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//===- llvm/Support/Casting.h - Allow flexible, checked, casts --*- C++ -*-===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file defines the isa<X>(), cast<X>(), dyn_cast<X>(), cast_or_null<X>(),
// and dyn_cast_or_null<X>() templates.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#ifndef LLVM_SUPPORT_CASTING_H
#define LLVM_SUPPORT_CASTING_H

#include "llvm/Support/Compiler.h"
#include "llvm/Support/type_traits.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <memory>
#include <type_traits>

namespace llvm {

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//                          isa<x> Support Templates
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

// Define a template that can be specialized by smart pointers to reflect the
// fact that they are automatically dereferenced, and are not involved with the
// template selection process...  the default implementation is a noop.
//
template<typename From> struct simplify_type {
  using SimpleType = From; // The real type this represents...

  // An accessor to get the real value...
  static SimpleType &getSimplifiedValue(From &Val) { return Val; }
};

template<typename From> struct simplify_type<const From> {
  using NonConstSimpleType = typename simplify_type<From>::SimpleType;
  using SimpleType =
      typename add_const_past_pointer<NonConstSimpleType>::type;
  using RetType =
      typename add_lvalue_reference_if_not_pointer<SimpleType>::type;

  static RetType getSimplifiedValue(const From& Val) {
    return simplify_type<From>::getSimplifiedValue(const_cast<From&>(Val));
  }
};

// The core of the implementation of isa<X> is here; To and From should be
// the names of classes.  This template can be specialized to customize the
// implementation of isa<> without rewriting it from scratch.
template <typename To, typename From, typename Enabler = void>
struct isa_impl {
  static inline bool doit(const From &Val) {
    return To::classof(&Val);
  }
};

/// Always allow upcasts, and perform no dynamic check for them.
template <typename To, typename From>
struct isa_impl<
    To, From, typename std::enable_if<std::is_base_of<To, From>::value>::type> {
  static inline bool doit(const From &) { return true; }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl {
  static inline bool doit(const From &Val) {
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl<To, const From> {
  static inline bool doit(const From &Val) {
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From>
struct isa_impl_cl<To, const std::unique_ptr<From>> {
  static inline bool doit(const std::unique_ptr<From> &Val) {
    assert(Val && "isa<> used on a null pointer");
    return isa_impl_cl<To, From>::doit(*Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl<To, From*> {
  static inline bool doit(const From *Val) {
    assert(Val && "isa<> used on a null pointer");
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(*Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl<To, From*const> {
  static inline bool doit(const From *Val) {
    assert(Val && "isa<> used on a null pointer");
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(*Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl<To, const From*> {
  static inline bool doit(const From *Val) {
    assert(Val && "isa<> used on a null pointer");
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(*Val);
  }
};

template <typename To, typename From> struct isa_impl_cl<To, const From*const> {
  static inline bool doit(const From *Val) {
    assert(Val && "isa<> used on a null pointer");
    return isa_impl<To, From>::doit(*Val);
  }
};

template<typename To, typename From, typename SimpleFrom>
struct isa_impl_wrap {
  // When From != SimplifiedType, we can simplify the type some more by using
  // the simplify_type template.
  static bool doit(const From &Val) {
    return isa_impl_wrap<To, SimpleFrom,
      typename simplify_type<SimpleFrom>::SimpleType>::doit(
                          simplify_type<const From>::getSimplifiedValue(Val));
  }
};

template<typename To, typename FromTy>
struct isa_impl_wrap<To, FromTy, FromTy> {
  // When From == SimpleType, we are as simple as we are going to get.
  static bool doit(const FromTy &Val) {
    return isa_impl_cl<To,FromTy>::doit(Val);
  }
};

// isa<X> - Return true if the parameter to the template is an instance of the
// template type argument.  Used like this:
//
//  if (isa<Type>(myVal)) { ... }
//
template <class X, class Y> LLVM_NODISCARD inline bool isa(const Y &Val) {
  return isa_impl_wrap<X, const Y,
                       typename simplify_type<const Y>::SimpleType>::doit(Val);
}

// isa_and_nonnull<X> - Functionally identical to isa, except that a null value
// is accepted.
//
template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline bool isa_and_nonnull(const Y &Val) {
  if (!Val)
    return false;
  return isa<X>(Val);
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//                          cast<x> Support Templates
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty;

// Calculate what type the 'cast' function should return, based on a requested
// type of To and a source type of From.
template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty_impl {
  using ret_type = To &;       // Normal case, return Ty&
};
template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty_impl<To, const From> {
  using ret_type = const To &; // Normal case, return Ty&
};

template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty_impl<To, From*> {
  using ret_type = To *;       // Pointer arg case, return Ty*
};

template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty_impl<To, const From*> {
  using ret_type = const To *; // Constant pointer arg case, return const Ty*
};

template<class To, class From> struct cast_retty_impl<To, const From*const> {
  using ret_type = const To *; // Constant pointer arg case, return const Ty*
};

template <class To, class From>
struct cast_retty_impl<To, std::unique_ptr<From>> {
private:
  using PointerType = typename cast_retty_impl<To, From *>::ret_type;
  using ResultType = typename std::remove_pointer<PointerType>::type;

public:
  using ret_type = std::unique_ptr<ResultType>;
};

template<class To, class From, class SimpleFrom>
struct cast_retty_wrap {
  // When the simplified type and the from type are not the same, use the type
  // simplifier to reduce the type, then reuse cast_retty_impl to get the
  // resultant type.
  using ret_type = typename cast_retty<To, SimpleFrom>::ret_type;
};

template<class To, class FromTy>
struct cast_retty_wrap<To, FromTy, FromTy> {
  // When the simplified type is equal to the from type, use it directly.
  using ret_type = typename cast_retty_impl<To,FromTy>::ret_type;
};

template<class To, class From>
struct cast_retty {
  using ret_type = typename cast_retty_wrap<
      To, From, typename simplify_type<From>::SimpleType>::ret_type;
};

// Ensure the non-simple values are converted using the simplify_type template
// that may be specialized by smart pointers...
//
template<class To, class From, class SimpleFrom> struct cast_convert_val {
  // This is not a simple type, use the template to simplify it...
  static typename cast_retty<To, From>::ret_type doit(From &Val) {
    return cast_convert_val<To, SimpleFrom,
      typename simplify_type<SimpleFrom>::SimpleType>::doit(
                          simplify_type<From>::getSimplifiedValue(Val));
  }
};

template<class To, class FromTy> struct cast_convert_val<To,FromTy,FromTy> {
  // This _is_ a simple type, just cast it.
  static typename cast_retty<To, FromTy>::ret_type doit(const FromTy &Val) {
    typename cast_retty<To, FromTy>::ret_type Res2
     = (typename cast_retty<To, FromTy>::ret_type)const_cast<FromTy&>(Val);
    return Res2;
  }
};

template <class X> struct is_simple_type {
  static const bool value =
      std::is_same<X, typename simplify_type<X>::SimpleType>::value;
};

// cast<X> - Return the argument parameter cast to the specified type.  This
// casting operator asserts that the type is correct, so it does not return null
// on failure.  It does not allow a null argument (use cast_or_null for that).
// It is typically used like this:
//
//  cast<Instruction>(myVal)->getParent()
//
template <class X, class Y>
inline typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                               typename cast_retty<X, const Y>::ret_type>::type
cast(const Y &Val) {
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast_convert_val<
      X, const Y, typename simplify_type<const Y>::SimpleType>::doit(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
inline typename cast_retty<X, Y>::ret_type cast(Y &Val) {
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast_convert_val<X, Y,
                          typename simplify_type<Y>::SimpleType>::doit(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
inline typename cast_retty<X, Y *>::ret_type cast(Y *Val) {
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast_convert_val<X, Y*,
                          typename simplify_type<Y*>::SimpleType>::doit(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
inline typename cast_retty<X, std::unique_ptr<Y>>::ret_type
cast(std::unique_ptr<Y> &&Val) {
  assert(isa<X>(Val.get()) && "cast<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  using ret_type = typename cast_retty<X, std::unique_ptr<Y>>::ret_type;
  return ret_type(
      cast_convert_val<X, Y *, typename simplify_type<Y *>::SimpleType>::doit(
          Val.release()));
}

// cast_or_null<X> - Functionally identical to cast, except that a null value is
// accepted.
//
template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline
    typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                            typename cast_retty<X, const Y>::ret_type>::type
    cast_or_null(const Y &Val) {
  if (!Val)
    return nullptr;
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast_or_null<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast<X>(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline
    typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                            typename cast_retty<X, Y>::ret_type>::type
    cast_or_null(Y &Val) {
  if (!Val)
    return nullptr;
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast_or_null<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast<X>(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline typename cast_retty<X, Y *>::ret_type
cast_or_null(Y *Val) {
  if (!Val) return nullptr;
  assert(isa<X>(Val) && "cast_or_null<Ty>() argument of incompatible type!");
  return cast<X>(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
inline typename cast_retty<X, std::unique_ptr<Y>>::ret_type
cast_or_null(std::unique_ptr<Y> &&Val) {
  if (!Val)
    return nullptr;
  return cast<X>(std::move(Val));
}

// dyn_cast<X> - Return the argument parameter cast to the specified type.  This
// casting operator returns null if the argument is of the wrong type, so it can
// be used to test for a type as well as cast if successful.  This should be
// used in the context of an if statement like this:
//
//  if (const Instruction *I = dyn_cast<Instruction>(myVal)) { ... }
//

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline
    typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                            typename cast_retty<X, const Y>::ret_type>::type
    dyn_cast(const Y &Val) {
  return isa<X>(Val) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline typename cast_retty<X, Y>::ret_type dyn_cast(Y &Val) {
  return isa<X>(Val) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline typename cast_retty<X, Y *>::ret_type dyn_cast(Y *Val) {
  return isa<X>(Val) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

// dyn_cast_or_null<X> - Functionally identical to dyn_cast, except that a null
// value is accepted.
//
template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline
    typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                            typename cast_retty<X, const Y>::ret_type>::type
    dyn_cast_or_null(const Y &Val) {
  return (Val && isa<X>(Val)) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline
    typename std::enable_if<!is_simple_type<Y>::value,
                            typename cast_retty<X, Y>::ret_type>::type
    dyn_cast_or_null(Y &Val) {
  return (Val && isa<X>(Val)) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline typename cast_retty<X, Y *>::ret_type
dyn_cast_or_null(Y *Val) {
  return (Val && isa<X>(Val)) ? cast<X>(Val) : nullptr;
}

// unique_dyn_cast<X> - Given a unique_ptr<Y>, try to return a unique_ptr<X>,
// taking ownership of the input pointer iff isa<X>(Val) is true.  If the
// cast is successful, From refers to nullptr on exit and the casted value
// is returned.  If the cast is unsuccessful, the function returns nullptr
// and From is unchanged.
template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline auto unique_dyn_cast(std::unique_ptr<Y> &Val)
    -> decltype(cast<X>(Val)) {
  if (!isa<X>(Val))
    return nullptr;
  return cast<X>(std::move(Val));
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline auto unique_dyn_cast(std::unique_ptr<Y> &&Val)
    -> decltype(cast<X>(Val)) {
  return unique_dyn_cast<X, Y>(Val);
}

// dyn_cast_or_null<X> - Functionally identical to unique_dyn_cast, except that
// a null value is accepted.
template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline auto unique_dyn_cast_or_null(std::unique_ptr<Y> &Val)
    -> decltype(cast<X>(Val)) {
  if (!Val)
    return nullptr;
  return unique_dyn_cast<X, Y>(Val);
}

template <class X, class Y>
LLVM_NODISCARD inline auto unique_dyn_cast_or_null(std::unique_ptr<Y> &&Val)
    -> decltype(cast<X>(Val)) {
  return unique_dyn_cast_or_null<X, Y>(Val);
}

} // end namespace llvm

#endif // LLVM_SUPPORT_CASTING_H