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//===- X86InstrInfo.h - X86 Instruction Information ------------*- C++ -*- ===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file was developed by the LLVM research group and is distributed under
// the University of Illinois Open Source License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file contains the X86 implementation of the TargetInstrInfo class.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef X86INSTRUCTIONINFO_H
#define X86INSTRUCTIONINFO_H

#include "llvm/Target/TargetInstrInfo.h"
#include "X86RegisterInfo.h"

namespace llvm {
  class X86RegisterInfo;
  class X86TargetMachine;

namespace X86 {
  // X86 specific condition code. These correspond to X86_*_COND in
  // X86InstrInfo.td. They must be kept in synch.
  enum CondCode {
    COND_A  = 0,
    COND_AE = 1,
    COND_B  = 2,
    COND_BE = 3,
    COND_E  = 4,
    COND_G  = 5,
    COND_GE = 6,
    COND_L  = 7,
    COND_LE = 8,
    COND_NE = 9,
    COND_NO = 10,
    COND_NP = 11,
    COND_NS = 12,
    COND_O  = 13,
    COND_P  = 14,
    COND_S  = 15,
    COND_INVALID
  };
  
  // Turn condition code into conditional branch opcode.
  unsigned GetCondBranchFromCond(CondCode CC);
  
  /// GetOppositeBranchCondition - Return the inverse of the specified cond,
  /// e.g. turning COND_E to COND_NE.
  CondCode GetOppositeBranchCondition(X86::CondCode CC);

}
  
/// X86II - This namespace holds all of the target specific flags that
/// instruction info tracks.
///
namespace X86II {
  enum {
    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // Instruction types.  These are the standard/most common forms for X86
    // instructions.
    //

    // PseudoFrm - This represents an instruction that is a pseudo instruction
    // or one that has not been implemented yet.  It is illegal to code generate
    // it, but tolerated for intermediate implementation stages.
    Pseudo         = 0,

    /// Raw - This form is for instructions that don't have any operands, so
    /// they are just a fixed opcode value, like 'leave'.
    RawFrm         = 1,

    /// AddRegFrm - This form is used for instructions like 'push r32' that have
    /// their one register operand added to their opcode.
    AddRegFrm      = 2,

    /// MRMDestReg - This form is used for instructions that use the Mod/RM byte
    /// to specify a destination, which in this case is a register.
    ///
    MRMDestReg     = 3,

    /// MRMDestMem - This form is used for instructions that use the Mod/RM byte
    /// to specify a destination, which in this case is memory.
    ///
    MRMDestMem     = 4,

    /// MRMSrcReg - This form is used for instructions that use the Mod/RM byte
    /// to specify a source, which in this case is a register.
    ///
    MRMSrcReg      = 5,

    /// MRMSrcMem - This form is used for instructions that use the Mod/RM byte
    /// to specify a source, which in this case is memory.
    ///
    MRMSrcMem      = 6,

    /// MRM[0-7][rm] - These forms are used to represent instructions that use
    /// a Mod/RM byte, and use the middle field to hold extended opcode
    /// information.  In the intel manual these are represented as /0, /1, ...
    ///

    // First, instructions that operate on a register r/m operand...
    MRM0r = 16,  MRM1r = 17,  MRM2r = 18,  MRM3r = 19, // Format /0 /1 /2 /3
    MRM4r = 20,  MRM5r = 21,  MRM6r = 22,  MRM7r = 23, // Format /4 /5 /6 /7

    // Next, instructions that operate on a memory r/m operand...
    MRM0m = 24,  MRM1m = 25,  MRM2m = 26,  MRM3m = 27, // Format /0 /1 /2 /3
    MRM4m = 28,  MRM5m = 29,  MRM6m = 30,  MRM7m = 31, // Format /4 /5 /6 /7

    // MRMInitReg - This form is used for instructions whose source and
    // destinations are the same register.
    MRMInitReg = 32,

    FormMask       = 63,

    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // Actual flags...

    // OpSize - Set if this instruction requires an operand size prefix (0x66),
    // which most often indicates that the instruction operates on 16 bit data
    // instead of 32 bit data.
    OpSize      = 1 << 6,

    // AsSize - Set if this instruction requires an operand size prefix (0x67),
    // which most often indicates that the instruction address 16 bit address
    // instead of 32 bit address (or 32 bit address in 64 bit mode).
    AdSize      = 1 << 7,

    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // Op0Mask - There are several prefix bytes that are used to form two byte
    // opcodes.  These are currently 0x0F, 0xF3, and 0xD8-0xDF.  This mask is
    // used to obtain the setting of this field.  If no bits in this field is
    // set, there is no prefix byte for obtaining a multibyte opcode.
    //
    Op0Shift    = 8,
    Op0Mask     = 0xF << Op0Shift,

    // TB - TwoByte - Set if this instruction has a two byte opcode, which
    // starts with a 0x0F byte before the real opcode.
    TB          = 1 << Op0Shift,

    // REP - The 0xF3 prefix byte indicating repetition of the following
    // instruction.
    REP         = 2 << Op0Shift,

    // D8-DF - These escape opcodes are used by the floating point unit.  These
    // values must remain sequential.
    D8 = 3 << Op0Shift,   D9 = 4 << Op0Shift,
    DA = 5 << Op0Shift,   DB = 6 << Op0Shift,
    DC = 7 << Op0Shift,   DD = 8 << Op0Shift,
    DE = 9 << Op0Shift,   DF = 10 << Op0Shift,

    // XS, XD - These prefix codes are for single and double precision scalar
    // floating point operations performed in the SSE registers.
    XD = 11 << Op0Shift,  XS = 12 << Op0Shift,

    // T8, TA - Prefix after the 0x0F prefix.
    T8 = 13 << Op0Shift,  TA = 14 << Op0Shift,

    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // REX_W - REX prefixes are instruction prefixes used in 64-bit mode.
    // They are used to specify GPRs and SSE registers, 64-bit operand size,
    // etc. We only cares about REX.W and REX.R bits and only the former is
    // statically determined.
    //
    REXShift    = 12,
    REX_W       = 1 << REXShift,

    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // This three-bit field describes the size of an immediate operand.  Zero is
    // unused so that we can tell if we forgot to set a value.
    ImmShift = 13,
    ImmMask  = 7 << ImmShift,
    Imm8     = 1 << ImmShift,
    Imm16    = 2 << ImmShift,
    Imm32    = 3 << ImmShift,
    Imm64    = 4 << ImmShift,

    //===------------------------------------------------------------------===//
    // FP Instruction Classification...  Zero is non-fp instruction.

    // FPTypeMask - Mask for all of the FP types...
    FPTypeShift = 16,
    FPTypeMask  = 7 << FPTypeShift,

    // NotFP - The default, set for instructions that do not use FP registers.
    NotFP      = 0 << FPTypeShift,

    // ZeroArgFP - 0 arg FP instruction which implicitly pushes ST(0), f.e. fld0
    ZeroArgFP  = 1 << FPTypeShift,

    // OneArgFP - 1 arg FP instructions which implicitly read ST(0), such as fst
    OneArgFP   = 2 << FPTypeShift,

    // OneArgFPRW - 1 arg FP instruction which implicitly read ST(0) and write a
    // result back to ST(0).  For example, fcos, fsqrt, etc.
    //
    OneArgFPRW = 3 << FPTypeShift,

    // TwoArgFP - 2 arg FP instructions which implicitly read ST(0), and an
    // explicit argument, storing the result to either ST(0) or the implicit
    // argument.  For example: fadd, fsub, fmul, etc...
    TwoArgFP   = 4 << FPTypeShift,

    // CompareFP - 2 arg FP instructions which implicitly read ST(0) and an
    // explicit argument, but have no destination.  Example: fucom, fucomi, ...
    CompareFP  = 5 << FPTypeShift,

    // CondMovFP - "2 operand" floating point conditional move instructions.
    CondMovFP  = 6 << FPTypeShift,

    // SpecialFP - Special instruction forms.  Dispatch by opcode explicitly.
    SpecialFP  = 7 << FPTypeShift,

    // Bits 19 -> 23 are unused
    OpcodeShift   = 24,
    OpcodeMask    = 0xFF << OpcodeShift
  };
}

class X86InstrInfo : public TargetInstrInfo {
  X86TargetMachine &TM;
  const X86RegisterInfo RI;
public:
  X86InstrInfo(X86TargetMachine &tm);

  /// getRegisterInfo - TargetInstrInfo is a superset of MRegister info.  As
  /// such, whenever a client has an instance of instruction info, it should
  /// always be able to get register info as well (through this method).
  ///
  virtual const MRegisterInfo &getRegisterInfo() const { return RI; }

  // Return true if the instruction is a register to register move and
  // leave the source and dest operands in the passed parameters.
  //
  bool isMoveInstr(const MachineInstr& MI, unsigned& sourceReg,
                   unsigned& destReg) const;
  unsigned isLoadFromStackSlot(MachineInstr *MI, int &FrameIndex) const;
  unsigned isStoreToStackSlot(MachineInstr *MI, int &FrameIndex) const;
  bool isReallyTriviallyReMaterializable(MachineInstr *MI) const;
  
  /// convertToThreeAddress - This method must be implemented by targets that
  /// set the M_CONVERTIBLE_TO_3_ADDR flag.  When this flag is set, the target
  /// may be able to convert a two-address instruction into a true
  /// three-address instruction on demand.  This allows the X86 target (for
  /// example) to convert ADD and SHL instructions into LEA instructions if they
  /// would require register copies due to two-addressness.
  ///
  /// This method returns a null pointer if the transformation cannot be
  /// performed, otherwise it returns the new instruction.
  ///
  virtual MachineInstr *convertToThreeAddress(MachineFunction::iterator &MFI,
                                              MachineBasicBlock::iterator &MBBI,
                                              LiveVariables &LV) const;

  /// commuteInstruction - We have a few instructions that must be hacked on to
  /// commute them.
  ///
  virtual MachineInstr *commuteInstruction(MachineInstr *MI) const;

  // Branch analysis.
  virtual bool isUnpredicatedTerminator(const MachineInstr* MI) const;
  virtual bool AnalyzeBranch(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, MachineBasicBlock *&TBB,
                             MachineBasicBlock *&FBB,
                             std::vector<MachineOperand> &Cond) const;
  virtual unsigned RemoveBranch(MachineBasicBlock &MBB) const;
  virtual unsigned InsertBranch(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, MachineBasicBlock *TBB,
                                MachineBasicBlock *FBB,
                                const std::vector<MachineOperand> &Cond) const;
  virtual bool BlockHasNoFallThrough(MachineBasicBlock &MBB) const;
  virtual bool ReverseBranchCondition(std::vector<MachineOperand> &Cond) const;

  const TargetRegisterClass *getPointerRegClass() const;

  // getBaseOpcodeFor - This function returns the "base" X86 opcode for the
  // specified machine instruction.
  //
  unsigned char getBaseOpcodeFor(const TargetInstrDescriptor *TID) const {
    return TID->TSFlags >> X86II::OpcodeShift;
  }
  unsigned char getBaseOpcodeFor(MachineOpCode Opcode) const {
    return getBaseOpcodeFor(&get(Opcode));
  }
};

} // End llvm namespace

#endif