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//===------ MemoryBuiltins.cpp - Identify calls to memory builtins --------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This family of functions identifies calls to builtin functions that allocate
// or free memory.  
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Analysis/MemoryBuiltins.h"
#include "llvm/Constants.h"
#include "llvm/Instructions.h"
#include "llvm/Module.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/ValueTracking.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetData.h"
using namespace llvm;

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//  malloc Call Utility Functions.
//

/// isMalloc - Returns true if the value is either a malloc call or a
/// bitcast of the result of a malloc call.
bool llvm::isMalloc(const Value *I) {
  return extractMallocCall(I) || extractMallocCallFromBitCast(I);
}

static bool isMallocCall(const CallInst *CI) {
  if (!CI)
    return false;

  Function *Callee = CI->getCalledFunction();
  if (Callee == 0 || !Callee->isDeclaration() || Callee->getName() != "malloc")
    return false;

  // Check malloc prototype.
  // FIXME: workaround for PR5130, this will be obsolete when a nobuiltin 
  // attribute will exist.
  const FunctionType *FTy = Callee->getFunctionType();
  if (FTy->getNumParams() != 1)
    return false;
  if (IntegerType *ITy = dyn_cast<IntegerType>(FTy->param_begin()->get())) {
    if (ITy->getBitWidth() != 32 && ITy->getBitWidth() != 64)
      return false;
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

/// extractMallocCall - Returns the corresponding CallInst if the instruction
/// is a malloc call.  Since CallInst::CreateMalloc() only creates calls, we
/// ignore InvokeInst here.
const CallInst *llvm::extractMallocCall(const Value *I) {
  const CallInst *CI = dyn_cast<CallInst>(I);
  return (isMallocCall(CI)) ? CI : NULL;
}

CallInst *llvm::extractMallocCall(Value *I) {
  CallInst *CI = dyn_cast<CallInst>(I);
  return (isMallocCall(CI)) ? CI : NULL;
}

static bool isBitCastOfMallocCall(const BitCastInst *BCI) {
  if (!BCI)
    return false;
    
  return isMallocCall(dyn_cast<CallInst>(BCI->getOperand(0)));
}

/// extractMallocCallFromBitCast - Returns the corresponding CallInst if the
/// instruction is a bitcast of the result of a malloc call.
CallInst *llvm::extractMallocCallFromBitCast(Value *I) {
  BitCastInst *BCI = dyn_cast<BitCastInst>(I);
  return (isBitCastOfMallocCall(BCI)) ? cast<CallInst>(BCI->getOperand(0))
                                      : NULL;
}

const CallInst *llvm::extractMallocCallFromBitCast(const Value *I) {
  const BitCastInst *BCI = dyn_cast<BitCastInst>(I);
  return (isBitCastOfMallocCall(BCI)) ? cast<CallInst>(BCI->getOperand(0))
                                      : NULL;
}

static Value *computeArraySize(const CallInst *CI, const TargetData *TD,
                               bool LookThroughSExt = false) {
  if (!CI)
    return NULL;

  // The size of the malloc's result type must be known to determine array size.
  const Type *T = getMallocAllocatedType(CI);
  if (!T || !T->isSized() || !TD)
    return NULL;

  unsigned ElementSize = TD->getTypeAllocSize(T);
  if (const StructType *ST = dyn_cast<StructType>(T))
    ElementSize = TD->getStructLayout(ST)->getSizeInBytes();

  // If malloc call's arg can be determined to be a multiple of ElementSize,
  // return the multiple.  Otherwise, return NULL.
  Value *MallocArg = CI->getArgOperand(0);
  Value *Multiple = NULL;
  if (ComputeMultiple(MallocArg, ElementSize, Multiple,
                      LookThroughSExt))
    return Multiple;

  return NULL;
}

/// isArrayMalloc - Returns the corresponding CallInst if the instruction 
/// is a call to malloc whose array size can be determined and the array size
/// is not constant 1.  Otherwise, return NULL.
const CallInst *llvm::isArrayMalloc(const Value *I, const TargetData *TD) {
  const CallInst *CI = extractMallocCall(I);
  Value *ArraySize = computeArraySize(CI, TD);

  if (ArraySize &&
      ArraySize != ConstantInt::get(CI->getArgOperand(0)->getType(), 1))
    return CI;

  // CI is a non-array malloc or we can't figure out that it is an array malloc.
  return NULL;
}

/// getMallocType - Returns the PointerType resulting from the malloc call.
/// The PointerType depends on the number of bitcast uses of the malloc call:
///   0: PointerType is the calls' return type.
///   1: PointerType is the bitcast's result type.
///  >1: Unique PointerType cannot be determined, return NULL.
const PointerType *llvm::getMallocType(const CallInst *CI) {
  assert(isMalloc(CI) && "getMallocType and not malloc call");
  
  const PointerType *MallocType = NULL;
  unsigned NumOfBitCastUses = 0;

  // Determine if CallInst has a bitcast use.
  for (Value::const_use_iterator UI = CI->use_begin(), E = CI->use_end();
       UI != E; )
    if (const BitCastInst *BCI = dyn_cast<BitCastInst>(*UI++)) {
      MallocType = cast<PointerType>(BCI->getDestTy());
      NumOfBitCastUses++;
    }

  // Malloc call has 1 bitcast use, so type is the bitcast's destination type.
  if (NumOfBitCastUses == 1)
    return MallocType;

  // Malloc call was not bitcast, so type is the malloc function's return type.
  if (NumOfBitCastUses == 0)
    return cast<PointerType>(CI->getType());

  // Type could not be determined.
  return NULL;
}

/// getMallocAllocatedType - Returns the Type allocated by malloc call.
/// The Type depends on the number of bitcast uses of the malloc call:
///   0: PointerType is the malloc calls' return type.
///   1: PointerType is the bitcast's result type.
///  >1: Unique PointerType cannot be determined, return NULL.
const Type *llvm::getMallocAllocatedType(const CallInst *CI) {
  const PointerType *PT = getMallocType(CI);
  return PT ? PT->getElementType() : NULL;
}

/// getMallocArraySize - Returns the array size of a malloc call.  If the 
/// argument passed to malloc is a multiple of the size of the malloced type,
/// then return that multiple.  For non-array mallocs, the multiple is
/// constant 1.  Otherwise, return NULL for mallocs whose array size cannot be
/// determined.
Value *llvm::getMallocArraySize(CallInst *CI, const TargetData *TD,
                                bool LookThroughSExt) {
  assert(isMalloc(CI) && "getMallocArraySize and not malloc call");
  return computeArraySize(CI, TD, LookThroughSExt);
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//  free Call Utility Functions.
//

/// isFreeCall - Returns non-null if the value is a call to the builtin free()
const CallInst *llvm::isFreeCall(const Value *I) {
  const CallInst *CI = dyn_cast<CallInst>(I);
  if (!CI)
    return 0;
  Function *Callee = CI->getCalledFunction();
  if (Callee == 0 || !Callee->isDeclaration() || Callee->getName() != "free")
    return 0;

  // Check free prototype.
  // FIXME: workaround for PR5130, this will be obsolete when a nobuiltin 
  // attribute will exist.
  const FunctionType *FTy = Callee->getFunctionType();
  if (!FTy->getReturnType()->isVoidTy())
    return 0;
  if (FTy->getNumParams() != 1)
    return 0;
  if (FTy->param_begin()->get() != Type::getInt8PtrTy(Callee->getContext()))
    return 0;

  return CI;
}