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//===- lib/Linker/LinkModules.cpp - Module Linker Implementation ----------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file implements the LLVM module linker.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Linker/Linker.h"
#include "llvm-c/Linker.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SetVector.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallString.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Triple.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Constants.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DiagnosticInfo.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DiagnosticPrinter.h"
#include "llvm/IR/LLVMContext.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
#include "llvm/IR/TypeFinder.h"
#include "llvm/Transforms/Utils/Cloning.h"
using namespace llvm;

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// TypeMap implementation.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

namespace {
class TypeMapTy : public ValueMapTypeRemapper {
  /// This is a mapping from a source type to a destination type to use.
  DenseMap<Type *, Type *> MappedTypes;

  /// When checking to see if two subgraphs are isomorphic, we speculatively
  /// add types to MappedTypes, but keep track of them here in case we need to
  /// roll back.
  SmallVector<Type *, 16> SpeculativeTypes;

  SmallVector<StructType *, 16> SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes;

  /// This is a list of non-opaque structs in the source module that are mapped
  /// to an opaque struct in the destination module.
  SmallVector<StructType *, 16> SrcDefinitionsToResolve;

  /// This is the set of opaque types in the destination modules who are
  /// getting a body from the source module.
  SmallPtrSet<StructType *, 16> DstResolvedOpaqueTypes;

public:
  TypeMapTy(Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet &DstStructTypesSet)
      : DstStructTypesSet(DstStructTypesSet) {}

  Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet &DstStructTypesSet;
  /// Indicate that the specified type in the destination module is conceptually
  /// equivalent to the specified type in the source module.
  void addTypeMapping(Type *DstTy, Type *SrcTy);

  /// Produce a body for an opaque type in the dest module from a type
  /// definition in the source module.
  void linkDefinedTypeBodies();

  /// Return the mapped type to use for the specified input type from the
  /// source module.
  Type *get(Type *SrcTy);
  Type *get(Type *SrcTy, SmallPtrSet<StructType *, 8> &Visited);

  void finishType(StructType *DTy, StructType *STy, ArrayRef<Type *> ETypes);

  FunctionType *get(FunctionType *T) {
    return cast<FunctionType>(get((Type *)T));
  }

  /// Dump out the type map for debugging purposes.
  void dump() const {
    for (auto &Pair : MappedTypes) {
      dbgs() << "TypeMap: ";
      Pair.first->print(dbgs());
      dbgs() << " => ";
      Pair.second->print(dbgs());
      dbgs() << '\n';
    }
  }

private:
  Type *remapType(Type *SrcTy) override { return get(SrcTy); }

  bool areTypesIsomorphic(Type *DstTy, Type *SrcTy);
};
}

void TypeMapTy::addTypeMapping(Type *DstTy, Type *SrcTy) {
  assert(SpeculativeTypes.empty());
  assert(SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes.empty());

  // Check to see if these types are recursively isomorphic and establish a
  // mapping between them if so.
  if (!areTypesIsomorphic(DstTy, SrcTy)) {
    // Oops, they aren't isomorphic.  Just discard this request by rolling out
    // any speculative mappings we've established.
    for (Type *Ty : SpeculativeTypes)
      MappedTypes.erase(Ty);

    SrcDefinitionsToResolve.resize(SrcDefinitionsToResolve.size() -
                                   SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes.size());
    for (StructType *Ty : SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes)
      DstResolvedOpaqueTypes.erase(Ty);
  } else {
    for (Type *Ty : SpeculativeTypes)
      if (auto *STy = dyn_cast<StructType>(Ty))
        if (STy->hasName())
          STy->setName("");
  }
  SpeculativeTypes.clear();
  SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes.clear();
}

/// Recursively walk this pair of types, returning true if they are isomorphic,
/// false if they are not.
bool TypeMapTy::areTypesIsomorphic(Type *DstTy, Type *SrcTy) {
  // Two types with differing kinds are clearly not isomorphic.
  if (DstTy->getTypeID() != SrcTy->getTypeID())
    return false;

  // If we have an entry in the MappedTypes table, then we have our answer.
  Type *&Entry = MappedTypes[SrcTy];
  if (Entry)
    return Entry == DstTy;

  // Two identical types are clearly isomorphic.  Remember this
  // non-speculatively.
  if (DstTy == SrcTy) {
    Entry = DstTy;
    return true;
  }

  // Okay, we have two types with identical kinds that we haven't seen before.

  // If this is an opaque struct type, special case it.
  if (StructType *SSTy = dyn_cast<StructType>(SrcTy)) {
    // Mapping an opaque type to any struct, just keep the dest struct.
    if (SSTy->isOpaque()) {
      Entry = DstTy;
      SpeculativeTypes.push_back(SrcTy);
      return true;
    }

    // Mapping a non-opaque source type to an opaque dest.  If this is the first
    // type that we're mapping onto this destination type then we succeed.  Keep
    // the dest, but fill it in later. If this is the second (different) type
    // that we're trying to map onto the same opaque type then we fail.
    if (cast<StructType>(DstTy)->isOpaque()) {
      // We can only map one source type onto the opaque destination type.
      if (!DstResolvedOpaqueTypes.insert(cast<StructType>(DstTy)).second)
        return false;
      SrcDefinitionsToResolve.push_back(SSTy);
      SpeculativeTypes.push_back(SrcTy);
      SpeculativeDstOpaqueTypes.push_back(cast<StructType>(DstTy));
      Entry = DstTy;
      return true;
    }
  }

  // If the number of subtypes disagree between the two types, then we fail.
  if (SrcTy->getNumContainedTypes() != DstTy->getNumContainedTypes())
    return false;

  // Fail if any of the extra properties (e.g. array size) of the type disagree.
  if (isa<IntegerType>(DstTy))
    return false; // bitwidth disagrees.
  if (PointerType *PT = dyn_cast<PointerType>(DstTy)) {
    if (PT->getAddressSpace() != cast<PointerType>(SrcTy)->getAddressSpace())
      return false;

  } else if (FunctionType *FT = dyn_cast<FunctionType>(DstTy)) {
    if (FT->isVarArg() != cast<FunctionType>(SrcTy)->isVarArg())
      return false;
  } else if (StructType *DSTy = dyn_cast<StructType>(DstTy)) {
    StructType *SSTy = cast<StructType>(SrcTy);
    if (DSTy->isLiteral() != SSTy->isLiteral() ||
        DSTy->isPacked() != SSTy->isPacked())
      return false;
  } else if (ArrayType *DATy = dyn_cast<ArrayType>(DstTy)) {
    if (DATy->getNumElements() != cast<ArrayType>(SrcTy)->getNumElements())
      return false;
  } else if (VectorType *DVTy = dyn_cast<VectorType>(DstTy)) {
    if (DVTy->getNumElements() != cast<VectorType>(SrcTy)->getNumElements())
      return false;
  }

  // Otherwise, we speculate that these two types will line up and recursively
  // check the subelements.
  Entry = DstTy;
  SpeculativeTypes.push_back(SrcTy);

  for (unsigned I = 0, E = SrcTy->getNumContainedTypes(); I != E; ++I)
    if (!areTypesIsomorphic(DstTy->getContainedType(I),
                            SrcTy->getContainedType(I)))
      return false;

  // If everything seems to have lined up, then everything is great.
  return true;
}

void TypeMapTy::linkDefinedTypeBodies() {
  SmallVector<Type *, 16> Elements;
  for (StructType *SrcSTy : SrcDefinitionsToResolve) {
    StructType *DstSTy = cast<StructType>(MappedTypes[SrcSTy]);
    assert(DstSTy->isOpaque());

    // Map the body of the source type over to a new body for the dest type.
    Elements.resize(SrcSTy->getNumElements());
    for (unsigned I = 0, E = Elements.size(); I != E; ++I)
      Elements[I] = get(SrcSTy->getElementType(I));

    DstSTy->setBody(Elements, SrcSTy->isPacked());
    DstStructTypesSet.switchToNonOpaque(DstSTy);
  }
  SrcDefinitionsToResolve.clear();
  DstResolvedOpaqueTypes.clear();
}

void TypeMapTy::finishType(StructType *DTy, StructType *STy,
                           ArrayRef<Type *> ETypes) {
  DTy->setBody(ETypes, STy->isPacked());

  // Steal STy's name.
  if (STy->hasName()) {
    SmallString<16> TmpName = STy->getName();
    STy->setName("");
    DTy->setName(TmpName);
  }

  DstStructTypesSet.addNonOpaque(DTy);
}

Type *TypeMapTy::get(Type *Ty) {
  SmallPtrSet<StructType *, 8> Visited;
  return get(Ty, Visited);
}

Type *TypeMapTy::get(Type *Ty, SmallPtrSet<StructType *, 8> &Visited) {
  // If we already have an entry for this type, return it.
  Type **Entry = &MappedTypes[Ty];
  if (*Entry)
    return *Entry;

  // These are types that LLVM itself will unique.
  bool IsUniqued = !isa<StructType>(Ty) || cast<StructType>(Ty)->isLiteral();

#ifndef NDEBUG
  if (!IsUniqued) {
    for (auto &Pair : MappedTypes) {
      assert(!(Pair.first != Ty && Pair.second == Ty) &&
             "mapping to a source type");
    }
  }
#endif

  if (!IsUniqued && !Visited.insert(cast<StructType>(Ty)).second) {
    StructType *DTy = StructType::create(Ty->getContext());
    return *Entry = DTy;
  }

  // If this is not a recursive type, then just map all of the elements and
  // then rebuild the type from inside out.
  SmallVector<Type *, 4> ElementTypes;

  // If there are no element types to map, then the type is itself.  This is
  // true for the anonymous {} struct, things like 'float', integers, etc.
  if (Ty->getNumContainedTypes() == 0 && IsUniqued)
    return *Entry = Ty;

  // Remap all of the elements, keeping track of whether any of them change.
  bool AnyChange = false;
  ElementTypes.resize(Ty->getNumContainedTypes());
  for (unsigned I = 0, E = Ty->getNumContainedTypes(); I != E; ++I) {
    ElementTypes[I] = get(Ty->getContainedType(I), Visited);
    AnyChange |= ElementTypes[I] != Ty->getContainedType(I);
  }

  // If we found our type while recursively processing stuff, just use it.
  Entry = &MappedTypes[Ty];
  if (*Entry) {
    if (auto *DTy = dyn_cast<StructType>(*Entry)) {
      if (DTy->isOpaque()) {
        auto *STy = cast<StructType>(Ty);
        finishType(DTy, STy, ElementTypes);
      }
    }
    return *Entry;
  }

  // If all of the element types mapped directly over and the type is not
  // a nomed struct, then the type is usable as-is.
  if (!AnyChange && IsUniqued)
    return *Entry = Ty;

  // Otherwise, rebuild a modified type.
  switch (Ty->getTypeID()) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("unknown derived type to remap");
  case Type::ArrayTyID:
    return *Entry = ArrayType::get(ElementTypes[0],
                                   cast<ArrayType>(Ty)->getNumElements());
  case Type::VectorTyID:
    return *Entry = VectorType::get(ElementTypes[0],
                                    cast<VectorType>(Ty)->getNumElements());
  case Type::PointerTyID:
    return *Entry = PointerType::get(ElementTypes[0],
                                     cast<PointerType>(Ty)->getAddressSpace());
  case Type::FunctionTyID:
    return *Entry = FunctionType::get(ElementTypes[0],
                                      makeArrayRef(ElementTypes).slice(1),
                                      cast<FunctionType>(Ty)->isVarArg());
  case Type::StructTyID: {
    auto *STy = cast<StructType>(Ty);
    bool IsPacked = STy->isPacked();
    if (IsUniqued)
      return *Entry = StructType::get(Ty->getContext(), ElementTypes, IsPacked);

    // If the type is opaque, we can just use it directly.
    if (STy->isOpaque()) {
      DstStructTypesSet.addOpaque(STy);
      return *Entry = Ty;
    }

    if (StructType *OldT =
            DstStructTypesSet.findNonOpaque(ElementTypes, IsPacked)) {
      STy->setName("");
      return *Entry = OldT;
    }

    if (!AnyChange) {
      DstStructTypesSet.addNonOpaque(STy);
      return *Entry = Ty;
    }

    StructType *DTy = StructType::create(Ty->getContext());
    finishType(DTy, STy, ElementTypes);
    return *Entry = DTy;
  }
  }
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// ModuleLinker implementation.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

namespace {
class ModuleLinker;

/// Creates prototypes for functions that are lazily linked on the fly. This
/// speeds up linking for modules with many/ lazily linked functions of which
/// few get used.
class ValueMaterializerTy final : public ValueMaterializer {
  ModuleLinker *ModLinker;

public:
  ValueMaterializerTy(ModuleLinker *ModLinker) : ModLinker(ModLinker) {}

  Value *materializeDeclFor(Value *V) override;
  void materializeInitFor(GlobalValue *New, GlobalValue *Old) override;
};

class LinkDiagnosticInfo : public DiagnosticInfo {
  const Twine &Msg;

public:
  LinkDiagnosticInfo(DiagnosticSeverity Severity, const Twine &Msg);
  void print(DiagnosticPrinter &DP) const override;
};
LinkDiagnosticInfo::LinkDiagnosticInfo(DiagnosticSeverity Severity,
                                       const Twine &Msg)
    : DiagnosticInfo(DK_Linker, Severity), Msg(Msg) {}
void LinkDiagnosticInfo::print(DiagnosticPrinter &DP) const { DP << Msg; }

/// This is an implementation class for the LinkModules function, which is the
/// entrypoint for this file.
class ModuleLinker {
  Module &DstM;
  Module &SrcM;

  TypeMapTy TypeMap;
  ValueMaterializerTy ValMaterializer;

  /// Mapping of values from what they used to be in Src, to what they are now
  /// in DstM.  ValueToValueMapTy is a ValueMap, which involves some overhead
  /// due to the use of Value handles which the Linker doesn't actually need,
  /// but this allows us to reuse the ValueMapper code.
  ValueToValueMapTy ValueMap;

  SetVector<GlobalValue *> ValuesToLink;

  DiagnosticHandlerFunction DiagnosticHandler;

  /// For symbol clashes, prefer those from Src.
  unsigned Flags;

  /// Function index passed into ModuleLinker for using in function
  /// importing/exporting handling.
  const FunctionInfoIndex *ImportIndex;

  /// Function to import from source module, all other functions are
  /// imported as declarations instead of definitions.
  DenseSet<const GlobalValue *> *ImportFunction;

  /// Set to true if the given FunctionInfoIndex contains any functions
  /// from this source module, in which case we must conservatively assume
  /// that any of its functions may be imported into another module
  /// as part of a different backend compilation process.
  bool HasExportedFunctions = false;

  /// Set to true when all global value body linking is complete (including
  /// lazy linking). Used to prevent metadata linking from creating new
  /// references.
  bool DoneLinkingBodies = false;

  bool HasError = false;

public:
  ModuleLinker(Module &DstM, Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet &Set, Module &SrcM,
               DiagnosticHandlerFunction DiagnosticHandler, unsigned Flags,
               const FunctionInfoIndex *Index = nullptr,
               DenseSet<const GlobalValue *> *FunctionsToImport = nullptr)
      : DstM(DstM), SrcM(SrcM), TypeMap(Set), ValMaterializer(this),
        DiagnosticHandler(DiagnosticHandler), Flags(Flags), ImportIndex(Index),
        ImportFunction(FunctionsToImport) {
    assert((ImportIndex || !ImportFunction) &&
           "Expect a FunctionInfoIndex when importing");
    // If we have a FunctionInfoIndex but no function to import,
    // then this is the primary module being compiled in a ThinLTO
    // backend compilation, and we need to see if it has functions that
    // may be exported to another backend compilation.
    if (ImportIndex && !ImportFunction)
      HasExportedFunctions = ImportIndex->hasExportedFunctions(SrcM);
  }

  bool run();
  Value *materializeDeclFor(Value *V);
  void materializeInitFor(GlobalValue *New, GlobalValue *Old);

private:
  bool shouldOverrideFromSrc() { return Flags & Linker::OverrideFromSrc; }
  bool shouldLinkOnlyNeeded() { return Flags & Linker::LinkOnlyNeeded; }
  bool shouldInternalizeLinkedSymbols() {
    return Flags & Linker::InternalizeLinkedSymbols;
  }

  /// Handles cloning of a global values from the source module into
  /// the destination module, including setting the attributes and visibility.
  GlobalValue *copyGlobalValueProto(const GlobalValue *SGV,
                                    const GlobalValue *DGV, bool ForDefinition);

  /// Check if we should promote the given local value to global scope.
  bool doPromoteLocalToGlobal(const GlobalValue *SGV);

  bool shouldLinkFromSource(bool &LinkFromSrc, const GlobalValue &Dest,
                            const GlobalValue &Src);

  /// Helper method for setting a message and returning an error code.
  bool emitError(const Twine &Message) {
    DiagnosticHandler(LinkDiagnosticInfo(DS_Error, Message));
    HasError = true;
    return true;
  }

  void emitWarning(const Twine &Message) {
    DiagnosticHandler(LinkDiagnosticInfo(DS_Warning, Message));
  }

  bool getComdatLeader(Module &M, StringRef ComdatName,
                       const GlobalVariable *&GVar);
  bool computeResultingSelectionKind(StringRef ComdatName,
                                     Comdat::SelectionKind Src,
                                     Comdat::SelectionKind Dst,
                                     Comdat::SelectionKind &Result,
                                     bool &LinkFromSrc);
  std::map<const Comdat *, std::pair<Comdat::SelectionKind, bool>>
      ComdatsChosen;
  bool getComdatResult(const Comdat *SrcC, Comdat::SelectionKind &SK,
                       bool &LinkFromSrc);
  // Keep track of the global value members of each comdat in source.
  DenseMap<const Comdat *, std::vector<GlobalValue *>> ComdatMembers;

  /// Given a global in the source module, return the global in the
  /// destination module that is being linked to, if any.
  GlobalValue *getLinkedToGlobal(const GlobalValue *SrcGV) {
    // If the source has no name it can't link.  If it has local linkage,
    // there is no name match-up going on.
    if (!SrcGV->hasName() || GlobalValue::isLocalLinkage(getLinkage(SrcGV)))
      return nullptr;

    // Otherwise see if we have a match in the destination module's symtab.
    GlobalValue *DGV = DstM.getNamedValue(getName(SrcGV));
    if (!DGV)
      return nullptr;

    // If we found a global with the same name in the dest module, but it has
    // internal linkage, we are really not doing any linkage here.
    if (DGV->hasLocalLinkage())
      return nullptr;

    // Otherwise, we do in fact link to the destination global.
    return DGV;
  }

  void computeTypeMapping();

  bool linkIfNeeded(GlobalValue &GV);
  Constant *linkAppendingVarProto(GlobalVariable *DstGV,
                                  const GlobalVariable *SrcGV);

  Constant *linkGlobalValueProto(GlobalValue *GV);
  bool linkModuleFlagsMetadata();

  void linkGlobalInit(GlobalVariable &Dst, GlobalVariable &Src);
  bool linkFunctionBody(Function &Dst, Function &Src);
  void linkAliasBody(GlobalAlias &Dst, GlobalAlias &Src);
  bool linkGlobalValueBody(GlobalValue &Dst, GlobalValue &Src);

  /// Functions that take care of cloning a specific global value type
  /// into the destination module.
  GlobalVariable *copyGlobalVariableProto(const GlobalVariable *SGVar);
  Function *copyFunctionProto(const Function *SF);
  GlobalValue *copyGlobalAliasProto(const GlobalAlias *SGA);

  /// Helper methods to check if we are importing from or potentially
  /// exporting from the current source module.
  bool isPerformingImport() { return ImportFunction != nullptr; }
  bool isModuleExporting() { return HasExportedFunctions; }

  /// If we are importing from the source module, checks if we should
  /// import SGV as a definition, otherwise import as a declaration.
  bool doImportAsDefinition(const GlobalValue *SGV);

  /// Get the name for SGV that should be used in the linked destination
  /// module. Specifically, this handles the case where we need to rename
  /// a local that is being promoted to global scope.
  std::string getName(const GlobalValue *SGV);

  /// Get the new linkage for SGV that should be used in the linked destination
  /// module. Specifically, for ThinLTO importing or exporting it may need
  /// to be adjusted.
  GlobalValue::LinkageTypes getLinkage(const GlobalValue *SGV);

  /// Copies the necessary global value attributes and name from the source
  /// to the newly cloned global value.
  void copyGVAttributes(GlobalValue *NewGV, const GlobalValue *SrcGV);

  /// Updates the visibility for the new global cloned from the source
  /// and, if applicable, linked with an existing destination global.
  /// Handles visibility change required for promoted locals.
  void setVisibility(GlobalValue *NewGV, const GlobalValue *SGV,
                     const GlobalValue *DGV = nullptr);

  void linkNamedMDNodes();
};
}

/// The LLVM SymbolTable class autorenames globals that conflict in the symbol
/// table. This is good for all clients except for us. Go through the trouble
/// to force this back.
static void forceRenaming(GlobalValue *GV, StringRef Name) {
  // If the global doesn't force its name or if it already has the right name,
  // there is nothing for us to do.
  // Note that any required local to global promotion should already be done,
  // so promoted locals will not skip this handling as their linkage is no
  // longer local.
  if (GV->hasLocalLinkage() || GV->getName() == Name)
    return;

  Module *M = GV->getParent();

  // If there is a conflict, rename the conflict.
  if (GlobalValue *ConflictGV = M->getNamedValue(Name)) {
    GV->takeName(ConflictGV);
    ConflictGV->setName(Name); // This will cause ConflictGV to get renamed
    assert(ConflictGV->getName() != Name && "forceRenaming didn't work");
  } else {
    GV->setName(Name); // Force the name back
  }
}

/// copy additional attributes (those not needed to construct a GlobalValue)
/// from the SrcGV to the DestGV.
void ModuleLinker::copyGVAttributes(GlobalValue *NewGV,
                                    const GlobalValue *SrcGV) {
  NewGV->copyAttributesFrom(SrcGV);
  forceRenaming(NewGV, getName(SrcGV));
}

bool ModuleLinker::doImportAsDefinition(const GlobalValue *SGV) {
  if (!isPerformingImport())
    return false;
  auto *GA = dyn_cast<GlobalAlias>(SGV);
  if (GA) {
    if (GA->hasWeakAnyLinkage())
      return false;
    const GlobalObject *GO = GA->getBaseObject();
    if (!GO->hasLinkOnceODRLinkage())
      return false;
    return doImportAsDefinition(GO);
  }
  // Always import GlobalVariable definitions, except for the special
  // case of WeakAny which are imported as ExternalWeak declarations
  // (see comments in ModuleLinker::getLinkage). The linkage changes
  // described in ModuleLinker::getLinkage ensure the correct behavior (e.g.
  // global variables with external linkage are transformed to
  // available_externally definitions, which are ultimately turned into
  // declarations after the EliminateAvailableExternally pass).
  if (isa<GlobalVariable>(SGV) && !SGV->isDeclaration() &&
      !SGV->hasWeakAnyLinkage())
    return true;
  // Only import the function requested for importing.
  auto *SF = dyn_cast<Function>(SGV);
  if (SF && ImportFunction->count(SF))
    return true;
  // Otherwise no.
  return false;
}

bool ModuleLinker::doPromoteLocalToGlobal(const GlobalValue *SGV) {
  assert(SGV->hasLocalLinkage());
  // Both the imported references and the original local variable must
  // be promoted.
  if (!isPerformingImport() && !isModuleExporting())
    return false;

  // Local const variables never need to be promoted unless they are address
  // taken. The imported uses can simply use the clone created in this module.
  // For now we are conservative in determining which variables are not
  // address taken by checking the unnamed addr flag. To be more aggressive,
  // the address taken information must be checked earlier during parsing
  // of the module and recorded in the function index for use when importing
  // from that module.
  auto *GVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(SGV);
  if (GVar && GVar->isConstant() && GVar->hasUnnamedAddr())
    return false;

  // Eventually we only need to promote functions in the exporting module that
  // are referenced by a potentially exported function (i.e. one that is in the
  // function index).
  return true;
}

std::string ModuleLinker::getName(const GlobalValue *SGV) {
  // For locals that must be promoted to global scope, ensure that
  // the promoted name uniquely identifies the copy in the original module,
  // using the ID assigned during combined index creation. When importing,
  // we rename all locals (not just those that are promoted) in order to
  // avoid naming conflicts between locals imported from different modules.
  if (SGV->hasLocalLinkage() &&
      (doPromoteLocalToGlobal(SGV) || isPerformingImport()))
    return FunctionInfoIndex::getGlobalNameForLocal(
        SGV->getName(),
        ImportIndex->getModuleId(SGV->getParent()->getModuleIdentifier()));
  return SGV->getName();
}

GlobalValue::LinkageTypes ModuleLinker::getLinkage(const GlobalValue *SGV) {
  // Any local variable that is referenced by an exported function needs
  // to be promoted to global scope. Since we don't currently know which
  // functions reference which local variables/functions, we must treat
  // all as potentially exported if this module is exporting anything.
  if (isModuleExporting()) {
    if (SGV->hasLocalLinkage() && doPromoteLocalToGlobal(SGV))
      return GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage;
    return SGV->getLinkage();
  }

  // Otherwise, if we aren't importing, no linkage change is needed.
  if (!isPerformingImport())
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  switch (SGV->getLinkage()) {
  case GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage:
    // External defnitions are converted to available_externally
    // definitions upon import, so that they are available for inlining
    // and/or optimization, but are turned into declarations later
    // during the EliminateAvailableExternally pass.
    if (doImportAsDefinition(SGV) && !dyn_cast<GlobalAlias>(SGV))
      return GlobalValue::AvailableExternallyLinkage;
    // An imported external declaration stays external.
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  case GlobalValue::AvailableExternallyLinkage:
    // An imported available_externally definition converts
    // to external if imported as a declaration.
    if (!doImportAsDefinition(SGV))
      return GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage;
    // An imported available_externally declaration stays that way.
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  case GlobalValue::LinkOnceAnyLinkage:
  case GlobalValue::LinkOnceODRLinkage:
    // These both stay the same when importing the definition.
    // The ThinLTO pass will eventually force-import their definitions.
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  case GlobalValue::WeakAnyLinkage:
    // Can't import weak_any definitions correctly, or we might change the
    // program semantics, since the linker will pick the first weak_any
    // definition and importing would change the order they are seen by the
    // linker. The module linking caller needs to enforce this.
    assert(!doImportAsDefinition(SGV));
    // If imported as a declaration, it becomes external_weak.
    return GlobalValue::ExternalWeakLinkage;

  case GlobalValue::WeakODRLinkage:
    // For weak_odr linkage, there is a guarantee that all copies will be
    // equivalent, so the issue described above for weak_any does not exist,
    // and the definition can be imported. It can be treated similarly
    // to an imported externally visible global value.
    if (doImportAsDefinition(SGV) && !dyn_cast<GlobalAlias>(SGV))
      return GlobalValue::AvailableExternallyLinkage;
    else
      return GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage;

  case GlobalValue::AppendingLinkage:
    // It would be incorrect to import an appending linkage variable,
    // since it would cause global constructors/destructors to be
    // executed multiple times. This should have already been handled
    // by linkIfNeeded, and we will assert in shouldLinkFromSource
    // if we try to import, so we simply return AppendingLinkage here
    // as this helper is called more widely in getLinkedToGlobal.
    return GlobalValue::AppendingLinkage;

  case GlobalValue::InternalLinkage:
  case GlobalValue::PrivateLinkage:
    // If we are promoting the local to global scope, it is handled
    // similarly to a normal externally visible global.
    if (doPromoteLocalToGlobal(SGV)) {
      if (doImportAsDefinition(SGV) && !dyn_cast<GlobalAlias>(SGV))
        return GlobalValue::AvailableExternallyLinkage;
      else
        return GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage;
    }
    // A non-promoted imported local definition stays local.
    // The ThinLTO pass will eventually force-import their definitions.
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  case GlobalValue::ExternalWeakLinkage:
    // External weak doesn't apply to definitions, must be a declaration.
    assert(!doImportAsDefinition(SGV));
    // Linkage stays external_weak.
    return SGV->getLinkage();

  case GlobalValue::CommonLinkage:
    // Linkage stays common on definitions.
    // The ThinLTO pass will eventually force-import their definitions.
    return SGV->getLinkage();
  }

  llvm_unreachable("unknown linkage type");
}

/// Loop through the global variables in the src module and merge them into the
/// dest module.
GlobalVariable *
ModuleLinker::copyGlobalVariableProto(const GlobalVariable *SGVar) {
  // No linking to be performed or linking from the source: simply create an
  // identical version of the symbol over in the dest module... the
  // initializer will be filled in later by LinkGlobalInits.
  GlobalVariable *NewDGV =
      new GlobalVariable(DstM, TypeMap.get(SGVar->getType()->getElementType()),
                         SGVar->isConstant(), GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage,
                         /*init*/ nullptr, getName(SGVar),
                         /*insertbefore*/ nullptr, SGVar->getThreadLocalMode(),
                         SGVar->getType()->getAddressSpace());

  return NewDGV;
}

/// Link the function in the source module into the destination module if
/// needed, setting up mapping information.
Function *ModuleLinker::copyFunctionProto(const Function *SF) {
  // If there is no linkage to be performed or we are linking from the source,
  // bring SF over.
  return Function::Create(TypeMap.get(SF->getFunctionType()),
                          GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage, getName(SF), &DstM);
}

/// Set up prototypes for any aliases that come over from the source module.
GlobalValue *ModuleLinker::copyGlobalAliasProto(const GlobalAlias *SGA) {
  // If there is no linkage to be performed or we're linking from the source,
  // bring over SGA.
  auto *Ty = TypeMap.get(SGA->getValueType());
  return GlobalAlias::create(Ty, SGA->getType()->getPointerAddressSpace(),
                             GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage, getName(SGA), &DstM);
}

static GlobalValue::VisibilityTypes
getMinVisibility(GlobalValue::VisibilityTypes A,
                 GlobalValue::VisibilityTypes B) {
  if (A == GlobalValue::HiddenVisibility || B == GlobalValue::HiddenVisibility)
    return GlobalValue::HiddenVisibility;
  if (A == GlobalValue::ProtectedVisibility ||
      B == GlobalValue::ProtectedVisibility)
    return GlobalValue::ProtectedVisibility;
  return GlobalValue::DefaultVisibility;
}

void ModuleLinker::setVisibility(GlobalValue *NewGV, const GlobalValue *SGV,
                                 const GlobalValue *DGV) {
  GlobalValue::VisibilityTypes Visibility = SGV->getVisibility();
  if (DGV)
    Visibility = getMinVisibility(DGV->getVisibility(), Visibility);
  // For promoted locals, mark them hidden so that they can later be
  // stripped from the symbol table to reduce bloat.
  if (SGV->hasLocalLinkage() && doPromoteLocalToGlobal(SGV))
    Visibility = GlobalValue::HiddenVisibility;
  NewGV->setVisibility(Visibility);
}

GlobalValue *ModuleLinker::copyGlobalValueProto(const GlobalValue *SGV,
                                                const GlobalValue *DGV,
                                                bool ForDefinition) {
  GlobalValue *NewGV;
  if (auto *SGVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(SGV)) {
    NewGV = copyGlobalVariableProto(SGVar);
  } else if (auto *SF = dyn_cast<Function>(SGV)) {
    NewGV = copyFunctionProto(SF);
  } else {
    if (ForDefinition)
      NewGV = copyGlobalAliasProto(cast<GlobalAlias>(SGV));
    else
      NewGV = new GlobalVariable(
          DstM, TypeMap.get(SGV->getType()->getElementType()),
          /*isConstant*/ false, GlobalValue::ExternalLinkage,
          /*init*/ nullptr, getName(SGV),
          /*insertbefore*/ nullptr, SGV->getThreadLocalMode(),
          SGV->getType()->getAddressSpace());
  }

  if (ForDefinition)
    NewGV->setLinkage(getLinkage(SGV));
  else if (SGV->hasAvailableExternallyLinkage() || SGV->hasWeakLinkage() ||
           SGV->hasLinkOnceLinkage())
    NewGV->setLinkage(GlobalValue::ExternalWeakLinkage);

  copyGVAttributes(NewGV, SGV);
  setVisibility(NewGV, SGV, DGV);
  return NewGV;
}

Value *ValueMaterializerTy::materializeDeclFor(Value *V) {
  return ModLinker->materializeDeclFor(V);
}

Value *ModuleLinker::materializeDeclFor(Value *V) {
  auto *SGV = dyn_cast<GlobalValue>(V);
  if (!SGV)
    return nullptr;

  return linkGlobalValueProto(SGV);
}

void ValueMaterializerTy::materializeInitFor(GlobalValue *New,
                                             GlobalValue *Old) {
  return ModLinker->materializeInitFor(New, Old);
}

static bool shouldLazyLink(const GlobalValue &GV) {
  return GV.hasLocalLinkage() || GV.hasLinkOnceLinkage() ||
         GV.hasAvailableExternallyLinkage();
}

void ModuleLinker::materializeInitFor(GlobalValue *New, GlobalValue *Old) {
  if (auto *F = dyn_cast<Function>(New)) {
    if (!F->isDeclaration())
      return;
  } else if (auto *V = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(New)) {
    if (V->hasInitializer())
      return;
  } else {
    auto *A = cast<GlobalAlias>(New);
    if (A->getAliasee())
      return;
  }

  if (Old->isDeclaration())
    return;

  if (isPerformingImport() && !doImportAsDefinition(Old))
    return;

  if (!ValuesToLink.count(Old) && !shouldLazyLink(*Old))
    return;

  linkGlobalValueBody(*New, *Old);
}

bool ModuleLinker::getComdatLeader(Module &M, StringRef ComdatName,
                                   const GlobalVariable *&GVar) {
  const GlobalValue *GVal = M.getNamedValue(ComdatName);
  if (const auto *GA = dyn_cast_or_null<GlobalAlias>(GVal)) {
    GVal = GA->getBaseObject();
    if (!GVal)
      // We cannot resolve the size of the aliasee yet.
      return emitError("Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
                       "': COMDAT key involves incomputable alias size.");
  }

  GVar = dyn_cast_or_null<GlobalVariable>(GVal);
  if (!GVar)
    return emitError(
        "Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
        "': GlobalVariable required for data dependent selection!");

  return false;
}

bool ModuleLinker::computeResultingSelectionKind(StringRef ComdatName,
                                                 Comdat::SelectionKind Src,
                                                 Comdat::SelectionKind Dst,
                                                 Comdat::SelectionKind &Result,
                                                 bool &LinkFromSrc) {
  // The ability to mix Comdat::SelectionKind::Any with
  // Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest is a behavior that comes from COFF.
  bool DstAnyOrLargest = Dst == Comdat::SelectionKind::Any ||
                         Dst == Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest;
  bool SrcAnyOrLargest = Src == Comdat::SelectionKind::Any ||
                         Src == Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest;
  if (DstAnyOrLargest && SrcAnyOrLargest) {
    if (Dst == Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest ||
        Src == Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest)
      Result = Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest;
    else
      Result = Comdat::SelectionKind::Any;
  } else if (Src == Dst) {
    Result = Dst;
  } else {
    return emitError("Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
                     "': invalid selection kinds!");
  }

  switch (Result) {
  case Comdat::SelectionKind::Any:
    // Go with Dst.
    LinkFromSrc = false;
    break;
  case Comdat::SelectionKind::NoDuplicates:
    return emitError("Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
                     "': noduplicates has been violated!");
  case Comdat::SelectionKind::ExactMatch:
  case Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest:
  case Comdat::SelectionKind::SameSize: {
    const GlobalVariable *DstGV;
    const GlobalVariable *SrcGV;
    if (getComdatLeader(DstM, ComdatName, DstGV) ||
        getComdatLeader(SrcM, ComdatName, SrcGV))
      return true;

    const DataLayout &DstDL = DstM.getDataLayout();
    const DataLayout &SrcDL = SrcM.getDataLayout();
    uint64_t DstSize =
        DstDL.getTypeAllocSize(DstGV->getType()->getPointerElementType());
    uint64_t SrcSize =
        SrcDL.getTypeAllocSize(SrcGV->getType()->getPointerElementType());
    if (Result == Comdat::SelectionKind::ExactMatch) {
      if (SrcGV->getInitializer() != DstGV->getInitializer())
        return emitError("Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
                         "': ExactMatch violated!");
      LinkFromSrc = false;
    } else if (Result == Comdat::SelectionKind::Largest) {
      LinkFromSrc = SrcSize > DstSize;
    } else if (Result == Comdat::SelectionKind::SameSize) {
      if (SrcSize != DstSize)
        return emitError("Linking COMDATs named '" + ComdatName +
                         "': SameSize violated!");
      LinkFromSrc = false;
    } else {
      llvm_unreachable("unknown selection kind");
    }
    break;
  }
  }

  return false;
}

bool ModuleLinker::getComdatResult(const Comdat *SrcC,
                                   Comdat::SelectionKind &Result,
                                   bool &LinkFromSrc) {
  Comdat::SelectionKind SSK = SrcC->getSelectionKind();
  StringRef ComdatName = SrcC->getName();
  Module::ComdatSymTabType &ComdatSymTab = DstM.getComdatSymbolTable();
  Module::ComdatSymTabType::iterator DstCI = ComdatSymTab.find(ComdatName);

  if (DstCI == ComdatSymTab.end()) {
    // Use the comdat if it is only available in one of the modules.
    LinkFromSrc = true;
    Result = SSK;
    return false;
  }

  const Comdat *DstC = &DstCI->second;
  Comdat::SelectionKind DSK = DstC->getSelectionKind();
  return computeResultingSelectionKind(ComdatName, SSK, DSK, Result,
                                       LinkFromSrc);
}

bool ModuleLinker::shouldLinkFromSource(bool &LinkFromSrc,
                                        const GlobalValue &Dest,
                                        const GlobalValue &Src) {
  // Should we unconditionally use the Src?
  if (shouldOverrideFromSrc()) {
    LinkFromSrc = true;
    return false;
  }

  // We always have to add Src if it has appending linkage.
  if (Src.hasAppendingLinkage()) {
    // Should have prevented importing for appending linkage in linkIfNeeded.
    assert(!isPerformingImport());
    LinkFromSrc = true;
    return false;
  }

  bool SrcIsDeclaration = Src.isDeclarationForLinker();
  bool DestIsDeclaration = Dest.isDeclarationForLinker();

  if (isPerformingImport()) {
    if (isa<Function>(&Src)) {
      // For functions, LinkFromSrc iff this is the function requested
      // for importing. For variables, decide below normally.
      LinkFromSrc = ImportFunction->count(&Src);
      return false;
    }

    // Check if this is an alias with an already existing definition
    // in Dest, which must have come from a prior importing pass from
    // the same Src module. Unlike imported function and variable
    // definitions, which are imported as available_externally and are
    // not definitions for the linker, that is not a valid linkage for
    // imported aliases which must be definitions. Simply use the existing
    // Dest copy.
    if (isa<GlobalAlias>(&Src) && !DestIsDeclaration) {
      assert(isa<GlobalAlias>(&Dest));
      LinkFromSrc = false;
      return false;
    }
  }

  if (SrcIsDeclaration) {
    // If Src is external or if both Src & Dest are external..  Just link the
    // external globals, we aren't adding anything.
    if (Src.hasDLLImportStorageClass()) {
      // If one of GVs is marked as DLLImport, result should be dllimport'ed.
      LinkFromSrc = DestIsDeclaration;
      return false;
    }
    // If the Dest is weak, use the source linkage.
    LinkFromSrc = Dest.hasExternalWeakLinkage();
    return false;
  }

  if (DestIsDeclaration) {
    // If Dest is external but Src is not:
    LinkFromSrc = true;
    return false;
  }

  if (Src.hasCommonLinkage()) {
    if (Dest.hasLinkOnceLinkage() || Dest.hasWeakLinkage()) {
      LinkFromSrc = true;
      return false;
    }

    if (!Dest.hasCommonLinkage()) {
      LinkFromSrc = false;
      return false;
    }

    const DataLayout &DL = Dest.getParent()->getDataLayout();
    uint64_t DestSize = DL.getTypeAllocSize(Dest.getType()->getElementType());
    uint64_t SrcSize = DL.getTypeAllocSize(Src.getType()->getElementType());
    LinkFromSrc = SrcSize > DestSize;
    return false;
  }

  if (Src.isWeakForLinker()) {
    assert(!Dest.hasExternalWeakLinkage());
    assert(!Dest.hasAvailableExternallyLinkage());

    if (Dest.hasLinkOnceLinkage() && Src.hasWeakLinkage()) {
      LinkFromSrc = true;
      return false;
    }

    LinkFromSrc = false;
    return false;
  }

  if (Dest.isWeakForLinker()) {
    assert(Src.hasExternalLinkage());
    LinkFromSrc = true;
    return false;
  }

  assert(!Src.hasExternalWeakLinkage());
  assert(!Dest.hasExternalWeakLinkage());
  assert(Dest.hasExternalLinkage() && Src.hasExternalLinkage() &&
         "Unexpected linkage type!");
  return emitError("Linking globals named '" + Src.getName() +
                   "': symbol multiply defined!");
}

/// Loop over all of the linked values to compute type mappings.  For example,
/// if we link "extern Foo *x" and "Foo *x = NULL", then we have two struct
/// types 'Foo' but one got renamed when the module was loaded into the same
/// LLVMContext.
void ModuleLinker::computeTypeMapping() {
  for (GlobalValue &SGV : SrcM.globals()) {
    GlobalValue *DGV = getLinkedToGlobal(&SGV);
    if (!DGV)
      continue;

    if (!DGV->hasAppendingLinkage() || !SGV.hasAppendingLinkage()) {
      TypeMap.addTypeMapping(DGV->getType(), SGV.getType());
      continue;
    }

    // Unify the element type of appending arrays.
    ArrayType *DAT = cast<ArrayType>(DGV->getType()->getElementType());
    ArrayType *SAT = cast<ArrayType>(SGV.getType()->getElementType());
    TypeMap.addTypeMapping(DAT->getElementType(), SAT->getElementType());
  }

  for (GlobalValue &SGV : SrcM) {
    if (GlobalValue *DGV = getLinkedToGlobal(&SGV))
      TypeMap.addTypeMapping(DGV->getType(), SGV.getType());
  }

  for (GlobalValue &SGV : SrcM.aliases()) {
    if (GlobalValue *DGV = getLinkedToGlobal(&SGV))
      TypeMap.addTypeMapping(DGV->getType(), SGV.getType());
  }

  // Incorporate types by name, scanning all the types in the source module.
  // At this point, the destination module may have a type "%foo = { i32 }" for
  // example.  When the source module got loaded into the same LLVMContext, if
  // it had the same type, it would have been renamed to "%foo.42 = { i32 }".
  std::vector<StructType *> Types = SrcM.getIdentifiedStructTypes();
  for (StructType *ST : Types) {
    if (!ST->hasName())
      continue;

    // Check to see if there is a dot in the name followed by a digit.
    size_t DotPos = ST->getName().rfind('.');
    if (DotPos == 0 || DotPos == StringRef::npos ||
        ST->getName().back() == '.' ||
        !isdigit(static_cast<unsigned char>(ST->getName()[DotPos + 1])))
      continue;

    // Check to see if the destination module has a struct with the prefix name.
    StructType *DST = DstM.getTypeByName(ST->getName().substr(0, DotPos));
    if (!DST)
      continue;

    // Don't use it if this actually came from the source module. They're in
    // the same LLVMContext after all. Also don't use it unless the type is
    // actually used in the destination module. This can happen in situations
    // like this:
    //
    //      Module A                         Module B
    //      --------                         --------
    //   %Z = type { %A }                %B = type { %C.1 }
    //   %A = type { %B.1, [7 x i8] }    %C.1 = type { i8* }
    //   %B.1 = type { %C }              %A.2 = type { %B.3, [5 x i8] }
    //   %C = type { i8* }               %B.3 = type { %C.1 }
    //
    // When we link Module B with Module A, the '%B' in Module B is
    // used. However, that would then use '%C.1'. But when we process '%C.1',
    // we prefer to take the '%C' version. So we are then left with both
    // '%C.1' and '%C' being used for the same types. This leads to some
    // variables using one type and some using the other.
    if (TypeMap.DstStructTypesSet.hasType(DST))
      TypeMap.addTypeMapping(DST, ST);
  }

  // Now that we have discovered all of the type equivalences, get a body for
  // any 'opaque' types in the dest module that are now resolved.
  TypeMap.linkDefinedTypeBodies();
}

static void getArrayElements(const Constant *C,
                             SmallVectorImpl<Constant *> &Dest) {
  unsigned NumElements = cast<ArrayType>(C->getType())->getNumElements();

  for (unsigned i = 0; i != NumElements; ++i)
    Dest.push_back(C->getAggregateElement(i));
}

/// If there were any appending global variables, link them together now.
/// Return true on error.
Constant *ModuleLinker::linkAppendingVarProto(GlobalVariable *DstGV,
                                              const GlobalVariable *SrcGV) {
  Type *EltTy = cast<ArrayType>(TypeMap.get(SrcGV->getType()->getElementType()))
                    ->getElementType();

  StringRef Name = SrcGV->getName();
  bool IsNewStructor = false;
  bool IsOldStructor = false;
  if (Name == "llvm.global_ctors" || Name == "llvm.global_dtors") {
    if (cast<StructType>(EltTy)->getNumElements() == 3)
      IsNewStructor = true;
    else
      IsOldStructor = true;
  }

  PointerType *VoidPtrTy = Type::getInt8Ty(SrcGV->getContext())->getPointerTo();
  if (IsOldStructor) {
    auto &ST = *cast<StructType>(EltTy);
    Type *Tys[3] = {ST.getElementType(0), ST.getElementType(1), VoidPtrTy};
    EltTy = StructType::get(SrcGV->getContext(), Tys, false);
  }

  if (DstGV) {
    ArrayType *DstTy = cast<ArrayType>(DstGV->getType()->getElementType());

    if (!SrcGV->hasAppendingLinkage() || !DstGV->hasAppendingLinkage()) {
      emitError(
          "Linking globals named '" + SrcGV->getName() +
          "': can only link appending global with another appending global!");
      return nullptr;
    }

    // Check to see that they two arrays agree on type.
    if (EltTy != DstTy->getElementType()) {
      emitError("Appending variables with different element types!");
      return nullptr;
    }
    if (DstGV->isConstant() != SrcGV->isConstant()) {
      emitError("Appending variables linked with different const'ness!");
      return nullptr;
    }

    if (DstGV->getAlignment() != SrcGV->getAlignment()) {
      emitError(
          "Appending variables with different alignment need to be linked!");
      return nullptr;
    }

    if (DstGV->getVisibility() != SrcGV->getVisibility()) {
      emitError(
          "Appending variables with different visibility need to be linked!");
      return nullptr;
    }

    if (DstGV->hasUnnamedAddr() != SrcGV->hasUnnamedAddr()) {
      emitError(
          "Appending variables with different unnamed_addr need to be linked!");
      return nullptr;
    }

    if (StringRef(DstGV->getSection()) != SrcGV->getSection()) {
      emitError(
          "Appending variables with different section name need to be linked!");
      return nullptr;
    }
  }

  SmallVector<Constant *, 16> DstElements;
  if (DstGV)
    getArrayElements(DstGV->getInitializer(), DstElements);

  SmallVector<Constant *, 16> SrcElements;
  getArrayElements(SrcGV->getInitializer(), SrcElements);

  if (IsNewStructor)
    SrcElements.erase(
        std::remove_if(SrcElements.begin(), SrcElements.end(),
                       [this](Constant *E) {
                         auto *Key = dyn_cast<GlobalValue>(
                             E->getAggregateElement(2)->stripPointerCasts());
                         return Key && !ValuesToLink.count(Key) &&
                                !shouldLazyLink(*Key);
                       }),
        SrcElements.end());
  uint64_t NewSize = DstElements.size() + SrcElements.size();
  ArrayType *NewType = ArrayType::get(EltTy, NewSize);

  // Create the new global variable.
  GlobalVariable *NG = new GlobalVariable(
      DstM, NewType, SrcGV->isConstant(), SrcGV->getLinkage(),
      /*init*/ nullptr, /*name*/ "", DstGV, SrcGV->getThreadLocalMode(),
      SrcGV->getType()->getAddressSpace());

  // Propagate alignment, visibility and section info.
  copyGVAttributes(NG, SrcGV);

  Constant *Ret = ConstantExpr::getBitCast(NG, TypeMap.get(SrcGV->getType()));

  // Stop recursion.
  ValueMap[SrcGV] = Ret;

  for (auto *V : SrcElements) {
    Constant *NewV;
    if (IsOldStructor) {
      auto *S = cast<ConstantStruct>(V);
      auto *E1 = MapValue(S->getOperand(0), ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs,
                          &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer);
      auto *E2 = MapValue(S->getOperand(1), ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs,
                          &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer);
      Value *Null = Constant::getNullValue(VoidPtrTy);
      NewV =
          ConstantStruct::get(cast<StructType>(EltTy), E1, E2, Null, nullptr);
    } else {
      NewV =
          MapValue(V, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer);
    }
    DstElements.push_back(NewV);
  }

  NG->setInitializer(ConstantArray::get(NewType, DstElements));

  // Replace any uses of the two global variables with uses of the new
  // global.
  if (DstGV) {
    DstGV->replaceAllUsesWith(ConstantExpr::getBitCast(NG, DstGV->getType()));
    DstGV->eraseFromParent();
  }

  return Ret;
}

Constant *ModuleLinker::linkGlobalValueProto(GlobalValue *SGV) {
  GlobalValue *DGV = getLinkedToGlobal(SGV);

  // Handle the ultra special appending linkage case first.
  assert(!DGV || SGV->hasAppendingLinkage() == DGV->hasAppendingLinkage());
  if (SGV->hasAppendingLinkage()) {
    // Should have prevented importing for appending linkage in linkIfNeeded.
    assert(!isPerformingImport());
    return linkAppendingVarProto(cast_or_null<GlobalVariable>(DGV),
                                 cast<GlobalVariable>(SGV));
  }

  bool LinkFromSrc = true;
  Comdat *C = nullptr;
  bool HasUnnamedAddr = SGV->hasUnnamedAddr();

  if (isPerformingImport() && !doImportAsDefinition(SGV)) {
    LinkFromSrc = false;
  } else if (const Comdat *SC = SGV->getComdat()) {
    Comdat::SelectionKind SK;
    std::tie(SK, LinkFromSrc) = ComdatsChosen[SC];
    C = DstM.getOrInsertComdat(SC->getName());
    C->setSelectionKind(SK);
    if (SGV->hasLocalLinkage())
      LinkFromSrc = true;
  } else if (DGV) {
    if (shouldLinkFromSource(LinkFromSrc, *DGV, *SGV))
      return nullptr;
  }

  if (DGV)
    HasUnnamedAddr = HasUnnamedAddr && DGV->hasUnnamedAddr();

  GlobalValue *NewGV;
  if (!LinkFromSrc && DGV) {
    NewGV = DGV;
    // When linking from source we setVisibility from copyGlobalValueProto.
    setVisibility(NewGV, SGV, DGV);
  } else {
    // If we are done linking global value bodies (i.e. we are performing
    // metadata linking), don't link in the global value due to this
    // reference, simply map it to null.
    if (DoneLinkingBodies)
      return nullptr;

    NewGV = copyGlobalValueProto(SGV, DGV, LinkFromSrc);
  }

  NewGV->setUnnamedAddr(HasUnnamedAddr);

  if (auto *NewGO = dyn_cast<GlobalObject>(NewGV)) {
    if (C && LinkFromSrc)
      NewGO->setComdat(C);

    if (DGV && DGV->hasCommonLinkage() && SGV->hasCommonLinkage())
      NewGO->setAlignment(std::max(DGV->getAlignment(), SGV->getAlignment()));
  }

  if (auto *NewGVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(NewGV)) {
    auto *DGVar = dyn_cast_or_null<GlobalVariable>(DGV);
    auto *SGVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(SGV);
    if (DGVar && SGVar && DGVar->isDeclaration() && SGVar->isDeclaration() &&
        (!DGVar->isConstant() || !SGVar->isConstant()))
      NewGVar->setConstant(false);
  }

  if (NewGV != DGV && DGV) {
    DGV->replaceAllUsesWith(ConstantExpr::getBitCast(NewGV, DGV->getType()));
    DGV->eraseFromParent();
  }

  return ConstantExpr::getBitCast(NewGV, TypeMap.get(SGV->getType()));
}

/// Update the initializers in the Dest module now that all globals that may be
/// referenced are in Dest.
void ModuleLinker::linkGlobalInit(GlobalVariable &Dst, GlobalVariable &Src) {
  // Figure out what the initializer looks like in the dest module.
  Dst.setInitializer(MapValue(Src.getInitializer(), ValueMap,
                              RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer));
}

/// Copy the source function over into the dest function and fix up references
/// to values. At this point we know that Dest is an external function, and
/// that Src is not.
bool ModuleLinker::linkFunctionBody(Function &Dst, Function &Src) {
  assert(Dst.isDeclaration() && !Src.isDeclaration());

  // Materialize if needed.
  if (std::error_code EC = Src.materialize())
    return emitError(EC.message());

  // Link in the prefix data.
  if (Src.hasPrefixData())
    Dst.setPrefixData(MapValue(Src.getPrefixData(), ValueMap,
                               RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer));

  // Link in the prologue data.
  if (Src.hasPrologueData())
    Dst.setPrologueData(MapValue(Src.getPrologueData(), ValueMap,
                                 RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap,
                                 &ValMaterializer));

  // Link in the personality function.
  if (Src.hasPersonalityFn())
    Dst.setPersonalityFn(MapValue(Src.getPersonalityFn(), ValueMap,
                                  RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap,
                                  &ValMaterializer));

  // Go through and convert function arguments over, remembering the mapping.
  Function::arg_iterator DI = Dst.arg_begin();
  for (Argument &Arg : Src.args()) {
    DI->setName(Arg.getName()); // Copy the name over.

    // Add a mapping to our mapping.
    ValueMap[&Arg] = &*DI;
    ++DI;
  }

  // Copy over the metadata attachments.
  SmallVector<std::pair<unsigned, MDNode *>, 8> MDs;
  Src.getAllMetadata(MDs);
  for (const auto &I : MDs)
    Dst.setMetadata(I.first, MapMetadata(I.second, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs,
                                         &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer));

  // Splice the body of the source function into the dest function.
  Dst.getBasicBlockList().splice(Dst.end(), Src.getBasicBlockList());

  // At this point, all of the instructions and values of the function are now
  // copied over.  The only problem is that they are still referencing values in
  // the Source function as operands.  Loop through all of the operands of the
  // functions and patch them up to point to the local versions.
  for (BasicBlock &BB : Dst)
    for (Instruction &I : BB)
      RemapInstruction(&I, ValueMap,
                       RF_IgnoreMissingEntries | RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap,
                       &ValMaterializer);

  // There is no need to map the arguments anymore.
  for (Argument &Arg : Src.args())
    ValueMap.erase(&Arg);

  Src.dematerialize();
  return false;
}

void ModuleLinker::linkAliasBody(GlobalAlias &Dst, GlobalAlias &Src) {
  Constant *Aliasee = Src.getAliasee();
  Constant *Val = MapValue(Aliasee, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap,
                           &ValMaterializer);
  Dst.setAliasee(Val);
}

bool ModuleLinker::linkGlobalValueBody(GlobalValue &Dst, GlobalValue &Src) {
  if (const Comdat *SC = Src.getComdat()) {
    // To ensure that we don't generate an incomplete comdat group,
    // we must materialize and map in any other members that are not
    // yet materialized in Dst, which also ensures their definitions
    // are linked in. Otherwise, linkonce and other lazy linked GVs will
    // not be materialized if they aren't referenced.
    for (auto *SGV : ComdatMembers[SC]) {
      auto *DGV = cast_or_null<GlobalValue>(ValueMap.lookup(SGV));
      if (DGV && !DGV->isDeclaration())
        continue;
      MapValue(SGV, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer);
    }
  }
  if (shouldInternalizeLinkedSymbols())
    if (auto *DGV = dyn_cast<GlobalValue>(&Dst))
      DGV->setLinkage(GlobalValue::InternalLinkage);
  if (auto *F = dyn_cast<Function>(&Src))
    return linkFunctionBody(cast<Function>(Dst), *F);
  if (auto *GVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(&Src)) {
    linkGlobalInit(cast<GlobalVariable>(Dst), *GVar);
    return false;
  }
  linkAliasBody(cast<GlobalAlias>(Dst), cast<GlobalAlias>(Src));
  return false;
}

/// Insert all of the named MDNodes in Src into the Dest module.
void ModuleLinker::linkNamedMDNodes() {
  const NamedMDNode *SrcModFlags = SrcM.getModuleFlagsMetadata();
  for (const NamedMDNode &NMD : SrcM.named_metadata()) {
    // Don't link module flags here. Do them separately.
    if (&NMD == SrcModFlags)
      continue;
    NamedMDNode *DestNMD = DstM.getOrInsertNamedMetadata(NMD.getName());
    // Add Src elements into Dest node.
    for (const MDNode *op : NMD.operands())
      DestNMD->addOperand(MapMetadata(
          op, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs | RF_NullMapMissingGlobalValues,
          &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer));
  }
}

/// Merge the linker flags in Src into the Dest module.
bool ModuleLinker::linkModuleFlagsMetadata() {
  // If the source module has no module flags, we are done.
  const NamedMDNode *SrcModFlags = SrcM.getModuleFlagsMetadata();
  if (!SrcModFlags)
    return false;

  // If the destination module doesn't have module flags yet, then just copy
  // over the source module's flags.
  NamedMDNode *DstModFlags = DstM.getOrInsertModuleFlagsMetadata();
  if (DstModFlags->getNumOperands() == 0) {
    for (unsigned I = 0, E = SrcModFlags->getNumOperands(); I != E; ++I)
      DstModFlags->addOperand(SrcModFlags->getOperand(I));

    return false;
  }

  // First build a map of the existing module flags and requirements.
  DenseMap<MDString *, std::pair<MDNode *, unsigned>> Flags;
  SmallSetVector<MDNode *, 16> Requirements;
  for (unsigned I = 0, E = DstModFlags->getNumOperands(); I != E; ++I) {
    MDNode *Op = DstModFlags->getOperand(I);
    ConstantInt *Behavior = mdconst::extract<ConstantInt>(Op->getOperand(0));
    MDString *ID = cast<MDString>(Op->getOperand(1));

    if (Behavior->getZExtValue() == Module::Require) {
      Requirements.insert(cast<MDNode>(Op->getOperand(2)));
    } else {
      Flags[ID] = std::make_pair(Op, I);
    }
  }

  // Merge in the flags from the source module, and also collect its set of
  // requirements.
  bool HasErr = false;
  for (unsigned I = 0, E = SrcModFlags->getNumOperands(); I != E; ++I) {
    MDNode *SrcOp = SrcModFlags->getOperand(I);
    ConstantInt *SrcBehavior =
        mdconst::extract<ConstantInt>(SrcOp->getOperand(0));
    MDString *ID = cast<MDString>(SrcOp->getOperand(1));
    MDNode *DstOp;
    unsigned DstIndex;
    std::tie(DstOp, DstIndex) = Flags.lookup(ID);
    unsigned SrcBehaviorValue = SrcBehavior->getZExtValue();

    // If this is a requirement, add it and continue.
    if (SrcBehaviorValue == Module::Require) {
      // If the destination module does not already have this requirement, add
      // it.
      if (Requirements.insert(cast<MDNode>(SrcOp->getOperand(2)))) {
        DstModFlags->addOperand(SrcOp);
      }
      continue;
    }

    // If there is no existing flag with this ID, just add it.
    if (!DstOp) {
      Flags[ID] = std::make_pair(SrcOp, DstModFlags->getNumOperands());
      DstModFlags->addOperand(SrcOp);
      continue;
    }

    // Otherwise, perform a merge.
    ConstantInt *DstBehavior =
        mdconst::extract<ConstantInt>(DstOp->getOperand(0));
    unsigned DstBehaviorValue = DstBehavior->getZExtValue();

    // If either flag has override behavior, handle it first.
    if (DstBehaviorValue == Module::Override) {
      // Diagnose inconsistent flags which both have override behavior.
      if (SrcBehaviorValue == Module::Override &&
          SrcOp->getOperand(2) != DstOp->getOperand(2)) {
        HasErr |= emitError("linking module flags '" + ID->getString() +
                            "': IDs have conflicting override values");
      }
      continue;
    } else if (SrcBehaviorValue == Module::Override) {
      // Update the destination flag to that of the source.
      DstModFlags->setOperand(DstIndex, SrcOp);
      Flags[ID].first = SrcOp;
      continue;
    }

    // Diagnose inconsistent merge behavior types.
    if (SrcBehaviorValue != DstBehaviorValue) {
      HasErr |= emitError("linking module flags '" + ID->getString() +
                          "': IDs have conflicting behaviors");
      continue;
    }

    auto replaceDstValue = [&](MDNode *New) {
      Metadata *FlagOps[] = {DstOp->getOperand(0), ID, New};
      MDNode *Flag = MDNode::get(DstM.getContext(), FlagOps);
      DstModFlags->setOperand(DstIndex, Flag);
      Flags[ID].first = Flag;
    };

    // Perform the merge for standard behavior types.
    switch (SrcBehaviorValue) {
    case Module::Require:
    case Module::Override:
      llvm_unreachable("not possible");
    case Module::Error: {
      // Emit an error if the values differ.
      if (SrcOp->getOperand(2) != DstOp->getOperand(2)) {
        HasErr |= emitError("linking module flags '" + ID->getString() +
                            "': IDs have conflicting values");
      }
      continue;
    }
    case Module::Warning: {
      // Emit a warning if the values differ.
      if (SrcOp->getOperand(2) != DstOp->getOperand(2)) {
        emitWarning("linking module flags '" + ID->getString() +
                    "': IDs have conflicting values");
      }
      continue;
    }
    case Module::Append: {
      MDNode *DstValue = cast<MDNode>(DstOp->getOperand(2));
      MDNode *SrcValue = cast<MDNode>(SrcOp->getOperand(2));
      SmallVector<Metadata *, 8> MDs;
      MDs.reserve(DstValue->getNumOperands() + SrcValue->getNumOperands());
      MDs.append(DstValue->op_begin(), DstValue->op_end());
      MDs.append(SrcValue->op_begin(), SrcValue->op_end());

      replaceDstValue(MDNode::get(DstM.getContext(), MDs));
      break;
    }
    case Module::AppendUnique: {
      SmallSetVector<Metadata *, 16> Elts;
      MDNode *DstValue = cast<MDNode>(DstOp->getOperand(2));
      MDNode *SrcValue = cast<MDNode>(SrcOp->getOperand(2));
      Elts.insert(DstValue->op_begin(), DstValue->op_end());
      Elts.insert(SrcValue->op_begin(), SrcValue->op_end());

      replaceDstValue(MDNode::get(DstM.getContext(),
                                  makeArrayRef(Elts.begin(), Elts.end())));
      break;
    }
    }
  }

  // Check all of the requirements.
  for (unsigned I = 0, E = Requirements.size(); I != E; ++I) {
    MDNode *Requirement = Requirements[I];
    MDString *Flag = cast<MDString>(Requirement->getOperand(0));
    Metadata *ReqValue = Requirement->getOperand(1);

    MDNode *Op = Flags[Flag].first;
    if (!Op || Op->getOperand(2) != ReqValue) {
      HasErr |= emitError("linking module flags '" + Flag->getString() +
                          "': does not have the required value");
      continue;
    }
  }

  return HasErr;
}

// This function returns true if the triples match.
static bool triplesMatch(const Triple &T0, const Triple &T1) {
  // If vendor is apple, ignore the version number.
  if (T0.getVendor() == Triple::Apple)
    return T0.getArch() == T1.getArch() && T0.getSubArch() == T1.getSubArch() &&
           T0.getVendor() == T1.getVendor() && T0.getOS() == T1.getOS();

  return T0 == T1;
}

// This function returns the merged triple.
static std::string mergeTriples(const Triple &SrcTriple,
                                const Triple &DstTriple) {
  // If vendor is apple, pick the triple with the larger version number.
  if (SrcTriple.getVendor() == Triple::Apple)
    if (DstTriple.isOSVersionLT(SrcTriple))
      return SrcTriple.str();

  return DstTriple.str();
}

bool ModuleLinker::linkIfNeeded(GlobalValue &GV) {
  GlobalValue *DGV = getLinkedToGlobal(&GV);

  if (shouldLinkOnlyNeeded() && !(DGV && DGV->isDeclaration()))
    return false;

  if (DGV && !GV.hasLocalLinkage() && !GV.hasAppendingLinkage()) {
    auto *DGVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(DGV);
    auto *SGVar = dyn_cast<GlobalVariable>(&GV);
    if (DGVar && SGVar) {
      if (DGVar->isDeclaration() && SGVar->isDeclaration() &&
          (!DGVar->isConstant() || !SGVar->isConstant())) {
        DGVar->setConstant(false);
        SGVar->setConstant(false);
      }
      if (DGVar->hasCommonLinkage() && SGVar->hasCommonLinkage()) {
        unsigned Align = std::max(DGVar->getAlignment(), SGVar->getAlignment());
        SGVar->setAlignment(Align);
        DGVar->setAlignment(Align);
      }
    }

    GlobalValue::VisibilityTypes Visibility =
        getMinVisibility(DGV->getVisibility(), GV.getVisibility());
    DGV->setVisibility(Visibility);
    GV.setVisibility(Visibility);

    bool HasUnnamedAddr = GV.hasUnnamedAddr() && DGV->hasUnnamedAddr();
    DGV->setUnnamedAddr(HasUnnamedAddr);
    GV.setUnnamedAddr(HasUnnamedAddr);
  }

  // Don't want to append to global_ctors list, for example, when we
  // are importing for ThinLTO, otherwise the global ctors and dtors
  // get executed multiple times for local variables (the latter causing
  // double frees).
  if (GV.hasAppendingLinkage() && isPerformingImport())
    return false;

  if (isPerformingImport() && !doImportAsDefinition(&GV))
    return false;

  if (!DGV && !shouldOverrideFromSrc() &&
      (GV.hasLocalLinkage() || GV.hasLinkOnceLinkage() ||
       GV.hasAvailableExternallyLinkage()))
    return false;

  if (GV.isDeclaration())
    return false;

  if (const Comdat *SC = GV.getComdat()) {
    bool LinkFromSrc;
    Comdat::SelectionKind SK;
    std::tie(SK, LinkFromSrc) = ComdatsChosen[SC];
    if (LinkFromSrc)
      ValuesToLink.insert(&GV);
    return false;
  }

  bool LinkFromSrc = true;
  if (DGV && shouldLinkFromSource(LinkFromSrc, *DGV, GV))
    return true;
  if (LinkFromSrc)
    ValuesToLink.insert(&GV);
  return false;
}

bool ModuleLinker::run() {
  // Inherit the target data from the source module if the destination module
  // doesn't have one already.
  if (DstM.getDataLayout().isDefault())
    DstM.setDataLayout(SrcM.getDataLayout());

  if (SrcM.getDataLayout() != DstM.getDataLayout()) {
    emitWarning("Linking two modules of different data layouts: '" +
                SrcM.getModuleIdentifier() + "' is '" +
                SrcM.getDataLayoutStr() + "' whereas '" +
                DstM.getModuleIdentifier() + "' is '" +
                DstM.getDataLayoutStr() + "'\n");
  }

  // Copy the target triple from the source to dest if the dest's is empty.
  if (DstM.getTargetTriple().empty() && !SrcM.getTargetTriple().empty())
    DstM.setTargetTriple(SrcM.getTargetTriple());

  Triple SrcTriple(SrcM.getTargetTriple()), DstTriple(DstM.getTargetTriple());

  if (!SrcM.getTargetTriple().empty() && !triplesMatch(SrcTriple, DstTriple))
    emitWarning("Linking two modules of different target triples: " +
                SrcM.getModuleIdentifier() + "' is '" + SrcM.getTargetTriple() +
                "' whereas '" + DstM.getModuleIdentifier() + "' is '" +
                DstM.getTargetTriple() + "'\n");

  DstM.setTargetTriple(mergeTriples(SrcTriple, DstTriple));

  // Append the module inline asm string.
  if (!SrcM.getModuleInlineAsm().empty()) {
    if (DstM.getModuleInlineAsm().empty())
      DstM.setModuleInlineAsm(SrcM.getModuleInlineAsm());
    else
      DstM.setModuleInlineAsm(DstM.getModuleInlineAsm() + "\n" +
                              SrcM.getModuleInlineAsm());
  }

  // Loop over all of the linked values to compute type mappings.
  computeTypeMapping();

  ComdatsChosen.clear();
  for (const auto &SMEC : SrcM.getComdatSymbolTable()) {
    const Comdat &C = SMEC.getValue();
    if (ComdatsChosen.count(&C))
      continue;
    Comdat::SelectionKind SK;
    bool LinkFromSrc;
    if (getComdatResult(&C, SK, LinkFromSrc))
      return true;
    ComdatsChosen[&C] = std::make_pair(SK, LinkFromSrc);
  }

  for (GlobalVariable &GV : SrcM.globals())
    if (const Comdat *SC = GV.getComdat())
      ComdatMembers[SC].push_back(&GV);

  for (Function &SF : SrcM)
    if (const Comdat *SC = SF.getComdat())
      ComdatMembers[SC].push_back(&SF);

  for (GlobalAlias &GA : SrcM.aliases())
    if (const Comdat *SC = GA.getComdat())
      ComdatMembers[SC].push_back(&GA);

  // Insert all of the globals in src into the DstM module... without linking
  // initializers (which could refer to functions not yet mapped over).
  for (GlobalVariable &GV : SrcM.globals())
    if (linkIfNeeded(GV))
      return true;

  for (Function &SF : SrcM)
    if (linkIfNeeded(SF))
      return true;

  for (GlobalAlias &GA : SrcM.aliases())
    if (linkIfNeeded(GA))
      return true;

  for (GlobalValue *GV : ValuesToLink) {
    MapValue(GV, ValueMap, RF_MoveDistinctMDs, &TypeMap, &ValMaterializer);
    if (HasError)
      return true;
  }

  // Note that we are done linking global value bodies. This prevents
  // metadata linking from creating new references.
  DoneLinkingBodies = true;

  // Remap all of the named MDNodes in Src into the DstM module. We do this
  // after linking GlobalValues so that MDNodes that reference GlobalValues
  // are properly remapped.
  linkNamedMDNodes();

  // Merge the module flags into the DstM module.
  if (linkModuleFlagsMetadata())
    return true;

  return false;
}

Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::KeyTy::KeyTy(ArrayRef<Type *> E, bool P)
    : ETypes(E), IsPacked(P) {}

Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::KeyTy::KeyTy(const StructType *ST)
    : ETypes(ST->elements()), IsPacked(ST->isPacked()) {}

bool Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::KeyTy::operator==(const KeyTy &That) const {
  if (IsPacked != That.IsPacked)
    return false;
  if (ETypes != That.ETypes)
    return false;
  return true;
}

bool Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::KeyTy::operator!=(const KeyTy &That) const {
  return !this->operator==(That);
}

StructType *Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::getEmptyKey() {
  return DenseMapInfo<StructType *>::getEmptyKey();
}

StructType *Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::getTombstoneKey() {
  return DenseMapInfo<StructType *>::getTombstoneKey();
}

unsigned Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::getHashValue(const KeyTy &Key) {
  return hash_combine(hash_combine_range(Key.ETypes.begin(), Key.ETypes.end()),
                      Key.IsPacked);
}

unsigned Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::getHashValue(const StructType *ST) {
  return getHashValue(KeyTy(ST));
}

bool Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::isEqual(const KeyTy &LHS,
                                        const StructType *RHS) {
  if (RHS == getEmptyKey() || RHS == getTombstoneKey())
    return false;
  return LHS == KeyTy(RHS);
}

bool Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::isEqual(const StructType *LHS,
                                        const StructType *RHS) {
  if (RHS == getEmptyKey())
    return LHS == getEmptyKey();

  if (RHS == getTombstoneKey())
    return LHS == getTombstoneKey();

  return KeyTy(LHS) == KeyTy(RHS);
}

void Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet::addNonOpaque(StructType *Ty) {
  assert(!Ty->isOpaque());
  NonOpaqueStructTypes.insert(Ty);
}

void Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet::switchToNonOpaque(StructType *Ty) {
  assert(!Ty->isOpaque());
  NonOpaqueStructTypes.insert(Ty);
  bool Removed = OpaqueStructTypes.erase(Ty);
  (void)Removed;
  assert(Removed);
}

void Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet::addOpaque(StructType *Ty) {
  assert(Ty->isOpaque());
  OpaqueStructTypes.insert(Ty);
}

StructType *
Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet::findNonOpaque(ArrayRef<Type *> ETypes,
                                               bool IsPacked) {
  Linker::StructTypeKeyInfo::KeyTy Key(ETypes, IsPacked);
  auto I = NonOpaqueStructTypes.find_as(Key);
  if (I == NonOpaqueStructTypes.end())
    return nullptr;
  return *I;
}

bool Linker::IdentifiedStructTypeSet::hasType(StructType *Ty) {
  if (Ty->isOpaque())
    return OpaqueStructTypes.count(Ty);
  auto I = NonOpaqueStructTypes.find(Ty);
  if (I == NonOpaqueStructTypes.end())
    return false;
  return *I == Ty;
}

Linker::Linker(Module &M, DiagnosticHandlerFunction DiagnosticHandler)
    : Composite(M), DiagnosticHandler(DiagnosticHandler) {
  TypeFinder StructTypes;
  StructTypes.run(M, true);
  for (StructType *Ty : StructTypes) {
    if (Ty->isOpaque())
      IdentifiedStructTypes.addOpaque(Ty);
    else
      IdentifiedStructTypes.addNonOpaque(Ty);
  }
}

bool Linker::linkInModule(Module &Src, unsigned Flags,
                          const FunctionInfoIndex *Index,
                          DenseSet<const GlobalValue *> *FunctionsToImport) {
  ModuleLinker TheLinker(Composite, IdentifiedStructTypes, Src,
                         DiagnosticHandler, Flags, Index, FunctionsToImport);
  bool RetCode = TheLinker.run();
  Composite.dropTriviallyDeadConstantArrays();
  return RetCode;
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// LinkModules entrypoint.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

/// This function links two modules together, with the resulting Dest module
/// modified to be the composite of the two input modules. If an error occurs,
/// true is returned and ErrorMsg (if not null) is set to indicate the problem.
/// Upon failure, the Dest module could be in a modified state, and shouldn't be
/// relied on to be consistent.
bool Linker::linkModules(Module &Dest, Module &Src,
                         DiagnosticHandlerFunction DiagnosticHandler,
                         unsigned Flags) {
  Linker L(Dest, DiagnosticHandler);
  return L.linkInModule(Src, Flags);
}

std::unique_ptr<Module>
llvm::renameModuleForThinLTO(std::unique_ptr<Module> &M,
                             const FunctionInfoIndex *Index,
                             DiagnosticHandlerFunction DiagnosticHandler) {
  std::unique_ptr<llvm::Module> RenamedModule(
      new llvm::Module(M->getModuleIdentifier(), M->getContext()));
  Linker L(*RenamedModule.get(), DiagnosticHandler);
  if (L.linkInModule(*M.get(), llvm::Linker::Flags::None, Index))
    return nullptr;
  return RenamedModule;
}

//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
// C API.
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

LLVMBool LLVMLinkModules(LLVMModuleRef Dest, LLVMModuleRef Src,
                         LLVMLinkerMode Unused, char **OutMessages) {
  Module *D = unwrap(Dest);
  std::string Message;
  raw_string_ostream Stream(Message);
  DiagnosticPrinterRawOStream DP(Stream);

  LLVMBool Result = Linker::linkModules(
      *D, *unwrap(Src), [&](const DiagnosticInfo &DI) { DI.print(DP); });

  if (OutMessages && Result) {
    Stream.flush();
    *OutMessages = strdup(Message.c_str());
  }
  return Result;
}