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//===-- AMDGPULowerKernelArguments.cpp ------------------------------------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
/// \file This pass replaces accesses to kernel arguments with loads from
/// offsets from the kernarg base pointer.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "AMDGPU.h"
#include "AMDGPUSubtarget.h"
#include "AMDGPUTargetMachine.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/Loads.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h"
#include "llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Attributes.h"
#include "llvm/IR/BasicBlock.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Constants.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DerivedTypes.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Function.h"
#include "llvm/IR/IRBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/IR/InstrTypes.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Instruction.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Instructions.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/IR/MDBuilder.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Metadata.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Operator.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Type.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Value.h"
#include "llvm/Pass.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"

#define DEBUG_TYPE "amdgpu-lower-kernel-arguments"

using namespace llvm;

namespace {

class AMDGPULowerKernelArguments : public FunctionPass{
public:
  static char ID;

  AMDGPULowerKernelArguments() : FunctionPass(ID) {}

  bool runOnFunction(Function &F) override;

  void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const override {
    AU.addRequired<TargetPassConfig>();
    AU.setPreservesAll();
 }
};

} // end anonymous namespace

bool AMDGPULowerKernelArguments::runOnFunction(Function &F) {
  CallingConv::ID CC = F.getCallingConv();
  if (CC != CallingConv::AMDGPU_KERNEL || F.arg_empty())
    return false;

  auto &TPC = getAnalysis<TargetPassConfig>();

  const TargetMachine &TM = TPC.getTM<TargetMachine>();
  const GCNSubtarget &ST = TM.getSubtarget<GCNSubtarget>(F);
  LLVMContext &Ctx = F.getParent()->getContext();
  const DataLayout &DL = F.getParent()->getDataLayout();
  BasicBlock &EntryBlock = *F.begin();
  IRBuilder<> Builder(&*EntryBlock.begin());

  const unsigned KernArgBaseAlign = 16; // FIXME: Increase if necessary
  const uint64_t BaseOffset = ST.getExplicitKernelArgOffset(F);

  unsigned MaxAlign;
  // FIXME: Alignment is broken broken with explicit arg offset.;
  const uint64_t TotalKernArgSize = ST.getKernArgSegmentSize(F, MaxAlign);
  if (TotalKernArgSize == 0)
    return false;

  CallInst *KernArgSegment =
      Builder.CreateIntrinsic(Intrinsic::amdgcn_kernarg_segment_ptr, {}, {},
                              nullptr, F.getName() + ".kernarg.segment");

  KernArgSegment->addAttribute(AttributeList::ReturnIndex, Attribute::NonNull);
  KernArgSegment->addAttribute(AttributeList::ReturnIndex,
    Attribute::getWithDereferenceableBytes(Ctx, TotalKernArgSize));

  unsigned AS = KernArgSegment->getType()->getPointerAddressSpace();
  uint64_t ExplicitArgOffset = 0;

  for (Argument &Arg : F.args()) {
    Type *ArgTy = Arg.getType();
    unsigned Align = DL.getABITypeAlignment(ArgTy);
    unsigned Size = DL.getTypeSizeInBits(ArgTy);
    unsigned AllocSize = DL.getTypeAllocSize(ArgTy);

    uint64_t EltOffset = alignTo(ExplicitArgOffset, Align) + BaseOffset;
    ExplicitArgOffset = alignTo(ExplicitArgOffset, Align) + AllocSize;

    if (Arg.use_empty())
      continue;

    if (PointerType *PT = dyn_cast<PointerType>(ArgTy)) {
      // FIXME: Hack. We rely on AssertZext to be able to fold DS addressing
      // modes on SI to know the high bits are 0 so pointer adds don't wrap. We
      // can't represent this with range metadata because it's only allowed for
      // integer types.
      if ((PT->getAddressSpace() == AMDGPUAS::LOCAL_ADDRESS ||
           PT->getAddressSpace() == AMDGPUAS::REGION_ADDRESS) &&
          !ST.hasUsableDSOffset())
        continue;

      // FIXME: We can replace this with equivalent alias.scope/noalias
      // metadata, but this appears to be a lot of work.
      if (Arg.hasNoAliasAttr())
        continue;
    }

    VectorType *VT = dyn_cast<VectorType>(ArgTy);
    bool IsV3 = VT && VT->getNumElements() == 3;
    bool DoShiftOpt = Size < 32 && !ArgTy->isAggregateType();

    VectorType *V4Ty = nullptr;

    int64_t AlignDownOffset = alignDown(EltOffset, 4);
    int64_t OffsetDiff = EltOffset - AlignDownOffset;
    unsigned AdjustedAlign = MinAlign(DoShiftOpt ? AlignDownOffset : EltOffset,
                                      KernArgBaseAlign);

    Value *ArgPtr;
    Type *AdjustedArgTy;
    if (DoShiftOpt) { // FIXME: Handle aggregate types
      // Since we don't have sub-dword scalar loads, avoid doing an extload by
      // loading earlier than the argument address, and extracting the relevant
      // bits.
      //
      // Additionally widen any sub-dword load to i32 even if suitably aligned,
      // so that CSE between different argument loads works easily.
      ArgPtr = Builder.CreateConstInBoundsGEP1_64(
          Builder.getInt8Ty(), KernArgSegment, AlignDownOffset,
          Arg.getName() + ".kernarg.offset.align.down");
      AdjustedArgTy = Builder.getInt32Ty();
    } else {
      ArgPtr = Builder.CreateConstInBoundsGEP1_64(
          Builder.getInt8Ty(), KernArgSegment, EltOffset,
          Arg.getName() + ".kernarg.offset");
      AdjustedArgTy = ArgTy;
    }

    if (IsV3 && Size >= 32) {
      V4Ty = VectorType::get(VT->getVectorElementType(), 4);
      // Use the hack that clang uses to avoid SelectionDAG ruining v3 loads
      AdjustedArgTy = V4Ty;
    }

    ArgPtr = Builder.CreateBitCast(ArgPtr, AdjustedArgTy->getPointerTo(AS),
                                   ArgPtr->getName() + ".cast");
    LoadInst *Load =
        Builder.CreateAlignedLoad(AdjustedArgTy, ArgPtr, AdjustedAlign);
    Load->setMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_invariant_load, MDNode::get(Ctx, {}));

    MDBuilder MDB(Ctx);

    if (isa<PointerType>(ArgTy)) {
      if (Arg.hasNonNullAttr())
        Load->setMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_nonnull, MDNode::get(Ctx, {}));

      uint64_t DerefBytes = Arg.getDereferenceableBytes();
      if (DerefBytes != 0) {
        Load->setMetadata(
          LLVMContext::MD_dereferenceable,
          MDNode::get(Ctx,
                      MDB.createConstant(
                        ConstantInt::get(Builder.getInt64Ty(), DerefBytes))));
      }

      uint64_t DerefOrNullBytes = Arg.getDereferenceableOrNullBytes();
      if (DerefOrNullBytes != 0) {
        Load->setMetadata(
          LLVMContext::MD_dereferenceable_or_null,
          MDNode::get(Ctx,
                      MDB.createConstant(ConstantInt::get(Builder.getInt64Ty(),
                                                          DerefOrNullBytes))));
      }

      unsigned ParamAlign = Arg.getParamAlignment();
      if (ParamAlign != 0) {
        Load->setMetadata(
          LLVMContext::MD_align,
          MDNode::get(Ctx,
                      MDB.createConstant(ConstantInt::get(Builder.getInt64Ty(),
                                                          ParamAlign))));
      }
    }

    // TODO: Convert noalias arg to !noalias

    if (DoShiftOpt) {
      Value *ExtractBits = OffsetDiff == 0 ?
        Load : Builder.CreateLShr(Load, OffsetDiff * 8);

      IntegerType *ArgIntTy = Builder.getIntNTy(Size);
      Value *Trunc = Builder.CreateTrunc(ExtractBits, ArgIntTy);
      Value *NewVal = Builder.CreateBitCast(Trunc, ArgTy,
                                            Arg.getName() + ".load");
      Arg.replaceAllUsesWith(NewVal);
    } else if (IsV3) {
      Value *Shuf = Builder.CreateShuffleVector(Load, UndefValue::get(V4Ty),
                                                {0, 1, 2},
                                                Arg.getName() + ".load");
      Arg.replaceAllUsesWith(Shuf);
    } else {
      Load->setName(Arg.getName() + ".load");
      Arg.replaceAllUsesWith(Load);
    }
  }

  KernArgSegment->addAttribute(
    AttributeList::ReturnIndex,
    Attribute::getWithAlignment(Ctx, std::max(KernArgBaseAlign, MaxAlign)));

  return true;
}

INITIALIZE_PASS_BEGIN(AMDGPULowerKernelArguments, DEBUG_TYPE,
                      "AMDGPU Lower Kernel Arguments", false, false)
INITIALIZE_PASS_END(AMDGPULowerKernelArguments, DEBUG_TYPE, "AMDGPU Lower Kernel Arguments",
                    false, false)

char AMDGPULowerKernelArguments::ID = 0;

FunctionPass *llvm::createAMDGPULowerKernelArgumentsPass() {
  return new AMDGPULowerKernelArguments();
}