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//===-- llvm/Type.h - Classes for handling data types -----------*- C++ -*-===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file was developed by the LLVM research group and is distributed under
// the University of Illinois Open Source License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//


#ifndef LLVM_TYPE_H
#define LLVM_TYPE_H

#include "llvm/AbstractTypeUser.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"
#include "llvm/Support/DataTypes.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/GraphTraits.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/iterator"
#include <string>
#include <vector>

namespace llvm {

class ArrayType;
class DerivedType;
class FunctionType;
class OpaqueType;
class PointerType;
class StructType;
class PackedType;
class TypeMapBase;

/// This file contains the declaration of the Type class.  For more "Type" type
/// stuff, look in DerivedTypes.h.
///
/// The instances of the Type class are immutable: once they are created,
/// they are never changed.  Also note that only one instance of a particular
/// type is ever created.  Thus seeing if two types are equal is a matter of
/// doing a trivial pointer comparison. To enforce that no two equal instances
/// are created, Type instances can only be created via static factory methods 
/// in class Type and in derived classes.
/// 
/// Once allocated, Types are never free'd, unless they are an abstract type
/// that is resolved to a more concrete type.
/// 
/// Types themself don't have a name, and can be named either by:
/// - using SymbolTable instance, typically from some Module,
/// - using convenience methods in the Module class (which uses module's 
///    SymbolTable too).
///
/// Opaque types are simple derived types with no state.  There may be many
/// different Opaque type objects floating around, but two are only considered
/// identical if they are pointer equals of each other.  This allows us to have
/// two opaque types that end up resolving to different concrete types later.
///
/// Opaque types are also kinda weird and scary and different because they have
/// to keep a list of uses of the type.  When, through linking, parsing, or
/// bytecode reading, they become resolved, they need to find and update all
/// users of the unknown type, causing them to reference a new, more concrete
/// type.  Opaque types are deleted when their use list dwindles to zero users.
///
/// @brief Root of type hierarchy
class Type : public AbstractTypeUser {
public:
  ///===-------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  /// Definitions of all of the base types for the Type system.  Based on this
  /// value, you can cast to a "DerivedType" subclass (see DerivedTypes.h)
  /// Note: If you add an element to this, you need to add an element to the
  /// Type::getPrimitiveType function, or else things will break!
  ///
  enum TypeID {
    // PrimitiveTypes .. make sure LastPrimitiveTyID stays up to date
    VoidTyID = 0  , BoolTyID,           //  0, 1: Basics...
    UByteTyID     , SByteTyID,          //  2, 3: 8 bit types...
    UShortTyID    , ShortTyID,          //  4, 5: 16 bit types...
    UIntTyID      , IntTyID,            //  6, 7: 32 bit types...
    ULongTyID     , LongTyID,           //  8, 9: 64 bit types...
    FloatTyID     , DoubleTyID,         // 10,11: Floating point types...
    LabelTyID     ,                     // 12   : Labels...

    // Derived types... see DerivedTypes.h file...
    // Make sure FirstDerivedTyID stays up to date!!!
    FunctionTyID  , StructTyID,         // Functions... Structs...
    ArrayTyID     , PointerTyID,        // Array... pointer...
    OpaqueTyID,                         // Opaque type instances...
    PackedTyID,                         // SIMD 'packed' format...
    //...

    NumTypeIDs,                         // Must remain as last defined ID
    LastPrimitiveTyID = LabelTyID,
    FirstDerivedTyID = FunctionTyID
  };

private:
  TypeID   ID : 8;    // The current base type of this type.
  bool     Abstract : 1;  // True if type contains an OpaqueType

  /// RefCount - This counts the number of PATypeHolders that are pointing to
  /// this type.  When this number falls to zero, if the type is abstract and
  /// has no AbstractTypeUsers, the type is deleted.  This is only sensical for
  /// derived types.
  ///
  mutable unsigned RefCount;

  const Type *getForwardedTypeInternal() const;
protected:
  Type(const char *Name, TypeID id);
  Type(TypeID id) : ID(id), Abstract(false), RefCount(0), ForwardType(0) {}
  virtual ~Type() {
    assert(AbstractTypeUsers.empty());
  }

  /// Types can become nonabstract later, if they are refined.
  ///
  inline void setAbstract(bool Val) { Abstract = Val; }

  unsigned getRefCount() const { return RefCount; }

  /// ForwardType - This field is used to implement the union find scheme for
  /// abstract types.  When types are refined to other types, this field is set
  /// to the more refined type.  Only abstract types can be forwarded.
  mutable const Type *ForwardType;

  /// ContainedTys - The list of types contained by this one.  For example, this
  /// includes the arguments of a function type, the elements of the structure,
  /// the pointee of a pointer, etc.  Note that keeping this vector in the Type
  /// class wastes some space for types that do not contain anything (such as
  /// primitive types).  However, keeping it here allows the subtype_* members
  /// to be implemented MUCH more efficiently, and dynamically very few types do
  /// not contain any elements (most are derived).
  std::vector<PATypeHandle> ContainedTys;

  /// AbstractTypeUsers - Implement a list of the users that need to be notified
  /// if I am a type, and I get resolved into a more concrete type.
  ///
  mutable std::vector<AbstractTypeUser *> AbstractTypeUsers;
public:
  void print(std::ostream &O) const;

  /// @brief Debugging support: print to stderr
  void dump() const;

  //===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  // Property accessors for dealing with types... Some of these virtual methods
  // are defined in private classes defined in Type.cpp for primitive types.
  //

  /// getTypeID - Return the type id for the type.  This will return one
  /// of the TypeID enum elements defined above.
  ///
  inline TypeID getTypeID() const { return ID; }

  /// getDescription - Return the string representation of the type...
  const std::string &getDescription() const;

  /// isSigned - Return whether an integral numeric type is signed.  This is
  /// true for SByteTy, ShortTy, IntTy, LongTy.  Note that this is not true for
  /// Float and Double.
  ///
  bool isSigned() const {
    return ID == SByteTyID || ID == ShortTyID ||
           ID == IntTyID || ID == LongTyID;
  }

  /// isUnsigned - Return whether a numeric type is unsigned.  This is not quite
  /// the complement of isSigned... nonnumeric types return false as they do
  /// with isSigned.  This returns true for UByteTy, UShortTy, UIntTy, and
  /// ULongTy
  ///
  bool isUnsigned() const {
    return ID == UByteTyID || ID == UShortTyID ||
           ID == UIntTyID || ID == ULongTyID;
  }

  /// isInteger - Equivalent to isSigned() || isUnsigned()
  ///
  bool isInteger() const { return ID >= UByteTyID && ID <= LongTyID; }

  /// isIntegral - Returns true if this is an integral type, which is either
  /// BoolTy or one of the Integer types.
  ///
  bool isIntegral() const { return isInteger() || this == BoolTy; }

  /// isFloatingPoint - Return true if this is one of the two floating point
  /// types
  bool isFloatingPoint() const { return ID == FloatTyID || ID == DoubleTyID; }

  /// isAbstract - True if the type is either an Opaque type, or is a derived
  /// type that includes an opaque type somewhere in it.
  ///
  inline bool isAbstract() const { return Abstract; }

  /// isLosslesslyConvertibleTo - Return true if this type can be converted to
  /// 'Ty' without any reinterpretation of bits.  For example, uint to int.
  ///
  bool isLosslesslyConvertibleTo(const Type *Ty) const;


  /// Here are some useful little methods to query what type derived types are
  /// Note that all other types can just compare to see if this == Type::xxxTy;
  ///
  inline bool isPrimitiveType() const { return ID <= LastPrimitiveTyID; }
  inline bool isDerivedType()   const { return ID >= FirstDerivedTyID; }

  /// isFirstClassType - Return true if the value is holdable in a register.
  ///
  inline bool isFirstClassType() const {
    return (ID != VoidTyID && ID <= LastPrimitiveTyID) ||
            ID == PointerTyID || ID == PackedTyID;
  }

  /// isSized - Return true if it makes sense to take the size of this type.  To
  /// get the actual size for a particular target, it is reasonable to use the
  /// TargetData subsystem to do this.
  ///
  bool isSized() const {
    // If it's a primitive, it is always sized.
    if (ID >= BoolTyID && ID <= DoubleTyID || ID == PointerTyID)
      return true;
    // If it is not something that can have a size (e.g. a function or label),
    // it doesn't have a size.
    if (ID != StructTyID && ID != ArrayTyID && ID != PackedTyID)
      return false;
    // If it is something that can have a size and it's concrete, it definitely
    // has a size, otherwise we have to try harder to decide.
    return !isAbstract() || isSizedDerivedType();
  }

  /// getPrimitiveSize - Return the basic size of this type if it is a primitive
  /// type.  These are fixed by LLVM and are not target dependent.  This will
  /// return zero if the type does not have a size or is not a primitive type.
  ///
  unsigned getPrimitiveSize() const;
  unsigned getPrimitiveSizeInBits() const;

  /// getUnsignedVersion - If this is an integer type, return the unsigned
  /// variant of this type.  For example int -> uint.
  const Type *getUnsignedVersion() const;

  /// getSignedVersion - If this is an integer type, return the signed variant
  /// of this type.  For example uint -> int.
  const Type *getSignedVersion() const;
  
  /// getIntegralTypeMask - Return a bitmask with ones set for all of the bits
  /// that can be set by an unsigned version of this type.  This is 0xFF for
  /// sbyte/ubyte, 0xFFFF for shorts, etc.
  uint64_t getIntegralTypeMask() const {
    assert(isIntegral() && "This only works for integral types!");
    return ~uint64_t(0UL) >> (64-getPrimitiveSizeInBits());
  }

  /// getForwaredType - Return the type that this type has been resolved to if
  /// it has been resolved to anything.  This is used to implement the
  /// union-find algorithm for type resolution, and shouldn't be used by general
  /// purpose clients.
  const Type *getForwardedType() const {
    if (!ForwardType) return 0;
    return getForwardedTypeInternal();
  }

  /// getVAArgsPromotedType - Return the type an argument of this type
  /// will be promoted to if passed through a variable argument
  /// function.
  const Type *getVAArgsPromotedType() const {
    if (ID == BoolTyID || ID == UByteTyID || ID == UShortTyID)
      return Type::UIntTy;
    else if (ID == SByteTyID || ID == ShortTyID)
      return Type::IntTy;
    else if (ID == FloatTyID)
      return Type::DoubleTy;
    else
      return this;
  }

  //===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  // Type Iteration support
  //
  typedef std::vector<PATypeHandle>::const_iterator subtype_iterator;
  subtype_iterator subtype_begin() const { return ContainedTys.begin(); }
  subtype_iterator subtype_end() const { return ContainedTys.end(); }

  /// getContainedType - This method is used to implement the type iterator
  /// (defined a the end of the file).  For derived types, this returns the
  /// types 'contained' in the derived type.
  ///
  const Type *getContainedType(unsigned i) const {
    assert(i < ContainedTys.size() && "Index out of range!");
    return ContainedTys[i];
  }

  /// getNumContainedTypes - Return the number of types in the derived type.
  ///
  typedef std::vector<PATypeHandle>::size_type size_type;
  size_type getNumContainedTypes() const { return ContainedTys.size(); }

  //===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  // Static members exported by the Type class itself.  Useful for getting
  // instances of Type.
  //

  /// getPrimitiveType - Return a type based on an identifier.
  static const Type *getPrimitiveType(TypeID IDNumber);

  //===--------------------------------------------------------------------===//
  // These are the builtin types that are always available...
  //
  static Type *VoidTy , *BoolTy;
  static Type *SByteTy, *UByteTy,
              *ShortTy, *UShortTy,
              *IntTy  , *UIntTy,
              *LongTy , *ULongTy;
  static Type *FloatTy, *DoubleTy;

  static Type* LabelTy;

  /// Methods for support type inquiry through isa, cast, and dyn_cast:
  static inline bool classof(const Type *T) { return true; }

  void addRef() const {
    assert(isAbstract() && "Cannot add a reference to a non-abstract type!");
    ++RefCount;
  }

  void dropRef() const {
    assert(isAbstract() && "Cannot drop a reference to a non-abstract type!");
    assert(RefCount && "No objects are currently referencing this object!");

    // If this is the last PATypeHolder using this object, and there are no
    // PATypeHandles using it, the type is dead, delete it now.
    if (--RefCount == 0 && AbstractTypeUsers.empty())
      delete this;
  }
  
  /// addAbstractTypeUser - Notify an abstract type that there is a new user of
  /// it.  This function is called primarily by the PATypeHandle class.
  ///
  void addAbstractTypeUser(AbstractTypeUser *U) const {
    assert(isAbstract() && "addAbstractTypeUser: Current type not abstract!");
    AbstractTypeUsers.push_back(U);
  }
  
  /// removeAbstractTypeUser - Notify an abstract type that a user of the class
  /// no longer has a handle to the type.  This function is called primarily by
  /// the PATypeHandle class.  When there are no users of the abstract type, it
  /// is annihilated, because there is no way to get a reference to it ever
  /// again.
  ///
  void removeAbstractTypeUser(AbstractTypeUser *U) const;

  /// clearAllTypeMaps - This method frees all internal memory used by the
  /// type subsystem, which can be used in environments where this memory is
  /// otherwise reported as a leak.
  static void clearAllTypeMaps();

private:
  /// isSizedDerivedType - Derived types like structures and arrays are sized
  /// iff all of the members of the type are sized as well.  Since asking for
  /// their size is relatively uncommon, move this operation out of line.
  bool isSizedDerivedType() const;

  virtual void refineAbstractType(const DerivedType *OldTy, const Type *NewTy);
  virtual void typeBecameConcrete(const DerivedType *AbsTy);

protected:
  // PromoteAbstractToConcrete - This is an internal method used to calculate
  // change "Abstract" from true to false when types are refined.
  void PromoteAbstractToConcrete();
  friend class TypeMapBase;
};

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// Define some inline methods for the AbstractTypeUser.h:PATypeHandle class.
// These are defined here because they MUST be inlined, yet are dependent on
// the definition of the Type class.  Of course Type derives from Value, which
// contains an AbstractTypeUser instance, so there is no good way to factor out
// the code.  Hence this bit of uglyness.
//
// In the long term, Type should not derive from Value, allowing
// AbstractTypeUser.h to #include Type.h, allowing us to eliminate this
// nastyness entirely.
//
inline void PATypeHandle::addUser() {
  assert(Ty && "Type Handle has a null type!");
  if (Ty->isAbstract())
    Ty->addAbstractTypeUser(User);
}
inline void PATypeHandle::removeUser() {
  if (Ty->isAbstract())
    Ty->removeAbstractTypeUser(User);
}

// Define inline methods for PATypeHolder...

inline void PATypeHolder::addRef() {
  if (Ty->isAbstract())
    Ty->addRef();
}

inline void PATypeHolder::dropRef() {
  if (Ty->isAbstract())
    Ty->dropRef();
}

/// get - This implements the forwarding part of the union-find algorithm for
/// abstract types.  Before every access to the Type*, we check to see if the
/// type we are pointing to is forwarding to a new type.  If so, we drop our
/// reference to the type.
///
inline Type* PATypeHolder::get() const {
  const Type *NewTy = Ty->getForwardedType();
  if (!NewTy) return const_cast<Type*>(Ty);
  return *const_cast<PATypeHolder*>(this) = NewTy;
}



//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// Provide specializations of GraphTraits to be able to treat a type as a
// graph of sub types...

template <> struct GraphTraits<Type*> {
  typedef Type NodeType;
  typedef Type::subtype_iterator ChildIteratorType;

  static inline NodeType *getEntryNode(Type *T) { return T; }
  static inline ChildIteratorType child_begin(NodeType *N) {
    return N->subtype_begin();
  }
  static inline ChildIteratorType child_end(NodeType *N) {
    return N->subtype_end();
  }
};

template <> struct GraphTraits<const Type*> {
  typedef const Type NodeType;
  typedef Type::subtype_iterator ChildIteratorType;

  static inline NodeType *getEntryNode(const Type *T) { return T; }
  static inline ChildIteratorType child_begin(NodeType *N) {
    return N->subtype_begin();
  }
  static inline ChildIteratorType child_end(NodeType *N) {
    return N->subtype_end();
  }
};

template <> inline bool isa_impl<PointerType, Type>(const Type &Ty) {
  return Ty.getTypeID() == Type::PointerTyID;
}

std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &OS, const Type &T);

} // End llvm namespace

#endif