0xff;
  case ARM::fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12: {
    // ARM PC-relative values are offset by 8.
    Value -= 8;
    unsigned opc = 4; // bits {24-21}. Default to add: 0b0100
    if ((int64_t)Value < 0) {
      Value = -Value;
      opc = 2; // 0b0010
    }
    if (Ctx && ARM_AM::getSOImmVal(Value) == -1)
      Ctx->FatalError(Fixup.getLoc(), "out of range pc-relative fixup value");
    // Encode the immediate and shift the opcode into place.
    return ARM_AM::getSOImmVal(Value) | (opc << 21);
  }

  case ARM::fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12: {
    Value -= 4;
    unsigned opc = 0;
    if ((int64_t)Value < 0) {
      Value = -Value;
      opc = 5;
    }

    uint32_t out = (opc << 21);
    out |= (Value & 0x800) << 15;
    out |= (Value & 0x700) << 4;
    out |= (Value & 0x0FF);

    uint64_t swapped = (out & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
    swapped |= (out & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
    return swapped;
  }

  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_blx:
    // These values don't encode the low two bits since they're always zero.
    // Offset by 8 just as above.
    if (const MCSymbolRefExpr *SRE = dyn_cast<MCSymbolRefExpr>(Fixup.getValue()))
      if (SRE->getKind() == MCSymbolRefExpr::VK_ARM_TLSCALL)
        return 0;
    return 0xffffff & ((Value - 8) >> 2);
  case ARM::fixup_t2_uncondbranch: {
    Value = Value - 4;
    Value >>= 1; // Low bit is not encoded.

    uint32_t out = 0;
    bool I =  Value & 0x800000;
    bool J1 = Value & 0x400000;
    bool J2 = Value & 0x200000;
    J1 ^= I;
    J2 ^= I;

    out |= I  << 26; // S bit
    out |= !J1 << 13; // J1 bit
    out |= !J2 << 11; // J2 bit
    out |= (Value & 0x1FF800)  << 5; // imm6 field
    out |= (Value & 0x0007FF);        // imm11 field

    uint64_t swapped = (out & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
    swapped |= (out & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
    return swapped;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_t2_condbranch: {
    Value = Value - 4;
    Value >>= 1; // Low bit is not encoded.

    uint64_t out = 0;
    out |= (Value & 0x80000) << 7; // S bit
    out |= (Value & 0x40000) >> 7; // J2 bit
    out |= (Value & 0x20000) >> 4; // J1 bit
    out |= (Value & 0x1F800) << 5; // imm6 field
    out |= (Value & 0x007FF);      // imm11 field

    uint32_t swapped = (out & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
    swapped |= (out & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
    return swapped;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bl: {
    // The value doesn't encode the low bit (always zero) and is offset by
    // four. The 32-bit immediate value is encoded as
    //   imm32 = SignExtend(S:I1:I2:imm10:imm11:0)
    // where I1 = NOT(J1 ^ S) and I2 = NOT(J2 ^ S).
    // The value is encoded into disjoint bit positions in the destination
    // opcode. x = unchanged, I = immediate value bit, S = sign extension bit,
    // J = either J1 or J2 bit
    //
    //   BL:  xxxxxSIIIIIIIIII xxJxJIIIIIIIIIII
    //
    // Note that the halfwords are stored high first, low second; so we need
    // to transpose the fixup value here to map properly.
    uint32_t offset = (Value - 4) >> 1;
    uint32_t signBit = (offset & 0x800000) >> 23;
    uint32_t I1Bit = (offset & 0x400000) >> 22;
    uint32_t J1Bit = (I1Bit ^ 0x1) ^ signBit;
    uint32_t I2Bit = (offset & 0x200000) >> 21;
    uint32_t J2Bit = (I2Bit ^ 0x1) ^ signBit;
    uint32_t imm10Bits = (offset & 0x1FF800) >> 11;
    uint32_t imm11Bits = (offset & 0x000007FF);

    uint32_t Binary = 0;
    uint32_t firstHalf = (((uint16_t)signBit << 10) | (uint16_t)imm10Bits);
    uint32_t secondHalf = (((uint16_t)J1Bit << 13) | ((uint16_t)J2Bit << 11) |
                          (uint16_t)imm11Bits);
    Binary |= secondHalf << 16;
    Binary |= firstHalf;
    return Binary;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_blx: {
    // The value doesn't encode the low two bits (always zero) and is offset by
    // four (see fixup_arm_thumb_cp). The 32-bit immediate value is encoded as
    //   imm32 = SignExtend(S:I1:I2:imm10H:imm10L:00)
    // where I1 = NOT(J1 ^ S) and I2 = NOT(J2 ^ S).
    // The value is encoded into disjoint bit positions in the destination
    // opcode. x = unchanged, I = immediate value bit, S = sign extension bit,
    // J = either J1 or J2 bit, 0 = zero.
    //
    //   BLX: xxxxxSIIIIIIIIII xxJxJIIIIIIIIII0
    //
    // Note that the halfwords are stored high first, low second; so we need
    // to transpose the fixup value here to map properly.
    uint32_t offset = (Value - 2) >> 2;
    if (const MCSymbolRefExpr *SRE = dyn_cast<MCSymbolRefExpr>(Fixup.getValue()))
      if (SRE->getKind() == MCSymbolRefExpr::VK_ARM_TLSCALL)
        offset = 0;
    uint32_t signBit = (offset & 0x400000) >> 22;
    uint32_t I1Bit = (offset & 0x200000) >> 21;
    uint32_t J1Bit = (I1Bit ^ 0x1) ^ signBit;
    uint32_t I2Bit = (offset & 0x100000) >> 20;
    uint32_t J2Bit = (I2Bit ^ 0x1) ^ signBit;
    uint32_t imm10HBits = (offset & 0xFFC00) >> 10;
    uint32_t imm10LBits = (offset & 0x3FF);

    uint32_t Binary = 0;
    uint32_t firstHalf = (((uint16_t)signBit << 10) | (uint16_t)imm10HBits);
    uint32_t secondHalf = (((uint16_t)J1Bit << 13) | ((uint16_t)J2Bit << 11) |
                          ((uint16_t)imm10LBits) << 1);
    Binary |= secondHalf << 16;
    Binary |= firstHalf;
    return Binary;
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cp:
    // Offset by 4, and don't encode the low two bits. Two bytes of that
    // 'off by 4' is implicitly handled by the half-word ordering of the
    // Thumb encoding, so we only need to adjust by 2 here.
    return ((Value - 2) >> 2) & 0xff;
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cb: {
    // Offset by 4 and don't encode the lower bit, which is always 0.
    uint32_t Binary = (Value - 4) >> 1;
    return ((Binary & 0x20) << 4) | ((Binary & 0x1f) << 3);
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_br:
    // Offset by 4 and don't encode the lower bit, which is always 0.
    return ((Value - 4) >> 1) & 0x7ff;
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bcc:
    // Offset by 4 and don't encode the lower bit, which is always 0.
    return ((Value - 4) >> 1) & 0xff;
  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10_unscaled: {
    Value = Value - 8; // ARM fixups offset by an additional word and don't
                       // need to adjust for the half-word ordering.
    bool isAdd = true;
    if ((int64_t)Value < 0) {
      Value = -Value;
      isAdd = false;
    }
    // The value has the low 4 bits encoded in [3:0] and the high 4 in [11:8].
    if (Ctx && Value >= 256)
      Ctx->FatalError(Fixup.getLoc(), "out of range pc-relative fixup value");
    Value = (Value & 0xf) | ((Value & 0xf0) << 4);
    return Value | (isAdd << 23);
  }
  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10:
    Value = Value - 4; // ARM fixups offset by an additional word and don't
                       // need to adjust for the half-word ordering.
    // Fall through.
  case ARM::fixup_t2_pcrel_10: {
    // Offset by 4, adjusted by two due to the half-word ordering of thumb.
    Value = Value - 4;
    bool isAdd = true;
    if ((int64_t)Value < 0) {
      Value = -Value;
      isAdd = false;
    }
    // These values don't encode the low two bits since they're always zero.
    Value >>= 2;
    if (Ctx && Value >= 256)
      Ctx->FatalError(Fixup.getLoc(), "out of range pc-relative fixup value");
    Value |= isAdd << 23;

    // Same addressing mode as fixup_arm_pcrel_10, but with 16-bit halfwords
    // swapped.
    if (Kind == ARM::fixup_t2_pcrel_10) {
      uint32_t swapped = (Value & 0xFFFF0000) >> 16;
      swapped |= (Value & 0x0000FFFF) << 16;
      return swapped;
    }

    return Value;
  }
  }
}

void ARMAsmBackend::processFixupValue(const MCAssembler &Asm,
                                      const MCAsmLayout &Layout,
                                      const MCFixup &Fixup,
                                      const MCFragment *DF,
                                      const MCValue &Target, uint64_t &Value,
                                      bool &IsResolved) {
  const MCSymbolRefExpr *A = Target.getSymA();
  // Some fixups to thumb function symbols need the low bit (thumb bit)
  // twiddled.
  if ((unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12 &&
      (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12 &&
      (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12 &&
      (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10 &&
      (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12 &&
      (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() != ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cp) {
    if (A) {
      const MCSymbol &Sym = A->getSymbol().AliasedSymbol();
      if (Asm.isThumbFunc(&Sym))
        Value |= 1;
    }
  }
  // For Thumb1 BL instruction, it is possible to be a long jump between
  // the basic blocks of the same function.  Thus, we would like to resolve
  // the offset when the destination has the same MCFragment.
  if (A && (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() == ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bl) {
    const MCSymbol &Sym = A->getSymbol().AliasedSymbol();
    const MCSymbolData &SymData = Asm.getSymbolData(Sym);
    IsResolved = (SymData.getFragment() == DF);
  }
  // We must always generate a relocation for BL/BLX instructions if we have
  // a symbol to reference, as the linker relies on knowing the destination
  // symbol's thumb-ness to get interworking right.
  if (A && ((unsigned)Fixup.getKind() == ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_blx ||
            (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() == ARM::fixup_arm_blx ||
            (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() == ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbl ||
            (unsigned)Fixup.getKind() == ARM::fixup_arm_condbl))
    IsResolved = false;

  // Try to get the encoded value for the fixup as-if we're mapping it into
  // the instruction. This allows adjustFixupValue() to issue a diagnostic
  // if the value aren't invalid.
  (void)adjustFixupValue(Fixup, Value, false, &Asm.getContext());
}

/// getFixupKindNumBytes - The number of bytes the fixup may change.
static unsigned getFixupKindNumBytes(unsigned Kind) {
  switch (Kind) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Unknown fixup kind!");

  case FK_Data_1:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bcc:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cp:
  case ARM::fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10:
    return 1;

  case FK_Data_2:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_br:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cb:
    return 2;

  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10_unscaled:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_blx:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbranch:
    return 3;

  case FK_Data_4:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_condbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_uncondbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_blx:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movt_hi16:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movw_lo16:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movt_hi16:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movw_lo16:
    return 4;

  case FK_SecRel_4:
    return 4;
  }
}

/// getFixupKindContainerSizeBytes - The number of bytes of the
/// container involved in big endian.
static unsigned getFixupKindContainerSizeBytes(unsigned Kind) {
  switch (Kind) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Unknown fixup kind!");

  case FK_Data_1:
    return 1;
  case FK_Data_2:
    return 2;
  case FK_Data_4:
    return 4;

  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bcc:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cp:
  case ARM::fixup_thumb_adr_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_br:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_cb:
    // Instruction size is 2 bytes.
    return 2;

  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10_unscaled:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_ldst_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_adr_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_blx:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_condbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_uncondbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_ldst_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_condbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_uncondbranch:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_pcrel_10:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_adr_pcrel_12:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_bl:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_thumb_blx:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movt_hi16:
  case ARM::fixup_arm_movw_lo16:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movt_hi16:
  case ARM::fixup_t2_movw_lo16:
    // Instruction size is 4 bytes.
    return 4;
  }
}

void ARMAsmBackend::applyFixup(const MCFixup &Fixup, char *Data,
                               unsigned DataSize, uint64_t Value,
                               bool IsPCRel) const {
  unsigned NumBytes = getFixupKindNumBytes(Fixup.getKind());
  Value = adjustFixupValue(Fixup, Value, IsPCRel, nullptr);
  if (!Value) return;           // Doesn't change encoding.

  unsigned Offset = Fixup.getOffset();
  assert(Offset + NumBytes <= DataSize && "Invalid fixup offset!");

  // Used to point to big endian bytes.
  unsigned FullSizeBytes;
  if (!IsLittleEndian)
    FullSizeBytes = getFixupKindContainerSizeBytes(Fixup.getKind());

  // For each byte of the fragment that the fixup touches, mask in the bits from
  // the fixup value. The Value has been "split up" into the appropriate
  // bitfields above.
  for (unsigned i = 0; i != NumBytes; ++i) {
    unsigned Idx = IsLittleEndian ? i : (FullSizeBytes - 1 - i);
    Data[Offset + Idx] |= uint8_t((Value >> (i * 8)) & 0xff);
  }
}

namespace {
// FIXME: This should be in a separate file.
class ARMWinCOFFAsmBackend : public ARMAsmBackend {
public:
  ARMWinCOFFAsmBackend(const Target &T, const StringRef &Triple)
    : ARMAsmBackend(T, Triple, true) { }
  MCObjectWriter *createObjectWriter(raw_ostream &OS) const override {
    return createARMWinCOFFObjectWriter(OS, /*Is64Bit=*/false);
  }
};

// FIXME: This should be in a separate file.
// ELF is an ELF of course...
class ELFARMAsmBackend : public ARMAsmBackend {
public:
  uint8_t OSABI;
  ELFARMAsmBackend(const Target &T, const StringRef TT,
                   uint8_t OSABI, bool IsLittle)
    : ARMAsmBackend(T, TT, IsLittle), OSABI(OSABI) { }

  MCObjectWriter *createObjectWriter(raw_ostream &OS) const override {
    return createARMELFObjectWriter(OS, OSABI, isLittle());
  }
};

// FIXME: This should be in a separate file.
class DarwinARMAsmBackend : public ARMAsmBackend {
public:
  const MachO::CPUSubTypeARM Subtype;
  DarwinARMAsmBackend(const Target &T, const StringRef TT,
                      MachO::CPUSubTypeARM st)
    : ARMAsmBackend(T, TT, /* IsLittleEndian */ true), Subtype(st) {
      HasDataInCodeSupport = true;
    }

  MCObjectWriter *createObjectWriter(raw_ostream &OS) const override {
    return createARMMachObjectWriter(OS, /*Is64Bit=*/false,
                                     MachO::CPU_TYPE_ARM,
                                     Subtype);
  }
};

} // end anonymous namespace

MCAsmBackend *llvm::createARMAsmBackend(const Target &T,
                                        const MCRegisterInfo &MRI,
                                        StringRef TT, StringRef CPU,
                                        bool isLittle) {
  Triple TheTriple(TT);

  switch (TheTriple.getObjectFormat()) {
  default: llvm_unreachable("unsupported object format");
  case Triple::MachO: {
    MachO::CPUSubTypeARM CS =
      StringSwitch<MachO::CPUSubTypeARM>(TheTriple.getArchName())
      .Cases("armv4t", "thumbv4t", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V4T)
      .Cases("armv5e", "thumbv5e", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V5TEJ)
      .Cases("armv6", "thumbv6", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V6)
      .Cases("armv6m", "thumbv6m", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V6M)
      .Cases("armv7em", "thumbv7em", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V7EM)
      .Cases("armv7k", "thumbv7k", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V7K)
      .Cases("armv7m", "thumbv7m", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V7M)
      .Cases("armv7s", "thumbv7s", MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V7S)
      .Default(MachO::CPU_SUBTYPE_ARM_V7);

    return new DarwinARMAsmBackend(T, TT, CS);
  }
  case Triple::COFF:
    assert(TheTriple.isOSWindows() && "non-Windows ARM COFF is not supported");
    return new ARMWinCOFFAsmBackend(T, TT);
  case Triple::ELF:
    assert(TheTriple.isOSBinFormatELF() && "using ELF for non-ELF target");
    uint8_t OSABI = MCELFObjectTargetWriter::getOSABI(Triple(TT).getOS());
    return new ELFARMAsmBackend(T, TT, OSABI, isLittle);
  }
}

MCAsmBackend *llvm::createARMLEAsmBackend(const Target &T,
                                          const MCRegisterInfo &MRI,
                                          StringRef TT, StringRef CPU) {
  return createARMAsmBackend(T, MRI, TT, CPU, true);
}

MCAsmBackend *llvm::createARMBEAsmBackend(const Target &T,
                                          const MCRegisterInfo &MRI,
                                          StringRef TT, StringRef CPU) {
  return createARMAsmBackend(T, MRI, TT, CPU, false);
}

MCAsmBackend *llvm::createThumbLEAsmBackend(const Target &T,
                                          const MCRegisterInfo &MRI,
                                          StringRef TT, StringRef CPU) {
  return createARMAsmBackend(T, MRI, TT, CPU, true);
}

MCAsmBackend *llvm::createThumbBEAsmBackend(const Target &T,
                                          const MCRegisterInfo &MRI,
                                          StringRef TT, StringRef CPU) {
  return createARMAsmBackend(T, MRI, TT, CPU, false);
}